Questions tagged [brexit]

For questions regarding Britain's exit from the European Union, popularly termed 'Brexit'. Use with the [united-kingdom] and [european-union] tags, depending on which parties your question refers to.

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63
votes
11answers
28k views

Why can't Northern Ireland just have a stay/leave referendum?

In following the ongoing Brexit drama, I notice that the Northern Ireland border represents an important sticking point. In particular, both sides agree that there must not be a hard border. Not being ...
30
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8answers
3k views

Could the British government un-trigger Article 50?

At some point, probably early in 2017, the British Prime Minster is likely to trigger Article 50. A number of expert commentators and a large proportion of the British public still believe that it is ...
14
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3answers
4k views

Why is having border controls in Ireland so problematic for Irish nationalists?

One of the biggest challenges of Brexit is resolving the issue of the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. On one hand it is impossible for the UK to leave the Single Market while maintaining ...
56
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8answers
18k views

Why is it impossible to leave the Single Market without a hard Irish border?

I see a repeated assumption that puzzles me. From another well asked and answered question: On one hand it is impossible for the UK to leave the Single Market while maintaining an open border with ...
14
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8answers
2k views

How could the UK resolve the Irish border conundrum without staying in the Single Market?

Right now the UK seems to be in a stalemate in regards to the Irish border situation post-Brexit: If they don't leave the Single Market, Brexit would be effectively a farce as the UK would be forced ...
111
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13answers
26k views

What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
55
votes
10answers
18k views

Why does the EU care so much about the UK divorce payment?

Most current estimates of the UK exit bill show that the sum is somewhere around 50 billion Euros. This is equivalent to 0.3% of the EU's yearly GDP, so it's pretty much a negligible sum for the EU ...
43
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6answers
9k views

Must the UK leave the EU?

The BBC has projected that a majority voted for the UK to leave the EU. To what extent is the referendum binding?
28
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7answers
6k views

No deal Brexit : How is it going to help UK to create new trade deals?

There is a lot of optimism that leaving EU's Single Market, will be an opportunity for UK to create new trade deals with other countries outside the EU. I have seen articles and people using this ...
16
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2answers
1k views

What treaties or (written) agreements would a hard border in Ireland breach, post-Brexit?

Would the hard border that would come up in a "no deal" Brexit (between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) be violating any binding agreements that the UK has signed? (And the same goes for ...
3
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3answers
578 views

Mechanics of a second Brexit referendum

Some people advocate a simple n-way ballot like: Remain Deal No deal But this splits the leave vote. An alternative is to use Single Transferable Vote, which in the case of a referendum would be an ...
30
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2answers
7k views

Can the UK veto its own extension request?

Every member of the EU has to agree any extension to article 50. Does this mean the UK PM could (technically) use his vote in the European Council to veto his own request for an extension?
44
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8answers
9k views

Why do the British opposition parties not want a new election?

I'm trying to understand why Labour and other parties do not want an election. The bill blocking the no-deal exit on the 31st of October will almost certainly pass today. That means that the no-deal ...
13
votes
1answer
998 views

Brexit divorce bill breakdown

Articles like http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-39453338 claim that UK might have to pay to leave the EU a bill estimated to be as much as €60bn (£51bn; $64bn). What's the justification of the ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Why doesn't the UK hold a second Brexit referendum to clarify what the public wants from Brexit?

In following the ongoing Brexit drama I've seen claims that the first vote was unfair because it was only for yes/no and didn't say anything about what form an actual Brexit would take. This ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

What parts of EU law impose that the EU cannot consider an extension/delay request not coming from the PM?

A recent article quotes Boris Johnson as saying "The EU is obliged by EU law only to negotiate with member state governments, they cannot negotiate with Parliament, and this government will not ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Could Boris Johnson theoretically ignore any legislation passed to prevent no-deal brexit?

The UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, has clearly set out his position in that he wishes to leave the EU on 31st October with or without a deal. I.e if further negotiations with the EU do not result ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration?

As reported in the bbc article available here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-47742395 The UK government has split the 'deal' into the actual agreement and the non-legally binding political ...
8
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2answers
764 views

Did Michel Barnier and Leo Varadkar say that “no deal”, there won't be a hard border between the Irelands?

My understanding has always been that under a no-deal scenario, a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland would become necessary. After all, the EU must guarantee that any ...
20
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5answers
6k views

If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament?

According to BBC in Government asks Queen to suspend Parliament: The government has asked the Queen to suspend Parliament just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks ...
13
votes
2answers
364 views

What forms of redress are available if a government decides to act illegally by omission?

At present, the UK parliament is attempting to pass legislation that would require Boris Johnson's government to take action to avoid a no-deal Brexit scenario. For the purposes of this question, I am ...
8
votes
3answers
540 views

If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
4
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1answer
401 views

Can the Government enact the withdrawal bill without parliament's approval?

Her Majesty's Government is a democratically elected executive, to enact the will of the people through Parliament. The withdrawal agreement has been through the due process. Couldn't they present ...
71
votes
4answers
21k views

Could the UK re-join EU after leaving?

Let's assume that Article 50 is invoked and UK officially leaves EU For some reason, both UK populace (a large share) and enough powers that be or popular will in EU, decide that UK ought to re-join ...
64
votes
8answers
14k views

Can the UK realistically back out of Brexit?

Note: this is not a question about whether Brexit is a good or bad thing. Keep answers impartial please. It is quite obvious that the current British government negotiating Brexit terms has a very ...
50
votes
9answers
14k views

What would the United Kingdom's “optimal” Brexit deal look like?

As far as I could tell, the Brexit issue boils down to three core points for the UK: The UK no longer has to follow any EU regulations. The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland ...
52
votes
4answers
13k views

What do hard-Brexiteers want with respect to the Irish border?

Hard-Brexiteers would like the UK to have a "clean break" with the EU, and in particular they don't want any part of the UK to stay even temporarily in the customs union (the so-called backstop). ...
23
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5answers
9k views

Why are UK MPs targeting the prime minister and not the deal?

Given that the Prime Minister's activity that has given rise to discontent in her own party, that any EU deal is subject to an imminent meaningful vote, and that no alternative candidate nor markedly ...
67
votes
8answers
15k views

Why did the UK trigger Article 50 before having a negotiation position?

Why did the United Kingdom invoke Article 50 before it had reached a negotiation position? Two years is a short time to negotiate something as complex as a withdrawal from the European Union, yet the ...
26
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5answers
3k views

Why do other countries in the EU care so strongly that the UK accepts free movement of people?

It is often reported in the press that the UK will not be able to arrange a new trade deal with the EU without accepting the free movement of labor. Why is this the case: What do other countries gain ...
15
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2answers
1k views

What is Article 50?

Former Prime Minister David Cameron said he would leave triggering Article 50 up to his successor. What exactly is Article 50?
35
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3answers
7k views

What happens if it is proved that “vote leave” campaign broke campaigning laws?

This Guardian article argues about connections between Cambridge Analytica and Brexit referendum. There is a paragraph that tells us about some restrictions related to how information and money can ...
38
votes
9answers
12k views

Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
38
votes
6answers
7k views

What would be the subject of a second Brexit Referendum?

At the moment (Sept. 2018) there's a discussion in the UK whether there should be a "second referendum" on Brexit. In the media there's already a discussion how people would vote. But upon what would ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

Could Westminster block the possibility of a referendum on Scottish independence?

With the recent events of the Brexit, the SNP want another referendum. Is it possible that Westminster would block this possibility? How could Scotland become independent without the approval of ...
19
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3answers
3k views

Does Parliament need to approve the new Brexit delay to 31 October 2019?

Does the UK Parliament have to approve the new Brexit extension till 31-Oct-2019? If Parliament does not approve it, or does not do so before 11 pm, would that result in a no-deal Brexit tonight? I ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Would it be plausible to solve the Irish Border issue by unifying Ireland?

The Irish border seems to be the biggest obstacle to establishing an agreement on Brexit and we've seen considerable talk about hard and soft borders. There are two potential solutions that I have NOT ...
8
votes
1answer
640 views

What would a delayed Brexit mean for the 2019 European Parliament election?

One proposal for the current political situation in the UK regards Brexit is a delay of the Brexit for further discussions/votes/elections/referenda/... But we have the 2019 European Parliament ...
31
votes
3answers
7k views

After Brexit, can the UK deal with individual countries of the EU?

After Brexit, would the UK be able to do trade deals with individual countries such as Germany, France, etc. without these deals having to be sanctioned by the European Union?
30
votes
5answers
6k views

Could the UK unilaterally “restart the clock” on Brexit?

Assume that: The UK withdraws its Article 50 notice (or purports to do so) as the ECJ says it can. The UK waits for whatever length of time is politically expedient. Optionally, the UK holds a "...
12
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2answers
4k views

Why is David Cameron waiting until October to resign?

After the Brexit vote, Cameron announced he would be stepping down in October. Why is he waiting so long? Surely a transition does not take 4 months.
4
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2answers
333 views

Pensions of British EU Civil Service in Theresa May's brexit deal

Back in 2016, there was disagreement over who would foot the bill for pensions paid out to British members of EU Civil Service. Normally, they would get their pensions from the EU, but due to brexit ...
4
votes
3answers
284 views

Is there a law that makes a higher than 50% result on referendum binding?

As lots of reports/polls, one here talking about a shift in the general opinion on Brexit, where currently it is speculated that the public are Anti-Brexit, I find it bizarre that the UK decided to ...
3
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3answers
284 views

UK Chequers and Facilitated Customs Arrangement

The statement released by the UK Government from Chequers on July 6th 2018 said that a “facilitated customs arrangement” would be implemented to enable tariffs to diverge between the UK and the EU. ...
-1
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5answers
2k views

Why is the EU wishing to punish the UK instead of listening their detractors and seeking dialogue? [closed]

The European Union has a certain number of flaws, many of which make citizens of member states unhappy. Normally in a democratic system, the majority tries to listen to the minority and do compromises....
55
votes
15answers
16k views

Can somebody explain Brexit in a few child-proof sentences?

I find the whole Brexit thing impenetrably difficult to understand. My main points of confusion: What exactly does leaving the EU entail? Just writing some letter announcing that EU tariff ...
31
votes
6answers
11k views

What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
72
votes
10answers
12k views

What are the arguments in favour of Brexit?

As a fairly typical UK citizen, with a partner, children, job, mortgage, etc., what benefits can I expect to experience over the next five years as a result of the UK leaving the EU? I'm aware of ...
49
votes
10answers
15k views

Why was the Brexit referendum conducted as a simple majority vote?

For votes which can have extremely long-term consequences, (like changing the constitution) a simple majority vote is usually not enough. Such voting and referendums are not about electing a temporary ...