Questions tagged [budget]

An estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
24
votes
7answers
10k views

Why does Germany have such a rather small defense budget?

This article deals with Germany’s Armed Forces status in the context of Trump's decision to reduce US troops stationed in Germany. Besides the main topic, the article also mentions that Germany spends ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Does the US account for inter-generational equity/imbalances when producing fiscal policy?

There are many studies concerned with how various generations subsidize each other, usually assuming current laws hold for all future generations. Do any government agencies (like CBO, the Treasury, ...
20
votes
7answers
4k views

Do any nations have in place formal mechanisms to “save in good years/spend in bad years”?

One tenet of Keynesian economics is that a government can improve long term economic efficiency, and individual well-being, by deficit spending during recessions. Some examples of that might be: US ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

On what kind of schedule does the US make payments to the WHO?

I've been wondering whether Trump's cutting of funds to the WHO has had any practical effect on the WHO's budget so far. Basically, how often does the US disburse funds to the WHO? Is it annually, ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

What explains the large year-to-year variation in US voluntary contributions to the WHO?

The US is usually the largest contributor to the WHO's budget (with some odd year exception when the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation gave a bit more than the US government.) But nonetheless, there ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why deliberate NASA authorization bills if NASA doesn't need them?

Spacenews.com's The sound and fury over a NASA authorization bill says that a NASA authorization bill isn't required and most years the US Congress doesn't pass one. Question: If that's so, then what ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

What are the current House's bill reconciliation rules regarding deficit increases?

According to The Center on Budget and Policy page, "Introduction to Budget 'Reconciliation'": When Republicans took the House in 2011, they replaced the House rule with one that placed no ...
5
votes
1answer
714 views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
1
vote
3answers
208 views

Why are US budget implications estimated “over 10 years”?

The federal budget in the US is proposed and approved annually. However, analysts and commentators very often explain budgetary measures "will cost X USD over 10 years" or "cuts program P by X USD ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Graph of US military spending a percentage of GDP

I found a (North America proxy) graph of US military spending in absolute real terms (i.e. adjusted for inflation). As you can see, in absolute terms, even adjusting for inflation, the US has spent ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Do bipartisan/cohabitation budgets widen the deficit more than one-party budgets?

I've read in a paper that I can't find araing right now that supermajority requirements (in state budgets) tend increase deficit spending because more "pork barrel" interest are included. If we ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Is there a (detailed) comparison of what the White House requested and what Congress approved for the HHS for FY2020?

To give you an idea what I'm looking for, I found such a comparison for science: I'm looking for a similar graph/comparison for the HHS, which includes the NIH, FDA, CDC, SAMHSA, Medicare & ...
7
votes
1answer
388 views

Why was the budget for the Center of Disease Control being cut drastically?

Right now, the CDC - according to The Trust for America's Health (TFAH)- says that the Center of Disease Control is underfunded by $4.5 billion and an act passed on December 22, 2017 cut $750 million ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

State government debt in India

I had a look at the Delhi Government Budget for the year 2019-20 (see here: http://prsindia.org/parliamenttrack/budgets/delhi-budget-analysis-2019-20), and was wondering about the composition of the ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

What countries require a supermajority for budget approval?

A few US states require or required a supermajority in the legislature to pass the annual budget. The issue is somewhat complicated by the fact that in some states some budgetary items/issues require ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does California spend so much on healthcare?

Taking a look at the California State budget, one can see that 46% of their taxpayers' money goes towards healthcare costs. But why is this the case? Isn't healthcare generally a federal concern, with ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

How does the government purchase things?

After congress passes a budget and the president signs it, how are the funds acquired and how are they spent? Let's use the example: The defense budget has line items for the Department of Defense to ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

UK Private Sector Receipts from the EU

The UK's membership fee in 2018 according to full fact goes from a £17bn gross payment, less rebate and public sector spending to a £9bn net payment. Specifically, this image shows this does not ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

What is the UK equivalent of the American Congressional Budget Office?

Is there any body in the UK that parallels the American Congressional Budget Office? One that could give a best estimate of the costs of various Brexit options? Obviously it’s very complex and the ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Where does the provincial budget of Ontario exhibit its spending on the arts, culture, tourism?

My grandparents read Here's everything the Doug Ford government cut in its first year in office | National Observer, but this exhibits only the differences, not the old and new values. Where can they ...
10
votes
3answers
436 views

Why does the US federal debt increase by more than the US deficit each year?

I was looking through the Historical Tables from the Office of Management and Budget (https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/historical-tables/). I noticed that each year the debt increases by a different ...
40
votes
4answers
5k views

How did the European Union reach the figure of 3% as a maximum allowed deficit?

According to Wikipedia's article about Stability and Growth Pact: The fiscal discipline is ensured by the SGP by requiring each Member State, to implement a fiscal policy aiming for the country ...
40
votes
7answers
13k views

Why does the U.S military use mercenaries?

With a defense budget now totaling ~686-billion dollars a year – which is about the size of the next 8 largest defense budgets combined (figure) – why does the U.S military see the need to ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Why did 1 US state introduce the line-item veto between 1984 and 2008?

On January 25, 1984 Ronald Reagan said Some 43 of our 50 States grant their Governors the right to veto individual items in appropriation bills without having to veto the entire bill. In 2008, 44 ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

How is the budget planned for agencies of the European Union?

From the European Commission - Fact Sheet titled European Agenda on Migration: Securing Europe's External Borders and dated 15 December 2015, we see the sentence Today's proposals will entail a ...
6
votes
1answer
388 views

Who in the US actually “sends” astronauts to the Moon? The executive or the legislative branch?

The sources cited in this question and in the news mention that in a recent speech to the US space council, vice president Pence announced that NASA should land astronauts on the south pole of the ...
10
votes
3answers
969 views

Why does France have systematic difficulties in obtaining a budget deficit below 3%?

According to this article France plans for a budget deficit slightly over the EU allowed limit of 3%: France's budget deficit is likely to overshoot the European Union's limit of 3 percent of GDP ...
8
votes
2answers
276 views

What happens to the money during a government shutdown?

In the US, which part of the government is holding the money due to federal employees? During a government shutdown, what happens to this money? Is it reinvested through short-term lending?
5
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the next portion of the US government that will be shutdown?

Currently, it appears that around 25% of the US government is shutdown. To the best of my understanding, this is because different departments funding expires at different times. What does the ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

Why doesn't funding for U.S. government services simply continue at its previous level if a new budget can't be passed?

In the United States, a failure to pass a budget for the new fiscal year results in a government shutdown, during which all government agencies lose funding except those which are funded through other ...
2
votes
1answer
262 views

Budget reconciliation for border wall?

Could Congress have used budget reconciliation to fund a border wall and avoid the current shutdown?
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Why don't teachers unions lobby to pay off unfunded pension liabilties?

With a lot of states having issues regarding unfunded teachers pensions, I was wondering why it doesn't ever appear to be a main point of their lobbying/protesting/striking. Wouldn't it be in their ...
4
votes
1answer
908 views

Is there a list of all or major US federal expenditures that are funded specially?

Most expenditures in US budget are funded out of a general budget pool (e.g., you do not have a direct purposeful correspondence between source of funding, and a budget expenditure). There are ...
38
votes
2answers
13k views

Are there any details as to where the $5,710,357,000 to fund part of Trump's wall would come from?

Last month the House of Representatives passed a temporary spending bill relating to Trump's border wall, which I believe is the following: Sec. 141. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

PAYGO rules vs the PAYGO act of 2010

Following the recent uproar over the passing of PAYGO rules by the House of Representatives' democratic majority, I heard it said that "PAYGO rules" are necessary to waive the effect of the "PAYGO law"...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Long term, does Trump's wall cost more than it saves per year?

One of the biggest areas of disagreement on the wall is its cost efficiency. Republicans claim it will save us money by preventing the need to support illegal immigrants who enter the US, while ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Legislation or Constitutional Amendment needed to prevent Government Shutdowns in the US?

If we wanted to create a rule for the government budget that said that would prevent government from NOT leaving the government funded, would it require a constitutional amendment or could/should this ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Can the Senate vote again on the bill to fund “The Wall” after the new members of Senate are sworn in?

Currently the house has approved and signed a bill funding "the wall." Senate has not approved. New members are sworn in January. Can the bill then be approved and submitted to be signed by the ...
33
votes
5answers
11k views

If the eurozone budget deficit limit is 3%, why is the European Commission telling Italy it must revise its 2.4% deficit budget?

The BBC reports that the European Commission has told Italy to revise its budget, saying that the draft presents particularly serious non-compliance with Eurozone rules. Yet the maximum permitted ...
2
votes
2answers
344 views

Why is Italy pushing its budget?

Why is the Italian government trying to push its budget, which would make their national debt skyrocket even further, while the Italian Audit Office says it's a bad idea and the EU isn't too keen on ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

What happens to disaster relief money?

Last year, apparently, the United States spent an (unbudgeted) $140 billion on disaster relief for areas hit by hurricanes. What exactly happens to this money? What is it spent on?
3
votes
3answers
207 views

In the US, how much power does the president have over the federal budget?

If the president wants to change spending in one direction, like to adjust the deficit without changing taxes, how much could they move it? I suspect that the president would just get impeached in ...
27
votes
3answers
6k views

The DUP have threatened to “vote down the budget” - but what does this mean?

The DUP have threatened to “vote down the budget” if their requirements for Brexit are not met. But what does this mean in practice? Will the Government have trouble passing a budget in this event?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

For a provincial election, how long after the voting are the results given out in Canada?

What are the timings for provincial elections in Canada. If the elections conclude at say, 7pm today, when will the results be declared? And how long after the results do the winning candidates ...
6
votes
3answers
254 views

Why are budget categories often in relation to GDP?

I've just watched "tagesschau" (the most important German news) and saw this: BIP = GDP. It is showing the planned defense budget of Germany. Why are budget categories compared to GDP? Why are they ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Is it customary for European Union to debate multiannual budget before agreeing on the grand strategy for the next 10 years?

European Union recently has had grand 10-year strategies - Lisbon strategy for 2000-2010 and Europe 2020 for 2010-2020. Now the debates have started about next multiannual budget for 2021-2027 but I ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

New Jersey budget plan

Governor Murphy of NJ has proposed a state budget plan. I've been trying to find a copy of the budget plan on the internet, but can't find it. I also checked on the NJ state website. Is it ...
14
votes
1answer
412 views

Why does the President propose a budget?

The President's proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2018-2019 has been described as "just a nice book" and "dead on arrival because presidential budgets are always dead on arrival". Similar sentiments ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Limits of Congress’ override authority

With regards to the annual budget for the U.S. government. If congress approved a budget that was then vetoed by the president, could congress use its override authority to approve the budget and ...