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Questions tagged [budget]

An estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals

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2answers
12k views

Are there any details as to where the $5,710,357,000 to fund part of Trump's wall would come from?

Last month the House of Representatives passed a temporary spending bill relating to Trump's border wall, which I believe is the following: Sec. 141. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,...
33
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5answers
11k views

If the eurozone budget deficit limit is 3%, why is the European Commission telling Italy it must revise its 2.4% deficit budget?

The BBC reports that the European Commission has told Italy to revise its budget, saying that the draft presents particularly serious non-compliance with Eurozone rules. Yet the maximum permitted ...
32
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1answer
6k views

Why does Poland receive more in gross and (far more in) net EU funding than any other member state?

Poland receives more gross and significantly more net EU funding than any other member state, including significantly more than other Eastern members (e.g. Romania or Bulgaria). The stark disparity ...
26
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3answers
6k views

The DUP have threatened to “vote down the budget” - but what does this mean?

The DUP have threatened to “vote down the budget” if their requirements for Brexit are not met. But what does this mean in practice? Will the Government have trouble passing a budget in this event?
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1answer
4k views

What percentage of federal U.S. government employees are considered non-essential during a governmnent shutdown?

There have been two U.S. government shutdowns in recent history, Nov 1995 and Dec 1995. Looming government shutdowns seem to be a bit of a joke as read here, or on NPR Still, with so many federal ...
21
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7answers
4k views

Why fund the research in pure mathematics?

I post this question on politics.se, as suggested by this answer of Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen. The research in pure mathematics has (generally) no other choice that being funded by public organizations ...
18
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3answers
4k views

Why does Trump want to increase military spending?

From what I understand, Trump is an isolationist / non-interventionist, at least more so than previous presidents. On the other hand, Trump wants to massively increase military spending: [Trump] ...
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2answers
2k views

Long term, does Trump's wall cost more than it saves per year?

One of the biggest areas of disagreement on the wall is its cost efficiency. Republicans claim it will save us money by preventing the need to support illegal immigrants who enter the US, while ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Who and on what basis determines how much US pays for UN?

US pays 22% of UN's total budget and 28.5% of peacekeeping budget. Who; and on what basis, determines those figures? I'd prefer precise rules if they exist, over general principles like "US has ...
14
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1answer
322 views

Why does the President propose a budget?

The President's proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2018-2019 has been described as "just a nice book" and "dead on arrival because presidential budgets are always dead on arrival". Similar sentiments ...
10
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6answers
2k views

Why does Denmark spend less of their budget on their universal health care than USA does?

Health care makes up about 28 % of the federal spending in the US. See this. In Denmark, a country which, unlike the US, offers universal health care, which ought to be more expensive for the ...
9
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2answers
7k views

How does President Obama spend money without a budget?

Since Obama took office, the House has submitted budgets every year. The Senate has not approved a budget for the past five years, which they are mandated to do. This is why we have continuing ...
9
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1answer
188 views

Could the Australian Government be denied funding in the same way that happened in the USA?

Recently there has been a lot of news about the US Debt Crisis. Could something similar happen in Australia, for example if the senate refused to pass legislation allowing the government to spend ...
9
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0answers
98 views

What measures exist to impose budget-like changes without passing through the Australian senate?

In this article is says: Treasurer Joe Hockey has warned the Labor Party and the Greens to pass tough budget measures through the Senate or the government will find other ways to push through ...
8
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1answer
11k views

Can private entities directly fund federal organizations?

Hypothetical: With congress stalled or unwilling to pass a new budget, could a sufficiently wealthy organization donate money to a government department, say the Department of Education or NASA and ...
8
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3answers
507 views

Why does France have systematic difficulties in obtaining a budget deficit below 3%?

According to this article France plans for a budget deficit slightly over the EU allowed limit of 3%: France's budget deficit is likely to overshoot the European Union's limit of 3 percent of GDP ...
8
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2answers
246 views

What happens to the money during a government shutdown?

In the US, which part of the government is holding the money due to federal employees? During a government shutdown, what happens to this money? Is it reinvested through short-term lending?
8
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1answer
522 views

What prevents the U.S Congress from adopting a capital budget?

Most American states are required, by law, to balance their budgets. As a result, they do - to a large extent. The United States federal government, however, does not, and has not for many years. ...
8
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0answers
120 views

How can I locate RFP information, bid submissions, or other publicly available information from a procurement document number?

I am trying to learn more about a particular piece of software used to submit forms to a US federal agency. I have a 'procurement document number' sometimes also called an 'award ID'. Using this ...
7
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4answers
1k views

What is the biggest flaw with this Democratic Taxation system? [closed]

Imagine a country where up to 50% of the tax dollars are allocated by the people instead of congress/government. Once a year, the citizens file a vote with their tax return, which allocates ...
7
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2answers
598 views

Does the United States have a built-in mechanism to resolve loss of supply? And if not, why not?

In countries that have inherited the Westminster system, loss of supply typically results in government being required to either reform as the majority that blocked supply; or dissolve parliament so ...
7
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3answers
941 views

Why does USAF buy F-35?

The F-35 program is justified on two grounds: F-22 is too expensive (similar to F-16 being the cheaper alternative to F-15) F-35 can be used by AF (F-35A), Marines (F-35B) and Navy (F-35C) (similar ...
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2answers
2k views

How does the President of the United States get a budget authorised?

The New York Times is reporting (in a balanced piece of a reporting) that Donald Trump may face resistance from the Speaker of the House, Paul Ryan, over his first budget proposal. How does a U.S ...
6
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3answers
216 views

Why are budget categories often in relation to GDP?

I've just watched "tagesschau" (the most important German news) and saw this: BIP = GDP. It is showing the planned defense budget of Germany. Why are budget categories compared to GDP? Why are they ...
6
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2answers
691 views

Would the reduction in spending due to an indefinite government shutdown eliminate the deficit?

During the government shutdown, essential services/employees are exempt, and the government continues to pay for those services/employees. Some people might be hoping that the government shutdown ...
6
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1answer
143 views

Does the new Budget Deal avert the December 11 Government Shutdown?

Last night, the White House and Congressional leaders struck a budget deal in order to raise the Debt Ceiling until March 2017, as well as to raise the Sequester spending caps for Fiscal Years 2016 ...
6
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1answer
122 views

Does depreciation count in scoring a budget proposal?

I'm going to be meeting with my Congressman soon about a modest proposal I have that could be a big deal. My Congressman (Frank Wolf) is a big proponent of telecommuting already, and is quite aware ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How does the British Parliamentary system handle a situation like the US budget crisis?

I assume most people are aware of the recent US budget crisis where a disagreement between House and Senate caused non-essential parts of the US government to be shut down. There is a question here ...
5
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5answers
1k views

Legislation or Constitutional Amendment needed to prevent Government Shutdowns in the US?

If we wanted to create a rule for the government budget that said that would prevent government from NOT leaving the government funded, would it require a constitutional amendment or could/should this ...
5
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2answers
223 views

Why doesn't funding for U.S. government services simply continue at its previous level if a new budget can't be passed?

In the United States, a failure to pass a budget for the new fiscal year results in a government shutdown, during which all government agencies lose funding except those which are funded through other ...
5
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1answer
3k views

In the US how much power does the President have over the budget?

Let's say the president wants to either increase or decrease spending. He pledges to veto any budget that doesn't increase/decrease spending by X amount. How much impact would this actually have? How ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

Is it possible for an EU country to incorrectly report annual deficit in order to obey Maastricht Treaty threshold?

Short version Less than two months ago, the socialists took power in Romania (simple majority in Parliament, both Chambers) and they have started applying their program. However, many analysts ...
5
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1answer
58k views

Why does the United States begin its fiscal year on October 1st?

So, I understand that many organizations have fiscal years that differ from calendar years, but why? What is the logic in starting a fiscal year three months early, especially considering how long ...
5
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1answer
211 views

What is the next portion of the US government that will be shutdown?

Currently, it appears that around 25% of the US government is shutdown. To the best of my understanding, this is because different departments funding expires at different times. What does the ...
5
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2answers
503 views

Does medicare have its own trust fund?

Does Medicare have it's own trust fund that's supposed to be completely separate from the rest of the treasury, similar to how Social Security does? Or does medicare costs just come out of the main ...
5
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0answers
494 views

How much has government spending increased/decreased in relation to the median households income since 2000?

In a Washington Examiner article, a member of the Senate Budget Committee was asked for a monetary estimate of what percentage of the government is shut down after exempting the military: a ...
4
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3answers
443 views

Why did the National Park Service need to spend money to shutdown a park they don't fund?

Due to the government shutdown, the National Park Service shutdown a privately funded Virginia park on federal land. The National Park Service has ordered the closure of a Virginia park that sits ...
4
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2answers
965 views

Can raising the tax on the wealthy, without cutting spending, balance the federal budget?

Some of the stalemate over the Fiscal Cliff has been over whether to raise the tax rate on the wealthy in order to raise additional revenue. One argument that is frequently made is that the main ...
4
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1answer
502 views

How much would basic guaranteed income cost?

I saw an interesting discussion here about basic guaranteed income but one of the primary objections is prohibitive cost, though this appears to be based on speculation. So I'd like to know how much ...
4
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2answers
823 views

How is Obamacare still functioning with no budget?

The health and human services budget has expired and a new one has not been passed yet. So how is Obamacare still functioning, as it falls under that part of the budget? Is it being kept alive by some ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Is there a list of all or major US federal expenditures that are funded specially?

Most expenditures in US budget are funded out of a general budget pool (e.g., you do not have a direct purposeful correspondence between source of funding, and a budget expenditure). There are ...
4
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1answer
115 views

New Jersey budget plan

Governor Murphy of NJ has proposed a state budget plan. I've been trying to find a copy of the budget plan on the internet, but can't find it. I also checked on the NJ state website. Is it ...
4
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1answer
229 views

How much additional defense spending would NATO have if every member met its obligations?

Every member of NATO is required to spend at least 2% of its GDP on defense. Most don't. How much money does that shortfall come to?
4
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1answer
707 views

When will the Australian Senate vote on the 2014 budget?

This question is quiet specific. When will the Australia Senate debate and vote on the 2014 budget? Further, where/how can I find out this information in general? I assume somewhere a agenda is ...
4
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2answers
138 views

How did the introduction of the GST affect state budgets in Australia

I've often wondered if the fact that the states are more willing to sell off infrastructure to raise funds is connected to the introduction of the GST in 2000. Now, as I understand it, the GST ...
3
votes
4answers
951 views

Why do US Republicans continually go after cuts to Medicare, Medicaid, social security?

Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security are called "incentives" programs by some Republicans. These plans were put in place to help those disadvantage and many all ready pay federal taxes. Social ...
3
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3answers
134 views

In the US, how much power does the president have over the federal budget?

If the president wants to change spending in one direction, like to adjust the deficit without changing taxes, how much could they move it? I suspect that the president would just get impeached in ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Which government expenditures are paid for by income taxes?

A publicly available listing of US government expenditures is available for download at https://catalog.data.gov/dataset/public-budget-database-outlays-and-offsetting-receipts-1962-current. However, ...
3
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2answers
472 views

What is this “Other” category of US federal spending and why is it so high compared to 2008?

In researching this question: " Where did all this deficit come from? " - I stumbled on the fact that "Other" spending catgory was the 4th largest spending increase in 2009-2012 period compared to ...
3
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1answer
94 views

How much does the House Bipartisan Budget bill of 2013 increase spending in the next two years?

The House recently passed a budget and ended the sequester cuts that under current law would extend into 2023. How much does this bill increase spending in the next two years? (in actual dollars and ...