Questions tagged [civil-rights]

Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, wealthy and powerful people and private individuals.

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95
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17answers
29k views

Why allow convicted criminals to vote?

According to a 1998 HRW report, The United States may have the world’s most restrictive criminal disenfranchisement laws. We know of no other democracy besides the United States in which convicted ...
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12answers
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Why is there a need to prevent a racist, sexist, or otherwise bigoted vendor from discriminating who they sell to?

Background The issue of discriminating who you sell to in the United States seems to be premised on the fact that businesses are public accomodations according to this article: Whether you post a ...
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3answers
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Why do US police treat using counterfeit money as an emergency?

One thing that surprises me about the George Floyd incident is that the police would treat the passing of a counterfeit $20 in a corner shop as some kind of an emergency. If someone called the ...
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10answers
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Why does the Black Lives Matter movement organize protests while the incident they're protesting is still under investigation?

Black Lives Matter is an American social justice movement which seeks to remedy the problem of extrajudicial killings of people of color by police officers among other issues. One aspect of this ...
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10answers
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What is the proper (non-“Gerrymandering”) purpose of political districting?

I read some other posts here that discuss gerrymandering. It seems to me that I still have a question that these posts don’t answer, but I’m not at all sure that I can make it clear. But here we go. ...
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8answers
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Has any of the US federal armed forces acted violently against civil movements / protesters?

Details may be confusing, but I mean to ask whether federal armed forces, including the military (Army, Navy, etc.) and policing/investigative organizations (FBI, Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals,...
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2answers
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Why did Saudi Arabia not allow women to drive?

According to this article Saudi Arabia was (and still is for a little while) the only country that did not allow women to drive: Women in Saudi Arabia will be allowed to drive, the government ...
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6answers
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What is the motivation for felony disenfranchisement?

Felony disenfranchisement is to take away someone's right to vote during or after this person is in prison. It appears particularly common in the United States. What is the aim of such a rule? Is ...
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5answers
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What caused the racial shift of America's parties?

Until the 1960's, African Americans were overwhelmingly Republicans (except for some members of the New Deal coalition) and Southern whites were overwhelmingly Democrats. Then, after the passage of ...
22
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1answer
6k views

Are nations required to allow their own citizens entry under international law?

The motivation for this question is the recent US travel ban on foreigners entering the country from Schengen area countries, which is due to expand to include the UK and Ireland on Tuesday, and the ...
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1answer
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What countries voted for letting Saudi Arabia join the UN women's rights commission?

What countries voted for letting Saudi Arabia join the women rights commission? It happened so I would like to know what countries voted to make this possible.
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2answers
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What election rules and voting rights are guaranteed by the US Constitution?

Following the recent US Supreme Court decision that gerrymandering for political purposes is not prohibited by the US Constitution, I realized that it can be hard to understand what rules related to ...
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2answers
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What are the current battlegrounds for people’s “rights” in the UK? [closed]

What are the current progressive battlegrounds for “rights” in the UK? The reason I ask is that all of the areas I can think of could be said to already be relatively “progressive.” The Abortion Act ...
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3answers
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Does any other country than the USA have a constitutional “right to bear arms”?

In the United States of America, the Second Amendment to the constitution states that the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. I have the impression that the USA are ...
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18answers
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If all the citizens have same rights why some must pay a higher tax rate?

If all the citizens of a country have the same rights and are equal before the law, why some must pay more taxes? Isn't that a kind of discrimination?
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2answers
779 views

What can a person do if she could not cast her vote during EU parliamentary elections?

European Parliament elections has passed and Romanian diaspora once again had serious difficulties in casting a vote (Bristol Post, Dubai City Reporter, Vice). Thousands of Romanian diaspora ...
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3answers
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Why is the gender pay gap so large in the United States despite the Equal Pay Act of 1963?

Why is the gender pay gap in the United States (1:0.77) so large in the United States despite there being civil rights legislation against discrimination in wages based on sex? Is it due to poor ...
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3answers
893 views

What are some examples of rights that cost money?

Most of the rights that I am aware of (at least in the USA) are rights that are granted to me free of charge, by virtue of being born here. I don't need to fill any paperwork or pay any fee. I can ...
7
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1answer
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How far does in loco parentis extend for schools in the United States?

To my personal opinion, In the United States schools have adopted the position that they have in loco parentis authority over students, at the moment the students leave the company of their parents. ...
7
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1answer
559 views

Are there any examples of dealing with unenforced laws? [closed]

Attorney Harvey Silverglate argues that loosely interpreted legislation allows overzealous US prosecutors to charge any particular (disliked) citizen with Three Felonies A Day. If true, this appears ...
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3answers
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How do people view Putin's statements on gay rights?

In the recent run-up to the Winter Olympics, Russia's Putin has indicated that he didn't have a problem with gays in Russia per se. His only (stated) concern was with gay "propaganda," specifically ...
6
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3answers
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Can someone explain the difference between Civil Rights, Civil Liberties and Freedoms?

We encounter these terms frequently in everyday readings. Although they have almost the same meanings but there exist intricate differences. Please explain with some examples the differences and ...
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2answers
639 views

State law placing gun owners in a database

As per the article regarding Hawaii placing its gun owners in a database and some of the below quoted text from it, I could see this being a growing trend on a state by state basis. Question Could ...
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2answers
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Does the Arizona bill grant a religious exemption to discrimination laws?

The Arizona state legislature has just passed a bill called SB 1062, designed to protect religious liberty. Opponents claim that it will allow businesses to refuse to serve people on the grounds of ...
6
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2answers
373 views

If a group is labeled as a terrorist group, what rights are abridged to the group or the individuals?

In Tennessee, a bill was drafted for consideration that denounced hate and discrimination in general and "white nationalist and neo-Nazi groups" in particular. It went further to request those groups ...
6
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2answers
286 views

How do felony disenfranchisement laws differ state by state?

Why is it that for felony disenfranchisement only certain rights seem to be lost and they differ state by state. Such as voting, jury duty, weapons. But some rights are never affected such as ...
6
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1answer
691 views

Notwithstanding Clause of Canadian Constitution

The Canadian Constitution has a clause commonly referred to as the Notwithstanding Clause. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Section_33_of_the_Canadian_Charter_of_Rights_and_Freedoms Basically, it ...
5
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1answer
558 views

What is the oldest “true” democracy?

According to PolitiFact, the United States is the oldest democracy. However, the 26th Amendment, guaranteeing that all citizens 18 and over can vote, was only ratified in 1971 and the Voting Rights ...
5
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3answers
654 views

Voting rights for mentally disabled people

Can someone enlighten me the rationale behind the fact that mentally disabled citizens are allowed to vote while a 17 year old doesn't have that right, no matter how smart or knowledgeable you are?
5
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2answers
327 views

Has any organization ever made it off the SPLC list?

The Southern Poverty Law Center keeps a well-publicized list of organizations that promote hateful agendas. Without debating the merits of the list -- which would be outside the scope of the ...
5
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1answer
353 views

Can Spain be suspended from the EU?

Catalonia held a referendum for independence. The police threatened and attacked the citizens of Spain/Catalonia. Article 7 says that if a country violates the rights of their citizens they could be ...
5
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2answers
229 views

Did Palestinians have an opportunity to assimilate into Kuwait society and culture before the Gulf War of 1990 to 1991?

Approximately 400,000 Palestinians lived in Kuwait before the Gulf War of 1990-1991. Did they have an opportunity to assimilate into Kuwait society and culture? That's simply a "yes" or "no" question,...
5
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1answer
467 views

Has Japan's “Special Secrecy Law” been condemned by the United Nations?

Has the Act on the Protection of Specially Designated Secrets been condemned in any way by the United Nations? Or any expressed concerns by the United Nations? Reference needed. I haven't been able ...
5
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1answer
238 views

How can I realistically fund a political movement against Summer Time in western Europe?

As the time of writing this, we are a few days after switching to Daylight Saving Time, a.k.a Summer Time, that is setting clocks one hour too early. This particular clock regime is effective in ...
5
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3answers
443 views

Supreme court case for disqualifying from rights

In a discussion I had recently about gun rights, someone brought up a United States Supreme Court case in which it was determined that an individual could become disqualified from particular rights. ...
5
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3answers
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How does the ACLU decide which cases to take?

The ACLU is involved in a lot of law suits. How do they decide which cases to try and which ones to pass? If it's by vote of a special committee: What is the name of the committee? Which set of ...
5
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0answers
123 views

Is a professional army more likely to act against its own people than a conscript army?

Is there data about how the mode of a states army affects the probability that it is employed against its own people? I mean is it more liklier that the army is used to supress the own people or a ...
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6answers
11k views

What is the difference between negative rights and positive rights?

What's the difference between negative rights and positive rights? Can negative rights co-exist? Can positive rights co-exist? Can negative rights co-exist with positive rights?
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3answers
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Why are property rights considered negative rights?

I am educating myself on the differences between positive and negative rights. This website describes positive rights as 'freedom to' something, and negative rights as 'freedom from' something. ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Why have the Democratic Party and Republican Party switched positions on civil rights since the Civil War?

Before the Civil War, the Republicans advocated for the abolition of slavery, while the Democrats pushed against abolition. Even after the Civil War, the Republicans continued to push for black rights....
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5answers
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If the Democrats get rid of the filibuster to pass voting rights can the next congress repeal these voting rights with a simple majority?

If the Democrats get rid of the filibuster to pass voting rights can the next congress repeal these voting rights with a simple majority? Targeting State Restrictions, House Passes Landmark Voting ...
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4answers
754 views

How do modern conservatives frame identity-based disparities?

I was reading the president's recent 1776 Commission and was struck by how the idea of identity politics is portrayed as the offspring of the Civil Rights Movement (actually called pejoractively? the &...
3
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1answer
392 views

Why was Switzerland one of the last countries to give women the vote?

Women in Switzerland were only given the right to vote on a federal level in 1971, a time when every single European country had given women the franchise decades prior, and a time when pretty much ...
3
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1answer
561 views

Lokpal Act and Jan Lokpal Bill, what's the difference between these two bills?

What's the difference between the the Lokpal Act and the Jan Lokpal Bill in Indian Politics?
3
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1answer
132 views

How is it decided which rights can be voluntarily waived?

Two examples: In a criminal trial, you have a right to a defense attorney, but you can waive this right. In labor law, you have a number of labor related rights that, if you could voluntarily waive ...
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2answers
2k views

Right to refuse service without explanation

I have a question regarding the right to refuse service. Can you be refused from a store without an explanation? I went to my local Family Dollar and the assistant manager rudely told me, "Umm ...
3
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1answer
198 views

Are there any countries with specific legislation or policy on the rights of strong AI?

Any country that has detailed the specific rights they grant strong AI and how they define that strong AI and their stance towards it?
3
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2answers
321 views

Why marriage and not family?

The question Why do governments legislate marriage? has good answers about why the State has a [historic] incentive to legislate marriage. I'll briefly state interconnected definitions of marriage ...
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2answers
2k views

What is a “right” according to the U.S. Constitution?

The United States Declaration of Independence is based upon the "self-evident" truth that "all men are… endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights". The Ninth Amendment of the U.S. ...
3
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1answer
194 views

Have governments ever made female genital mutilation compulsory?

ISIS has recently been accused of making female genital mutilation (FGM) compulsory for girls and women under the age of 49. They've denied the claim. My understanding was that no government has ever ...