Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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21
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4answers
8k views

Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
11
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4answers
557 views

What have countries with similar court systems to the US done to make the Supreme Court less political?

The US Supreme Court is quite politicized. Towards the end of Barack Obama’s term, the Republican Senate stopped any consideration of Merrick Garland; Gorsuch was confirmed with only three Democrats' ...
3
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1answer
204 views

Are there countries where impeachment of a president without cause is authorized?

Background Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems of Government In parliamentary systems of government, the head of government can be removed any time that the prime minister or premier loses the ...
3
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0answers
118 views

Soviet or Russian equivalent of the Church Committee?

Following the Watergate scandal in 1972, the US senate created a select committee (the Church Committee) to investigate the abuse of power by US intelligence agencies. Has there ever been a Soviet ...
-2
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1answer
131 views

Why does Japan spend more on Pharmaceutical R&D than the UK? [closed]

Japan spends 13% of the world's total Pharma R&D while the UK spends 6% less (source). Are there any reasons existing within the health system of Japan which allow this to happen?
3
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1answer
135 views

Are there any systems (in other countries) comparable to the overt dualism of Puntofijismo?

Apparently, before Chavez came to power, Venezuela had a power-sharing system in which two parties agreed to share the spoils by alternating in power: Venezuela, unlike most other Latin American ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Legal restrictions on minority languages in media and the web

The draft law on ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the national language adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on April 25 obliges all print media to have the Ukrainian version. ...
2
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2answers
152 views

Is it common in the West for immigration judges to be subordinated to the attorney general (equivalent)?

It's been claimed that The U.S. immigration court system suffers from profound structural problems that have severely eroded both its capacity to deliver just and fair decisions in a timely manner ...
1
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1answer
83 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Do any countries use a codified version of the “matter of confidence” of (former) UK tradition?

By tradition that appears to be in question now there used to be case in the UK that governments could designate a particular vote as being a ‘matter of confidence’ – which means they would ...
2
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0answers
149 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility". The ...
10
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1answer
390 views

Do any democracies besides the UK have a ban on broadcasting legislative footage for comedic purposes?

When I first heard this on John Oliver's show, I thought it was a joke, but apparently there is a real ban in the UK on broadcasting parliamentary footage for the purpose of comedy. Do any other ...
4
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2answers
199 views

Can we accurately model history and predict political outcomes in software?

We use computers (and AI) to engineer structures, to simulate car crashes and traffic patterns, and to do predictive meteorology. Is there a serious application of a Sims or a Civilization approach to ...
3
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1answer
174 views

Regarding the Economically Weaker Section ( EWS ) 10% quota approved by the Indian Parliament

I am reading an article in a leading newspaper of India, in which the author says: As per the India Human Development Index ( IHDS ), the annual household incomes of 98% of households are less than ...
1
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2answers
699 views

Can a parliamentary system function properly with a prime minister acting as both head of government and head of state?

The system I am describing is currently only used in South Africa. After every election or when there is a vacancy, the parliament elects a person (in the same way that prime minsters are elected in ...
5
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1answer
423 views

Is government shutdown US specific?

Government shutdown is hot these days and consequently a target for Politics questions. For a person living in Europe and not familiar with US politics the concept of government shutdown is very ...
9
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2answers
546 views

Is there a ranking of countries' freedom of speech for non-journalists?

I know Reporters Without Borders compiles a Press Freedom Index, but this is not the same thing as freedom of speech for non-journalists. Is there another ranking that specifically addresses the ...
2
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0answers
118 views

Backsliding (Parliamentary v. Presidential)

Is a parliamentary system less likely to backslide into electoral authoritarianism than a presidential system just because of the PM being accountable to the legislature and the ease of a no ...
5
votes
5answers
622 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
9
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0answers
105 views

How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From an answer in this question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems to be ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
4
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2answers
285 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
5
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2answers
171 views

Are there any studies of comparative biases in adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems?

In the present-day, different liberal democracies use the adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems (e.g., the U.S. and France, respectively). Have there been any comparative studies of whether ...
2
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0answers
336 views

What are different ways of allocating investigative power?

Background - The U.S. allocation of investigative power In the U.S. system of government, there are a variety of ways that a potential incident or public policy issue of concern can be investigated. ...
9
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4answers
630 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
50
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7answers
10k views

Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
5
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2answers
289 views

Have any studies examined differences in cities led by Dem vs Rep?

Are there studies examining various characteristics of USA cities based on the amount of time they have been governed by Democrats or Republicans? Say, things like growth rates of population and ...
0
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1answer
337 views

Are there any societies/nations that use Torah laws?

There are societies that use Sharia laws. Are there any societies that use Torah laws? I know that the Torah influences some societies to enact some "far fetch" laws. Christians, for example, use, "...
9
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1answer
367 views

What is special about a Jeffersonian Democracy?

I came across the phrase Jeffersonian Democracy recently (related to "U.S. stated goal of ushering in a Jeffersonian democracy to replace Syrian President Bashar Assad"; article here), but I don't see ...
15
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1answer
1k views

What does it mean policywise to “Implement Sharia Law”?

When a Islamic country implements a form of Sharia law, what exactly does that mean in terms of the actual policies being put in place? I mean, I know exact definitions vary considerably, but what ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Jumping political party OK after being elected by people into a party?

Is it permissible for an elected independent candidate or elected representative of a political party to switch his party he is elected from to a more politically advantageous party at his own will ? ...
5
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0answers
119 views

Educational Requirements for Public Office

While researching an answer for another question, I discovered that the constitution of Azerbaijan requires a presidential candidate to have a university degree. This seemed unique to me. What other ...