Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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9
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2answers
574 views

How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
5
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1answer
157 views

Does Ireland's Dáil have an unusually high number of independents, compared to other European legislatures?

I noticed that the 4th largest "party" in the current Dáil are independents with 19/160 seats. Is this proportion high (or not) in a broader European perspective in national legislatures?
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1answer
95 views

Are there other EU countries besides Romania and Hungary where the ECR and ID did not gain any seats in the last EU elections?

Interestingly enough the EP groups usually portrayed to the right of the EPP, namely the ECR and ID, did not gain any seats from Romania or Hungary in the last EU elections. One could argue that ...
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0answers
283 views

Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Has there been a comparison of party discipline in the UK with other European countries?

On one hand, the fact that MPs are elected in single-member districts would suggest they are more likely to break party discipline if their constituency has different interests. On the other hand, ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Is there a (reasonably) world-wide quantitative survey of malapportionment in legislative chambers?

By malapportionment I mean the non-proportional allocation of representatives to population by geographical units. Wikipedia has a rather terrible article on the topic, which, while enumerating and ...
2
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0answers
116 views

How did the 4th of July “Salute to America” military parade compare to France's (regular one) on Bastille Day, numerically?

Trump's decision to have a military parade on the 4th of July last year was criticized as being out of character for the US and even costly. According to Wikipedia, France regularly conducts such a ...
44
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5answers
17k views

Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
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1answer
154 views

Which (subjective) measure of corruption is the best predictor for an outsider winning a major election?

There's a (somewhat vague) theory that once the electorate starts to believe the political system is corrupt, it is more likely to vote for an outsider (someone who hasn't had a long political career) ...
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2answers
123 views

What countries require a supermajority for budget approval?

A few US states require or required a supermajority in the legislature to pass the annual budget. The issue is somewhat complicated by the fact that in some states some budgetary items/issues require ...
3
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1answer
247 views

Is there any country other than Austria with a conservative-Green government?

Austria is now going to have a coalition government between the right-wing People's Party and the Greens. This is interesting; the parties are, from a US perspective, pretty much opposites of each ...
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1answer
69 views

Is there an index of state support for (the official) religion?

There is more than one index of religious freedom published, but I'm curious if another dimension of state involvement in religious life has been quantified, namely how much state support religious ...
8
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1answer
231 views

Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box"). As ...
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2answers
441 views

Why do American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws as opposed to European countries which apply lex mitior (“the milder law”)?

According to Wikipedia article related to Ex post facto law: While American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws, European countries apply the principle of lex mitior ("the milder law")...
6
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1answer
124 views

Are the other countries besides Romania that automatically reduce prison sentences for bad prison conditions?

Romania Insider news from 2017: The law allowing inmates serving time in bad prison conditions to get six days cut off from their sentence for every 30 days in prison was promulgated by President ...
9
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1answer
501 views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
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5answers
604 views

Why are sex stories so significant in American politics?

As a European I’ve always been surprised by the importance that American people give to personal sex stories of politicians. The list is long and has ancient roots, but sex scandals, as they are often ...
5
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1answer
379 views

Are there some high profile cases of convictions for influence peddling in the UK?

According to Wikipedia, some countries have a more encompassing standard of a corrupt act compared to the US (which following McDonnell v US has tightened the definition of a corrupt act considerably),...
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0answers
241 views

On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
3
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1answer
109 views

How are London's cabs licensed?

Is there any similarity between the medallion system predominant in US cities, in which taxicab licenses once (and seldom) issued are forever sold on the open market, with a large secondary (and ...
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6answers
11k views

Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
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0answers
202 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
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4answers
619 views

What have countries with similar court systems to the US done to make the Supreme Court less political?

The US Supreme Court is quite politicized. Towards the end of Barack Obama’s term, the Republican Senate stopped any consideration of Merrick Garland; Gorsuch was confirmed with only three Democrats' ...
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1answer
345 views

Are there countries where impeachment of a president without cause is authorized?

Background Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems of Government In parliamentary systems of government, the head of government can be removed any time that the prime minister or premier loses the ...
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0answers
128 views

Soviet or Russian equivalent of the Church Committee?

Following the Watergate scandal in 1972, the US senate created a select committee (the Church Committee) to investigate the abuse of power by US intelligence agencies. Has there ever been a Soviet ...
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1answer
136 views

Why does Japan spend more on Pharmaceutical R&D than the UK? [closed]

Japan spends 13% of the world's total Pharma R&D while the UK spends 6% less (source). Are there any reasons existing within the health system of Japan which allow this to happen?
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1answer
152 views

Are there any systems (in other countries) comparable to the overt dualism of Puntofijismo?

Apparently, before Chavez came to power, Venezuela had a power-sharing system in which two parties agreed to share the spoils by alternating in power: Venezuela, unlike most other Latin American ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Legal restrictions on minority languages in media and the web

The draft law on ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the national language adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on April 25 obliges all print media to have the Ukrainian version. ...
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2answers
156 views

Is it common in the West for immigration judges to be subordinated to the attorney general (equivalent)?

It's been claimed that The U.S. immigration court system suffers from profound structural problems that have severely eroded both its capacity to deliver just and fair decisions in a timely manner ...
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1answer
88 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
2
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2answers
208 views

Do any countries use a codified version of the “matter of confidence” of (former) UK tradition?

By tradition that appears to be in question now there used to be case in the UK that governments could designate a particular vote as being a ‘matter of confidence’ – which means they would ...
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0answers
160 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility". The ...
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1answer
440 views

Do any democracies besides the UK have a ban on broadcasting legislative footage for comedic purposes?

When I first heard this on John Oliver's show, I thought it was a joke, but apparently there is a real ban in the UK on broadcasting parliamentary footage for the purpose of comedy. Do any other ...
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2answers
212 views

Can we accurately model history and predict political outcomes in software?

We use computers (and AI) to engineer structures, to simulate car crashes and traffic patterns, and to do predictive meteorology. Is there a serious application of a Sims or a Civilization approach to ...
3
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1answer
184 views

Regarding the Economically Weaker Section ( EWS ) 10% quota approved by the Indian Parliament

I am reading an article in a leading newspaper of India, in which the author says: As per the India Human Development Index ( IHDS ), the annual household incomes of 98% of households are less than ...
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2answers
766 views

Can a parliamentary system function properly with a prime minister acting as both head of government and head of state?

The system I am describing is currently only used in South Africa. After every election or when there is a vacancy, the parliament elects a person (in the same way that prime minsters are elected in ...
5
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1answer
437 views

Is government shutdown US specific?

Government shutdown is hot these days and consequently a target for Politics questions. For a person living in Europe and not familiar with US politics the concept of government shutdown is very ...
9
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2answers
593 views

Is there a ranking of countries' freedom of speech for non-journalists?

I know Reporters Without Borders compiles a Press Freedom Index, but this is not the same thing as freedom of speech for non-journalists. Is there another ranking that specifically addresses the ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Backsliding (Parliamentary v. Presidential)

Is a parliamentary system less likely to backslide into electoral authoritarianism than a presidential system just because of the PM being accountable to the legislature and the ease of a no ...
5
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5answers
651 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
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1answer
201 views

How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From this answer to a related question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems ...
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2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
4
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2answers
297 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
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2answers
173 views

Are there any studies of comparative biases in adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems?

In the present-day, different liberal democracies use the adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems (e.g., the U.S. and France, respectively). Have there been any comparative studies of whether ...
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0answers
341 views

What are different ways of allocating investigative power?

Background - The U.S. allocation of investigative power In the U.S. system of government, there are a variety of ways that a potential incident or public policy issue of concern can be investigated. ...
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4answers
654 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
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7answers
10k views

Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
5
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2answers
299 views

Have any studies examined differences in cities led by Dem vs Rep?

Are there studies examining various characteristics of USA cities based on the amount of time they have been governed by Democrats or Republicans? Say, things like growth rates of population and ...
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1answer
360 views

Are there any societies/nations that use Torah laws?

There are societies that use Sharia laws. Are there any societies that use Torah laws? I know that the Torah influences some societies to enact some "far fetch" laws. Christians, for example, use, "...
9
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1answer
378 views

What is special about a Jeffersonian Democracy?

I came across the phrase Jeffersonian Democracy recently (related to "U.S. stated goal of ushering in a Jeffersonian democracy to replace Syrian President Bashar Assad"; article here), but I don't see ...