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Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

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4
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2answers
186 views

Can we accurately model history and predict political outcomes in software?

We use computers (and AI) to engineer structures, to simulate car crashes and traffic patterns, and to do predictive meteorology. Is there a serious application of a Sims or a Civilization approach to ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Regarding the Economically Weaker Section ( EWS ) 10% quota approved by the Indian Parliament

I am reading an article in a leading newspaper of India, in which the author says: As per the India Human Development Index ( IHDS ), the annual household incomes of 98% of households are less than ...
1
vote
2answers
248 views

Can a parliamentary system function properly with a prime minister acting as both head of government and head of state?

The system I am describing is currently only used in South Africa. After every election or when there is a vacancy, the parliament elects a person (in the same way that prime minsters are elected in ...
5
votes
1answer
330 views

Is government shutdown US specific?

Government shutdown is hot these days and consequently a target for Politics questions. For a person living in Europe and not familiar with US politics the concept of government shutdown is very ...
7
votes
2answers
197 views

Is there a ranking of countries' freedom of speech for non-journalists?

I know Reporters Without Borders compiles a Press Freedom Index, but this is not the same thing as freedom of speech for non-journalists. Is there another ranking that specifically addresses the ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Backsliding (Parliamentary v. Presidential)

Is a parliamentary system less likely to backslide into electoral authoritarianism than a presidential system just because of the PM being accountable to the legislature and the ease of a no ...
4
votes
5answers
404 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
6
votes
0answers
68 views

How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From an answer in this question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems to be ...
5
votes
2answers
607 views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
4
votes
2answers
265 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Are there any studies of comparative biases in adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems?

In the present-day, different liberal democracies use the adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems (e.g., the U.S. and France, respectively). Have there been any comparative studies of whether ...
2
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0answers
213 views

What are different ways of allocating investigative power?

Background - The U.S. allocation of investigative power In the U.S. system of government, there are a variety of ways that a potential incident or public policy issue of concern can be investigated. ...
9
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4answers
583 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
49
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7answers
9k views

Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
5
votes
2answers
233 views

Have any studies examined differences in cities led by Dem vs Rep?

Are there studies examining various characteristics of USA cities based on the amount of time they have been governed by Democrats or Republicans? Say, things like growth rates of population and ...
0
votes
1answer
301 views

Are there any societies/nations that use Torah laws?

There are societies that use Sharia laws. Are there any societies that use Torah laws? I know that the Torah influences some societies to enact some "far fetch" laws. Christians, for example, use, "...
9
votes
1answer
333 views

What is special about a Jeffersonian Democracy?

I came across the phrase Jeffersonian Democracy recently (related to "U.S. stated goal of ushering in a Jeffersonian democracy to replace Syrian President Bashar Assad"; article here), but I don't see ...
15
votes
1answer
831 views

What does it mean policywise to “Implement Sharia Law”?

When a Islamic country implements a form of Sharia law, what exactly does that mean in terms of the actual policies being put in place? I mean, I know exact definitions vary considerably, but what ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Jumping political party OK after being elected by people into a party?

Is it permissible for an elected independent candidate or elected representative of a political party to switch his party he is elected from to a more politically advantageous party at his own will ? ...
5
votes
0answers
115 views

Educational Requirements for Public Office

While researching an answer for another question, I discovered that the constitution of Azerbaijan requires a presidential candidate to have a university degree. This seemed unique to me. What other ...