Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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How much revenue do governments generate from fines, penalties, etc.?

Recently, I got a fine from the Dutch government for forgetting to pay my taxes on time. I wonder how much revenue governments generate through fines of various sorts, like speeding tickets or ...
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56 votes
8 answers
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Why is abortion such a central issue in US politics, but not in the UK?

In Britain (excl Northern Ireland) a country close in many respects to the US - in terms of religious history, society, status of women, medical ethics etc abortion is rarely a political issue. The ...
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How did consumer gas prices change in Latvia relative to Germany, following the substantial reduction of Russian imports in Latvia 2015-2021?

The 3 Baltic countries have announced that they apparently import zero Russian gas now. More interestingly, this was a gradual reduction, e.g. In 2015, nearly 100 per cent of Lithuania's gas supplies ...
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What academic journals in political science have the highest impact factor? [closed]

I am in school for engineering and work as a programmer but I'm almost always reading about politics/philosophy/economics/sociology outside school. However the sources I get my information from the ...
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What is the difference between the classic Taliban and TTP?

What is the difference between the Taliban who is ruling the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, and TTP (Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan)? Do they have any relationship? Do they have any common goal? Are ...
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Are There Countries Beside The USA That Have Partisan Elected Officials Run Elections?

In the United States, the predominant election administrators are county clerks elected as partisan elected officials, and state level secretaries of state, who are elected as partisan elected ...
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Why did some places with a large population become states within a country when other places with smaller populations became countries of their own?

With a population of over 200 million, the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has a much larger population than most EU countries(eg: Switzerland has approx 9 mil population). Why is it that small places ...
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Are there countries where being non-vaccinated disqualifies you from "standard" health insurance coverage (for that particular disease)?

Reading the latest news on Greece imposing fines on the non-vaccinated: "It's not a punishment," Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis told his cabinet in a televised meeting. "I ...
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Why doesn't the US have party discipline?

Two Senators are refusing to vote for Joe Biden's infrastructure bill, so I was wondering why the U.S does not have a party discipline system. As the name suggests, if a majority of people in a party ...
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How do UK leaders explain that their country suffered a contraction similar to that of Italy and France rather than that of US or Canada, last year?

CNN recently mentioned that: the UK economy suffered a bigger contraction than any other G7 country last year at 9.8% Wondering how the rest of G7 fared in more concrete terms, I found an older ...
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Is there any other country in the world, besides the US, that erects monuments to those who took up arms against it and lost?

Richmond's mayor Levar Stoney was quoted as saying (in the context of the removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee) Mr Northam called the statue "a monument to the Confederate insurrection". [.....
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How can I compare levels of police violence in different states of the world?

Some states in the world are perceived as having very violent policing; while others are considered repressive generally, but not necessarily via the police being violent . I was wondering if there is ...
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What countries explicitly ban (in publicly funded education) the teaching that people are responsible for the acts of their ancestors?

A new bill proposed in Idaho Idaho lawmakers have advanced a bill that would prohibit public schools, including public universities, from teaching that "any sex, race, ethnicity, religion, color,...
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Why is the USA so much concerned about the human rights violations in Xinjiang, but less so about Kashmir?

Kashmir is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan. Xinjiang is controlled by China (it might be worth noting that India also claims ownership, but has no power there). Kashmiris want ...
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To what extent have developed European countries utilized strategies that Australia utilized against Coronavirus?

Compared to Europe, Australia has had a low rate of coronavirus infections and deaths. There are a large number of differences between Australia and Europe, such as population density, the ease of ...
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Do other countries provide police the same degree of immunity that USA police officers have?

In the USA, police have a high degree of immunity for their actions in the line of duty. It is nearly impossible to sue an individual officer due to qualified immunity, and one can't sue a precinct ...
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How strong is the association between the complexity of the electoral process and beliefs in voting fraud?

It's been suggested in a fairly upvoted answer to a related question that the complexity of the electoral/voting process is a main driver in beliefs in voting fraud, at least in developed countries. ...
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Is there a meaningful metric for how quickly different countries advance their legal systems?

Countries make laws. Then times change, or the group in power changes, or previous laws have unintended consequences, so they make new laws to change the previous laws. On and on and on, indefinitely. ...
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Legal challenges to elections - US versus other countries

This article in The Atlantic discusses the upcoming US elections. It seems to suggest that legions of party-funded lawyers are available to be deployed in the aftermath of an election to seek out and ...
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Do people in countries besides the US react negatively to "militarized police"?

A 2018 PNAS study concludes that militarized “special weapons and tactics” (SWAT) teams are more often deployed in communities of color, and—contrary to claims by police administrators—provide no ...
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Why does there seem to be such a big difference in case mortality between the USA and Europe? [closed]

At the time of writing (11 July 2020) the USA have almost 3.2 million confirmed cases of coronavirus infections, while Europe has slightly over 1.8 million with the USA passing Europe around 10 May ...
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Have any governments developed tracing apps that have helped with COVID-19?

The effectiveness of Australia’s COVIDSafe app, which tracks contacts between users via bluetooth technology, has been called into question, with some people going so far as to claim that it hasn’t ...
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Is there a way to measure the quality of a president / presidential term in an objective way?

A paragraph from this Politico article about the French president wanna be made me wonder about a way to evaluate a president or more precisely a presidential term: A President Bigard is a far-...
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Have any local/national authorities conducted official reviews of historical landmarks?

Following the toppling of the Edward Colston statue in Bristol on June 7th, the renewed support for the "Rhodes must fall" campaign, targeting predominantly the statue of Cecil Rhodes at ...
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Has any country's government concluded they need more decentralization to fight Covid-19 or future pandemics?

Somewhat predictably, China has blamed their initial problems in responding to Covid-19 to decentralization and poor decisions from regional authorities: The rare admission, from Director of China's ...
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Are there other trackers/indexes of governments' response to Covid-19, beside OxCGRT?

OxCGRT has received a bit of press coverage (e.g. by the Indian press, which in particular highlighted that India got a "100" rating.) The project itself is more cautious in its description: ...
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Have the police forces in other countries besides India dressed in coronavirus costumes as an awareness campaign?

CNN etc. have pictures of Indian police forces in coronavirus costumes, as part of an awareness campaign Have other countries used similar in-person costumes for awareness campaigns?
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Are there Covid-19 death maps locally adjusted for population density?

As a first motivating example, according to an Oxford CEBM map [even] Sweden has more deaths per capita from Covid-19 (217 deaths/mil.pop.) than the US as a whole (166 deaths/mil.p.) On top of that, ...
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Is the UK reporting (extra) deaths in care homes now as related to Covid-19?

After some scandals, e.g. France started to report some deaths in "ESMS" (which includes nursing homes) as probably being related to Covid-19. [Reuters, Apr. 4] Following criticism about ...
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Is it customary (or even allowed at all) for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise, in Europe or North America? [closed]

In a comment on an answer on a recent question, this other question was posed: Is it customary for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise at all, in Europe or North America? not just wild,...
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7 votes
2 answers
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What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Have non-health government officials in Western countries (besides the US) publicly pushed for specific medications for Covid-19 contra PH officials?

There has been some level disagreement publicly aired in the US between Trump/Navarro and Fauci on the use of hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19. The president and his allies, however, have continued to ...
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Are any countries besides China planning to use "Fangcang" hospitals to relocate those infected/suspected of Covid-19, but who have a mild illness?

Somewhat controversially, China has had temporarily relocated those infected with Covid-19 in the Wuhan area to so-called Fangcang hospitals, large communal areas transformed into make-shift hospitals....
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58 votes
8 answers
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In most U.S. states, female genital mutilation is illegal. So why is male circumcision legal?

Hello new users from around the Stack Exchange Network We are aware that this question is about a very emotionally laden topic. So we would like to make sure you are aware of the purpose of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How does Italy compare to NY in terms of COVID-19 testing, per capita?

It's been reported today (April 4) that New York state has recorded 630 more coronavirus deaths, another daily record that takes its [death] toll to 3,565. Most deaths have been in New York City. The ...
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Why has COVID-19 affected less people in India than in the USA? [closed]

Both countries have declared a lockdown. So what went wrong in the USA? Why has COVID-19 affected less people in India that in the USA?
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10 votes
2 answers
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How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
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7 votes
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Does Ireland's Dáil have an unusually high number of independents, compared to other European legislatures?

I noticed that the 4th largest "party" in the current Dáil are independents with 19/160 seats. Is this proportion high (or not) in a broader European perspective in national legislatures?
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Are there other EU countries besides Romania and Hungary where the ECR and ID did not gain any seats in the last EU elections?

Interestingly enough the EP groups usually portrayed to the right of the EPP, namely the ECR and ID, did not gain any seats from Romania or Hungary in the last EU elections. One could argue that ...
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4 votes
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Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
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2 votes
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Has there been a comparison of party discipline in the UK with other European countries?

On one hand, the fact that MPs are elected in single-member districts would suggest they are more likely to break party discipline if their constituency has different interests. On the other hand, ...
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Is there a (reasonably) world-wide quantitative survey of malapportionment in legislative chambers?

By malapportionment I mean the non-proportional allocation of representatives to population by geographical units. Wikipedia has a rather terrible article on the topic, which, while enumerating and ...
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2 votes
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How did the 4th of July "Salute to America" military parade compare to France's (regular one) on Bastille Day, numerically?

Trump's decision to have a military parade on the 4th of July last year was criticized as being out of character for the US and even costly. According to Wikipedia, France regularly conducts such a ...
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43 votes
5 answers
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Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
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1 vote
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Which (subjective) measure of corruption is the best predictor for an outsider winning a major election?

There's a (somewhat vague) theory that once the electorate starts to believe the political system is corrupt, it is more likely to vote for an outsider (someone who hasn't had a long political career) ...
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What countries require a supermajority for budget approval?

A few US states require or required a supermajority in the legislature to pass the annual budget. The issue is somewhat complicated by the fact that in some states some budgetary items/issues require ...
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3 votes
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Is there any country other than Austria with a conservative-Green government?

Austria is now going to have a coalition government between the right-wing People's Party and the Greens. This is interesting; the parties are, from a US perspective, pretty much opposites of each ...
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Is there an index of state support for (the official) religion?

There is more than one index of religious freedom published, but I'm curious if another dimension of state involvement in religious life has been quantified, namely how much state support religious ...
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Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box&...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Why do American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws as opposed to European countries which apply lex mitior ("the milder law")?

According to Wikipedia article related to Ex post facto law: While American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws, European countries apply the principle of lex mitior ("the milder law")...
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