Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
64 votes
12 answers
12k views

Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
user avatar
42 votes
5 answers
18k views

Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
Alexei's user avatar
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18 votes
6 answers
5k views

Are there any wars other than the 2023 Israel-Hamas War that are named after a country and a political party?

Background The 2023 Israel–Hamas war is referred to in the Western media as "the Israel-Hamas war". All Western commentators I've seen, including military experts, journalists, and political ...
TheScream's user avatar
  • 205
10 votes
4 answers
719 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
indigochild's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
680 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility"....
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
729 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
Johny T Koshy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Are there prior examples when a US president was strongly at odds with the grassroots of his party over a foreign policy issue?

Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft, Nov 15: More than two-thirds of Americans support a ceasefire in Israel’s war on Gaza, according to a Reuters/Ipsos poll whose results were released on ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
56 votes
8 answers
11k views

Why is abortion such a central issue in US politics, but not in the UK?

In Britain (excl Northern Ireland) a country close in many respects to the US - in terms of religious history, society, status of women, medical ethics etc abortion is rarely a political issue. The ...
WS2's user avatar
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23 votes
6 answers
11k views

Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
1k views

On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does it mean policywise to "Implement Sharia Law"?

When a Islamic country implements a form of Sharia law, what exactly does that mean in terms of the actual policies being put in place? I mean, I know exact definitions vary considerably, but what ...
Tirous's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
3k views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
CDJB's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
394 views

How can I compare levels of police violence in different states of the world?

Some states in the world are perceived as having very violent policing; while others are considered repressive generally, but not necessarily via the police being violent . I was wondering if there is ...
einpoklum's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
1k views

Why doesn't the US have party discipline?

Two Senators are refusing to vote for Joe Biden's infrastructure bill, so I was wondering why the U.S does not have a party discipline system. As the name suggests, if a majority of people in a party ...
Ray's user avatar
  • 507
5 votes
2 answers
388 views

Is the US-based observation that "the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system" generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Muslim countries other than Pakistan officially protest when there are anti-Muslim riots in India? More so than "the West"?

As a companion to this question are there examples of official protests (or calls for investigations etc.) by Muslim countries other than Pakistan when anti-Muslim riots happen in India? Most ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
381 views

Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
270 views

Can we accurately model history and predict political outcomes in software?

We use computers (and AI) to engineer structures, to simulate car crashes and traffic patterns, and to do predictive meteorology. Is there a serious application of a Sims or a Civilization approach to ...
dvdrtrgn's user avatar
  • 149
3 votes
2 answers
342 views

Do any countries use a codified version of the "matter of confidence" of (former) UK tradition?

By tradition that appears to be in question now there used to be case in the UK that governments could designate a particular vote as being a ‘matter of confidence’ – which means they would ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
155 views

Is there a (reasonably) world-wide quantitative survey of malapportionment in legislative chambers?

By malapportionment I mean the non-proportional allocation of representatives to population by geographical units. Wikipedia has a rather terrible article on the topic, which, while enumerating and ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
149 views

Is there an index of state support for (the official) religion?

There is more than one index of religious freedom published, but I'm curious if another dimension of state involvement in religious life has been quantified, namely how much state support religious ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
406 views

Have non-health government officials in Western countries (besides the US) publicly pushed for specific medications for Covid-19 contra PH officials?

There has been some level disagreement publicly aired in the US between Trump/Navarro and Fauci on the use of hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19. The president and his allies, however, have continued to ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
361 views

What are different ways of allocating investigative power?

Background - The U.S. allocation of investigative power In the U.S. system of government, there are a variety of ways that a potential incident or public policy issue of concern can be investigated. ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Jumping political party OK after being elected by people into a party?

Is it permissible for an elected independent candidate or elected representative of a political party to switch his party he is elected from to a more politically advantageous party at his own will ? ...
Narasimham's user avatar