Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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57
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8answers
12k views

In most U.S. states, female genital mutilation is illegal. So why is male circumcision legal?

Hello new users from around the Stack Exchange Network We are aware that this question is about a very emotionally laden topic. So we would like to make sure you are aware of the purpose of ...
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8answers
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Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
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5answers
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Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
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4answers
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Has any country's government concluded they need more decentralization to fight Covid-19 or future pandemics?

Somewhat predictably, China has blamed their initial problems in responding to Covid-19 to decentralization and poor decisions from regional authorities: The rare admission, from Director of China's ...
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6answers
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Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
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2answers
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On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
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5answers
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Do people in countries besides the US react negatively to “militarized police”?

A 2018 PNAS study concludes that militarized “special weapons and tactics” (SWAT) teams are more often deployed in communities of color, and—contrary to claims by police administrators—provide no ...
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1answer
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What does it mean policywise to “Implement Sharia Law”?

When a Islamic country implements a form of Sharia law, what exactly does that mean in terms of the actual policies being put in place? I mean, I know exact definitions vary considerably, but what ...
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1answer
223 views

How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From this answer to a related question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems ...
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4answers
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What have countries with similar court systems to the US done to make the Supreme Court less political?

The US Supreme Court is quite politicized. Towards the end of Barack Obama’s term, the Republican Senate stopped any consideration of Merrick Garland; Gorsuch was confirmed with only three Democrats' ...
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7answers
927 views

Why are sex stories so significant in American politics?

As a European I’ve always been surprised by the importance that American people give to personal sex stories of politicians. The list is long and has ancient roots, but sex scandals, as they are often ...
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1answer
488 views

Do any democracies besides the UK have a ban on broadcasting legislative footage for comedic purposes?

When I first heard this on John Oliver's show, I thought it was a joke, but apparently there is a real ban in the UK on broadcasting parliamentary footage for the purpose of comedy. Do any other ...
10
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2answers
686 views

How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
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4answers
684 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
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3answers
558 views

Do other countries provide police the same degree of immunity that USA police officers have?

In the USA, police have a high degree of immunity for their actions in the line of duty. It is nearly impossible to sue an individual officer due to qualified immunity, and one can't sue a precinct ...
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1answer
2k views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
9
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1answer
221 views

Do any countries other than Azerbaijan have education requirements for a national elected office?

While researching an answer for another question, I discovered that the constitution of Azerbaijan requires a presidential candidate to have a university degree. This seemed unique to me. What other ...
9
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2answers
663 views

Is there a ranking of countries' freedom of speech for non-journalists?

I know Reporters Without Borders compiles a Press Freedom Index, but this is not the same thing as freedom of speech for non-journalists. Is there another ranking that specifically addresses the ...
9
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1answer
388 views

What is special about a Jeffersonian Democracy?

I came across the phrase Jeffersonian Democracy recently (related to "U.S. stated goal of ushering in a Jeffersonian democracy to replace Syrian President Bashar Assad"; article here), but I don't see ...
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1answer
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Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box&...
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2answers
460 views

What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
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2answers
567 views

Why do American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws as opposed to European countries which apply lex mitior (“the milder law”)?

According to Wikipedia article related to Ex post facto law: While American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws, European countries apply the principle of lex mitior ("the milder law")...
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1answer
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Does Ireland's Dáil have an unusually high number of independents, compared to other European legislatures?

I noticed that the 4th largest "party" in the current Dáil are independents with 19/160 seats. Is this proportion high (or not) in a broader European perspective in national legislatures?
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Have any studies examined differences in cities led by Dem vs Rep?

Are there studies examining various characteristics of USA cities based on the amount of time they have been governed by Democrats or Republicans? Say, things like growth rates of population and ...
7
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1answer
285 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility"....
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4answers
891 views

Is it customary (or even allowed at all) for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise, in Europe or North America? [closed]

In a comment on an answer on a recent question, this other question was posed: Is it customary for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise at all, in Europe or North America? not just wild,...
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1answer
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Are the other countries besides Romania that automatically reduce prison sentences for bad prison conditions?

Romania Insider news from 2017: The law allowing inmates serving time in bad prison conditions to get six days cut off from their sentence for every 30 days in prison was promulgated by President ...
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2answers
175 views

Are there any studies of comparative biases in adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems?

In the present-day, different liberal democracies use the adversarial and inquisitorial legal systems (e.g., the U.S. and France, respectively). Have there been any comparative studies of whether ...
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1answer
212 views

How can I compare police violence in different states of the world?

Some states in the world are perceived as having very violent policing; while others are considered repressive generally, but not necessarily via the police being violent . I was wondering if there is ...
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2answers
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Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
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5answers
670 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
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3answers
311 views

Legal challenges to elections - US versus other countries

This article in The Atlantic discusses the upcoming US elections. It seems to suggest that legions of party-funded lawyers are available to be deployed in the aftermath of an election to seek out and ...
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1answer
410 views

Are there some high profile cases of convictions for influence peddling in the UK?

According to Wikipedia, some countries have a more encompassing standard of a corrupt act compared to the US (which following McDonnell v US has tightened the definition of a corrupt act considerably),...
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1answer
472 views

Is government shutdown US specific?

Government shutdown is hot these days and consequently a target for Politics questions. For a person living in Europe and not familiar with US politics the concept of government shutdown is very ...
5
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1answer
202 views

Are any countries besides China planning to use “Fangcang” hospitals to relocate those infected/suspected of Covid-19, but who have a mild illness?

Somewhat controversially, China has had temporarily relocated those infected with Covid-19 in the Wuhan area to so-called Fangcang hospitals, large communal areas transformed into make-shift hospitals....
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2answers
333 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
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1answer
232 views

Soviet or Russian equivalent of the Church Committee?

Following the Watergate scandal in 1972, the US senate created a select committee (the Church Committee) to investigate the abuse of power by US intelligence agencies. Has there ever been a Soviet ...
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0answers
219 views

What countries explicitly ban (in publicly funded education) the teaching that people are responsible for the acts of their ancestors?

A new bill proposed in Idaho Idaho lawmakers have advanced a bill that would prohibit public schools, including public universities, from teaching that "any sex, race, ethnicity, religion, color,...
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0answers
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How strong is the association between the complexity of the electoral process and beliefs in voting fraud?

It's been suggested in a fairly upvoted answer to a related question that the complexity of the electoral/voting process is a main driver in beliefs in voting fraud, at least in developed countries. ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Have the police forces in other countries besides India dressed in coronavirus costumes as an awareness campaign?

CNN etc. have pictures of Indian police forces in coronavirus costumes, as part of an awareness campaign Have other countries used similar in-person costumes for awareness campaigns?
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0answers
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Have any local/national authorities conducted official reviews of historical landmarks?

Following the toppling of the Edward Colston statue in Bristol on June 7th, the renewed support for the "Rhodes must fall" campaign, targeting predominantly the statue of Cecil Rhodes at ...
4
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0answers
313 views

Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
3
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1answer
268 views

Is there any country other than Austria with a conservative-Green government?

Austria is now going to have a coalition government between the right-wing People's Party and the Greens. This is interesting; the parties are, from a US perspective, pretty much opposites of each ...
3
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1answer
110 views

How are London's cabs licensed?

Is there any similarity between the medallion system predominant in US cities, in which taxicab licenses once (and seldom) issued are forever sold on the open market, with a large secondary (and ...
3
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1answer
460 views

Are there countries where impeachment of a president without cause is authorized?

Background Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems of Government In parliamentary systems of government, the head of government can be removed any time that the prime minister or premier loses the ...
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2answers
249 views

Do any countries use a codified version of the “matter of confidence” of (former) UK tradition?

By tradition that appears to be in question now there used to be case in the UK that governments could designate a particular vote as being a ‘matter of confidence’ – which means they would ...
3
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1answer
169 views

Are there any systems (in other countries) comparable to the overt dualism of Puntofijismo?

Apparently, before Chavez came to power, Venezuela had a power-sharing system in which two parties agreed to share the spoils by alternating in power: Venezuela, unlike most other Latin American ...
3
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2answers
216 views

Can we accurately model history and predict political outcomes in software?

We use computers (and AI) to engineer structures, to simulate car crashes and traffic patterns, and to do predictive meteorology. Is there a serious application of a Sims or a Civilization approach to ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Legal restrictions on minority languages in media and the web

The draft law on ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the national language adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on April 25 obliges all print media to have the Ukrainian version. According ...
3
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1answer
191 views

Regarding the Economically Weaker Section ( EWS ) 10% quota approved by the Indian Parliament

I am reading an article in a leading newspaper of India, in which the author says: As per the India Human Development Index ( IHDS ), the annual household incomes of 98% of households are less than ₹...