Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
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57 votes
8 answers
13k views

In most U.S. states, female genital mutilation is illegal. So why is male circumcision legal?

Hello new users from around the Stack Exchange Network We are aware that this question is about a very emotionally laden topic. So we would like to make sure you are aware of the purpose of ...
gen-ℤ ready to perish's user avatar
56 votes
8 answers
11k views

Why is abortion such a central issue in US politics, but not in the UK?

In Britain (excl Northern Ireland) a country close in many respects to the US - in terms of religious history, society, status of women, medical ethics etc abortion is rarely a political issue. The ...
WS2's user avatar
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50 votes
22 answers
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Is there any other country in the world, besides the US, that erects monuments to those who took up arms against it and lost?

Richmond's mayor Levar Stoney was quoted as saying (in the context of the removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee) Mr Northam called the statue "a monument to the Confederate insurrection". [.....
the gods from engineering's user avatar
42 votes
5 answers
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Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
Alexei's user avatar
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42 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why is the Swiss Political Model not Replicated / Proposed Elsewhere?

Switzerland is generally recognized as a quite functional and prosperous society. It also features a political model with quite unique features: All significant parties participate in the executive ...
pinpon's user avatar
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33 votes
4 answers
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Are there countries where being non-vaccinated disqualifies you from "standard" health insurance coverage (for that particular disease)?

Reading the latest news on Greece imposing fines on the non-vaccinated: "It's not a punishment," Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis told his cabinet in a televised meeting. "I ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
32 votes
4 answers
13k views

Why is Poland demanding $1.3 trillion in reparations from Germany, but not $x trillions from Russia?

It's a safe assumption that Russia won't pay a dime. However, comparing 5+ years of German vs 's 50-ish years of Russian occupation, couldn't Poland make a point about the colonial damaged caused by ...
Quora Feans's user avatar
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27 votes
4 answers
5k views

Has any country's government concluded they need more decentralization to fight Covid-19 or future pandemics?

Somewhat predictably, China has blamed their initial problems in responding to Covid-19 to decentralization and poor decisions from regional authorities: The rare admission, from Director of China's ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
24 votes
7 answers
6k views

Why can Canada’s parliament vote (on gun laws), but even when a single party controls both the U.S. House and Senate a change is all but impossible?

An article today discusses the difference between the U.S. and Canadian political systems and claims to answer a simple question, but the main issue remains unanswered. Why can Canada’s parliament ...
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Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
23 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why did some places with a large population become states within a country when other places with smaller populations became countries of their own?

With a population of over 200 million, the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has a much larger population than most EU countries(eg: Switzerland has approx 9 mil population). Why is it that small places ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
21 votes
14 answers
7k views

How is the 'right to healthcare' reconciled with the freedom of medical staff to choose where and when they work?

Medical staff consisting of doctors, nurses, nurse practitioners, etc... The reason for asking is because there doesn't seem to be any theoretical explanations reconciling these competing rights. (At ...
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Are there other countries besides Türkiye that insist their name be written in English using diacritics (or even other letters) not common in English?

Regarding Türkiye's campaign to have their name changed (from Turkey) in foreign languages, it struck me as a bit unusual to insist on the umlaut-ed ü, since English doesn't normally have that ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
18 votes
5 answers
7k views

Do people in countries besides the US react negatively to "militarized police"?

A 2018 PNAS study concludes that militarized “special weapons and tactics” (SWAT) teams are more often deployed in communities of color, and—contrary to claims by police administrators—provide no ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
18 votes
6 answers
5k views

Are there any wars other than the 2023 Israel-Hamas War that are named after a country and a political party?

Background The 2023 Israel–Hamas war is referred to in the Western media as "the Israel-Hamas war". All Western commentators I've seen, including military experts, journalists, and political ...
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2 answers
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On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does it mean policywise to "Implement Sharia Law"?

When a Islamic country implements a form of Sharia law, what exactly does that mean in terms of the actual policies being put in place? I mean, I know exact definitions vary considerably, but what ...
Tirous's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
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How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From this answer to a related question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems ...
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2 answers
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Do other countries provide police the same degree of immunity that USA police officers have?

In the USA, police have a high degree of immunity for their actions in the line of duty. It is nearly impossible to sue an individual officer due to qualified immunity, and one can't sue a precinct ...
dsollen's user avatar
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13 votes
4 answers
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What have countries with similar court systems to the US done to make the Supreme Court less political?

The US Supreme Court is quite politicized. Towards the end of Barack Obama’s term, the Republican Senate stopped any consideration of Merrick Garland; Gorsuch was confirmed with only three Democrats' ...
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12 votes
12 answers
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Are there countries in Europe where there's a 10% (or similar, but low) numeric threshold for minority language rights?

The ill-fated 2012 languages law in Ukraine (proposed by the Party of Regions, but eventually found unconstitutional by Ukraine's supreme court) allowed the use of minority languages in courts, ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
12 votes
7 answers
1k views

Why are sex stories so significant in American politics?

As a European I’ve always been surprised by the importance that American people give to personal sex stories of politicians. The list is long and has ancient roots, but sex scandals, as they are often ...
user 66974's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
745 views

How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
811 views

Is there a ranking of countries' freedom of speech for non-journalists?

I know Reporters Without Borders compiles a Press Freedom Index, but this is not the same thing as freedom of speech for non-journalists. Is there another ranking that specifically addresses the ...
Jonathan Ray's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
842 views

Do any countries other than Azerbaijan have education requirements for a national elected office?

While researching an answer for another question, I discovered that the constitution of Azerbaijan requires a presidential candidate to have a university degree. This seemed unique to me. What other ...
indigochild's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
525 views

Do any democracies besides the UK have a ban on broadcasting legislative footage for comedic purposes?

When I first heard this on John Oliver's show, I thought it was a joke, but apparently there is a real ban in the UK on broadcasting parliamentary footage for the purpose of comedy. Do any other ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
849 views

How does France compare to other countries with respect to police brutality?

Recently France has seen some massive protests against Macron’s pension law. Most of these protests are peaceful, but unavoidably there was some violence, especially since Macron decided to bypass ...
Erwan's user avatar
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Which countries (besides China) have called for an "immediate ceasefire" in Gaza?

AFP reported that: China's foreign ministry said Wednesday it was "shocked by and strongly condemns" a strike on a hospital in Gaza that killed hundreds, calling for an "immediate ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
719 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
indigochild's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
748 views

Have other countries (besides Iraq) issued arrest warrants for some [former] US presidents?

The New Arab reported that Last year [2022], Iraq's judiciary issued an arrest warrant for former US president Trump for ordering the assassination of Soleimani and Muhandis. Did the judiciary in ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
3k views

Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
CDJB's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
680 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility"....
the gods from engineering's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
411 views

What is special about a Jeffersonian Democracy?

I came across the phrase Jeffersonian Democracy recently (related to "U.S. stated goal of ushering in a Jeffersonian democracy to replace Syrian President Bashar Assad"; article here), but I don't see ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box&...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
164 views

Have any [other] countries fired 50% [or more] of government workers (say over the course of one year)?

According to Reason magazine: Since taking office in December, Milei has cut the number of government ministries from 18 to eight and fired over 50 percent of all government workers. I'm curious: ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
243 views

Are There Countries Beside The USA That Have Partisan Elected Officials Run Elections?

In the United States, the predominant election administrators are county clerks elected as partisan elected officials, and state level secretaries of state, who are elected as partisan elected ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
616 views

Are the other countries besides Romania that automatically reduce prison sentences for bad prison conditions?

Romania Insider news from 2017: The law allowing inmates serving time in bad prison conditions to get six days cut off from their sentence for every 30 days in prison was promulgated by President ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
388 views

Have any studies examined differences in cities led by Dem vs Rep?

Are there studies examining various characteristics of USA cities based on the amount of time they have been governed by Democrats or Republicans? Say, things like growth rates of population and ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
506 views

What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
785 views

Why do American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws as opposed to European countries which apply lex mitior ("the milder law")?

According to Wikipedia article related to Ex post facto law: While American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws, European countries apply the principle of lex mitior ("the milder law")...
Alexei's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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Are people in other countries besides Egypt boycotting Western brands, as a result of the war in Gaza?

The New Arab wrote on Nov 3: Egyptian consumer goods have, in recent days, flourished as a direct result of a massive boycott campaign targeting the sales of Western products amid an ongoing Israeli ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
703 views

Are there countries where impeachment of a president without cause is authorized?

Background Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems of Government In parliamentary systems of government, the head of government can be removed any time that the prime minister or premier loses the ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
353 views

Does Ireland's Dáil have an unusually high number of independents, compared to other European legislatures?

I noticed that the 4th largest "party" in the current Dáil are independents with 19/160 seats. Is this proportion high (or not) in a broader European perspective in national legislatures?
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
177 views

Do some countries officially limit the number of parties that can contest elections, to a number >1?

Wikipedia says that: The constitution of Somaliland only allows for the top three political parties to contest elections, to avoid the previous proliferation of clan-based parties in the 1960s. ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
394 views

How can I compare levels of police violence in different states of the world?

Some states in the world are perceived as having very violent policing; while others are considered repressive generally, but not necessarily via the police being violent . I was wondering if there is ...
einpoklum's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
404 views

How are Canada and the USA similar and different with regards to immigration?

While reading the NY Post this morning I found this short opinion piece. It states: While “a politically divisive debate continues to rage” in the United States over a Census question on ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
761 views

What range of rules are used in major democracies to limit candidate eligibility for high office?

These two recent questions partially cover the "who is eligible to stand for office" question: Is there a precedent in Western countries where a state court has prohibited a candidate from ...
matt_black's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is it customary (or even allowed at all) for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise, in Europe or North America? [closed]

In a comment on an answer on a recent question, this other question was posed: Is it customary for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise at all, in Europe or North America? not just wild,...
the gods from engineering's user avatar