Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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16
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5answers
7k views

Do people in countries besides the US react negatively to “militarized police”?

A 2018 PNAS study concludes that militarized “special weapons and tactics” (SWAT) teams are more often deployed in communities of color, and—contrary to claims by police administrators—provide no ...
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1answer
201 views

Do any countries other than Azerbaijan have education requirements for a national elected office?

While researching an answer for another question, I discovered that the constitution of Azerbaijan requires a presidential candidate to have a university degree. This seemed unique to me. What other ...
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2answers
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On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
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7answers
847 views

Why are sex stories so significant in American politics?

As a European I’ve always been surprised by the importance that American people give to personal sex stories of politicians. The list is long and has ancient roots, but sex scandals, as they are often ...
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8answers
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In most U.S. states, female genital mutilation is illegal. So why is male circumcision legal?

Hello new users from around the Stack Exchange Network We are aware that this question is about a very emotionally laden topic. So we would like to make sure you are aware of the purpose of ...
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3answers
337 views

Have any governments developed tracing apps that have helped with COVID-19?

The effectiveness of Australia’s COVIDSafe app, which tracks contacts between users via bluetooth technology, has been called into question, with some people going so far as to claim that it hasn’t ...
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1answer
183 views

Why does there seem to be such a big difference in case mortality between the USA and Europe? [closed]

At the time of writing (11 July 2020) the USA have almost 3.2 million confirmed cases of coronavirus infections, while Europe has slightly over 1.8 million with the USA passing Europe around 10 May ...
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1answer
143 views

Has there been a comparison of party discipline in the UK with other European countries?

On one hand, the fact that MPs are elected in single-member districts would suggest they are more likely to break party discipline if their constituency has different interests. On the other hand, ...
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8answers
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Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
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1answer
199 views

Which (subjective) measure of corruption is the best predictor for an outsider winning a major election?

There's a (somewhat vague) theory that once the electorate starts to believe the political system is corrupt, it is more likely to vote for an outsider (someone who hasn't had a long political career) ...
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3answers
208 views

Is there a way to measure the quality of a president / presidential term in an objective way?

A paragraph from this Politico article about the French president wanna be made me wonder about a way to evaluate a president or more precisely a presidential term: A President Bigard is a far-...
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Have any local/national authorities conducted official reviews of historical landmarks?

Following the toppling of the Edward Colston statue in Bristol on June 7th, the renewed support for the "Rhodes must fall" campaign, targeting predominantly the statue of Cecil Rhodes at ...
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1answer
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Soviet or Russian equivalent of the Church Committee?

Following the Watergate scandal in 1972, the US senate created a select committee (the Church Committee) to investigate the abuse of power by US intelligence agencies. Has there ever been a Soviet ...
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Has any country's government concluded they need more decentralization to fight Covid-19 or future pandemics?

Somewhat predictably, China has blamed their initial problems in responding to Covid-19 to decentralization and poor decisions from regional authorities: The rare admission, from Director of China's ...
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1answer
48 views

Are there other trackers/indexes of governments' response to Covid-19, beside OxCGRT?

OxCGRT has received a bit of press coverage (e.g. by the Indian press, which in particular highlighted that India got a "100" rating.) The project itself is more cautious in its description: ...
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1answer
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Have the police forces in other countries besides India dressed in coronavirus costumes as an awareness campaign?

CNN etc. have pictures of Indian police forces in coronavirus costumes, as part of an awareness campaign Have other countries used similar in-person costumes for awareness campaigns?
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1answer
163 views

Are there Covid-19 death maps locally adjusted for population density?

As a first motivating example, according to an Oxford CEBM map [even] Sweden has more deaths per capita from Covid-19 (217 deaths/mil.pop.) than the US as a whole (166 deaths/mil.p.) On top of that, ...
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2answers
423 views

Is the UK reporting (extra) deaths in care homes now as related to Covid-19?

After some scandals, e.g. France started to report some deaths in "ESMS" (which includes nursing homes) as probably being related to Covid-19. [Reuters, Apr. 4] Following criticism about ...
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4answers
668 views

Is it customary (or even allowed at all) for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise, in Europe or North America? [closed]

In a comment on an answer on a recent question, this other question was posed: Is it customary for farmers' markets to have live animals on premise at all, in Europe or North America? not just wild,...
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2answers
202 views

Have non-health government officials in Western countries (besides the US) publicly pushed for specific medications for Covid-19 contra PH officials?

There has been some level disagreement publicly aired in the US between Trump/Navarro and Fauci on the use of hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19. The president and his allies, however, have continued to ...
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2answers
392 views

What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
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1answer
115 views

How does Italy compare to NY in terms of COVID-19 testing, per capita?

It's been reported today (April 4) that New York state has recorded 630 more coronavirus deaths, another daily record that takes its [death] toll to 3,565. Most deaths have been in New York City. The ...
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1answer
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Are any countries besides China planning to use “Fangcang” hospitals to relocate those infected/suspected of Covid-19, but who have a mild illness?

Somewhat controversially, China has had temporarily relocated those infected with Covid-19 in the Wuhan area to so-called Fangcang hospitals, large communal areas transformed into make-shift hospitals....
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1answer
216 views

Why has COVID-19 affected less people in India than in the USA? [closed]

Both countries have declared a lockdown. So what went wrong in the USA? Why has COVID-19 affected less people in India that in the USA?
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2answers
661 views

How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
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1answer
255 views

Is there any country other than Austria with a conservative-Green government?

Austria is now going to have a coalition government between the right-wing People's Party and the Greens. This is interesting; the parties are, from a US perspective, pretty much opposites of each ...
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1answer
193 views

Does Ireland's Dáil have an unusually high number of independents, compared to other European legislatures?

I noticed that the 4th largest "party" in the current Dáil are independents with 19/160 seats. Is this proportion high (or not) in a broader European perspective in national legislatures?
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1answer
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Where would UK political parties fit on the US party political spectrum?

I have often heard the statement that the British Conservative party would be considered left-wing if they were to run in the US - in some cases further left than the Democrats. How true is this ...
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1answer
103 views

Are there other EU countries besides Romania and Hungary where the ECR and ID did not gain any seats in the last EU elections?

Interestingly enough the EP groups usually portrayed to the right of the EPP, namely the ECR and ID, did not gain any seats from Romania or Hungary in the last EU elections. One could argue that ...
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Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
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How did the 4th of July “Salute to America” military parade compare to France's (regular one) on Bastille Day, numerically?

Trump's decision to have a military parade on the 4th of July last year was criticized as being out of character for the US and even costly. According to Wikipedia, France regularly conducts such a ...
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1answer
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Is there a (reasonably) world-wide quantitative survey of malapportionment in legislative chambers?

By malapportionment I mean the non-proportional allocation of representatives to population by geographical units. Wikipedia has a rather terrible article on the topic, which, while enumerating and ...
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Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
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2answers
126 views

What countries require a supermajority for budget approval?

A few US states require or required a supermajority in the legislature to pass the annual budget. The issue is somewhat complicated by the fact that in some states some budgetary items/issues require ...
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1answer
725 views

Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box&...
2
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1answer
73 views

Is there an index of state support for (the official) religion?

There is more than one index of religious freedom published, but I'm curious if another dimension of state involvement in religious life has been quantified, namely how much state support religious ...
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1answer
209 views

How different have the various constitutions of Venezuela been?

From this answer to a related question, I have learned that Venezuela has had 27 Constitutions. As an American, who have only had one (or two, if you count the Articles of Confederation) this seems ...
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2answers
466 views

Why do American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws as opposed to European countries which apply lex mitior (“the milder law”)?

According to Wikipedia article related to Ex post facto law: While American jurisdictions generally prohibit ex post facto laws, European countries apply the principle of lex mitior ("the milder law")...
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1answer
148 views

Are the other countries besides Romania that automatically reduce prison sentences for bad prison conditions?

Romania Insider news from 2017: The law allowing inmates serving time in bad prison conditions to get six days cut off from their sentence for every 30 days in prison was promulgated by President ...
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0answers
202 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
5
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1answer
385 views

Are there some high profile cases of convictions for influence peddling in the UK?

According to Wikipedia, some countries have a more encompassing standard of a corrupt act compared to the US (which following McDonnell v US has tightened the definition of a corrupt act considerably),...
3
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1answer
109 views

How are London's cabs licensed?

Is there any similarity between the medallion system predominant in US cities, in which taxicab licenses once (and seldom) issued are forever sold on the open market, with a large secondary (and ...
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6answers
11k views

Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
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1answer
470 views

Do any democracies besides the UK have a ban on broadcasting legislative footage for comedic purposes?

When I first heard this on John Oliver's show, I thought it was a joke, but apparently there is a real ban in the UK on broadcasting parliamentary footage for the purpose of comedy. Do any other ...
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2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
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1answer
372 views

Are there countries where impeachment of a president without cause is authorized?

Background Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems of Government In parliamentary systems of government, the head of government can be removed any time that the prime minister or premier loses the ...
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4answers
672 views

What have countries with similar court systems to the US done to make the Supreme Court less political?

The US Supreme Court is quite politicized. Towards the end of Barack Obama’s term, the Republican Senate stopped any consideration of Merrick Garland; Gorsuch was confirmed with only three Democrats' ...
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5answers
659 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
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1answer
136 views

Why does Japan spend more on Pharmaceutical R&D than the UK? [closed]

Japan spends 13% of the world's total Pharma R&D while the UK spends 6% less (source). Are there any reasons existing within the health system of Japan which allow this to happen?
3
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1answer
153 views

Are there any systems (in other countries) comparable to the overt dualism of Puntofijismo?

Apparently, before Chavez came to power, Venezuela had a power-sharing system in which two parties agreed to share the spoils by alternating in power: Venezuela, unlike most other Latin American ...