Questions tagged [comparative-politics]

Questions about the field in political science that works empirically. A common method is the comparison of different countries through time.

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9
votes
2answers
594 views

How much do the Italian and Chinese COVID-19 lock-down measures resemble each other?

I have the impression that Italy has adopted some if not all the "Chinese playbook" on COVID-19, including a large scale lock-down. That may well be justified given that the number of new cases ...
29
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3answers
4k views

In most U.S. states, female genital mutilation is illegal. So why is male circumcision legal?

In 38 states, female genital mutilation (clitoridectomies on minors for non-medical reasons is type I) is illegal. There was once a female genital mutilation act (18 U.S. Code § 116), but it has been ...
9
votes
4answers
654 views

How common is pairing?

This question introduced me to an interesting legislative behavior called pairing. In some legislatures, when a member of one party is unable to vote the opposing party may decide to ask one of their ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...
49
votes
7answers
10k views

Has there been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy?

Has there ever been a non-trivial, stable, and functional anarchy? Sure there are lots of small groups that operate on personal relationships and don't have what could be called a government. I don't ...
22
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6answers
11k views

Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
44
votes
5answers
17k views

Why does US tend to have rather old leaders (> 60) while more and more European countries have young ones (<40)?

This questions deals with the age of presidential candidates in US. The most upvoted answer argues that: The main reason is simply that president of the US is the very top position that can be ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are party fractionalization and ideological polarization independent (uncorrelated)?

A bold finding of a 2008 study by Russell J. Dalton is that--across the world--party fractionalization (roughly: how many parties there are in a country's legislative bodies, technically the ...
6
votes
0answers
244 views

On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?

According to a NYT opinion piece the Republican Party is far to the right of mainstream conservative parties in Britain, Canada and Germany, and to the right even of groups like the National Rally (...
3
votes
0answers
160 views

Which countries have largely copied article 49 para 3 of the French constitution?

Roughly speaking, article 49.3 of the French constitution allows the government to pass a law without an explicit vote in the legislative assembly by "committing government's responsibility". The ...
2
votes
0answers
341 views

What are different ways of allocating investigative power?

Background - The U.S. allocation of investigative power In the U.S. system of government, there are a variety of ways that a potential incident or public policy issue of concern can be investigated. ...
5
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5answers
653 views

Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives,...
4
votes
0answers
284 views

Is there a party in Europe whose supporters show a high degree of sympathy towards Israel?

I find this plot over time of US sympathy for Israel rather fascinating, especially when broken down by US party. One has to wonder how much of that is explained by "conflict extension" in recent ...
4
votes
2answers
297 views

Is the US-based observation that “the larger the proportion of minorities, the more exclusionary the electoral system” generalizable?

Trebbi et al. (2008) have observed that (in the US): Majorities tend to disenfranchise minorities through strategic manipulation of electoral rules. With the aim of explaining changes in electoral ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there an index of state support for (the official) religion?

There is more than one index of religious freedom published, but I'm curious if another dimension of state involvement in religious life has been quantified, namely how much state support religious ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Jumping political party OK after being elected by people into a party?

Is it permissible for an elected independent candidate or elected representative of a political party to switch his party he is elected from to a more politically advantageous party at his own will ? ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

Do any countries use a codified version of the “matter of confidence” of (former) UK tradition?

By tradition that appears to be in question now there used to be case in the UK that governments could designate a particular vote as being a ‘matter of confidence’ – which means they would ...