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Questions tagged [congress]

A congress is typically the legislative of body of a country, but without the executive powers of a parliament or president. Use with a relevant country tag.

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What specific rule(s) prevent US congressional offices from using campaign datasets while doing outreach campaigns?

I'm working on a project where this issue has relevancy and am having difficulty finding the specific rules for the US House of Representatives that are behind the following assertion: "Though ...
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Wording to request support for Bill stuck in US House committee?

Supposing a letter-writing campaign was launched to support a particular house bill, including the H.R. #; and that bill had a notable number of sponsors; and was referred to a committee, in which the ...
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Congressional oaths of office

Is it a requirement of holding congressional office that one must swear an oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States?
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Can the US states veto Congress legislation?

As said in the title: Can the US states veto laws approved by the Congress? For instance, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 while it gave 90% of the funding from a Highway Trust Fund, however, ...
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What happens if the state delegations tie on a presidential vote?

If no candidate gets a majority of electoral votes in the United States, states each get one vote for who becomes president. What happens if 25 states vote for the Democrat and 25 vote for the ...
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How to donate to most likely minor party congressional candidate in the US?

I would like to see non-major-party candidates elected to congress. I don't care which state, and I don't much care what their platform is. Are there any political organizations whose mission is to ...
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Can the Speaker of the House of Reps be replaced?

What are the requirements to replace the speaker of the House?
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Who is counted for representation in the US Congress?

I was reading an article about the citizenship question on the decennial US census. The article said that including the citizenship question would discourage immigrants from participation in the ...
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What is the next portion of the US government that will be shutdown?

Currently, it appears that around 25% of the US government is shutdown. To the best of my understanding, this is because different departments funding expires at different times. What does the ...
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Can the US Congress allocate funds conditionally?

Could Congress allocate funds for a project or agency, but add a restriction that the funds cannot be used until some other criteria is met? For example (purely hypothetically, of course): Could ...
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Can Congress end the government shutdown without the President's agreement? [duplicate]

Negotiations over the current US government shutdown have, as far as I've heard, mainly been between the President and Congressional Democrats. So far, Republicans in Congress seem to be siding with ...
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Has the temporary spending bill that passed the 115th Congress on 20th Dec 2018 expired? [duplicate]

The old House passed a temporary spending bill on 20th Dec 2018 that subsequently became stuck in Senate. The highest voted answer in Can a bill that has passed the US Senate or House expire? says ...
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Have members of Congress missed a paycheck during this shutdown?

It is my impression (perhaps incorrect) that Congressional operations has already been funded through the end of this fiscal year, consequentially not impacted directly by this current shutdown. ...
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Senate bypass Majority Leader

According to this answer citing the senate website: Senate rules also permit a measure to be placed directly on the calendar when introduced or received from the House. This process permits ...
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Power of the House of Representatives [closed]

The Republican Party had control of the Presidency, the Senate, and the House of Representatives, but were held hostage by the Democrats. Now the Democrats have the House and everyone acts like they ...
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Why is 3/4 of the US federal government unaffected by a shutdown?

I don't understand why the shutdown only affects a portion of the government. Where does the rest get its funding and why isn't it bound by the same dependency on congressional approval?
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1answer
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Why were US Congresional election results regularly overturned in the early 20th century?

This graphic from a FiveThirtyEight article shows dozens of Congressmen were removed from office during the first four decades of the 20th century due to having election results overturned. Why was ...
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Do any members of Congress support a British-style socialized healthcare system?

A number of Democratic members of Congress, Senator Bernie Sanders being the most prominent, support a Canadian-style single-payer system where doctors and hospitals are private, but health insurance ...
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What happens if the House passes an identical CR to the one the Senate recently passed? [duplicate]

On December 20, 2018, the Senate passed a Continuing Resolution to keep the government open. It did not include funding for a border wall. Rather than make it to the House floor though, there were ...
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Why is presidential approval needed for Congress to end a war it did not approve?

On December 13th, 2018, the Senate voted to end US involvement in the Saudi-led war in Yemen. This NPR article states, "the House would have to pass the resolution by year's end and President Trump ...
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1answer
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Can the Senate vote again on the bill to fund “The Wall” after the new members of Senate are sworn in?

Currently the house has approved and signed a bill funding "the wall." Senate has not approved. New members are sworn in January. Can the bill then be approved and submitted to be signed by the ...
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1answer
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Will NORAD Santa tracker be affected by the government shutdown?

If the government shutdown that started about 12 hours ago (at the moment of writing the question) will continue (and probably will) later than 24 december, than what will happen with NORAD Santa ...
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1answer
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Can't congress override Trump's assumed veto of the temporary spending bill?

The senate unanimously passed a spending bill a few days ago to keep the government funded until mid-February. Trump stated that he will veto it because it doesn't include funding for a wall. There is ...
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3answers
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Why do bills with a veto-proof majority in Congress go to the President?

If a bill receives a veto-proof vote in Congress, why does it go to the President to sign or veto, only to go back to Congress in the case of a veto, instead of immediately becoming law? The ...
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Why does the FIRST STEP Act have bipartisan support?

Note: misconceptions/challenged statements from a previous edit are struck through viz. insight from an answer. There's been a campaign for US federal prison reform for decades. It's long had a lot ...
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Why is Beto O'Rourke still a US Representative despite not running for re-election to the House?

O'Rourke was an incumbent in the House who then ran for election to the Senate and lost. Shouldn't he then no longer be part of Congress, since he only ran in one race and did not win? Why does he ...
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227 views

Deferential attitude at congressional hearings

Why are the subjects of congressional hearings so submissive at these hearings? Take the recent US congressional hearing with the CEO of Google. I found Sundar Pichai extremely patient, calm and ...
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Congressional closed meeting and transcript release

What is the rationale of having a "closed" congressional hearing (viz: Comey testifying Dec 7 2018) AND asserting that his testimony (via transcript) will be released 24 hours later?
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Can the US Congress prevent a military action against Iran?

I'd like to know if Trump decides to carry out a military action against Iran, can it be prevented by the Congress? In other words, I want to know which steps are needed to declare war (approval by ...
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1answer
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Data on vote and seats

I'm looking for a data on: Nationwide data from 1946 on Democrat and Republican share of the national vote Share of the seats in Congress in the same period. Would it be possible to collect the same ...
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1answer
133 views

How often does Congress try to overturn Marbury v. Madison?

Two out of the three sections of H.R. 6784 (the "Manage our Wolves Act") have clauses stating that they aren't subject to judicial review (I suppose Congress is fine with having the judiciary muck ...
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118 views

Has any member of Congress served concurrently in State Office?

The Constitution's ineligibility clause prohibits Senators and Representatives from also serving in the Executive or Judicial Branch. Has there ever been a situation where a Senator or Representative ...
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1answer
410 views

What instruments does the House of Representatives have to control the executive branch of government?

The US election is mostly over and the Democrats have gained a majority in the House of Representatives, while the Republicans have got a majority in the Senate. What political instruments (for ...
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3answers
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What would be the effect of a change in the US Senate?

The 2018 midterms seem likely to flip the US House of Representatives from a Republican to a Democratic majority. This change would impact the Trump/Republican agenda. Apparently much less likely, the ...
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Maxine Waters “passed 3 bills in Congress in 27 years”?

It is asserted here (time stamp 10:04) that My opponent [referring to Maxine Waters] only passed 3 bills in Congress in 27 years. Is this true and how does an average person like me verify this ...
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When did the tradition of Capitol-building-lawn comments start?

After a number of highly-contested partisan votes in Congress, opposition parties have been known to show their strong disagreement by holding press conferences in front of the Capitol building with ...
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Why is the US federal government allowed to shutdown?

According to Wikipedia from October 1 to October 17, 2013, the United States federal government entered a shutdown: (..) curtailed most routine operations because neither legislation ...
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Legality of “seat sharing” in congressional districts

Define a "shared" congressional district system to be one where in any district the top two candidates are elected and each get a fractional vote in Congress according to their share of the vote. E.g....
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1answer
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How do you get a seat in the confirmation hearings?

How does one get a seat into the confirmation hearings? In watching the Brett Kavanaugh hearings, there seems to be a sort of spectrum of people allowed in the room. The people sitting on the right ...
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What is the point of congressional confirmation hearings?

This year has seen no shortage of seemingly pointless hearings, where candidates make fools of themselves only to still be appointed to their designated role anyways. Some notable examples: Betsy ...
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Why would filibuster work if opposition has more than enough votes to pass bill?

If the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed in the Senate with an overwhelming vote of 73–27, then why would a filibuster even matter? This is my reasoning, which I know is incorrect, hence the ...
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Is the US President empowered to unilaterally revoke security clearance of sitting members of congress?

From what little I've learned recently there is a procedure to revoke security clearance for anyone. That procedure involves establishing a justifiable rationale for the revocation. However, ...
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273 views

What's the ratio of treaties ratified by Congress to other forms of international agreements the US is part of?

An NBC opinion piece says by former Senator Russ Feingold states: There have been relatively few treaties considered by Congress in recent decades, in part because executive agreements and regular ...
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Rights of foreign national to lobby congress members

Can someone who is living in the United States on a temporary work visa lobby the Congressman in their district to create or pass a bill in Congress? Would they have to become a registered foreign ...
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Were Nancy Pelosi's claims ever called treasonous?

In 2009 Nancy Pelosi claimed that CIA lied to Congress about its use of water boarding. She was the Speaker of the House of Representatives at the time. CIA countered her claim and argued that she ...
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What would it take for the Senate to auto-consent to an appointment?

This question and some of its answers got me thinking: What would it take for the Senate to make a rule so that its own (future) inaction on an appointment caused that appointment to be confirmed ...
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Is the “pairing” procedure used in the US Congress?

In the UK Parliament, there is a procedure whereby two MPs from opposite sides of the House can agree to both be absent for a vote, thereby preserving the same balance of votes as if both had attended....
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Why is this reply by Deputy Attorney General Rosenstein funny? [closed]

During the congressional hearing of Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein on June 28th, Mr. Rosenstein was asked the following question: Did you threaten to subpoena their [staffers on the House ...
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1answer
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Policy on disclosing “closed door” testimony before a House Committee

As I understand it, Peter Strzok is to appear to day before the House Judiciary Committee and House Oversight and Government Reform Committee to provide sworn testimony. Link here Press reports have ...
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Has the Hastert rule always been a thing in US Congress?

The US House of Congress has a rule currently where the leadership will not bring legislation up for a vote unless a majority of their own party supports it. This "Hastert rule", in my understanding, ...