Questions tagged [diplomacy]

Diplomacy refers to the methodology involved in the relationship between various governments. This question covers both the art of diplomacy and the actions of diplomats themselves

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If Vietnam and the USA have normal relations, why doesn't Cuba-USA relationship improve?

If Vietnam and the USA have normal diplomatic and business relations, why doesn't Cuba-USA relationship improve? Why doesn't the USA normalize its diplomatic relations with Cuba?
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Why have so many countries withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?

The international recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a partially recognized de facto sovereign state located in the western Maghreb, which claims the non-self-governing territory of ...
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Why does China have no diplomatic relations with the Holy See?

Originally, I thought it made perfect sense for China to have no diplomatic relations with a small Catholic nation like the Holy See. However, I looked at a map that showed me that many countries with ...
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158 views

Why is French a diplomatic language for the Holy See?

I was reading about the government for the Holy See and found out that French is used as a diplomatic language for the nation. This seems rather odd to me since the nation is closest to Italy (to the ...
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Are there any examples of official Nazi glorification in the Ukraine?

Recently, the Israeli Foreign Ministery deployed protests against Ukraine's glorification of Nazis. Ukrainian officials responded that this is the inner dealings of the Ukraine. An official protest is ...
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379 views

Did Qassim Suleimani have any kind of diplomatic status while he was in Iraq?

If so, what would be the direct consequences?
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When are US State Department records declassified?

Suppose I was an ordinary US citizen and I wanted to read old diplomatic cables from the US embassy in Japan from the 1930s. Where would I go to access the original sources? What about more recent ...
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Do countries other than the US have politically appointed ambassadors?

I read this question about US ambassadors being appointed without any formal career in the field but because of donations for a campaign. Apparently in the US there are more or less two ways to be ...
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Is it usual for a US president to make specific comments about a UK Prime Minister's suitability during a general election?

According to a BBC ariticle, Trump has made comments like: Jeremy Corbyn would be "so bad" as prime minister Of Boris Johnson: "[He's] the exact right guy for the times" Is it usual for a US ...
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Was there any outcry or diplomatic protest that Turkey bugged the Saudi consulate?

Of course the murder of Khashoggi eclipsed the circumstances how Turkey proved it happened. But were there any protests or concerns expressed at how Turkey treats the foreign missions in its country, ...
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951 views

How are letters between governments being transported and delivered?

Recently, it became somewhat common for governments to publish letters, like the two examples given below. I just wonder: How are those letters between governments and/or international organizations ...
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183 views

Diplomatic immunity for crimes abroad after returning to home state

There has been a recent incident relating to a person with diplomatic immunity (a US citizen) being involved in a fatal car crash in the UK. My question is born out of reading about this case, but I'm ...
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Could another member of UK Parliament request an extension or even negotiate Brexit? [duplicate]

Apparently John Bercow (House of Commons speaker) has been directly talking with David Sassoli of the EU Parliament John Bercow has sparked outrage after it has emerged the meddling Speaker of the ...
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What has the State Department said about Giuliani's claim that the Department asked him to talk to Ukraine?

Unless he backtracked on this, Giuliani said (on or before Sep 25) that: "I never talked to a Ukrainian official until the State Department called and asked me to do it," Giuliani told Fox ...
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What protections, if any, do local staff at a foreign mission have?

There were reports on Tuesday that an employee of the British Consulate in Hong Kong has gone missing while on a business trip to mainland China. It is believed that he was detained by Chinese ...
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Can a country kick out any diplomat over security concerns?

Julie Eadeh, a US diplomat in Hong Kong, was caught meeting HK protest leaders, which is similar to a Chinese or Russian diplomat getting caught talking to the leaders of BLM or other protest ...
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Is there a standard political process which a government uses to verify claims?

https://thehill.com/homenews/sunday-talk-shows/456092-top-aide-names-seven-deadly-sins-china-must-end-to-stop-trade-war “Stop stealing our intellectual property, stop forcing technology transfers,...
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443 views

Could the US President force Britain to recall Ambassador Kim Darroch?

A few days ago, a leak revealed that in cables sent to London, U.K Ambassador to the United States Kim Darroch described Trump's administration as "inept," "insecure" and "incompetent". CNN Today, ...
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Can a state temporarily extend the consulate territory during some special events such as elections?

According to this Reddit discussion and this article (Romanian), during the 2019 EU elections, Munich police helped the voters by "extending" consulate territory: This is in Munchen. The German ...
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What are reasons for a country to apologise long after the fact?

Background In comments under the question about the UK's refusal to apologise for the Amritsar massacre there has been some discussion in the comments about whether there is any point in apologising ...
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What are the alternatives of bluffing as a political tactic?

Let's have two powers in conflict - those could be two persons, two states, two armies, two gangs, whatever. Let's say they are about to meet in a "battle" - that could be a conflict on the workplace, ...
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Sanctions on countries with legal but cruel punishments

I'm not aware of any sanction imposed on countries for legal but barbaric punishments, such as limb amputation in Saudi Arabia, or caning in Malaysia. By "barbaric punishment" I mean what most people ...
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Why are some airlines canceling their flights to Iran after the US sanctions and others do not?

After the recent US sanctions against Iran, some major European airlines (Air France / KLM, British Airways) have stopped their scheduled flights to Iran. However, other major airlines (Lufthansa, ...
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How does Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties go about such cases when one of the two sides stops existing?

How does the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties go about such cases when one of the two sides stops existing? For example, when USSR stopped existing how did the Vienna Convention regulate all ...
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What are the types of cultural diplomacy?

I believe there aren't any types, because cultural diplomacy is a part of public diplomacy but one of my teachers said that sport, for instance, is a type of cultural diplomacy. I can't find any ...
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What would a ''united'' Korea look like for the west…? [closed]

After decades of isolationism from the South, North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, said he wanted to rid the Korean Peninsula of nuclear weapons when he met with a special envoy from South Korea, the ...
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Why did Russia appoint Steven Seagal as a 'special rep.' for US-Russian humanitarian ties?

Why did Russia appoint actor Steven Seagal as an intermediary figure in US-Russo relations? What is this role and what are Seagal's responsibilities? I know that Steven Seagal was recently granted ...
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Has it become more difficult to formally settle international disputes?

From 19th century until soon after WWII, major disputes between the countries would typically see a quick de jure settlement once the hostilities (if any) came to a halt and a certain de facto status ...
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207 views

Why world leaders these days still meet each other face to face?

These days, technology is advanced enough to allow secure video calls with 4K quality between any two people around the world. In those virtual conferences, they can discuss anything in total privacy, ...
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Why was Singapore chosen to host the summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un?

What is the reasoning for choosing Singapore to host the North Korea–United States summit? There are many other neutral places as far as I can tell, e.g. Japan. So why Singapore, of all places?
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Letter from North Korea

On June 1, Kim Yong Choi hand delivered a "large" letter from the North Korean president to President Trump. Did the physical letter and envelope actually come from North Korea, or was a file ...
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What type of agreement is the Iran Nuclear Deal considered to be by non-US countries and how does that affect the agreement as a whole?

Following President Donald Trump's announcement today that he would not recertify the Iran Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA) and was withdrawing the US from the deal, I was interested to learn more about what ...
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Is there a difference between Micheal Flynn's actions and John Kerry's actions, with regards to legality?

Michael Flynn was initially investigated for talking with foreign leaders outside of standard diplomatic channels and behind the backs of the then current Obama administration: Flynn asked Russia ...
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How will Trump’s tariffs affect North Korea?

How will Trump’s tariffs affect North Korea? Do tariffs mainly worsen the condition of the North Korean economy?
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The Hard Problem of Diplomacy: Why delegate it to Diplomats at all?

Why would a Head of State want to Delegate any strategic/important Foreign Policy Implementation [Negotiation] to a third party instead of conducting it directly and by himself? And if he doesn't have ...
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Has a state ever apologized and reversed its decision of expelling diplomats of a foreign country?

Britain has recently begun a campaign to expel Russian diplomats from Europe. But let's say tomorrow new evidence shows up proving that Russia wasn't involved - the UK would certainly be in a bad ...
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What are the practical consequences if a Persona Non Grata permanently stays at the Embassy?

As per this question, Persona Non Grata process, in theory, applies to the Embassy, meaning that theoretically, a PNGed person isn't supposed to go to their embassy and hide and everything's OK. ...
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292 views

Does Persona-non-Grata apply to embassies' physical premises?

If you Persona-non-Grata (PNG) a diplomat, does that cover the situation where the diplomat is permanently "hiding" in their country's Embassy? Or does PNG have no effect whatsoever in that case? In ...
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Are the 21 countries expelling Russian diplomats only for solidarity?

Are the 21 countries expelling Russian diplomats only to show solidarity with the UK or are there any other reasons involved?
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Can the USA government expel foreign diplomats working for the UN?

CNN reports that USA expelled 12 russian diplomats assigned to the UN. This (at least to a layman's POV) implies that the USA government can dictate who can and who can not work with the UN, and ...
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Why was President Trump heavily criticized for congratulating Putin on winning the election?

According to The Guardian, President Trump was subject to criticism over his decision to congratulate President Putin on winning Russian elections in 2018: Donald Trump defended himself against ...
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Number of Russian Diplomats throughout USA

The US expelled 60 Russian diplomats today, 26th March 2018. How many diplomats from Russia are in the US, at embassies, consulates, etc.?
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How does the expelling of diplomats work to create pressure on the diplomats' home country?

The UK has decided to expel Russian diplomats as response to the poisoning of an ex Russian spy in the UK. This tactic has been used by UK and other countries in the past (example: 4 diplomats were ...
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Why is the British government so determined to arrest Julian Assange?

The UK government has put the Ecuadorian embassy in London on surveillance for years now. AFAIK, Wikileaks has not released any documents damaging to the UK government. Nor has it released any ...
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Is high-level political meetings not having a “fallback” something usual in politics?

According to this article Japan’s prime minister schedule in Romania was seriously impacted by the local political crisis: Japan’s prime minister travelled 8,700 kilometres to make a historic ...
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Could Ecuador get Julian Assange out of the UK by giving him some mail to deliver?

As mentioned in an answer to this question, the UK refused to declare Julian Assange an Ecuadorean diplomat, presumably as it would allow him to leave the Ecuadorean embassy and the UK without being ...
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Is there a term for the political concept of a nation always needing an enemy to fight?

I heard someone say recently that the United States had a political necessity to seek out an "enemy" to fight. They argued that when one was defeated, political leaders either explicitly or implicitly ...
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Can you PNG someone who does not have an accredited diplomatic status?

A typical way of getting rid of a diplomat you don't like is to PNG (Persona Non-Grata) the person. But all the discussion I was able to find centers on this being something applicable to current ...
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Is there any precedent for the UK arresting a diplomat on their own soil?

As Assange gets citizenship to Ecuador and becomes an official diplomat of the country, I'm wondering if there is any precedent for the UK to arrest him in that capacity for alleged transgressions ...
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Why does the US usually send African-American ambassadors to African countries?

A tweet by Graeme Wood said: Randomly selected example: observe how many African-American U.S. ambassadors are sent to "black" countries, how few to Europe: http://www.blackpast.org/african-...