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Questions tagged [diplomacy]

Diplomacy refers to the methodology involved in the relationship between various governments. This question covers both the art of diplomacy and the actions of diplomats themselves

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What are reasons for a country to apologise long after the fact?

Background In comments under the question about the UK's refusal to apologise for the Amritsar massacre there has been some discussion in the comments about whether there is any point in apologising ...
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What are the alternatives of bluffing as a political tactic?

Let's have two powers in conflict - those could be two persons, two states, two armies, two gangs, whatever. Let's say they are about to meet in a "battle" - that could be a conflict on the workplace, ...
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Sanctions on countries with legal but cruel punishments

I'm not aware of any sanction imposed on countries for legal but barbaric punishments, such as limb amputation in Saudi Arabia, or caning in Malaysia. By "barbaric punishment" I mean what most people ...
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Why are some airlines canceling their flights to Iran after the US sanctions and others do not?

After the recent US sanctions against Iran, some major European airlines (Air France / KLM, British Airways) have stopped their scheduled flights to Iran. However, other major airlines (Lufthansa, ...
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How does Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties go about such cases when one of the two sides stops existing?

How does the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties go about such cases when one of the two sides stops existing? For example, when USSR stopped existing how did the Vienna Convention regulate all ...
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What are the types of cultural diplomacy?

I believe there aren't any types, because cultural diplomacy is a part of public diplomacy but one of my teachers said that sport, for instance, is a type of cultural diplomacy. I can't find any ...
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209 views

What would a ''united'' Korea look like for the west…? [closed]

After decades of isolationism from the South, North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, said he wanted to rid the Korean Peninsula of nuclear weapons when he met with a special envoy from South Korea, the ...
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304 views

Why did Russia appoint Steven Seagal as a 'special rep.' for US-Russian humanitarian ties?

Why did Russia appoint actor Steven Seagal as an intermediary figure in US-Russo relations? What is this role and what are Seagal's responsibilities? I know that Steven Seagal was recently granted ...
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Has it become more difficult to formally settle international disputes?

From 19th century until soon after WWII, major disputes between the countries would typically see a quick de jure settlement once the hostilities (if any) came to a halt and a certain de facto status ...
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1answer
198 views

Why world leaders these days still meet each other face to face?

These days, technology is advanced enough to allow secure video calls with 4K quality between any two people around the world. In those virtual conferences, they can discuss anything in total privacy, ...
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Why was Singapore chosen to host the summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un?

What is the reasoning for choosing Singapore to host the North Korea–United States summit? There are many other neutral places as far as I can tell, e.g. Japan. So why Singapore, of all places?
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Letter from North Korea

On June 1, Kim Yong Choi hand delivered a "large" letter from the North Korean president to President Trump. Did the physical letter and envelope actually come from North Korea, or was a file ...
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What type of agreement is the Iran Nuclear Deal considered to be by non-US countries and how does that affect the agreement as a whole?

Following President Donald Trump's announcement today that he would not recertify the Iran Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA) and was withdrawing the US from the deal, I was interested to learn more about what ...
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Is there a difference between Micheal Flynn's actions and John Kerry's actions, with regards to legality?

Michael Flynn was initially investigated for talking with foreign leaders outside of standard diplomatic channels and behind the backs of the then current Obama administration: Flynn asked Russia ...
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How will Trump’s tariffs affect North Korea?

How will Trump’s tariffs affect North Korea? Do tariffs mainly worsen the condition of the North Korean economy?
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The Hard Problem of Diplomacy: Why delegate it to Diplomats at all?

Why would a Head of State want to Delegate any strategic/important Foreign Policy Implementation [Negotiation] to a third party instead of conducting it directly and by himself? And if he doesn't have ...
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Has a state ever apologized and reversed its decision of expelling diplomats of a foreign country?

Britain has recently begun a campaign to expel Russian diplomats from Europe. But let's say tomorrow new evidence shows up proving that Russia wasn't involved - the UK would certainly be in a bad ...
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What are the practical consequences if a Persona Non Grata permanently stays at the Embassy?

As per this question, Persona Non Grata process, in theory, applies to the Embassy, meaning that theoretically, a PNGed person isn't supposed to go to their embassy and hide and everything's OK. ...
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1answer
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Does Persona-non-Grata apply to embassies' physical premises?

If you Persona-non-Grata (PNG) a diplomat, does that cover the situation where the diplomat is permanently "hiding" in their country's Embassy? Or does PNG have no effect whatsoever in that case? In ...
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Are the 21 countries expelling Russian diplomats only for solidarity?

Are the 21 countries expelling Russian diplomats only to show solidarity with the UK or are there any other reasons involved?
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Can the USA government expel foreign diplomats working for the UN?

CNN reports that USA expelled 12 russian diplomats assigned to the UN. This (at least to a layman's POV) implies that the USA government can dictate who can and who can not work with the UN, and ...
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Why was President Trump heavily criticized for congratulating Putin on winning the election?

According to The Guardian, President Trump was subject to criticism over his decision to congratulate President Putin on winning Russian elections in 2018: Donald Trump defended himself against ...
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Number of Russian Diplomats throughout USA

The US expelled 60 Russian diplomats today, 26th March 2018. How many diplomats from Russia are in the US, at embassies, consulates, etc.?
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How does the expelling of diplomats work to create pressure on the diplomats' home country?

The UK has decided to expel Russian diplomats as response to the poisoning of an ex Russian spy in the UK. This tactic has been used by UK and other countries in the past (example: 4 diplomats were ...
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9answers
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Why is the British government so determined to arrest Julian Assange?

The UK government has put the Ecuadorian embassy in London on surveillance for years now. AFAIK, Wikileaks has not released any documents damaging to the UK government. Nor has it released any ...
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Is high-level political meetings not having a “fallback” something usual in politics?

According to this article Japan’s prime minister schedule in Romania was seriously impacted by the local political crisis: Japan’s prime minister travelled 8,700 kilometres to make a historic ...
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Could Ecuador get Julian Assange out of the UK by giving him some mail to deliver?

As mentioned in an answer to this question, the UK refused to declare Julian Assange an Ecuadorean diplomat, presumably as it would allow him to leave the Ecuadorean embassy and the UK without being ...
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Is there a term for the political concept of a nation always needing an enemy to fight?

I heard someone say recently that the United States had a political necessity to seek out an "enemy" to fight. They argued that when one was defeated, political leaders either explicitly or implicitly ...
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Can you PNG someone who does not have an accredited diplomatic status?

A typical way of getting rid of a diplomat you don't like is to PNG (Persona Non-Grata) the person. But all the discussion I was able to find centers on this being something applicable to current ...
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Is there any precedent for the UK arresting a diplomat on their own soil?

As Assange gets citizenship to Ecuador and becomes an official diplomat of the country, I'm wondering if there is any precedent for the UK to arrest him in that capacity for alleged transgressions ...
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458 views

Why does the US usually send African-American ambassadors to African countries?

A tweet by Graeme Wood said: Randomly selected example: observe how many African-American U.S. ambassadors are sent to "black" countries, how few to Europe: http://www.blackpast.org/african-...
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1answer
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What qualified Sir Sherard Cowper-Coles for his initial post? [closed]

I haven't had the chance to read his biography and so anyone who has or knows the answer please help me understand. How does a classics graduate from Oxford reasonably reach the diplomatic rank of ...
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2answers
365 views

Does Pete Hoekstra, the US Ambassador to the Netherlands, speak Dutch?

The language abilities of an ambassador, and his/her choice of language, can be a reflection of his/her qualifications and/or the face he/she chooses to present to the country to which they are ...
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Is any diplomatic rule violated if an embassy promotes private companies brands (from respective country)?

Some time ago, a journalist tried to mock ex-PM Dacias Ciolos for wearing a certain hat (indirect source): Journalist Costi Rogozanu wrote on Facebook that the price of a hat similar to the one ...
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1answer
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Who is this Taiwanese diplomat/politician standing next to Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文), president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

Please take a look at this full resolution image (for more information, see its archive page) of a Taiwanese and Solomon Islands politicians and diplomats posing for a photo with a delegation led by ...
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Diplomacy archival - Quest for official 2002 pictures - “first Taiwanese government official since 1979 to visit White House”

Here are two cropped stills I prepared from the documentary 陳定南的故事:青天典範 - 龜毛之必要 The Story of Chen Ding-Nan: The Need to be Nitpicky, which I believe show the Minister of Justice of the Republic of ...
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Which country was leading “rules-based order” of the west before the USA?

What does "rules-based order" mean? Which country was leading "rules-based order" of the west before the USA? Which country was the leader of the West before WW2 and before WW1?
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Why are ambassadors considered to be important politicians?

Every time a new ambassador is nominated from the United States it somehow becomes news and political experts at home and abroad begin speculations over the personality of the nominee. But why are ...
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Why does the US not just accept North Korea's nuclear ambitions and attempt to mend relationships?

Many experts propose that it is not practically possible (without engaging in war and endangering the lives of many civilians, in both US and ally territory) to prevent North Korea from building ...
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6answers
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How does North Korea prevent their ambassadors/diplomats living abroad from defecting?

There's an implicit assumption here which is that the more exposure you have to the truth about North Korea the more likely you are to defect. With that assumption out in the open, my question is ...
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Is it common to deny airspace access rights to personas non grata within the European Union?

According to an article in the Washington Post, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin had to scrap a trip to Moldova on Friday after his plane was barred from entering Romanian and Hungarian ...
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Looking for case studies and theory on citizen diplomacy

Citizen diplomacy is when average citizens of two countries work together. It is useful when two countries have especially poor relations (e.g. may not recognize each other's existence). It is ...
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5answers
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Why are important summits held in big cities?

The G20 summit will be hold in my current home city, Hamburg in about a week. One acquaintance of me asked in my opinion a very good question: Why exactly are summits hold in big cities at all? ...
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What political benefit would there be in stronger ties with Putin and Russia?

I was reading this article about Marine Le Pen stating that [Ms. Le Pen] vows to... strengthen ties Vladmir Putin's Russia. What is so significant about strengthening ties with Russia, and why ...
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Does any country allow a foreign national without blood ties to the country to be a diplomat?

Currently, is there some country which has diplomats born abroad and without any ancestry in its people? I heard it is possible in United States, but is there any other country in world where it is ...
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What are repercussions for the US if they fail to meet the target set out in the Paris agreement?

This article claims that the repeal of climate rules under the Trump administration will put the US on track to miss the target set out in the Paris agreement. Whether the U.S. meets its emissions-...
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What specifically did Michael Flynn do wrong?

These are the three things which I understand about the situation: He potentially discussed sanctions with a Russian ambassador He misrepresented or lied about his conversations with the Russian ...
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578 views

Can the European Union declare an individual persona non grata?

From The Guardian (emphasis mine): The European Parliament’s main political parties are making an unprecedented attempt to block Donald Trump’s likely choice as ambassador to the European Union (EU)...
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Are the US President's phone calls recorded?

Apparently the official phone calls of the US President are recorded and transcripts are made. This process has apparently resulted in multiple phone conversations being revealed to the public by ...
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Can European Union refuse a USA Ambassador proposal? If yes, who decides?

This article tells us about the likely EU ambassador, Ted Malloch's not so politically correct declarations about the European Union: Donald Trump's likely pick for ambassador to the European Union ...