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Questions tagged [election]

The act or process of choosing a person for a position, especially a public office, usually through a vote.

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Do any of the judges in USA (any jurisdiction) have to run for re-election?

Some of the judges in USA are elected positions. In those cases, there are 4 options: Position is elected for life Position is elected for a term and the person can't run again Position is elected ...
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198 views

Are laws restricting electoral oversight to particular parties constitutional?

In Tennessee (possibly in other jurisdictions as well), each county has an electoral commission made of five members. Legally, three must be from the party that holds a majority in the state general ...
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Are ballot order laws constitutional?

Research has shown that the order of names on the ballot has a demonstrable effect on the outcome of the election. This implies that any fixed name order on the ballot gives some candidates an ...
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Why are there so many unscheduled/premature elections in Israel?

It seems (perhaps just an impression) that there are more Knesset elections in Israel lately which happen ahead of schedule than ones that happen when they are supposed to. Is that a correct ...
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Do parties support the mayor/city council candidates in a Canadian city?

I voted in one prairie Canadian city for mayor and city council. In the country I was born, every mayor and counsellor is announced and supported by a party, which is known publicly. However, in this ...
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12th Amendment and President and Vice Presidents from same states

The 12th Amendment states The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same ...
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What is the difference between different non-vote strategies in Italy?

As an Italian voter for the 2013 political elections, I have the following options: Give a regular vote Abstain Blank vote Null vote (i.e. cross the whole ballot) What are the net effects of the ...
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731 views

When are Russian federal elections held?

Are there any laws that govern when elections for President and Duma/Assembly are held in Russia as far as date of the elections? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_Russia seems to have ...
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1answer
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How often do elections occur on or near Yom Kippur?

Julia Gillard has indicated that the Australian election will be held on September 14, which is the date Yom Kippur falls. This article says that no election has fallen on Yom Kippur since 1946, which ...
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1answer
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What is the magnitude of election fraud in the US? [closed]

I've recently been quite shocked to learn that in the US there is a serious amount of election fraud - at least in the presidential elections. Are there any numbers on the magnitude of this? I am ...
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If a governor or senator is chosen as a running mate (VP) to a president candidate, and that candidate loses, what happens?

If a governor or senator is chosen as a running mate (VP) to a president candidate, and that candidate loses, do they go back to their post as governor or senator?
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Why is proportional representation not considered in any of the US states?

While the Americans agree that the current two-party system is broken, I have not heard any real voices on changing it in any State. States like California, New York or Texas, which send large ...
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How does the Cuban system for municipal elections work?

In Cuba, the Communist Party of Cuba is the official state party. According to the Wikipedia article on the Cuban electoral system, Candidates for municipal assemblies are nominated on an ...
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In the US, why is there such a long time between the elections and inauguration?

In the United States, the elections were on 6 November 2012, but inauguration only on 20 January 2013, more than two months later. In France, the presidential elections were on 22 April, and the ...
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Is setting a “low bar” on qualifications for elected office similar around the world?

In the United States the official qualifications for becoming president, as laid out in the Constitution, are incredibly low. The only requirements are that: No Person except a natural born ...
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Does any other governmental body have constituencies similar to Seanad Éireann?

Seanad Éireann (the Irish Senate) has rather unusual (unique?) constituencies. Three senators are elected by graduates of the University of Dublin. Three senators are elected by graduates of the ...
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769 views

Why didn't Americans Elect field a candidate in the 2012 U.S. presidential election?

Americans Elect was trying to get an alternative candidate on the ballot in the 2012 presidential election. The party was to hold a completely online convention to elect a party ticket to run. ...
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Why do party's candidature requirements exist in some countries?

The Republic by the Spanish Wikipedia is: Republic (from latin res publica, «the politic, the public»), in a wide sense, is a politic system based on the law's empire, the law ( the constitution) ...
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What is the rationale behind having different voting ages?

In some countries you can vote for one arm of the parliament at one age (say 18 years) and for the other at a different age (say 25). Is there a rationale or is it merely tradition? For example this ...
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1answer
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Does a title (university degree or a peerage) increase the chances of being elected?

Are there any studies that confirm or deny an effect of titles one has (university degrees > undergraduate or peerages where they still exist) to the chance of being elected?
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Why are voting advice applications not more commonly used?

In The Netherlands, at every national election, the stemwijzer is filled in by millions of people. The stemwijzer consists of a few dozen statements that can be answered varying from strongly disagree ...
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1answer
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Is the United States primary system detrimental to moderate candidates?

The argument says that because candidates must prove themselves as the most potent standard bearer for their respective parties in the primary election (to even get a shot at the general election), it ...
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What arguments can be given in favour of financial barriers for participation in elections or electoral debates?

From this comment comes the quote: on a practical level, if you suck as a politician THAT much that you can't raise a paltry $50k in a country with 300Mil population, you clearly don't have enough ...
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Does campaign spending correlate with popular vote?

In the comments to this question, a small debate emerged about the influence of money on politics. Therefore my question: Does campaign spending correlate with popular vote? The answer might depend ...
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2answers
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In the US, is the ban on coordination between Super PACs and candidates effective?

In the US, Super PACs may not make contributions to candidate campaigns or parties, but may engage in unlimited political spending independently of the campaigns (quote from Wikipedia). However, the ...
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Has the Orange Revolution improved the fairness of Ukrainian elections according to independent observers?

In late 2004, the Orange Revolution took place in Ukraine after elections that were accompanied by widescale corruption and fraud. Initially, Yanukovych was declared the winner. The protests resulted ...
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Should politicians be bound to keep campaign promises? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What inhibits a winning candidate from doing exactly the opposite of what he promised? One issue with many, if not most, electoral systems is that politicians do not have to ...
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1answer
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Is there any data on how much gerrymandering influences incumbent advantage?

The US Congress has a truly prodigious re-election rate: 80-90% in the House since 1964, and ~80% in the Senate with the exception of the 1970s (when it hit a "low" of 55%-65%) While there are a lot ...
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Has “none of the above” ever been added to a ballot? What was the effect?

Besides Nevada having the option to vote none of the above (NOTA) are there any other places in the world which allow for voters to tick NOTA? If this is the case, are there any studies on the effect ...
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5answers
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Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
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4answers
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Are there any countries with no elections at all?

I was browsing the Wikipedia article on Voting age and the following map struck me. The colours refer to different ages, full legend here: Regardless of other restrictions (only men, only one party, ...
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8answers
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Has a libertarian party ever won a parliamentary election anywhere?

Libertarian ideas seem to have a strong following in the developed world, but I've never heard of any libertarian party being in power. In Poland, where I live, the main libertarian party (which might ...
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Why do the United States have voting districts?

Why do we in the United States have voting districts? Wouldn't it be better to allow people to vote wherever is most convenient and then group relevant votes based on the voters' addresses? Since we ...
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Why was the Electoral College the system selected by the founding fathers?

What advantages did the founding fathers see in electoral college that made them pick it over other potential voting systems?
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What are the minimum requirements for a system to be called democratic?

I think the title is very clear, but I'll complete the question below: What are the minimum requirements needed for a system to be called democratic? Is holding elections every n years enough, or ...
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1answer
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How does early voting work, and what are the pros and cons?

During the last American presidential election, it seemed to me like early voting was getting more attention than in previous campaigns. The Democratic candidate, Barack Obama, even voted early ...
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2answers
4k views

What criteria does a US Presidential candidate need to meet in order to appear on the ballot?

The eligibility requirements to run for the office of President are: You must be a native born citizen You must be at least 35 years of age You must have lived in the US for at least 14 years (...
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Why are those serving in armed forces prevented from voting in Hong Kong?

According to Wikipedia, armed forces personnel are prevented from voting in Hong Kong elections: Any Hong Kong permanent resident aged 18 or above may register as an elector in the geographical ...
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Why and how is the Vice President elected in U.S?

Why is the Vice President elected in the US? Why isn't he chosen by the President like any other secretary? Is there any important reason why the writers of the Constitution made that choice? How is ...
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1answer
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Does a quorum to enter parliament guarantee government stability?

An argument in favor of quora enforced during elections to enter parliament is that it guarantees more stability for the governing parties and thus for the government. I was wondering whether this ...
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486 views

What inhibits a winning candidate from doing exactly the opposite of what he promised?

In theory the citizens vote for candidate X because they share his/her electoral offers or promises, but sometimes those candidates don't do what they said. So my question is: What prevents a winning ...
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What are the advantages/disadvantages of fixed-term elections?

Fixed-term elections are those whose date can not be set by politicians. The US presidential election is perhaps the most prominent example of this. There are also elections, such as that for the ...
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2answers
461 views

How can a small poll accurately model an election?

How can a pollster model or predict the outcome of an election in a large, demographically diverse populace with relatively small (one or two thousand people) sample sizes? Are people that ...
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4k views

What challenges remain for online voting?

In 2011, nearly a quarter (24.3%) of participating voters in Estonia cast their ballot by remote electronic voting (that is, on their computer/phone/tablet via the Internet). Several larger countries,...
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1answer
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How do instant runoffs work?

I've read that some elections have instant runoffs. What are they and how do they work? How do they differ from a standard majority vote election?
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7k views

What are the disadvantages of first-past-the-post electoral systems?

We all know the situation could arise in the U.S. where one candidate wins the popular vote but another one the electoral college. Given that the same could arise in the United Kingdom and other ...