Questions tagged [election]

The act or process of choosing a person for a position, especially a public office, usually through a vote.

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37
votes
3answers
7k views

What are the disadvantages of first-past-the-post electoral systems?

We all know the situation could arise in the U.S. where one candidate wins the popular vote but another one the electoral college. Given that the same could arise in the United Kingdom and other ...
59
votes
12answers
15k views

Does the Electoral College system really favor low population areas?

I was reading some questions on this site, and I stumbled up this comment. I'll transcribe the relevant parts of it here in case it ever goes away: You could throw in something about how Hillary ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Can non-US citizens illegally vote in the presidential election in California?

Without respect to how many such cases have happened in the past, is it possible for illegal immigrants or legal residents who aren't citizens to vote in the presidential election in California? ...
4
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5answers
2k views

Why have unpopular figures like Putin publicly supported Trump?

Why have Putin and Kim Jong Un publicly supported Trump? Presumably they want Trump to win, but they must know that they themselves are wildly unpopular in America. The leaders of Russia and North ...
28
votes
6answers
2k views

Why run for president if you have no chance to be elected?

Jim Gilmore and George Pataki are currently running for president but have virtually no chance of winning the primary. I doubt most voters would even be able to pick them in a lineup. They are not ...
71
votes
11answers
5k views

What challenges remain for online voting?

In 2011, nearly a quarter (24.3%) of participating voters in Estonia cast their ballot by remote electronic voting (that is, on their computer/phone/tablet via the Internet). Several larger countries,...
12
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2answers
580 views

What inhibits a winning candidate from doing exactly the opposite of what he promised?

In theory the citizens vote for candidate X because they share his/her electoral offers or promises, but sometimes those candidates don't do what they said. So my question is: What prevents a winning ...
5
votes
1answer
488 views

Is there a legal way to postpone or call off a general election in the UK due to concerns one way or another?

I'm asking this as a follow up question after this one when Steve Melnikoff raised an interesting point in the comments as to whether there was a legal mechanism to postpone or call off a general ...
82
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5answers
28k views

Why is Trump winning, when I know so few people who admit to voting for him?

I am a well educated Republican, of generally conservative views. Pretty much every day I see and hear people talk about how poor of a candidate Donald Trump is. But he's winning primary after primary,...
44
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8answers
9k views

Why do the British opposition parties not want a new election?

I'm trying to understand why Labour and other parties do not want an election. The bill blocking the no-deal exit on the 31st of October will almost certainly pass today. That means that the no-deal ...
52
votes
13answers
9k views

Why does partisanship trump concerns about hypocrisy with voters?

Politicians are routinely hypocritical in support of partisan ends. I'll provide a few examples to demonstrate what I mean: When their party's nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court is facing ...
21
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there any data on how much gerrymandering influences incumbent advantage?

The US Congress has a truly prodigious re-election rate: 80-90% in the House since 1964, and ~80% in the Senate with the exception of the 1970s (when it hit a "low" of 55%-65%) While there are a lot ...
35
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5answers
2k views

Why do oppressive regimes cheat in the election process rather than simply faking the results?

Why do so many authoritarian regimes bother with voter fraud and ballot stuffing? For example, after Hitler's annexation of Austria, intrusive propaganda and threats were used to make everybody vote ...
13
votes
1answer
395 views

In first-past-the-post/winner-takes-all elections, is turnout higher in marginal seats / swing states?

US Presidential elections are indirect: the people vote for an electoral college and the electoral college votes for the President. States assign electors in a winner-takes-all manner (either state-...
11
votes
1answer
582 views

In the US, is it common for people to be elected to high positions without previous political experience?

In the US, is it common for people to be successfully elected to the highest state or federal offices available without holding a more junior elected position first? Donald Trump is currently running ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

How does gerrymandering work in the US?

I have a vague idea of what gerrymandering is and that it appears to be common in the US, but I don't really understand where it comes from, how it is applied, how common "common" really is, whether ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Do the Democratic/Republican parties have any control over their membership and primary voters

Usually non-government organisations get to decide who their members are. For example, I can't become president of the local bowling club by getting a lot of my friends to register "bowling" and vote ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What happens in the event of a tie for a 12th amendment House vote?

Evan McMullin is running for president, hoping to be elected via the 12th amendment, which would require him to receive at least 1 EC vote, and there to not be a candidate that receives the minimum ...
5
votes
1answer
464 views

Restricting polls because of the “Bandwagon effect”

Bandwagon effect: The bandwagon effect is a phenomenon whereby the rate of uptake of beliefs, ideas, fads and trends increases the more that they have already been adopted by others. In other words,...
13
votes
1answer
5k views

What happens to delegates when a candidate withdraws or suspends their campaign

In the United States Presidential Primaries, what happens to a candidates delegates if they later withdraw from the race? For example, in the 2016 Republican Presidential Primary for the State of New ...
13
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2answers
4k views

What criteria does a US Presidential candidate need to meet in order to appear on the ballot?

The eligibility requirements to run for the office of President are: You must be a native born citizen You must be at least 35 years of age You must have lived in the US for at least 14 years (...
5
votes
2answers
396 views

Do US politicians issue UK-style manifestos?

In the UK, political parties publish manifestos that go into reasonable detail about their plans post-election. Naturally, as politicians, they don't always deliver on their promises, but at least it ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Voting for Candidates in the Primaries

This might seem like a strange question, but I am too curious not to ask. Is it possible for one and the same person to vote both for a Democatic candidate and a Republican candidate in the primaries. ...
125
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14answers
28k views

Why were pre-election polls and forecast models inconsistent with the election of Donald Trump?

As it's obvious now, pre-election polling and forecast models were inconsistent with the vote count in this election cycle as not many predicted a Trump victory. Is there any particular reason why ...
28
votes
2answers
3k views

Phenomenon where politically incorrect candidates do better in actual elections than in polls?

I've long hypothesised that a certain phenomenon may exist, and I wonder if there's any actual research on the subject. I'm asking for research, statistics, etc. on a macro level. However, I think it'...
24
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5answers
4k views

Is there an optimal size of a parliament?

Are there any studies that have been done correlating size of the electorate (or in general the population) to size of parliament and stability criteria? I was wondering which size of a parliament is ...
14
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5answers
2k views

What is the 'alt-right'?

Recently Clinton gave a speech that the majority of Trump supporters were young tech-savvy enthusiastic radically right-wing individuals who have taken over the Republican party from mainstream ...
16
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4answers
4k views

Why is proportional representation not considered in any of the US states?

While the Americans agree that the current two-party system is broken, I have not heard any real voices on changing it in any State. States like California, New York or Texas, which send large ...
19
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4answers
2k views

What was the largest popular vote election ever held?

What was the largest popular vote election ever held for a personally-held position? This means an election for an elected position, with people directly voting for the choice of candidates (e.g. US ...
12
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6answers
2k views

What are some arguments for why a “license to vote” is a bad idea?

I conversed with someone the other day who said that just like we study and take tests to obtain a driver's license, we should similarly study and pass tests to get a voters' license. She said that ...
8
votes
7answers
63k views

How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?

Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Why are there exceptions to Duverger's Law?

Duverger's law states that in a first past the post electoral system, the system will end up with a two party system. However, many countries with first past the post electoral systems (such as India,...
13
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3answers
3k views

If I register for a party and vote in its primaries, am I obligated to vote for the same party in the general elections?

So, lets say I register for Party, and vote in the primaries for a candidate. If that candidate doesn't proceed to the general elections, is there any reason that I am obligated to then vote for the ...
9
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2answers
1k views

What was the lowest known voter participation rate?

So, comments in this question mentioning extremes such as "nobody voted in election at all", led me to wonder: What was the election where the LEAST percentage of eligible voters participated? The ...
9
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2answers
6k views

How easy is it to implement a National Sunday Law?

The 7th Day Adventist Church mentions that before the end of the time, the Papacy and the USA will introduce a Sunday Law (known as Blue Law) which will enforce the keeping of Sunday as worship day (...
8
votes
1answer
638 views

Database of all US federal, state and county elections and candidates

Is there any centralized public resource out there that compiles upcoming elections, candidates, and results for federal, state, and county levels in the US? I'm trying to do some research, and I ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

To what extent do election polls affect the election results?

Has there been any rigorous research about what effect do opinion polls have on the final election results? Do real life voters strategize their vote based on the polling averages? I assume that ...
7
votes
1answer
367 views

What are some of the strongest reasons for allowing private election campaign funding?

There seems to be a resounding consensus on the internet that private campaign funding is a bad idea because it usually leads to corruption and unfairness. Are there any good reasons to think ...
20
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2answers
4k views

Voter registration fraud: how is citizenship checked?

This question is motivated by the recent discussions about "voter fraud" and "rigged election" in the media. I am not asking about the extent of actual voter fraud, but about how easy it would be to ...
13
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2answers
3k views

How can Trump be President-Elect before the Electoral College vote?

In the USA, the President is elected by the Electoral College. After the United States Presidental Election, 2016, Donald Trump was referred to as President-Elect as soon as his candidacy was ...
9
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3answers
535 views

Can a General Election be called by a new Prime Minister?

There has been much speculation that an incoming prime minister (be it Gove, May or one of the other candidates) will want to call an early General Election (to establish legitimacy and perhaps to ...
8
votes
3answers
462 views

Are government ministers elected anywhere?

I am just curious if there is a country or any state entity in the world where government ministers (equivalent of US department secretaries) are actually elected vs being appointed by the president ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Could a Party Choose Not to Nominate an Incumbent?

For example, if the Republican party wanted to hold a new primary in 2020 and pick someone other than Trump, is there any specific reason they could or could not do so?
5
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1answer
1k views

What's the purpose of a closed primary?

To vote in the Democratic primaries for New York State, I had to register in the Democratic party. Why would a political party hold a closed primary?
5
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1answer
374 views

Is it allowed for president of the USA (or Minister or some other higher level government member) to participate in election campaign?

At the moment the president election campaign in the US is in the full swing. As a foreign national I am a bit surprised that current US president (Obama) seem to actively participate in agitation. ...
4
votes
2answers
420 views

What explains the huge difference between UKIP's high-watermark in EU vs UK elections?

On one hand, UKIP came 1st among British parties in the 2014 MEP election with 24 seats, representing 32.9% of British seats. They even came first in the popular vote in that contest with 26.6% of ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How often do local elections take place in England?

Local elections are coming up in England. When I look up Wokingham Borough local election results, it lists results from 2015, 2014, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2004, 2003, and 2002. That ...
3
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2answers
185 views

Can parliament stop the PM setting a GE date after 31 October?

A bill that's passed both houses then needs Royal Assent from the Queen to pass into law & by constitutional convention the Queen always follows advice of ministers (the PM) on these matters. ...
1
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2answers
2k views

What are Donald Trump's legal options if he loses the Presidential Election?

So assume sometime on the night of November 8th or maybe in the wee hours of the morning on the 9th, the media declares one Hillary Clinton the next president of the US. In response Donald Trump does ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Do snap/early elections usually benefit those triggering them?

I'm looking for an empirical survey (that hopefully covers more than one country) addressing the issue whether snap/early elections typically benefit those calling them, either the sole party in power ...