Questions tagged [employment]

Most governments track how (un)employed their citizens are, and often aim to craft policies to create employment. Use for questions related to subjects like unemployment numbers and general policies aimed at creating or destroying employment.

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8
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3answers
1k views

What are the common features of pro-union and anti-union laws?

I often hear people talk about pro-union and anti-union laws being formulated in legislatures, but I don't really understand their differences. What sort of provisions usually appear in these laws? ...
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How much more do men earn than women for doing the same job?

Yesterday on the State Of The Union address, Barack Obama mentioned something that I have heard a number of times in the past. This information is taken directly from the White House website: On ...
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1answer
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Has OSHA discussed why it missed Biden’s mask mandate deadline?

The day after President Biden took office, he issued an executive order instructing the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to consider instituting a mask mandate in workplaces: The ...
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384 views

Are any governments promoting work from home as an effective solution to decreasing pollution and CO2 emissions?

There's much talk about work from home: efficiency, people who like it, people who don't, but I didn't see any policy talk, by governments, about its impact on the environment and whether it should be ...
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Do any US political parties support a reduced-hour work week?

John Maynard Keynes predicted the working hours would be reduced to 15 hours a week in 1930. Are there political parties in the USA that want to reduce the number of hours people work each week by ...
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Are the Withhold Release Orders published by US Customs and Border Protection the subject of the CBP's own investigations; is such evidence published?

The US CBP has issued a Withhold Release Order on a major Malaysian palm oil producer https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-detention-order-palm-oil-produced-forced-labor-...
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1answer
342 views

Why do nations require that police hires be more scrupulous than average?

Why are policemen generally required to first attest to being and remaining uncommonly virtuous, (even when off-duty), as a primary duty, rather than being mainly valued for their relative skills in ...
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1answer
449 views

How/why was the Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation set at a flat $600/week?

A major provision of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was to give a $600/week payment (known as Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation or FPUC) to anyone ...
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2answers
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Why do government employees get pension but not those in private sectors in the US? [closed]

What justifies or is the reasoning behind not providing pension for one group of people as a good thing and the exact opposite for a different group of people all at the same time ?
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1answer
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Why doesn't the U.S. government cancel at least some existing work visas to decrease unemployment? [closed]

The U.S. economy is suffering from an unprecedented crisis/pandemic/unemployment. The American people need jobs right now. And still there are like 1 million or so foreign workers, temp workers, H1B, ...
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3answers
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Is there mass unemployment in the USA or is there not?

When reading statements of Donald Trump, e.g. this Tweet, there is a better employment rate than ever in the USA right now. But many news sources in Europe report, that there is mass unemployment. ...
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What are the pros and cons of unionized vs non-unionized police force [duplicate]

My question is what are the advantages and disadvantages of unionized vs non-unionized police force. This was one of the demands which was put forward by the Black Lives Movement. Below is an article ...
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What proportion of unemployment benefit spending actually goes to the unemployed?

One of the arguments for Universal Basic Income (UBI) is that it would be more efficient; targeted benefits require a gatekeeper bureaucracy to decide eligibility, detect cheats, start and stop ...
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1answer
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How did ending collective bargaining affect health plan costs in Wisconsin after Act 10?

I don't understand the relationship between Wisconsin's Act 10's collective bargaining and health plan costs. In his book, "Unintimidated", former Governor Scott Walker claims several times that this ...
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Why is the lack of seasonal agricultural workers considered a problem given the high unemployment rate in every Western country?

Currently farmers in Western countries are warning governments that without foreign workers their fields will be impossible to harvest: “We are in need of a lot of foreign workers,” Eystein Ruud, a ...
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1answer
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What is the current paid leave system in the United States given the COVID-19 outbreak?

The US has enacted law H.R.6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act which seems to mainly tackle elementary/secondary students' food availability, but also expanded FMLA among other things. I've ...
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Why would low-skilled British workers go to Sydney and Melbourne (in large numbers)?

News from earlier this month The Australian government has turned down the UK’s offer of a post-Brexit trade agreement that included visa-free work and travel between the two countries. Trade ...
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What are the (bidirectional) flows of skilled workers between Australia and the UK, presently?

In relation to an Australian statement that there would be "brain drain" from Australia to the UK should a visa-free worker system be adopted between the two countries... Surely, both Australia and ...
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1answer
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Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box&...
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2answers
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What can be done to limit the power of trade unions without hurting the right of assembly?

Some claim that trade unions are essential for ensuring workers rights. At the same time, some powerful trade unions are being blamed for using their power to extort extremely high salaries and ...
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4answers
391 views

What negatives could come with union membership being made a prerequisite for employment?

Let's say a POTUS is elected with a friendly SCOTUS and congress behind him. He hates how America's unions and labour rights have been crushed over the decades, and in response passes a very simple ...
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Why don't unions negotiate members-only contracts in right-to-work states?

How unions are generally formed is that the workers at a company take a vote, and if a majority vote for collective bargaining, then all the workers get represented by a union in negotiations with the ...
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3answers
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Why can public employees unionize?

I once asked a teacher (NY city public school) whether teacher unions were a good idea. He said: "they are bad for you and good for me". A trade union increases the power of the employees by allowing ...
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1answer
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What type of employees are "obliged to join a union as a condition of employment" in New York?

This is an excerpt from an article explaining why Amazon is reconsidering opening its headquarters in New York: New York is a pro-labor city, whereas Virginia is a right-to-work state where ...
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Is there a more recent estimate on the number of Syrians in Saudi Arabia?

According to Wikipedia As of September 2016, the number of Syrians in Saudi Arabia is estimated to be 500,000 and consists mainly of temporary foreign workers. According to the United Nations High ...
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Is intra-EU movement/migration of EU/EUAA citizens a sizeable contributor to illegal work?

French president Macron has recently caused controversy with his contrast of extra-EU legal immigration and intra-EU illegal movements of EU/EUAA people: Last week, the right-wing French magazine ...
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Why is Hawaii's unemployment rate so low when they have such little economic freedom?

Hawaii's unemployment rate is the lowest in the nation (2.1%). https://www.bls.gov/web/laus/laumstrk.htm Yet they are almost last in economic freedom (#48). https://www.freedominthe50states.org/...
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Are there EU countries that offer a path to citizenship for non-EU foreign workers?

In the US there exist "dual intent" visas, e.g. H-1B, which while being a temporary work permit, nevertheless can lead to a permanent residence rights ("green card", usually sponsored by the employer ...
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1answer
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Meaning and difference between ACP and MACP [closed]

Can anyone please explain the meaning of assured career progression (ACP) and modified assured career progression (MACP) and the difference between the two? According to Wikipedia, these are related ...
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1answer
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What leverage do U.S. federal workers' unions have?

Federal workers in the United States are bound by law to not strike, and many union leaders claim their workers "believe in public service" and "they’re not just going to walk away". Given that ...
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1answer
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What fiscal backbone is there for employees who are now on "leave without pay" due to government shutdown?

Well considering a shutdown takes quite some time, it means there are lots of people with various skillsets who are literary thumbling thumbs. Just to wait till they can get their job back. Since not ...
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1answer
861 views

Do non-working, non-essential US Gov't employees get back paid for time not worked?

Essential employees who are working will receive back-pay when the Gov't reopens. What about the non-essential employees who are not working? Will they get back-pay even though they did not work ...
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2answers
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Is there a "healthy" value / interval for unemployment rate?

A TV show depicting US politics features a fictitious big political program called AmericaWorks or AmWorks. Its goal is to greatly reduce unemployment (virtually to zero or "Universal Employment"). Of ...
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2answers
803 views

Any backlash against Ukrainians working in Poland? What's the Polish public opinion on Ukrainian guest workers?

According to Eurostat, in 2016 the vast majority of new work permits for non-EU citizens were issued by Poland for Ukrainians, nearly half a million such permits. Bloomberg has a background article ...
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3answers
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Why does the media workforce lean liberal or democrat

There is some evidence that the mainstream news media workforce leans liberal, or at least towards democratic party candidates. There are many examples. One from the 2008 general election: The ...
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1answer
413 views

How many "Blue Cards" have EU countries issued?

The "Blue Card" is EU-level scheme allowing high-skilled non-EU citizens to work and live in any country within the European Union, excluding Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom, ...
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1answer
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Are there statistics on the origin and length of stay of non-EU foreign workers in the EU?

According to Wikipedia In 2016, around 7.14% (15.885.300 people) of total EU employment were not citizens, 3.61% (8.143.800) were from another EU Member State, 3.53% (7.741.500) were from a non-EU ...
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Has the way Unemployment is measured changed in the last 8 years?

Unemployment has been around 5%. I have a conservative friend who keeps claiming that this is untrue, and that the current administration is changing how unemployment is surveyed or calculated for ...
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Why did a trade-union and labour movement not arise in the United States, as it did in other developed countries?

Last night I watched the Panorama programme on BBC TV, which examined the views of several Trump voters a year after the election. What struck me was the extent to which Trump was able to garner the ...
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2answers
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Global policies on hiring ex-convicts

Spawned from this other SE question. In the United States it is challenging for ex-convicts to find gainful employment. A few states have gotten on board the Ban the Box initiative, referring to the ...
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1answer
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Biggest lobby firms for labor

I am trying to find out which lobbyists do the most work for organized labor in the United States. I have done a Google search but have not come up with anything meaningful.
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1answer
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Does communism propose also "forced" labor for people who are ill?

Communism (in Marxism) proposes everyone should work. Does it propose people who are ill to work if they cannot?
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1answer
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Why are wildcat strikes illegal in the United States?

According to Wikipedia, wildcat strikes (strikes undertaken by workers without the authorisation or approval of union leadership) have been illegal since the passage of the National Labor Relations ...
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2answers
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Why don't all developed countries sign freedom of labor agreements between each other?

In general, states try to restrict the movement of foreign labor because immigrants are seen as "taking jobs" from locals. However why cannot states with similar wage levels sign agreements to allow ...
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3answers
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Why is "creating workplaces" such a prominent promise in US politics?

Maybe because Russia had never that big unemployment rate, but if a politician in Russia would promise creating more workplaces, this would not help him a tiny bit. It would not be seen as his good ...
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2answers
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Are any Presidency and national job number change correlations provably causal?

Aside from wartime, are there any Presidency and national job number change correlations that are widely agreed to be provably causal? Jobs go up, Presidents preen. Jobs go down, Presidents blame ...
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What is the business case for the general electorate in requiring hairdressers to be licensed?

In the United States (and in many other countries!), there are several professions in which it is illegal to practice without a license. While most states typically handle these schemes, even ...
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1answer
523 views

How replaceable are "career" bureaucrats by new administrations?

In the old days, when a new administration came into power, all the cronies of the previous administration would be fired and replaced with officials loyal to the new government. In modern times, this ...
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2answers
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How can Norway have such a high public employment rate while keeping a low public spending?

Norway has one of the highest public employment rates (as a fraction of the total employment) in the "developed world" (around 30%, the highest in the OECD32 and about twice the average of the OECD32, ...
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1answer
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How many jobs were created during Obama's presidency?

This report on Wikipedia seemed to indicate that about 11 million jobs were created during Obama's term. But there seems to be some controversy in the numbers, like from this source: claiming 14 ...