Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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2
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1answer
98 views

Is there a comparison of the cost structure of residential electricity in the EU?

I can easily find the total cost of residential electricity for each country in the EU, but I would like to know/see how much of that is taxes and fixed network tariff. I could find such information ...
12
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1answer
391 views

DST in the EU — is the EU mandating its abolition, ending its mandatory use, or neither?

In March 2019, various news outlets reported that the European Parliament had voted to scrap EU directive 2000/84/EC, which mandates the use of Daylight Savings Time (DST) throughout the EU. For ...
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1answer
119 views

Being an EEC member, what will Norway gain and lose if it decides to join the EU? [duplicate]

Specifically, what rights does a non-EU member in the EEC not have? And what restrictions can it avoid being out of the EU but in the EEC?
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Meaning ⁠— “Advocates-General increasingly behave as if they were exclusive functionaries of the case law”

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 206. All emboldenings are mine. Transcribing everything takes too long, thus I'll transcribe just the gag line. See my red arrow. 108 It is ...
16
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1answer
412 views

What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
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2answers
761 views

Dependencies, autonomous territories and the EU

UK Crown Dependencies (e.g.: Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man), Overseas Territories (e.g.: The Falkland Islands) as well as Danish autonomous territories (Greenland and the Faroe Islands) are not ...
23
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4answers
5k views

Why are some microstates not members of the European Union (EU)?

While Luxembourg is a full-fledged member state of the EU, other European microstates (Monaco, Liechtenstein, Andorra, San Marino and the Vatican City) are not. The economies of these microstates are ...
4
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1answer
417 views

Brexit deal and the EU national governments

Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
8
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1answer
199 views

Does any country in the EU allow forced prison labor?

I'm aware that some democratic countries, including the US and Japan allow forced prison labor, meaning that refusal to work in prison is punishable e.g. by solitary confinement (or a "chill box"). As ...
12
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3answers
3k views

How would France benefit from a potential “Frexit”?

I was recently seeing this video on the French Presidential Candidate Marine le Pen by Vox, and although the video and creators are slightly biased, they make these points:- "...She's particularly ...
3
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1answer
188 views

What are effective counter measures for the EU against US sanctions

There are US sanctions that have a negative impact on political and economic interests of the EU (e.g. Iran, Nord stream). Many comments on German news criticize that EU politicians do not provide ...
6
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1answer
109 views

Where did the withdrawal agreement extension mechanism come from?

The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK government or the EU have the option, before but not after 1 July 2020, to ask for an extension of the transition period for one or two years. This is ...
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2answers
6k views

Why are Amex fees allowed in the European Union?

As I was reading this answer on Travel SE, and more specifically this part: In one hotel in London I had to pay 3% extra for using Amex instead of Visa/MC. I started reading some more about this ...
8
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1answer
196 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
8
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1answer
186 views

What is the position of the EU on Northern Cyprus?

Northern Cyprus is the part of the island of Cyprus that has been occupied by Turkey since its invasion of Cyprus in 1974. As far as I can tell, the Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognized by ...
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0answers
222 views

How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
4
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0answers
84 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
5
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1answer
248 views

How is the European Union trying to adapt to Italian Mafia extension in other EU countries?

According to this rather old article Italian Mafia has managed to extend its operations way beyond Italian borders including in countries that were once thought to be immune to it: (..) uncover how ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Why doesn't “(unimplemented) directive may never directly prohibit private party actions” mean no HDE in civil disputes on legality of State actions?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p 116 scanned.       But even when directives have direct effect, they generally do not have horizontal direct effects. Why has the ...
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1answer
97 views

What's the function of Non-addressed Decisions, when Directives already existed?

I read the emboldened sentence, but I still don't get what Non-addressed Decisions' past function is? What's their function now? Aren't Directives "an instrument that was directly applicable but ...
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1answer
172 views

What are “those measures that fell outside the international market model” that justified a second justification?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 534 scanned. All emboldenings are mine. Why would the Court be strict on the express policy grounds mentioned in Article 36 and yet allow for ...
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1answer
84 views

In para 47 of Case C-84/94 United Kingdom v. Council (Working Time), what's the “mistaken tautology”?

Pls ELI5 the emboldened phrase? I know what a tautology is. Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. pp 261-263 scanned. Once the Council has found that it is necessary to improve the ...
3
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2answers
334 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...
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5answers
1k views

Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
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3answers
3k views

Why was ambassador Sondland involved in Ukraine?

Ambassador Sondland is ambassador to the EU. So why was he involved in Ukraine, a country that is not even in the EU? I understand that Ukraine is considering joining the EU but why was he so heavily ...
8
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6answers
703 views

Will Brexit effect a linguistic change across EU?

I was reading the requirements for the ongoing "Horizon 2020" EU grants. It explicitly indicates that the vehicular language for these grants is English. Not only the application must be written in ...
5
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2answers
314 views

Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
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6answers
14k views

Why do Muslim refugees seek asylum in Europe and not in rich countries in the Middle East?

There are several rich "Muslim" states in Middle East: Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Bahrain and so on. It seems that none of them want to receive Syrian, Iraqi, North African and other Muslim refugees. ...
5
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1answer
152 views

What is the process of transposing EU directives for Vatican?

According to Wikipedia, Holy See - EU relations are somewhat strange: Vatican is unable to join EU because it is not a free market democracy being surrounded by Italy makes it de facto within the EU ...
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2answers
1k views

Is intra-EU movement/migration of EU/EUAA citizens a sizeable contributor to illegal work?

French president Macron has recently caused controversy with his contrast of extra-EU legal immigration and intra-EU illegal movements of EU/EUAA people: Last week, the right-wing French magazine ...
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1answer
121 views

Are there any polls in France on further EU expansion in the Balkans?

On October 18, the BBC reported that At the EU summit, French President Emmanuel Macron led a small number of countries in rejecting the Western Balkan countries from moving forward with their ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Decisions vs recommendations in the Withdrawal Agreement

What is the distinction between a decision and a recommendation in the Withdrawal Agreement? Article 166 says decisions are legally binding. Are recommendations legal demands placed upon the ...
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2answers
267 views

Why has Macron/France insisted that the UK must nominate a commissioner?

According to some Elysee officials quoted by the Guardian All weekend, France took the initiative with Germany, Ireland, Donald Tusk’s team and a few other countries, to fix the terms of the ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Are EU members allowed to trade their EU council veto in a quid pro quo with a third country?

The EU council sometimes uses unanimity to decide on sensitive matters. Can a member state trade its vote in a quid pro quo with a third country? I'm specifically wondering if there is anything in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Macron seemingly opposing an article 50 extension?

Emmanuel Macron seems to be opposing Article 50 extension, according to Bloomberg: French President Emmanuel Macron blocked the European Union’s attempt to delay Brexit for three months, raising ...
9
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1answer
258 views

Are there any concrete measures taken by the European Commission to regulate the “golden passports”?

I have recently seen an older interview (end of 2017) with Ana Gomez arguing about the issues of the so called "golden citizenship" / "golden passports", the practice of giving visas and citizenship ...
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1answer
178 views

(UK) EU Withdrawl Act & The EU

I was reading somewhere that if the Withdrawal Act gets amended too much it's got to be referred back to the EU. Is there an arbitrary limit to the number of amendments that can be made before it has ...
5
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3answers
272 views

How can/will the EU respond to Boris Johnson's three letters? [closed]

In the words of the Guardian, The prime minister sent a total of three letters: an unsigned photocopy of the request he was obliged to send under the Benn Act, an explanatory letter from the UK’...
2
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1answer
110 views

Could the EU call bluff Turkish threat to send 3.6 milion refugees?

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened Europe with a flood of refugees on Thursday if the continent’s leaders call the Turkish invasion of Syria an “occupation.” “We will open the ...
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3answers
265 views

Why did the EU agree with a Stormont vote when the Assembly might not even meet?

The breaking news seems to be that Boris Johnson has struck a new deal with the EU. But the DUP is not on board. One interesting aspect is that Northern Ireland representatives will be able to ...
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0answers
201 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
0
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1answer
128 views

Can the UK vote against a Brexit extension? [duplicate]

There is a situation now where the British PM may be forced by the U.K. parliament against his will to ask for a Brexit extension past October. I know all the EU countries have to agree to allow an ...
12
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2answers
3k views

How does the Trump administration justify tariffs on luxury goods?

This question recently asked about the justification for steel import tariffs against China - specifically on the grounds of national security. The answer is through, but also carries the implication ...
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2answers
535 views

Why did the EU threaten to retaliate over Airbus-related tariffs even after they were allowed by the WTO?

I'm probably missing something in the long saga of the Airbus-Boeing WTO complaints, but today the BBC reported that: The US has been given the go-ahead to impose tariffs on $7.5bn (£6.1bn) of ...
5
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2answers
226 views

Customs checks and Brexit

The UK Government has recently been reiterating that customs checks will not be located at or near the North/South Irish border. But the Withdrawal Agreement treaty (Article 184) commits the UK to ...
4
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1answer
194 views

Can the European Commission president reject a candidate because of his/her gender not matching the global division between genders?

Just caught a glimpse of a bunch of reporters asking an ex Romanian Minister (Dan Nica) a few questions related to nomination as EU Commissioners. Besides a few questions related to an old ...
5
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2answers
251 views

What parts of EU law impose that the EU cannot consider an extension/delay request not coming from the PM?

A recent article quotes Boris Johnson as saying "The EU is obliged by EU law only to negotiate with member state governments, they cannot negotiate with Parliament, and this government will not ...
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1answer
293 views

Do all EU treaties cease to apply on exit day if no agreement is reached?

Article 50 TEU says: The Treaties shall cease to apply to the State in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification ...
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1answer
1k views

What would the EU’s position be with respect to a United Ireland?

During the Scottish referendum of 2013, it was made clear that the United Kingdom is a member of the European Union and any part of the UK seceding from it would be treated as a 3rd country, and would ...
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1answer
121 views

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU?

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU? Is the EU a sovereign entity in and of itself?