Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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1answer
54 views

What are UK and EU proposals for post-Brexit musical touring?

There has been persistent discussion e.g. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/jun/23/radiohead-new-order-and-more-artists-call-for-overhaul-of-post-brexit-touring-rules of the difficulties that ...
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Why are the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark among the countries with the largest wealth gaps in the world?

Wealth Inequality By Country 2021 Here are the 10 countries with the highest wealth inequality: Netherlands (0.902) Russia (0.879) Sweden (0.867) United States(0.852) Brazil (0.849) Thailand (0.846) ...
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1answer
202 views

Why is the Belarus plane grounding incident treated more harshly than a similar one caused by the USA? [closed]

EU is punishing Belarus with economic sanctions for grounding a plane to arrest a journalist, as well as blacklisting certain individuals from entering its territory and freezing their assets. Why is ...
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3answers
651 views

Why does the EU require reciprocity to classify China as a safe country (for the purpose of Covid entry regulations)?

There is an EU travel ban in place for non-essential travel, except from EU/EEA/Schengen countries and certain safe countries. The list as of June 20, 2021 includes Based on the criteria and ...
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3answers
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Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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2answers
168 views

Why doesn't the EU adopt sterner sanctions against people with connections to the Kremlin living in the EU?

Russian officials and oligarchs often live in prosperous European nations. The EU has a lot of leverage. It could issue an ultimatum: either do this by this date (for example, release all political ...
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1answer
138 views

Can EU countries mandate vaccinations?

US version of this question What I am asking is if a country in the EU, following the rules of the EU could mandate vaccinations amongst their citizens? (the age of citizens might make a difference as ...
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2answers
156 views

What are some mechanisms that can be used by the EU to force countries to abide by a minimum tax rate?

https://nltimes.nl/2021/06/06/netherlands-favor-g7-plan-eliminate-tax-havens Vijlbrief also said he is working on implementing the agreement as soon as possible in the EU. The G7 countries all ...
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10answers
10k views

Why does the US need to spy on its allies?

Recently, I've read about the NSA spying on European leaders - Angela Merkel in particular. But this is highly unusual for me. I can understand the US spying on its opponents. But European countries ...
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5answers
258 views

What's the rationale of EU Covid passports when EU seems to be near herd immunity level?

Judging from plummeting cases in spite of slowly lifted restrictions EU reached herd immunity somewhere (guesstimate) around late April. Simultaneously, EU wants to implement Covid passports from 1st ...
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1answer
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What is the EU official position on Israeli settlements beyond the 1967 border?

Yesterday the Irish parliament voted to officially "condemn the ‘de facto annexation’ of Palestinian land by Israel". The Guardian says: Ireland’s parliament has voted to condemn Israel’s “...
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Which EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?

As far as I know, France is a strong opposer of Turkey's full membership in the EU. What other EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?
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Has the Court of Justice of the European Union interpreted the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, to uphold human rights? [closed]

My question — Has the CJEU (Court of Justice of the European Union) interpreted Article 6 TEU and the EUCFR (EU Charter on Fundamental Rights), to bolster and protect human rights as required by ...
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1answer
189 views

Of what importance was the Westland affair?

I've been reading M. Thatcher's book The_Downing_Street_Years, and she spends a lot of time discussing the Westland affair. Her account seems completely orthogonal to the one given in the Wikipedia (...
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How does China defy GSP or quota system? [closed]

Preferential Tariff (Export) Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) Some low to middle-income countries enjoy either GSP/GSP+ or quota system when they export their goods to the EU or North America. ...
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1answer
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R&D in the European Union

Which country in the European Union has the lowest gross and per-capita research output (both academic and industry)? Why is that?
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1answer
149 views

What is the dispute resolution authority between London and Brussels now?

Whatever terms two parties agreed on, the deal is dead in the water unless there's an independent body that determines whether a party violated the agreement or not. Otherwise, the deal will function ...
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3answers
276 views

How do all the different European Union countries maintain their different laws while being a part of the Schengen zone?

How do two countries that share a border in the EU (which are a part of the Schengen area) maintain their different laws regarding customs regulation and price regulation of various commodities (as ...
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2answers
249 views

How effective has the sanction on selling of arms to China been?

1989 Tiananmen Square protests In 1989, the USA and the EU put sanctions on the sale of arms to China because of the Chinese crackdown on the students protesting in Tiananmen Square. Has the sanction ...
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1answer
123 views

Which laws are relevant to evaluate whether the EU might launch further sanctions against Russia in the case of Alexey Navalny?

I reflect on which sanctions might be taken by the EU against Russia since they demonstrate again by the case of Navalny how they treat human rights of the oppostion in Russia. Since my research on ...
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1answer
219 views

How did Croatia join the EU without settling the border dispute with Slovenia?

There is a curious dispute between Croatia and Slovenia in regards to their land and maritime border. It appears to be ongoing since the breakup of Yugoslavia. Noticeably Slovenia tried blocking ...
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2answers
3k views

NATO attacking EU: what happens?

What happens, from an international law point of view, if a NATO country which is not a member of EU, attacks (unprovoked) an EU country which is not a member of NATO? Specifically, are the ...
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1answer
432 views

Are there any countries that the UK now has trade agreements with, that it didn't before it left the EU?

The big rationale touted by those who wanted Britain to leave the EU was that we would be able "to do trade deals around the world". By virtue of our membership of the EU, thanks to its ...
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0answers
116 views

Were there any intra-EU concerns expressed that Germany was practicing dumping prices on aluminium sheets?

Reuters reports on the new anti-dumping duties imposed by the Biden administration on aluminium sheets (worldwide): The U.S. Commerce Department on Tuesday issued final anti-dumping duties on common ...
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206 views

Why hasn't the EU approved Russia's COVID vaccine yet? [closed]

Hungary started to administer the Russain-developed Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccines recently while the EU did not authorize it yet (see e.g. https://www.euronews.com/2021/02/20/sputnik-v-why-hasn-t-the-eu-...
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399 views

How did the view of Continental Europe on Brexit change between the 2016 Referendum and today?

There are plenty of polls asking the British population what they think about Brexit, but there are hardly any polls regarding Continental Europe's view on it; especially no recent ones. Judging from ...
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3answers
2k views

EU Vaccine export controls - what actually happened?

I've seen quite a few news reports recently over the EU's introduction of new export rules to control vaccines leaving the bloc. The BBC is a British outlet and perhaps, given Brexit, may put a more ...
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1answer
171 views

Current status of a prospective 2017 EU fining of the UK for allowing undervalued Chinese imports

According to Politico in 2017: Britain faces a potential €2 billion bill from Brussels after EU investigators found that U.K. authorities turned a blind eye to a massive fraud network that allowed ...
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2answers
672 views

How big is this customs-clearing fee that packages from the UK to the EU incur? [closed]

The BBC has an article that lots of Germans are apparently refusing to accept packages they ordered from the UK once they are presented with the new customs clearing form/fee. Since 1 January, lots ...
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2answers
292 views

Could UK SMEs set up centers in Northern Ireland to maintain full access to both the EU and the rest of the UK?

Under the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement and Future Relationship, Northern Ireland is in a very advantageous position where it has full access to the EU for goods, and can also send goods to (but not ...
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1answer
147 views

Can a piece of EU legislation have (unrelated) “riders”?

In relation to this popular q, I don't recall seeing riders in EU legislation or the matter even being discussed in relation to it, so I'm guessing some form of single-subject rule is enforced even if ...
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294 views

Why does the fishing industry have such a powerful lobby in Europe?

Fishing has been the last issue blocking the ratification of the Brexit and is seemingly the primary reason why Iceland and Norway have refused to join the EU. But why is the fishing lobby so powerful?...
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What would be the negative effects if the EU created a fiscal union? [closed]

Some economists argue that the monetary union of the European Union should be followed by further fiscal integration. The wikipedia page lists only advantages of such fiscal union, but what would be ...
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2answers
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(Why) did the EEA countries accept a guillotine clauses at a later date than the original Agreement?

Wikipedia says (alas without citing a clear source) that EU also has guillotine clauses in the EEA agreements with Norway (2001), Iceland (2001), and Liechtenstein (2008), which must directly accept ...
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1answer
133 views

Why does the EEA not include a customs union?

It's easy to find that e.g. the EEA does not include the Common Fisheries Policy because Iceland and Norway didn't want to have their fish stocks shared/managed in common with the EU. (Aside: ...
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230 views

Are the EU's “four freedoms” inseparable when negotiating a deal with a country?

I heard that, for whatever reasons, the EU wants its partners to agree (or not) to all four freedoms as one package (freedom of goods, services, capital, movement). So, for example, Norway agreed to ...
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2answers
219 views

Why does the Czech government need EU permission to change the way vaccines are administered?

According to the Twitter of Andrej Babiš (Czech prime minister): This evening I have asked the EC President @vonderleyen to explore and approve together with @EMA_News as soon as possible the ...
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1answer
183 views

How does the recent EU-UK trade treaty “go beyond a Canada-style” agreement, but still not require ratification by national parliaments under EU law?

The rules for ratifying EU trade treaties depend on what's in them. There are two categories known as "EU-only" and respectively "mixed" treaties, roughly discriminated along the ...
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1answer
153 views

The EU-Uk trade deal ratification by national parliaments

What would follow if any of the national parliaments refused to ratify the EU-UK trade agreement?
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629 views

To what extent are financial services in this last Brexit deal (trade agreement)?

I've read two somewhat conflicting accounts from the BBC on this. On one hand: [Boris Johnson] acknowledged he had been forced to give ground on his demands on fishing. "The EU began with I ...
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2answers
3k views

Would France and other EU countries have been able to block freight traffic from the UK if the UK was still in the EU?

There are currently lorries queueing in their thousands in the south east of England as France has closed its border due to the fear of spreading the mutated strain of COVID-19. If the UK was still in ...
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0answers
57 views

Channel Islands Equivalence in Financial Services

The Channel Islands are not 'in' the EU Single Market, but have a close relationship with it; this is particularly true in Financial Services, where they have a wide-ranging Equivalence agreement. ...
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6answers
7k views

Why don't the UK and EU agree to fish only in their territorial waters?

In following the ongoing Brexit negotiations, I notice that fishing rights in UK waters is a sticking point, e.g. But the two sides have yet to narrow gaps on two of the thorniest issues: fishing ...
2
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1answer
594 views

How many financial centres are to be created in the EU?

In the The Financial Times article UBS chairman Axel Weber assesed that the division of Europe is a massive benefit to the City of London because if Europe were united the impact ... of Brexit would ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there still a way to avoid a hard Brexit on January first that does not require agreement of all individual EU members?

Brexit negotiations are still ongoing although the UK is scheduled to leave the EU on the 31st of December. As I understand it there are essentially three options. Some kind of trade deal is agreed, ...
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3answers
411 views

What was the relative importance of EU regulations as a reason for Brexit?

In the National Review article, Only the Supreme Court Can Effectively Restrain the Administrative State, December 1, 2020, there is a sentence, emboldened below, If the administrative state ...
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1answer
90 views

Did the European Commission start an infringement procedure related to the quality of one or multiple EU members health systems?

Note: I will use Romania as an example in my post, but the question is general (EU level). Environment-related infringement procedures are something rather usual in the EU. Just to pick an example, ...
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2answers
575 views

Has the European Union taken any concrete steps towards reducing its economic dependency on China?

Coronavirus showed in 2020 spring that the European Union has considerable economic dependency on China: Chinese manufacturers and suppliers have shut down factories and offices in an effort to ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Which sources of CO2 emissions are currently considered for The European Union Emissions Trading System?

This article describes the Carbon emissions pricing used in the European Union. This is part of the European Union Emissions Trading System (ETS) which provided good results despite low prices: (..) ...
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2answers
185 views

Is there a way for the EU except for Hungary and Poland to use Pandemic Relief Funds without approval coming from Hungary and Poland?

According to npr.org, the EU has a hard time passing the EU Budget which contains the pandemic relief funds for hard-hit nations. The European Union's landmark stimulus plan to assist member states ...

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