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Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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1answer
109 views

How high is the EU-ETS cap for Germany in 2021?

I'm not sure if I got the EU-ETS system for trading emission rights right. I think there is a limited amount of certificates issues by each country each year. The amount that is allowed to be issued ...
4
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1answer
202 views

How can the EU collect money for the fines issued by the EU's Court of Justice?

Poland was recently fined by The EU's Court of Justice for keeping the Turów coal mine open. The same article mentions that the Polish Prime Minister would not comply with the order. I am wondering ...
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1answer
128 views

How do businesses operating in multiple countries in the EU account for different tax rates in different countries?

How do all the different European Union countries maintain their different laws while being a part of the Schengen zone? How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax ...
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0answers
121 views

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in personal diplomatic meetings with the U.S.?

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in diplomatic meetings with the U.S. in state visits, official visits, working visits, official working visits in the U.S. or ...
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2answers
173 views

How many Afghans have migrated/fled to the (present-day territory of the) EU in the past 25 years? And how many were granted asylum?

I'm trying to figure out from a migration perspective how much of an issue this is/was. But I can't get any total figures on a quick google search, unlike say for Syria. This may well be because of ...
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3answers
3k views

How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax rates?

https://taxfoundation.org/top-individual-income-tax-rates-europe-2019/ According to this link, different European Union countries have different tax rates. But don't EU laws and the EU government in ...
11
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1answer
837 views

(Why) does OLAF have authority to investigate whether FRONTEX engaged in illegal pushbacks?

In a piece of news from January 2021 it was said that: The EU’s anti-fraud watchdog, OLAF, has opened an investigation into Frontex, the bloc’s border agency, over allegations of harassment, ...
4
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1answer
203 views

How does Slovenia justify its 198-km border fence with Croatia, seemingly built after Croatia acceded to the EU?

Looking at a FRA summary table of fences around the EU... I couldn't help but notice that EU-member Slovenia seems to have built a fence with EU-member Croatia, after the accession date of Croatia (...
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3answers
261 views

Why don't US citizens emigrate? [closed]

The situation for many US citizens is becoming worse with each and every year, due to healthcare costs, debt of any kind (education, healthcare, housing), shootings, racial tensions, retirement ...
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0answers
33 views

Can the European Commission be sued if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it?

Can the European Commission be taken to court if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it adequately? The European Parliament have the ...
24
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2answers
7k views

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum?

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum or do they have to hold one?
3
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1answer
146 views

Have there been any consequences so far for Switzerland rejecting the framework treaty with the EU?

In a New Statesman article on the Swiss government's abandonment of a [further] EU framework treaty with the EU, some possible negative consequences are mentioned: even if the collapse of this ...
3
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1answer
161 views

In what specific way has the the EU "turned [its] rules upside down and inside out" on medicines in Northern Ireland?

In response to UK government accusations that the EU has been inflexible on medicines under the Northern Ireland protocol (see e.g. Boris Johnson's charge on 30 cancer drugs) the EU ambassador to the ...
39
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4answers
7k views

Why does Boris Johnson seek to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU?

The UK wants to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU, mostly because of Northern Ireland's current (and future) situation. The EU immediately rejected the offer. My question is: Why does Boris ...
17
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3answers
4k views

Why are Bulgaria and Romania still not accepted into the Schengen area?

Despite joining the EU 14 years ago, Bulgaria and Romania are still not part of the Schengen area. The wiki article has the following timeline: On 1 August 2018, Bulgaria and Romania gained full ...
2
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4answers
482 views

Arguments for Scotland in non-EU United Kingdom?

Last referendum about it took place in 2014, and Scotland elected to stay in the United Kingdom. One of then Prime Minister David Cameron's main arguments was that independent Scotland would be ...
5
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1answer
186 views

What are UK and EU proposals for post-Brexit musical touring?

There has been persistent discussion e.g. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/jun/23/radiohead-new-order-and-more-artists-call-for-overhaul-of-post-brexit-touring-rules of the difficulties that ...
32
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2answers
10k views

Why are the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark among the countries with the largest wealth gaps in the world?

Wealth Inequality By Country 2021 Here are the 10 countries with the highest wealth inequality: Netherlands (0.902) Russia (0.879) Sweden (0.867) United States(0.852) Brazil (0.849) Thailand (0.846) ...
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1answer
248 views

Why is the Belarus plane grounding incident treated more harshly than a similar one caused by the USA? [closed]

EU is punishing Belarus with economic sanctions for grounding a plane to arrest a journalist, as well as blacklisting certain individuals from entering its territory and freezing their assets. Why is ...
7
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3answers
724 views

Why does the EU require reciprocity to classify China as a safe country (for the purpose of Covid entry regulations)?

There is an EU travel ban in place for non-essential travel, except from EU/EEA/Schengen countries and certain safe countries. The list as of June 20, 2021 includes Based on the criteria and ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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3answers
353 views

Why doesn't the EU adopt sterner sanctions against people with connections to the Kremlin living in the EU?

Russian officials and oligarchs often live in prosperous European nations. The EU has a lot of leverage. It could issue an ultimatum: either do this by this date (for example, release all political ...
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1answer
159 views

Can EU countries mandate vaccinations?

US version of this question What I am asking is if a country in the EU, following the rules of the EU could mandate vaccinations amongst their citizens? (the age of citizens might make a difference as ...
5
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2answers
164 views

What are some mechanisms that can be used by the EU to force countries to abide by a minimum tax rate?

https://nltimes.nl/2021/06/06/netherlands-favor-g7-plan-eliminate-tax-havens Vijlbrief also said he is working on implementing the agreement as soon as possible in the EU. The G7 countries all ...
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10answers
10k views

Why does the US need to spy on its allies?

Recently, I've read about the NSA (the US National Security Agency) spying on European leaders - Angela Merkel in particular. But this is highly unusual for me. I can understand the US spying on its ...
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5answers
326 views

What's the rationale of EU Covid passports when EU seems to be near herd immunity level?

Judging from plummeting cases in spite of slowly lifted restrictions EU reached herd immunity somewhere (guesstimate) around late April. Simultaneously, EU wants to implement Covid passports from 1st ...
15
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1answer
2k views

What is the EU official position on Israeli settlements beyond the 1967 border?

Yesterday the Irish parliament voted to officially "condemn the ‘de facto annexation’ of Palestinian land by Israel". The Guardian says: Ireland’s parliament has voted to condemn Israel’s “...
10
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2answers
2k views

Which EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?

As far as I know, France is a strong opposer of Turkey's full membership in the EU. What other EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?
6
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1answer
195 views

Of what importance was the Westland affair?

I've been reading M. Thatcher's book The_Downing_Street_Years, and she spends a lot of time discussing the Westland affair. Her account seems completely orthogonal to the one given in the Wikipedia (...
2
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0answers
76 views

How does China defy GSP or quota system? [closed]

Preferential Tariff (Export) Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) Some low to middle-income countries enjoy either GSP/GSP+ or quota system when they export their goods to the EU or North America. ...
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1answer
131 views

R&D in the European Union

Which country in the European Union has the lowest gross and per-capita research output (both academic and industry)? Why is that?
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1answer
175 views

What is the dispute resolution authority between London and Brussels now?

Whatever terms two parties agreed on, the deal is dead in the water unless there's an independent body that determines whether a party violated the agreement or not. Otherwise, the deal will function ...
5
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3answers
333 views

How do all the different European Union countries maintain their different laws while being a part of the Schengen zone?

How do two countries that share a border in the EU (which are a part of the Schengen area) maintain their different laws regarding customs regulation and price regulation of various commodities (as ...
4
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2answers
266 views

How effective has the sanction on selling of arms to China been?

1989 Tiananmen Square protests In 1989, the USA and the EU put sanctions on the sale of arms to China because of the Chinese crackdown on the students protesting in Tiananmen Square. Has the sanction ...
1
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1answer
139 views

Which laws are relevant to evaluate whether the EU might launch further sanctions against Russia in the case of Alexey Navalny?

I reflect on which sanctions might be taken by the EU against Russia since they demonstrate again by the case of Navalny how they treat human rights of the oppostion in Russia. Since my research on ...
2
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1answer
231 views

How did Croatia join the EU without settling the border dispute with Slovenia?

There is a curious dispute between Croatia and Slovenia in regards to their land and maritime border. It appears to be ongoing since the breakup of Yugoslavia. Noticeably Slovenia tried blocking ...
12
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2answers
3k views

NATO attacking EU: what happens?

What happens, from an international law point of view, if a NATO country which is not a member of EU, attacks (unprovoked) an EU country which is not a member of NATO? Specifically, are the ...
7
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1answer
484 views

Are there any countries that the UK now has trade agreements with, that it didn't before it left the EU?

The big rationale touted by those who wanted Britain to leave the EU was that we would be able "to do trade deals around the world". By virtue of our membership of the EU, thanks to its ...
2
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0answers
122 views

Were there any intra-EU concerns expressed that Germany was practicing dumping prices on aluminium sheets?

Reuters reports on the new anti-dumping duties imposed by the Biden administration on aluminium sheets (worldwide): The U.S. Commerce Department on Tuesday issued final anti-dumping duties on common ...
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1answer
226 views

Why hasn't the EU approved Russia's COVID vaccine yet? [closed]

Hungary started to administer the Russain-developed Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccines recently while the EU did not authorize it yet (see e.g. https://www.euronews.com/2021/02/20/sputnik-v-why-hasn-t-the-eu-...
13
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0answers
439 views

How did the view of Continental Europe on Brexit change between the 2016 Referendum and today?

There are plenty of polls asking the British population what they think about Brexit, but there are hardly any polls regarding Continental Europe's view on it; especially no recent ones. Judging from ...
13
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3answers
2k views

EU Vaccine export controls - what actually happened?

I've seen quite a few news reports recently over the EU's introduction of new export rules to control vaccines leaving the bloc. The BBC is a British outlet and perhaps, given Brexit, may put a more ...
5
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1answer
174 views

Current status of a prospective 2017 EU fining of the UK for allowing undervalued Chinese imports

According to Politico in 2017: Britain faces a potential €2 billion bill from Brussels after EU investigators found that U.K. authorities turned a blind eye to a massive fraud network that allowed ...
10
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2answers
696 views

How big is this customs-clearing fee that packages from the UK to the EU incur? [closed]

The BBC has an article that lots of Germans are apparently refusing to accept packages they ordered from the UK once they are presented with the new customs clearing form/fee. Since 1 January, lots ...
12
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2answers
305 views

Could UK SMEs set up centers in Northern Ireland to maintain full access to both the EU and the rest of the UK?

Under the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement and Future Relationship, Northern Ireland is in a very advantageous position where it has full access to the EU for goods, and can also send goods to (but not ...
3
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1answer
156 views

Can a piece of EU legislation have (unrelated) "riders"?

In relation to this popular q, I don't recall seeing riders in EU legislation or the matter even being discussed in relation to it, so I'm guessing some form of single-subject rule is enforced even if ...
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0answers
301 views

Why does the fishing industry have such a powerful lobby in Europe?

Fishing has been the last issue blocking the ratification of the Brexit and is seemingly the primary reason why Iceland and Norway have refused to join the EU. But why is the fishing lobby so powerful?...
2
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2answers
125 views

What would be the negative effects if the EU created a fiscal union? [closed]

Some economists argue that the monetary union of the European Union should be followed by further fiscal integration. The wikipedia page lists only advantages of such fiscal union, but what would be ...
5
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2answers
119 views

(Why) did the EEA countries accept a guillotine clauses at a later date than the original Agreement?

Wikipedia says (alas without citing a clear source) that EU also has guillotine clauses in the EEA agreements with Norway (2001), Iceland (2001), and Liechtenstein (2008), which must directly accept ...
4
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1answer
166 views

Why does the EEA not include a customs union?

It's easy to find that e.g. the EEA does not include the Common Fisheries Policy because Iceland and Norway didn't want to have their fish stocks shared/managed in common with the EU. (Aside: ...

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