Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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What possible retaliation could Russia take against Lithuania for enforcing the EU sanctions?

Russia has today threatened Lithuania with retaliation after Lithuania enforced the EU sanctions blocking certain products from transiting Lithuania from Russia to Kaliningrad. Russia refers to this ...
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2 answers
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Why does Ukraine desire EU membership?

On the 28 February 2022, four days after the Russian invasion had started, Ukraine applied for membership in EU. What were the long and short term causes behind, and the trigger of, Ukraine's resolve ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Is it in the European Union's interest to allow Ukraine to join?

What would be the pros and cons from the EU's perspective?
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3 votes
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How does the Ukrainian public perceive the EU accession process (especially the timelines, as of June 2022)?

On June 16th, the leaders of France, Germany and Italy gave some support to the Ukrainian request for EU Candidate status. While Candidate status may lead to membership, to me it looks like a promise ...
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Which EU countries trade more with China than with the US?

News last year was that China overtook the US as the EU's largest trading partner. (Apparently that only included good and not services though.) Although COVID-related disruptions probably skewed ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How do "neo-realists" support their view that the US can simultaneously exit NATO and convince the EU to cut their economic ties with China?

"Neo-realists" (like John Mearsheimer) argue that the US should simultaneously exit NATO (because the US should focus on the Chinese threat in Asia) and convince the EU to cut all economic ...
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22 votes
5 answers
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Why is working from home/green commute not seriously considered by Western governments to tackle climate change and to reduce Russian oil use?

In the time of the pandemic, working from home was widespread in most European countries including the UK, which led to a drop in fuel prices. However, during the war in Ukraine, working from home was ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Is European Union's citizenship appliable?

I didn't exactly know if I should publish this in Law SE or here, but since this can also lead to a politics discussion, I'll stay here. By the way this is not in any way my situation, just a doubt ...
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Legality of NATO countries freezing assets of friends and family of Putin

Ignoring people such as Russian government members and Russian parliament members, I am asking about the legality of the freezing the assets (where susceptible to such freezes) of people who are ...
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16 votes
2 answers
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Why can't Hungary import oil from somewhere other than Russia without "ruin[ing] the Hungarian economy"?

Hungary is opposing a EU proposal to cut Russian oil imports by the end of this year. Their government said that doing so would "ruin the Hungarian economy". I see that they import some 60% ...
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Difference between Western sanctions and Russia's choice to stop oil & gas

Just to be clear, I am neither in favour of Russia's war nor arguing against punishing it for the invasion. However, I have noticed a difference in rhetoric around what seems to me to be similar sorts ...
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4 votes
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What are the political obstacles to the resurrection of the Nabucco pipeline from Iran?

As already reported by another question the Russian state-owned energy company Gazprom has ceased gas deliveries to Poland and Bulgaria. The problem with alternative supplies is that they are few and ...
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What are the political obstacles to the resurrection of the Nabucco pipeline from Azerbaijan?

As already reported by another question the Russian state-owned energy company Gazprom has ceased gas deliveries to Poland and Bulgaria. The problem with alternative supplies is that they are few and ...
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7 answers
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Russian gas delivery stop — difference between Poland/Bulgaria and other EU customers?

On 2022-04-27, the Russian state-owned energy company Gazprom has ceased gas deliveries to Poland and Bulgaria, after they refused to henceforth pay for the gas in ruble rather than the currency ...
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Why is Austria's foreign minister explicitly not supporting Ukraine's full membership in the European Union?

According to this source, Austria's foreign minister said that Ukraine shouldn't be given full EU membership: While Schallenberg supports stronger relations between Europe and Ukraine, he doesn't ...
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Why do Right Wing populists despise the Globalism aspect of Neoliberalism but endorse its domestic economic policies?

the rise of the Alt-Right can be best understood as a reaction against the technocracy of Neoliberalism that promotes cross border trade, market fundamentalism, austerity, global institutions etc. So ...
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Reselling and tariffs between China/UK and EU

If a reseller in England imports a widget from China they will pay the UK's China->UK tariff for that good. If they then sell that widget to a customer in Spain (in the EU), will the Spanish ...
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4 answers
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Are the EU authorities asking the Ukrainians to sell out the occupied regions?

The EU president has officially started the process to admit Ukraine into the EU. At the same time the NATO membership discussions are going on. Trouble is that to enter such groups Ukraine must solve ...
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36 votes
9 answers
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What are the benefits for strong economies like Germany and France for being members of the European Union?

Recently I was reading things on the European debt crisis. It seems to me that when there is a financial crisis, strong economies in EU, like Germany and France, are supposed to help the countries in ...
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20 votes
8 answers
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Why does the West not run air incursions into/around Russian airspace?

It is frequently reported the Russian planes incur upon western airspace, and this presents challenges and demands on western air forces. Yesterday we had a report of Russian bombers “armed with ...
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4 votes
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US-EU gas deal: has US offered particularly favorable conditions?

One of the major results of the President Biden's latest visit to Europe is signing of the US-EU gas deal, aiming at reducing European dependence on the Russian gas exports: see, e.g., EU signs US gas ...
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9 votes
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Is there any proof of foreign interference in Ukraine's 2004 or 2010 presidential elections?

There has been polarization between moving towards Russia or the West in Ukrainian politics. There have also been allegations of election interference from both sides along these lines. During the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Ukraine: compromising on the Sweden/Austria model. Has Russia indicated its position on EU membership?

(Note: Austria and Sweden are both in the EU, but neither is in NATO) Today, March 16th, the Russians are talking about a possible compromise (which for now Ukraine is cool on, due to ongoing war *). ...
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1 vote
7 answers
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Why does Ukraine not simply agree to Russia's demands? [closed]

All Russia seemingly want is for Ukraine to remain neutral and not join NATO or EU. Why does Ukraine not simply agree to these demands? If the only (realistic) options available to Ukraine are: ...
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5 votes
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Is by European countries' standards escaping from a military draft a basis for refugee status?

Some European countries including mine have laws allowing to draft men (and women of some professions) into the military when the current situation warrants it. Although the current situation in ...
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39 votes
3 answers
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What is Russia getting in exchange for their gas and oil now that they've been cut off from the Western financial system?

As far as I can tell both of these things are currently true: Russia has been cut off from a large chunk of the Western financial system The EU is still buying Russian gas and oil But how does this ...
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11 votes
3 answers
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Who decided that Ukraine can't at the same time be in the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement and in the Eurasian Customs Union?

When trying to research the start of the Maidan Revolution, I see different claims. Supposedly, the EU declared that Ukraine can't join the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement if it joins the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What are "social, political and economic standards" for joining EU?

From Wikipedia: On 2 March, however, Spanish foreign minister José Manuel Albares stated that "belonging to the EU is not a capricious process or one that can be done by a mere political ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between The Council of Europe and the European Union?

There seem to be two separate bodies which are trying to foment more collaboration and cooperation between Europe The Council of Europe European Union There are a couple of links which try to ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Why is Ireland not part of NATO?

The Republic of Ireland is a part of EU and shares similar security considerations as European countries in the North Atlantic theatre. It shares cultural and economic ties with most of the NATO ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Have any high-level EU politicians said what the response would be if Russia damages an Ukrainian nuclear reactor, releasing a massive radiation wave?

The questions seem less than theoretical, with news reports of a fire at Ukrainian nuclear reactor (at Zaporizhzhia), which can't be extinguished due to fighting. (N.B. insofar the fire is localized ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How much bite does the Mutual Defense Clause of the Treaty of the European Union (TEU) have?

As mentioned in other answers regarding the 2022 Ukraine conflict, there is a defense clause for the existing EU countries. I looked and found §42.7 TEU, If a Member State is the victim of armed ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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How is the EU ban on Russian media (eg RT) implemented legally?

As a part of the war of Russia on Ukraine, European Union has imposed a sanction to block media associated with Russian government within the union. How is this implemented in terms of legal decrees ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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EU vs NATO membership: actions related to aid and defense required by the respective treaties?

Say there is a non-NATO, non-EU country, yet not Ukraine, at least not yet. (I stipulate the last because I don't want the current crisis to yet color the answers.) What are the actual requirements as ...
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49 votes
3 answers
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What would Ukraine gain by joining the European Union rapidly?

President Zelensky of Ukraine urged the European Union today to grant his country immediate accession to the EU bloc. Would joining the EU bloc rapidly allow the European Union members to help more ...
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29 votes
7 answers
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What's the point of banning a few 'selected Russian banks' from SWIFT?

I read that several Russian banks got banned from SWIFT (mirror) following the ongoing 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. What's the point of banning a few selected Russian banks from SWIFT? I would ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Do NATO Collective Defense obligations cascade when a member goes to war due to other defensive treaties?

What would happen if a NATO member was compelled to go to war because of a separate defense pact they were a part of? As an example, Russia has threatened Sweden and Finland if they try to join NATO. ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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What does it mean in practice that Putin and Lavrov will be personally on EU's sanctions list?

https://tass.com/politics/1411353 The European Union is going to include into the sanction list Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, German Foreign Minister Annalena ...
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13 votes
4 answers
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Why is the EU so reluctant to cut Russia off the SWIFT system as part of the new sanctions to be put in place after invading Ukraine?

This Reuters article argues that it is unlikely for the EU to include cutting Russia off the SWIFT system. One of the most important reasons seems to be the financial impact on the EU lenders: Data ...
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Are there any hard-line anti-Russian parties in Europe?

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has highlighted the degree, and risks, of Europe's economic ties to Russia. I wonder if there is a party that takes a hardline anti-Russian stance? The positions I'm ...
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26 votes
7 answers
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Why did EU fail to reduce their dependence on Russian natural gas?

The conflict in Ukraine is escalating and new sanctions are being announced. Some of the news are arguing about the EU's significant dependence on Russian gas. The following graphic indicates that the ...
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47 votes
9 answers
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Why do EU sanctions against Russia stop short of a total trade ban?

With the Russian invasion of Ukraine now officially around the corner (or even underway), I am surprised how minimalistic and non-committal the proposed sanctions are. Even the US "mother of all ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Can Hungary stop the EC from cutting Poland's subsidies?

European Commission has recently issued that it will subtract the fines for Poland from its subsidies. Is this the kind of decision that needs an approval of all the other member states prime ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What kind of energy sources is the EU planning to label as green?

The EU Commission is going to vote on the green energy plan. Allegedly this plan contains a controversial green labelling for gas and nuclear. But this article by Deutsche Welle left me somewhat ...
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17 votes
4 answers
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Has anyone besides the EU classified nuclear as a "green investment"?

From the New York Times article "Europe Plans to Say Nuclear Power and Natural Gas Are Green Investments": The European Union has drawn up plans to classify some nuclear power and natural ...
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11 votes
4 answers
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EU ETS: if within-EU flight emissions are limited to climate goals, does a person choosing to fly add to emissions?

I've been trying to fly less and less because it seems the right thing to do. But I can't quite counter this thought: The EU Emission Trading System (ETS) covers commercial aviation. So passenger ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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What are some political subsets of the EU?

Somebody mentioned a Franco-Italian cooperation in the EU. I know that alliances like the Visegrád Group and the Three Seas Initiative are already around. Are there any other political cooperations ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What are the arguments for destabilization as a Lukashenko motive?

It is November 2021 and thousands of people from Syria and Iraq are trying to cross the Belarus border into the EU. The migrants are transported to the border by Belarusian officials. On the EU side ...
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32 votes
2 answers
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Has the UK enacted any changes in laws that would've been impossible while being an EU member?

The UK has left the EU and one of the biggest arguments in support was that idea that they could enact legislation that goes against EU rules, whether on trade with other nations, privacy, security, ...
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7 votes
2 answers
521 views

What is the EU's official explanation for why it's opposed to refugees arriving via Belarus?

Belarus has been in the news recently due to their attempt to transport a large number of refugees into the EU: First Belarus arranged for a few hundred migrants to cross the border into Lithuania. ...
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