Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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16
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4answers
4k views

Has anyone besides the EU classified nuclear as a "green investment"?

From the New York Times article "Europe Plans to Say Nuclear Power and Natural Gas Are Green Investments": The European Union has drawn up plans to classify some nuclear power and natural ...
11
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4answers
870 views

EU ETS: if within-EU flight emissions are limited to climate goals, does a person choosing to fly add to emissions?

I've been trying to fly less and less because it seems the right thing to do. But I can't quite counter this thought: The EU Emission Trading System (ETS) covers commercial aviation. So passenger ...
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3answers
2k views

What are some political subsets of the EU?

Somebody mentioned a Franco-Italian cooperation in the EU. I know that alliances like the Visegrád Group and the Three Seas Initiative are already around. Are there any other political cooperations ...
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2answers
303 views

What are the arguments for destabilization as a Lukashenko motive?

It is November 2021 and thousands of people from Syria and Iraq are trying to cross the Belarus border into the EU. The migrants are transported to the border by Belarusian officials. On the EU side ...
32
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2answers
8k views

Has the UK enacted any changes in laws that would've been impossible while being an EU member?

The UK has left the EU and one of the biggest arguments in support was that idea that they could enact legislation that goes against EU rules, whether on trade with other nations, privacy, security, ...
8
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2answers
500 views

What is the EU's official explanation for why it's opposed to refugees arriving via Belarus?

Belarus has been in the news recently due to their attempt to transport a large number of refugees into the EU: First Belarus arranged for a few hundred migrants to cross the border into Lithuania. ...
0
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1answer
221 views

Is there any plausible reading of the DoT terms of the Northern Ireland Protocol under which they are not self-defeating?

Under the Protocol the UK government is responsible for applying checks on goods entering NI from Great Britain to ensure that goods destined for the Republic of Ireland meet EU regulations. This is ...
0
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1answer
275 views

Why did UK and EU agree NI Protocol with clause allowing unilateral action in the event of diversion of trade (DOT) when they knew DOT was inevitable?

Under the Protocol the UK government is responsible for applying checks on goods entering NI from Great Britain to ensure that goods destined for the Republic of Ireland meet EU regulations. This is ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Is there any historical precedent for the European Union quarantining a member state which fails to carry out customs checks on goods

The European Union is an organisation which requires its member states: Not to carry out any customs checks on any goods travelling directly from one member state to another member state To carry ...
-2
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1answer
155 views

If the UK invokes Art 16 of the Northern Ireland Protocol, will the EU require a hard border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland [closed]

Under the Protocol the UK government is responsible for applying checks on goods entering NI from Great Britain to ensure that goods destined for the Republic of Ireland meet EU regulations. This is ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Prime minister leading a coalition government dismissing a member of the government without discussing with political partners first

Romania still does not have a full government following the crisis started in September. Back then, the prime minister (with the approval from the president) quickly dismissed a member of the ...
0
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1answer
148 views

Does Romania or any other EU country have a criminal law that punishes originating or spreading false information?

It's been said on Euronews that A misleading Facebook video had suggested that there were no patients at a temporary hospital in the northeastern city of Piatra-Neamț. Officials at the health centre ...
8
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3answers
331 views

How does the Polish court's rejection of EU law supremacy differ from Germany's seemingly similar action?

I'm not sure if this a 100% correct summary of what happened in Germany last year, but: While the German Federal Constitutional Court has long reserved the power to reject EU actions that manifestly ...
5
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2answers
246 views

Which are the the parts of the EU treaties that are incompatible with the Polish constitution according to Poland's highest court?

There are lots of articles related to Poland's highest court ruling that some parts of EU treaties are incompatible with the Polish constitution (example), but I cannot find the exact articles ...
3
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0answers
187 views

Why does the current Polish government favor distancing from EU despite a rather low Euroscepticism and possible serious financial consequences?

According to Euronews, Poland’s constitutional court on Thursday ruled the country's laws had supremacy of those of the European Union. The article provides more context about the decision and a ...
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1answer
258 views

How are French nuclear facilities and technology kept secret under the European Union? [closed]

France is the only nuclear power in the EU. How does it protect its facilities and maintain the secrecy of technology when the European Parliament has at least some say in French security and military ...
7
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114 views

What caused the momentum for EU directives on blind-spots of vehicles in the last 20 years

During the last 20 years European laws on blind-spots, areas of road the driver cannot see, have become more strict. The original directive is from 1971 (71/127/EEG). But then there are changes in ...
3
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2answers
133 views

Has the UK's HMRC begun the process of inspecting arrivals of EU goods?

It was made clear at the start that notwithstanding EU checks on UK movements into the single market, Britain would delay its implementation of checks. Have they now begun? If not will it cause yet ...
2
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1answer
118 views

How high is the EU-ETS cap for Germany in 2021?

I'm not sure if I got the EU-ETS system for trading emission rights right. I think there is a limited amount of certificates issues by each country each year. The amount that is allowed to be issued ...
4
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1answer
229 views

How can the EU collect money for the fines issued by the EU's Court of Justice?

Poland was recently fined by The EU's Court of Justice for keeping the Turów coal mine open. The same article mentions that the Polish Prime Minister would not comply with the order. I am wondering ...
2
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1answer
129 views

How do businesses operating in multiple countries in the EU account for different tax rates in different countries?

How do all the different European Union countries maintain their different laws while being a part of the Schengen zone? How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax ...
2
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0answers
131 views

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in personal diplomatic meetings with the U.S.?

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in diplomatic meetings with the U.S. in state visits, official visits, working visits, official working visits in the U.S. or ...
3
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2answers
180 views

How many Afghans have migrated/fled to the (present-day territory of the) EU in the past 25 years? And how many were granted asylum?

I'm trying to figure out from a migration perspective how much of an issue this is/was. But I can't get any total figures on a quick google search, unlike say for Syria. This may well be because of ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax rates?

https://taxfoundation.org/top-individual-income-tax-rates-europe-2019/ According to this link, different European Union countries have different tax rates. But don't EU laws and the EU government in ...
11
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1answer
843 views

(Why) does OLAF have authority to investigate whether FRONTEX engaged in illegal pushbacks?

In a piece of news from January 2021 it was said that: The EU’s anti-fraud watchdog, OLAF, has opened an investigation into Frontex, the bloc’s border agency, over allegations of harassment, ...
4
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1answer
215 views

How does Slovenia justify its 198-km border fence with Croatia, seemingly built after Croatia acceded to the EU?

Looking at a FRA summary table of fences around the EU... I couldn't help but notice that EU-member Slovenia seems to have built a fence with EU-member Croatia, after the accession date of Croatia (...
2
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3answers
273 views

Why don't US citizens emigrate? [closed]

The situation for many US citizens is becoming worse with each and every year, due to healthcare costs, debt of any kind (education, healthcare, housing), shootings, racial tensions, retirement ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Can the European Commission be sued if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it?

Can the European Commission be taken to court if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it adequately? The European Parliament have the ...
24
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3answers
7k views

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum?

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum or do they have to hold one?
3
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1answer
154 views

Have there been any consequences so far for Switzerland rejecting the framework treaty with the EU?

In a New Statesman article on the Swiss government's abandonment of a [further] EU framework treaty with the EU, some possible negative consequences are mentioned: even if the collapse of this ...
3
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1answer
175 views

In what specific way has the the EU "turned [its] rules upside down and inside out" on medicines in Northern Ireland?

In response to UK government accusations that the EU has been inflexible on medicines under the Northern Ireland protocol (see e.g. Boris Johnson's charge on 30 cancer drugs) the EU ambassador to the ...
39
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4answers
7k views

Why does Boris Johnson seek to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU?

The UK wants to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU, mostly because of Northern Ireland's current (and future) situation. The EU immediately rejected the offer. My question is: Why does Boris ...
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3answers
4k views

Why are Bulgaria and Romania still not accepted into the Schengen area?

Despite joining the EU 14 years ago, Bulgaria and Romania are still not part of the Schengen area. The wiki article has the following timeline: On 1 August 2018, Bulgaria and Romania gained full ...
2
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4answers
494 views

Arguments for Scotland in non-EU United Kingdom?

Last referendum about it took place in 2014, and Scotland elected to stay in the United Kingdom. One of then Prime Minister David Cameron's main arguments was that independent Scotland would be ...
5
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1answer
192 views

What are UK and EU proposals for post-Brexit musical touring?

There has been persistent discussion e.g. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/jun/23/radiohead-new-order-and-more-artists-call-for-overhaul-of-post-brexit-touring-rules of the difficulties that ...
33
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2answers
10k views

Why are the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark among the countries with the largest wealth gaps in the world?

Wealth Inequality By Country 2021 Here are the 10 countries with the highest wealth inequality: Netherlands (0.902) Russia (0.879) Sweden (0.867) United States(0.852) Brazil (0.849) Thailand (0.846) ...
0
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1answer
280 views

Why is the Belarus plane grounding incident treated more harshly than a similar one caused by the USA? [closed]

EU is punishing Belarus with economic sanctions for grounding a plane to arrest a journalist, as well as blacklisting certain individuals from entering its territory and freezing their assets. Why is ...
7
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3answers
740 views

Why does the EU require reciprocity to classify China as a safe country (for the purpose of Covid entry regulations)?

There is an EU travel ban in place for non-essential travel, except from EU/EEA/Schengen countries and certain safe countries. The list as of June 20, 2021 includes Based on the criteria and ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
1
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3answers
366 views

Why doesn't the EU adopt sterner sanctions against people with connections to the Kremlin living in the EU?

Russian officials and oligarchs often live in prosperous European nations. The EU has a lot of leverage. It could issue an ultimatum: either do this by this date (for example, release all political ...
-1
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1answer
168 views

Can EU countries mandate vaccinations?

US version of this question What I am asking is if a country in the EU, following the rules of the EU could mandate vaccinations amongst their citizens? (the age of citizens might make a difference as ...
6
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2answers
173 views

What are some mechanisms that can be used by the EU to force countries to abide by a minimum tax rate?

https://nltimes.nl/2021/06/06/netherlands-favor-g7-plan-eliminate-tax-havens Vijlbrief also said he is working on implementing the agreement as soon as possible in the EU. The G7 countries all ...
33
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10answers
10k views

Why does the US need to spy on its allies?

Recently, I've read about the NSA (the US National Security Agency) spying on European leaders - Angela Merkel in particular. But this is highly unusual for me. I can understand the US spying on its ...
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5answers
331 views

What's the rationale of EU Covid passports when EU seems to be near herd immunity level?

Judging from plummeting cases in spite of slowly lifted restrictions EU reached herd immunity somewhere (guesstimate) around late April. Simultaneously, EU wants to implement Covid passports from 1st ...
15
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1answer
2k views

What is the EU official position on Israeli settlements beyond the 1967 border?

Yesterday the Irish parliament voted to officially "condemn the ‘de facto annexation’ of Palestinian land by Israel". The Guardian says: Ireland’s parliament has voted to condemn Israel’s “...
10
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2answers
3k views

Which EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?

As far as I know, France is a strong opposer of Turkey's full membership in the EU. What other EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?
6
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1answer
226 views

Of what importance was the Westland affair?

I've been reading M. Thatcher's book The_Downing_Street_Years, and she spends a lot of time discussing the Westland affair. Her account seems completely orthogonal to the one given in the Wikipedia (...
2
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0answers
78 views

How does China defy GSP or quota system? [closed]

Preferential Tariff (Export) Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) Some low to middle-income countries enjoy either GSP/GSP+ or quota system when they export their goods to the EU or North America. ...
1
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1answer
137 views

R&D in the European Union

Which country in the European Union has the lowest gross and per-capita research output (both academic and industry)? Why is that?
5
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1answer
180 views

What is the dispute resolution authority between London and Brussels now?

Whatever terms two parties agreed on, the deal is dead in the water unless there's an independent body that determines whether a party violated the agreement or not. Otherwise, the deal will function ...

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