Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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1answer
216 views

Can US states join the EU? [duplicate]

Recent events (if not all of history) have made clear that the northeastern states of the US belong more to Europe than to the remaining US states. Is there a mechanism for at least some of those ...
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Irish backstop and Cyprus Green Line

The 'Green Line' in Cyprus allows for Free Movement of goods in both directions, but not persons. If one were to imagine focusing on the free movement of goods only, and trying to replicate that on ...
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Post-brexit Euro-related activity

The EU has said that for post-Brexit trade in services, including Financial Services, such activity can only be performed using the Third-country protocol of 'equivalence'. But then they go on to say ...
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Impact of Boris Johnson's Irish Backstop on CTA travel

Under Boris Johnson's version of the post-Brexit Irish backstop, Northern Ireland follows EU rules for goods, and also pays EU Customs duties upfront as a 'deposit' which is later refunded if those ...
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1answer
135 views

Implications of Brexit Political Declaration

There is some debate as to whether or not the UK has a mandatory obligation to apply EU rules in Domestic activites beyond 2020, irrespective of what Brexit (Trade) Deal is negotiated. The Political ...
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6answers
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Why is using the euro instead of a local currency such a big deal and why is the wealth of the society an argument?

I think this is a question of both economics and politics, but I decided to ask it here. There will soon be elections in Poland. There was a debate about this question: should Poland keep the złoty (...
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1answer
284 views

Did the EU PPE Scheme deliver anything?

Towards the end of April 2020, there was significant criticism of the UK government for not joining an EU wide procurement scheme for PPE equipment. Guardian 22nd April Statements from around the same ...
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1answer
108 views

What mechanisms are available to seek compensation from the UK in relation to Brexit-related disputes?

France (and possibly other EU members) are threatening to take legal action against the UK if their fishermen are significantly disadvantaged after Brexit, including under 'No-deal'. French ...
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4answers
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What is preventing the UK and the EU from progressing in the talks on post-Brexit trade?

Speaking on June 5th 2020, at the end of the fourth round of talks on post-Brexit trade, EU Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier said: Ladies and Gentlemen, to be clear, our lack of progress in this ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to purchase emission allowances with the goal of reducing the amount in circulation?

Can any company purchase emission allowances under the EU Emission Trading System and then not end up using them? My reasoning behind it would be to keep on increasing this commodity's price in order ...
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237 views

Which EU country has the most violent police force?

I hope this is the right sub to post this in. I am looking for a peer-reviewed study which compares the number of violent incidences committed by police officers against civilians in different EU ...
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99 views

Where does CEPS fall on the political spectrum?

I am curious about the general political leanings of CEPS.
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What are the UK Government's arguments against extending the Brexit transition period?

According to an article published today (April 22nd), as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, several top members of the civil service are appealing to the UK Government to extend the current Brexit ...
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2answers
107 views

How feasible would it be to revive transatlantic trade deals without the special court systems (ISDS)

One of the main controversies surrounding both transatlantic trade deals, TTIP between the USA and the European Union and CETA, between Canada and the European Union, is the ISDS clause. Why has no ...
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What other EU countries' population (besides Italy) see China and/or Russia as their best friend(s) and Germany as their worst enemy?

An Euractiv article, points to SWG a poll among Italians that finds China and Russia being considered friendly countries now in Italy while Germany and France are seen as enemies: (One can't help but ...
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What is/was the proposal to establish an European Monetary Fund mainly about?

Apparently the EMF was a shot-down proposal of how to reform/expand the ESM. Alas the documentation I found is rather vague [at summary level] along the lines of: The European Commission's proposal ...
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Are the 2020 ESM “coronavirus” MoUs substantially the same as the 2012-2013 ESM MoUs?

It's been asserted (more specifically now) in an answer to another question here that the 2012 (actually Jan 2013) ESM MoUs are effectively the same as the 2020 ESM "coronavirus" MoUs. Reasons I'm ...
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1answer
83 views

Significance of “meaningful steps towards fiscal union”, in the context of Italy's rejection of part of covid aid/loan package? [duplicate]

If you read some of the news about Italy's turning down of some of the parts of the covid loan/rescue package, a number of sites have the same exact quote. Analysts said the measures had helped ...
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Is there a summary of Varoufakis' EuroLeaks?

As some kind of protest against the EU's latest action(s), former finance minister of Greece Varoufakis has released some tapes of his conversations with the Troika etc., which seem to date back to ...
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2answers
3k views

What conditions has Germany (or the EU as a whole) attached to the ESM loan offer that Italy is refusing?

It's been asserted in a couple of answers to another question that Germany (or the EU) has attached serious reform conditions to the ESM loans that Italy is refusing. What conditions were these? (...
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5answers
838 views

Why is Italy rejecting 39 billion euros of EU coronavirus aid?

According to tagesschau.de (original article in German, translation here), in response to the European Union's coronavirus aid package, Italy's government has made it clear that "[they] don't want ...
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0answers
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How has public opinion of the European Union changed as a result of the COVID-19 crisis?

The response of the EU to the COVID-19 pandemic has not exactly been unified. Despite finally reaching agreement on a €500bn rescue package on Thursday, this came after weeks of argument, particularly ...
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2answers
368 views

What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
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2answers
223 views

Why do Catholics support European integration more than Protestants?

In their paper Does Religion Matter?: Christianity and Public Support for the European Union, Nelsen et. al explore the effect of religious denomination, and the strength of that religious conviction ...
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1answer
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Can an EU country government force its medical doctors work with SARS-CoV2 infected patients without the proper equipment?

Romania has virtually the worst public health system in EU and there is no surprise that it is far from being prepared for tackling the coronavirus infection. On major issue is that corruption (e.g. ...
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5answers
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What are the benefits of the proposed Euro/Corona bonds over conventional government bonds?

This article describes the efforts of several European Union countries to agree to issue "corona bonds" or "Eurobonds", which are a joint EU mechanism to issue joint debt shared between different ...
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3answers
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Can the European Central Bank “print money” to partially mitigate the economical effects of the coronavirus infection spreading?

SARS-CoV-2 infection managed to bring a significant part of the economy to a halt and it is expected for lots of companies to have cash flows problems (e.g. impossible to pay the suppliers). I have ...
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2answers
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Are there any EU/NATO/Atlantic help programs for Italy?

Italy now has the most deaths from COVID. It's even above China in that list. Italian government asked for international help, some countries responded: At first, China provided huge help then, ...
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5answers
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Are there oligarchs in Western countries?

Why do I see the term 'oligarch' almost exclusively applied to Eastern European countries? Are there oligarchs in the European Union, the United States? As I understand it, an oligarch is a wealthy ...
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Has Turkey made any demands for the EU to meet so they keep the refugees?

Brief context Now lately, I have been watching the news, and the President of Turkey had a meeting in Brussels to negotiate further conditions with the NATO and EU. European Countries Stances... As ...
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117 views

Enforcing Entrance into Schengen Area for EU Members

From what I understand, it is currently necessary for EU countries to join the Schengen Area (src: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en). I know that ...
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1answer
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Why are non-Schengen countries excluded from the Covid-19 US travel ban?

The US government suspended travel from Europe to US, except for countries which are not in the Schengen area such as the UK and Ireland. Many comments from EU leader seem to assume that this is a ...
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What has the reaction from the EU been to Trump suspending travel from the whole 26-country Schengen zone?

Breaking news US President Donald Trump has announced sweeping new travel restrictions on Europe in a bid to combat the spread of the coronavirus. In a televised address, he said travel from 26 ...
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2answers
450 views

Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist an EU-member that is attacked by a non-member

Assuming either a limited conflict or a full scale war: What optional actions can the EU take to assist a member state Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist a member-state with ...
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1answer
319 views

What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
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7answers
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Why doesn't the UK want to be part of the European Convention on Human Rights?

As per recent news coming from the negotiation for a deal between the UK and the EU, Michel Barnier said: Yet the UK informs us that they do not wish to commit formally to continuing to apply the ...
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6answers
7k views

Why doesn't the EU use its economic power to deal with Turkey's demands?

Despite Turkey having a (in comparison) weak economy, the European Union seems incapable of putting them into their place. As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), ...
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1answer
123 views

Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect

Is there any contradiction or incongruity between these two books' definitions? I don't grasp them, but the boldened phrases look contradictory. EU Law Concentrate (2018 6 edn). 7 edn will be ...
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300 views

How does this picture explain Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed 2018. p 79. How does Figure 3.2 beneath explain the difference between Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect? On Jul 1 2016, Claire Edwards (BA Jurisprudence, ...
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What legal recourse is available in the EU if it turns out that Greece has been doing “illegal pushbacks” of asylum seekers?

The Greek government is denying that any asylum seekers have been (illegally) pushed back to Turkey, which would contravene the UN Convention provision of non-refoulement, which is also incorporated ...
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364 views

What other EU countries (besides Romania) have raised major concerns about the “European Green Deal”?

Former Romanian president Basescu was paraphrased as saying in a recent interview that: The European Green Deal “will definitely create tensions” inside the EU, and risks pushing “two or three ...
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Why has Turkey “opened the floodgates” for migrants to the EU?

Over the past few days, Turkey has reportedly relaxed restrictions on the movement of migrants travelling through the country into the European Union via the Greek border, allowing the hundreds of ...
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1answer
156 views

Is the cap on rental prices in Berlin lower than the average price in some Eastern Europe capitals? If so, what justifies this level?

I could be wrong about this, but it seems to me that the 9.8 euros/sq.m. that appears to be recently imposed cap on rentals in Berlin is lower than the average rental price for housing in Prague 13 ...
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1answer
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Why is the UK withdrawing from the European Arrest Warrant?

On Feb 27th, in a document setting out its approach to negotiations with the EU, the UK government announced its intention to withdraw from the European Arrest Warrant. (Pg. 27) Is the UK obligated ...
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5answers
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Post-Brexit UK-EU trading relationship: Why (not) Canada?

While the UK seems to pushing for an FTA with the EU similar to the one between the EU and Canada (or Japan or South Korea), the EU seems to have said no to this immediately on the grounds of ...
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1answer
381 views

Democracy Index rating of EU?

Would it be difficult to measure the EU by the Democracy Index, seeing as the EU has a parliament, elections, laws, a currency, a supreme court and a central bank? What challenges are there for the ...
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369 views

How does granting immunity to an already imprisoned person fit with judicial independence?

Where I live judicial independence was a hot topic for quite a while, namely that the politics should interfere as less as possible in justice. This article shows an interesting case when getting ...
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3answers
338 views

Is today’s European Union more or less integrated than the United States under the Articles of Confederation?

As the question title suggests: as far as I know, the Articles of Confederation allows each state to make trade agreements, a right that is not available to today’s EU members. But the United States ...
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1answer
239 views

What is Article 288 in the context of Brexit?

British parliamentarian Sir Bill Cash MP writes: We now move on to the next stage of negotiations. Let it be crystal clear that, unlike under the previous administration, Boris Johnson’s ...
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1answer
113 views

What in EU rules prevents competitive currency devaluation (outside the Eurozone)?

Not every country in the EU is in the Eurozone. Given that the Single Market prevents EU countries from slapping each other with tariffs (Trump style), what prevents the countries in the EU but not in ...

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