Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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11
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2answers
2k views

What is the improvement of the “legally binding commitment” proposed by Boris Johnson over the existing “backstop”?

As explained in this article in The Guardian, Boris Johnson has written to the EU suggesting the backstop could be replaced by some form of commitment to prevent a hard Irish border in his ...
14
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10answers
11k views

Why is Boris Johnson visiting only Paris & Berlin if every member of the EU needs to agree on a withdrawal deal?

LONDON: Boris Johnson will tell Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron that there must be a new Brexit deal when he makes his first trip abroad as Prime Minister. Johnson will make clear to the French ...
54
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2answers
12k views

Would the USA be eligible to join the European Union?

This question is motivated by the interesting answers given in a similar question on Russia. Let's imagine the USA leaders would want to join the European Union, would they be eligible? There are two ...
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11answers
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If “more guns less crime”, how do gun advocates explain that the EU has less crime than the US?

As a naive European, I thought that the self-defense argument for guns in the US was mostly based on the high number of guns already in the country. In other words, I thought that the argument takes ...
9
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1answer
365 views

Why does the EU-Turkey customs union not violate the single market principle?

In the Brexit negotiations the EU has rejected the British wish of being part of the single market but without free movement of people. Such a partial free market could lead to unfair competition and ...
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1answer
91 views

Is EFTA membership compatible with EU Customs Union membership?

Suppose a country wishes to join EFTA and also join the EU Customs Union (but not the EU itself), could it do so in the long term? I suspect that membership of both is impossible because membership ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Differences - “national measure adopted by the host state” vs. “a diversity of national regulations”

How do 1 and 2 beneath differ? Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 501. All emboldenings are mine.       Under the (modern) international model,27 each State ...
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0answers
86 views

How's the EU fundamental rights “mortgage theory” related to mortgages?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 264. All emboldenings are mine. English SE and Grammarphobia has the etymology and definition of mortgage. HaggardHawks.com explains the best - ...
5
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1answer
146 views

How is the policy of the European Central Bank determined if every country has a different economic situation?

How is the policy of the European Central Bank determined if every country has a different economic situation? Is there a sort of weighing system that makes the economic situation of certain European ...
16
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2answers
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Is Norway in the Single Market?

Norway is an EEA/EFTA member and is not in the EU. The first Google hit for "is Norway in the Single Market?" indicates it is in the Single Market. But I thought Norway was not in the Single Market, ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Why isn't it inherently anti-democratic for the CJEU to limit the Union legislator?

Pls see scan below. I don't understand how "[t]his view is mistaken." If the CJEU sets "hard limits for the Union legislator", how isn't this "inherently anti-democratic", whether "the democratic ...
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What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
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1answer
168 views

UK Private Sector Receipts from the EU

The UK's membership fee in 2018 according to full fact goes from a £17bn gross payment, less rebate and public sector spending to a £9bn net payment. Specifically, this image shows this does not ...
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2answers
299 views

Why wasn't the supremacy of European law codified?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 121.       When the Union was born, the European Treaties did not expressly state the supremacy of European law.8 8The 2004 ...
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1answer
95 views

How's Art 45(4) Public Services Exception connected to Hegel and “The march of God in the world, that is what the state is”? [closed]

I don't know anything about Hegel or his philosophy. Can someone pls ELI5 the red arrows in the following quote? Craig, P and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 769. All emboldenings are mine.
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“prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of market access” vs. “test based on substantial hindrance to market access”

Can someone pls unravel the distinctions between ii and iii in the quote beneath? How isn't "prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of" market access (in ii) the same principle as "test ...
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2answers
101 views

How do export restrictions help domestic market and national production?

Sentence 1 under suggests that EX-port restrictions help national production. But how? I understand how IM-port restrictions help "domestic market" (from sentence 2) and "national production" - IM-...
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0answers
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Why's Title VII of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union called the “horizontal” clauses?

I read Chapter VI, but I don't understand what's horizontal? See the Select Committee on European Scrutiny's Fourteenth Report. The horizontal clauses 79. The final part of the Charter deals ...
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9answers
14k views

What would the United Kingdom's “optimal” Brexit deal look like?

As far as I could tell, the Brexit issue boils down to three core points for the UK: The UK no longer has to follow any EU regulations. The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland ...
0
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1answer
184 views

Simple explanation needed about EU's decisional and normative supranationalism

Please explain like I'm five: I get what's "supranationalism", but why didn't Craig define decisional supranationalism and normative supranationalism? Wikipedia was too gruff to help! European ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Why were the Treaty of Rome's travaux préparatoires not available for thirty years?

Craig, P. and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 63       The Court’s jurisprudence cannot be properly understood without an awareness of its approach to interpretation. This is ...
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2answers
254 views

Why has Macron apparently decided to support the Romanian candidate (Kovesi) instead of his own country candidate (Bohnert) as EU prosecutor?

A rather surprising news came from the Romanian Presidency: President Klaus Iohannis on Friday had a phone conversation with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, during which the latter told ...
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2answers
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If SWIFT is headquartered in Europe, why does the EU need to create a SWIFT alternative to be able to do transactions with Iran?

If SWIFT is headquartered in Europe, why does the EU need to create a SWIFT alternative to be able to do transactions with Iran? It seems that the U.S. has significant control over SWIFT although ...
0
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2answers
153 views

Could the EU introduce an app-crossing messenger standard and make its use obligatory for every messenger?

Let's assume the EU does the following things: It develops a messaging standard for texts, speech messages, documents, video calls, end-to-end encryption and more and makes this open source (like the ...
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3answers
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What would the EU do if an EU member declared war on another EU member?

What would the EU do if an EU member declared war on another EU member? I am wondering what would happen if a country like France attacked a country like Cyprus, what would the EU do in that situation?...
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2answers
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Does the EU have the power to expand its own power without the consent of EU members?

Does the EU have the power to expand its own power without the consent of EU members? If yes, what is the legal framework that allows it to do so? If not, what do the EU members have to do to allow ...
21
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3answers
1k views

On what principle did UK seize an Iranian oil tanker? Is there no right of passage for third countries?

In July 2019, the United Kingdom seized an oil tanker carrying oil from Iran to Syria. Reportedly, this is to enforce EU sanctions against Syria. But neither Iran nor Syria are members of the EU, so ...
6
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1answer
182 views

Who limits the euro issued in each eurozone country?

In my understanding each member of eurozone prints their own euro. How was it decided how much euro will be printed by each country per year? Also, for weak eurozone countries, what is preventing ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Voting in the Council of Ministers

In the Council of Ministers, qualified majority voting is used: When the Council votes on a proposal by the Commission or the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security ...
2
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1answer
153 views

Did German Reunification influence EU strategy?

I have been reading about German Reunification, and would like to know if this was used as a positive example, to justify further EU expansion and integration? After the fall of the Berlin Wall, ...
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2answers
231 views

Why did EU sign a free-trade deal with Vietnam?

According to Reuters, The European Union has signed a free trade deal with Vietnam: The European Union signed a landmark free trade deal with Vietnam on Sunday, the first of its kind with a ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Seeking political asylum in a country after being refused in another

What's the case of someone who sought asylum in a European country and got rejected, then moved to another European country and applied again. Based Dublin Regulation the person will have their ...
6
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1answer
200 views

Why is Manfred Weber being opposed to as the next head of the European Commission?

Per this article: Frans Timmermans, a self-confessed anglophile who is fluent in seven languages, appears to be in pole position to head the commission from 1 November as leaders meet on Sunday ...
3
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1answer
105 views

How does INSTEX work, and why won't it work?

After the US withdrew from the JCPOA, it threatened criminal and/or financial action against entities which trade with Iran (with some limited exemptions). This made the SWIFT society drop Iranian ...
2
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1answer
57 views

How are decisions taken in the European Council?

The European Council sets the impetus of the EU. Treaty change is made here too. How are decisions taken in the European Council? Is it unanimity?
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1answer
207 views

Is organizing “piggybacked” referendums something unusual in EU?

Romanians were also called to vote for a referendum when voting for EU Parliament elections in 2019. However, the organizing for diaspora voting was very problematic and many could not vote at all: ...
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1answer
118 views

Is there any governmental organization/party in europe that has a main goal to untangle eu from US?

Well ever since the US decided to step out of the climate accord, I've been wondering whether some consider the US the biggest enemy of Europe. Considering climate change will hit Europe hard and ...
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2answers
137 views

Cases of nationalists wanting to cede sovereignty to supranational organisations

In the UK there are two explicitly nationalist political parties, Plaid Cymru and the SNP, that curiously advocate handing sovereignty to the EU. Are there nationalist parties anywhere else in the ...
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3answers
8k views

Can European countries bypass the EU and make their own individual trade deal with the U.S.?

Can European countries bypass the EU and make their own individual trade deal with the U.S.? I am asking, because for instance Italy decided to join the Belt and Road before other countries meaning ...
0
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2answers
147 views

How does the opposition to quotas for refugees policies from certain EU countries coexist with the EU “free movement of people inside EU” policies?

As far as I know, the European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU has developed an internal single market through a ...
2
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2answers
118 views

Are Common External Tariff levels in the EU agreed via qualified majority voting or unanimity?

Are Common External Tariff levels decided by qualified majority in the Council of Ministers? Or are these classified as taxation and therefore need unanimous agreement?
0
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1answer
156 views

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government?

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government? The Wikipedia definition of government seems quite broad: A government is the system or group of people governing an ...
0
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0answers
53 views

How do I take part in a trilogues in the EU?

If I am an MEP, how can I take part in a trilogue? Can every MEP take part in every trilogue? Also: do lobbyists have access to trilogues?
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1answer
181 views

Separation of the European Single Market and Customs Union

What is the relationship between the European Customs Union and the European Single Market? Is the Single Market an evolution that encompasses the Customs Union, rather than a stand-alone entity? I ...
5
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1answer
116 views

If an MEP resigns is the next person on the list appointed?

What is the process in the UK for when an MEP resigns? Is the next person on the party’s list appointed? In Northern Ireland they use Single Transferrable Vote - perhaps they pick the first loser?
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6answers
621 views

Why are British voters more likely to back the main parties in general elections than in European Parliament elections?

Recently, in the United Kingdom European Union Parliamentary elections, the Brexit Party won the most seats, with 30.5% of the vote. There are claims from Nigel Farage and others that the Brexit Party ...
5
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1answer
282 views

How much bargaining power do countries like Greece have on their debt settlement with rich EU countries?

How much bargaining power do countries like Greece have on their debt settlement with rich EU countries? What are the things they could bargain for in their own interests and what are the things they ...
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4answers
5k views

How did the European Union reach the figure of 3% as a maximum allowed deficit?

According to Wikipedia's article about Stability and Growth Pact: The fiscal discipline is ensured by the SGP by requiring each Member State, to implement a fiscal policy aiming for the country ...
3
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2answers
488 views

Do legislators hold the right of legislative initiative?

The OED definition of legislator is: A person who makes laws; a member of a legislative body. A semi-colon is not read as an “or” but as an “and.” Does this mean a legislator must have the right ...
5
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3answers
416 views

Is the EU 'punishing' the UK for Brexit? How so? [closed]

This question states the EU has been making Brexit harder for the UK. One of the answers stated the reasons were to dissuade other members from deciding to leave as well. What I wonder is, is that ...