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Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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Who can remove European Commissioners?

Who, within the governance structures of the European Union, has the power to remove a European Commissioner? I think the European Parliament can remove the entire Commission via vote of no ...
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Why was the Italian Presidency of the Council of Ministers likened to “a bus trip with the Marx brothers in the driver's seat”?

The European Union: Politics and Policies (2017 6 edn). p. 126 Middle. What does "a bus trip with the Marx brothers in the driver's seat" mean? Why was the Italian Presidency of the Council of ...
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How is the EU governed?

The US government is established and limited in power by the US Constitution. However there is no EU Constitution that I can find, and there are quite a few political analysts (pundits), appearing on ...
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How is the number of representatives within EU structures computed?

This rather old article argues about EU countries actual influence within the EU: Germany is over-represented in the European Parliament, giving it a correspondingly high potential to influence ...
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Is there a correlation between size of member state and support for EU membership?

I have heard from small country citizens critical of EU membership, the argument that in the EU, the important issues are all decided by the big countries, essentially arguing that the EU is just an ...
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1answer
121 views

What percentage of asylum seekers who entered the EU during the 2015 refugee crisis are no longer receiving welfare?

At the height of the 2015 refugee crisis in Europe there have been numerous arguments over the economic utility of arriving asylum seekers. On one hand of the spectrum, representatives of the left ...
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68 views

How is the budget planned for agencies of the European Union?

From the European Commission - Fact Sheet titled European Agenda on Migration: Securing Europe's External Borders and dated 15 December 2015, we see the sentence Today's proposals will entail a ...
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If a Brexit deal fails, is there a default fallback regarding movement of people?

The UK government has announced it will leave the EU Single Market. We have been told that unless the UK negotiates a specific trade deal with the EU, trade rules will automatically fall back to WTO ...
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Explanation of John Oliver's jokes about European countries?

John Oliver had a very funny show about Brexit. He made 4 jokes near the end about Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, and Denmark that I don't think I understood. What references or aspects of those ...
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Why is the FDP seen by some as a risk for the EU?

I am reading some (opinion) pieces (another one, from here) (and fragments on twitter, eg one, two) from economists that expect the Freie Demokratische Partei's (FDP) policies to be a risk for the ...
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Does the UK parliament need to pass secondary legislation to accept the Article 50 extension

Given the following The Miller Case established the need for Primary legislation to be passed within parliament to trigger the Article 50 notification. Which it did in the European Union (Withdrawal) ...
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Has there been any research into whether euroscepticism is a function of age or of values?

Has there been any research into whether euroscepticism is a function of age or of values. If it is a function of age then euroscepticism should (assuming constant birth/death rates) remain constant ...
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Why is it impossible to leave the Single Market without a hard Irish border?

I see a repeated assumption that puzzles me. From another well asked and answered question: On one hand it is impossible for the UK to leave the Single Market while maintaining an open border with ...
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1answer
135 views

What percentage of rejected asylum seekers are successfully returned back to their home countries?

According to the most recent report on asylum claims in the EU (emphasis added, typo fixed): During the third quarter of 2018, 133,200 first instance decisions were made by the national authorities ...
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1answer
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What percentage of asylum seekers who entered the EU during the 2015 refugee crisis were eventually granted full asylum?

Approximately one million asylum seekers arrived to the EU at the peak of the refugee crisis back in 2015. At that time, there were numerous debates in the public as to whether or not these were "true"...
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260 views

What are the disadvantages of a WTO Brexit(Clean Break)? [closed]

So I just listened to Michel Barnier, the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, say now in Dublin that "if the UK were to leave the EU without a deal, let me be very, very clear. We would not discuss anything ...
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434 views

Were the British always among the most skeptical about free movement of people in the EU?

... or did they become this way only after the EU enlargement in Central and Easter Europe (after the fall of the Iron Curtain)? If there's a need to back up the premise of the question... here's a ...
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299 views

How could May pull off a 4th vote on her Brexit deal?

News outfits would have it that Theresa May still wants to hold on to her Brexit proposal. See for instance this Guardian article from today: Theresa May hopes to bring her Brexit deal back to ...
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5answers
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What options are left, if Britain cannot decide?

To my understanding, the lawful government of the United Kingdom has decided, following due process, that: The United Kingdom shall leave the European Union at a set date (currently 29 Mar 2019) The ...
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Is EU Single Market membership part of the backstop?

Is EU Single Market membership part of the backstop in the Withdrawal Agreement?
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3answers
1k views

What will Scotland's status in the EU be, assuming the Scots vote for independence?

The Scots will vote on whether Scotland should be an independent country or not, on September 18, 2014. Assuming the majority vote is for independence, will Scotland remain in the European Union ...
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0answers
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What's Hans-Olaf Henkel's position on the EU?

In a speech that was vociferously interrupted, MEP Hans-Olaf Henkel accused Juncker of being the "[Commission] president who lost Britain" and said that Junker's pinning of the blame on Cameron was "...
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13answers
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What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
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Why does the EU invest so much in biodiesel if it has a very low return on investment as a fuel?

According to a chart posted in a Skeptics question, biodiesel is the worst energy source we have in terms of return on investment: However, every time I travel outside the city in Europe I see huge ...
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3answers
582 views

Why does France have systematic difficulties in obtaining a budget deficit below 3%?

According to this article France plans for a budget deficit slightly over the EU allowed limit of 3%: France's budget deficit is likely to overshoot the European Union's limit of 3 percent of GDP ...
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1answer
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Is there any impact of voting for a list that will not get any representation?

Members of the European Parliament for France are chosen proportionally, according to the votes received by each list of candidates, provided that the list receives more than 5% of the votes. The ...
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What happens if EU chooses a prosecutor that is not allowed to leave her country?

The main favorite in getting the EU prosecutor job (Kovesi) has been accused of corruption in Romania: Romanian magistrate Laura Codruta Kovesi, a hot favourite to become the EU’s first-ever top ...
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2answers
193 views

What are the disadvantages for federalizing the European Union? [closed]

The European Union is already integrated in many ways. There is a democratic chosen parliament. There is free traffic of people and goods. But there's no central army; there's no EU embassies around ...
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4answers
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Are there EU countries that offer a path to citizenship for non-EU foreign workers?

In the US there exist "dual intent" visas, e.g. H-1B, which while being a temporary work permit, nevertheless can lead to a permanent residence rights ("green card", usually sponsored by the employer ...
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2answers
254 views

What's Common Market 2.0 / Norway Plus?

The UK's Labor Party announced about an hour ago that it would get behind the Common Market 2.0 / Norway Plus option that should (will?) get voted on later this evening as part of the Commons' ...
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1answer
217 views

Advantages of Norway plus Brexit deal (aka Common Market 2.0)?

In seems that the Norway plus proposal for Brexit is back, now called Common Market 2.0. To me, this appears to be a typical example of a bad compromise: Compared to remain, the main difference seems ...
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2answers
281 views

Pensions of British EU Civil Service in Theresa May's brexit deal

Back in 2016, there was disagreement over who would foot the bill for pensions paid out to British members of EU Civil Service. Normally, they would get their pensions from the EU, but due to brexit ...
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4answers
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Why doesn't UK go for the same deal Japan has with EU to resolve Brexit?

Is seems that one of the problems of finding a solution acceptable for both UK and EU was that no other non-EU country has the kind of relation with EU that UK seeks. But Japan has a reasonably ...
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1answer
169 views

Were the UK’s assets in the EU used to calculate the divorce bill?

Having been a net contributor for decades, the UK has assets in the EU. For example, shares in buildings and the European Investment Bank. Were these included in the £39 billion divorce bill?
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10answers
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Why was the Brexit referendum conducted as a simple majority vote?

For votes which can have extremely long-term consequences, (like changing the constitution) a simple majority vote is usually not enough. Such voting and referendums are not about electing a temporary ...
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What is the difference between the UK red lines and hard Brexit?

One aspect that I have not seen discussed in relation to the Brexit negotiations is in what ways a hard Brexit differs from the main aspects of what the UK wants from Brexit in the first place. ...
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Is French Guiana a (hard) EU border?

In the context of Brexit, there has been much discussion that the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland would mark the boundary of the EU. This has had large ramifications due to the length and ...
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Explanations for the large rebound in EU-Russia trade in 2017?

The European Commission estimated the cost of sanctions [imposed on Russia] for the EU to €40bn (0.3 per cent of the EU GDP) in 2014 and €50bn (0.4 per cent of EU GDP) in 2015. In addition, it was ...
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2answers
3k views

Will the UK still have to pay the EU under No-Deal Brexit?

It is expected that the U.K. will have to pay around £35 billion for its ongoing obligations if it leaves the EU with the currently proposed deal. I have heard both politicians and members of the ...
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What is the difference between Theresa May's Withdrawal Agreement and its associated Political Declaration?

In this Guardian article, it discusses that Theresa May has considered severing the Brexit withdrawal agreement from the forward-looking political declaration What is the "forward-looking ...
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1answer
117 views

Can a Brexit deal be accepted after Brexit?

There is the possibility that the UK leaves the EU without any deal in place, not because anybody wants it, but because of just running out of time. In that case, if the UK government eventually ...
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1answer
62 views

Did all 27 other EU member states need to approve the extension of A50?

Did all 27 other EU member states need to approve the extension of A50? A few weeks ago there seemed to be a question mark over whether they would approve it, but this was quickly removed. ...
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1answer
120 views

Who can decide a major restructuring of debt in European Union?

Looking at the evolution of Greece government debt/GDP one can see that it is still at a very high level. (however, the forecast indicates a positive trend). According to Wikipedia's article on the ...
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If an EU member state expands, is EU recognition over the new territory automatic?

For a country to join the European Union is a long and difficult process. The new member state must meet requirements and be approved by existing member states. What process applies if an existing ...
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5answers
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What would happen if the UK refused to take part in EU Parliamentary elections?

I've seen a lot in the news over the past couple of weeks about the UK having to take part in the EU Parliamentary elections, if they still haven't left the EU by 22 May. For example: BBC Brussel's ...
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Will Britain be exempt from Article 13 if Brexit passes?

As stated in the title, will Brexit be able to prevent Britain from being affected by Article 13? This question comes in light of Article 13 recently passing. For the purposes of this question, I am ...
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376 views

How to explain the importance of European Parliament elections to a regular folk living in Eastern Europe?

European Parliament elections are coming in 2019 and on several occasions I have heard various public figures arguing about their importance and that it is very important to show up and vote. However, ...
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1answer
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EU directives during the transition period in May's Brexit deal

May's Brexit deal includes a transition period which may last for years. The Irish Times wrote the following on that: During the transition period a kind of standstill would be in place where ...
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Are member states compelled by law to implement EU directives and regulations?

Are European Union member states compelled by law to implement EU directives and regulations, or can they choose not to implement them for any reason?
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Is art.13 and art.11 of the newly voted internet legislation binding for member states? [duplicate]

Because of a rather large pushback from multiple sources I was wondering about how binding this legislation is on the member states, namely: Does the vote mean it is in effect in all member states or ...