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Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

30
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5answers
6k views

Could the UK unilaterally “restart the clock” on Brexit?

Assume that: The UK withdraws its Article 50 notice (or purports to do so) as the ECJ says it can. The UK waits for whatever length of time is politically expedient. Optionally, the UK holds a "...
3
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0answers
97 views

If the UK leaves the EU but joins the EEA, what happens to non-EU trade?

If the UK joins the EEA but leaves the EU, I understand it will have free trade with the EU via EFTA. What about trade with all the non-EU countries? I understand that the UK would not benefit from ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Is food additive usage unified across the EU (except for traditional foods)?

Some time ago I saw on the news a person arguing about the differences between food additives (Es) within EU, focusing on the fact that some countries allow more additive than others. This EU ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Are all recorded EP votes public? [duplicate]

I'm desparately trying to find who voted for the language equality in the digital age act, apart from the comittee.
2
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1answer
82 views

Do EEA members benefit from EU free trade deals?

Consider a country that is a member of the EEA (but not the EU) and also the EFTA. If the EU negotiates a zero tariff free trade deal with Costa Rica, say, do EEA/EFTA counties also benefit from this ...
0
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2answers
723 views

Why do UK citizens feel “that only the British (and perhaps the Swiss) are properly democratic”? [closed]

Why do UK citizens feel "that only the British (and perhaps the Swiss) are properly democratic"? Please the bolded phrases below in the quotes for illustrations: Gary Gibbon, First-class BA ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Why is Germany not in the New Hanseatic League?

The Bad Weather Coalition, more formally known as the New Hanseatic League, is a group of EU member states Ireland, Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, which are all “...
5
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1answer
146 views

How does the European Union ensure the correctness of elections with member countries?

During the last referendum in Romania, the existing voting monitoring system did not work, creating doubt about the correctness of voting as this system allowed multiple voting detection: Several ...
6
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2answers
464 views

Did Nigel Farage ever explain why the UK should leave the EU?

Some explanation is probably necessary... I know he explained many times what he considered to be faults with the EU, but those are not reasons to leave - they are firstly things to be fixed, and ...
1
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1answer
205 views

The backstop involves staying in a Customs Union with the EU - who gets the tariffs?

The Withdrawal Agreement Backstop is a UK-wide Customs Union with the EU. In this event, who gets the tariffs?
50
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4answers
12k views

Why is May in charge of Brexit negotiations? What happened to the prominent Brexiteers?

I don't follow UK politics much, but I did get interested during the Brexit referendum two years ago. Back then, the main names I recall are David Cameron, Boris Johnson, and Nigel Farage, and maybe ...
8
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3answers
3k views

Does the EU require preferential trade within itself?

I was talking to someone about BREXIT the other day and they presented a reason for voting leave that I hadn't heard of before. They claimed that entering the EU had always seemed unfair, to them, on ...
3
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1answer
334 views

Did European Union officials decide not to influence Brexit campaign?

European Union leaders have just approved an agreement on Britain's departure. I have just caught a glimpse on the news - a political analyst arguing about the agreement said that European Union ...
107
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13answers
24k views

What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
49
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7answers
11k views

What are the reasons for the rise in Euroscepticism over the last few years?

Eurosceptic political parties in Europe have been on the rise over the last few years. What are the reasons for this? What are the main arguments made by Eurosceptics against the EU?
3
votes
1answer
184 views

During the transition period will UK membership contributions continue as before, in addition to the divorce bill?

During the transition period (assuming there is one) I understand UK membership contributions to the EU will continue as before. But will these be in addition to the £39 billion “divorce bill”? ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Why is the magnitude of the UK/EU divorce bill not contingent on a deal?

The £39 billion “divorce bill” is payment for commitments previously made up until the end of the current Multiannual Framework. If the Transition Period keeps the UK as full-paying members (albeit ...
0
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0answers
125 views

Did the EU cookie consent law have a pilot scheme?

Was the EU ePrivacy Regulation law subject to prior testing? ePrivacy was introdued in 2009 and updated in 2017. A key goal was: The new rule will streamline the overload of consent requests for ...
3
votes
2answers
742 views

Definition of “pooled sovereignty”

What does pooled sovereignty mean? IIUC sovereignty is pooled in the EU in the sense that supreme legislative power is vested in others offshore. But is sovereignty pooled in, say, the UNECE ...
1
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1answer
39 views

When the A8 (ex-Eastern Bloc) states acceded, was the process defined by treaty or by the Ordinary Legislative Process?

When the ex-Easterrn bloc countries acceded to the EU there were conditions of accession. For example, transitional migration controls were permitted. How were these controls agreed? By the ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Do MEPs get to vote on Treaty changes?

Can EU Treaties (eg. Rome, Amsterdam, Nice, Lisbon) be said to contain laws? If so, do MEPs get to vote on these?
2
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3answers
133 views

Was the withdrawal agreement in Article 50 intended to be the statement of future relationship?

Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty lays out that a two year period may be used to define the an agreement for withdrawal. This has ended up defining a period during which the future relationship will ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Were the UK’s assets in the EU used to calculate the divorce bill?

Having been a net contributor for decades, the UK has assets in the EU. For example, shares in buildings and the European Investment Bank. Were these included in the £39 billion divorce bill?
0
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1answer
454 views

Why hasn't France exited the EU, when it loathes the EU's enlargement?

Why doesn't France have more Euroscepticism? Why haven't more of the French voted to leave, after the UK's entry in the EC in 1973 that De Gaulle and his government loathed? The European Union: A ...
16
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5answers
2k views

Is a second EU Referendum undemocratic?

People often say a second referendum is undemocratic. The first referendum was partially based on incorrect/dishonest information. After over two years of the general public viewing the government ...
6
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1answer
752 views

Why does Brexit threaten the Good Friday Agreement from 1998?

Since the British referendum to leave the EU I often hear that Brexit threatens the Good Friday Agreement. As far as I know the Good Friday Agreement pretty much ended violent conflict in Northern ...
6
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2answers
459 views

Why are the 2019 elections an objection to extending Article 50?

Austrian foreign minister Karin Kneissl was interviewed in Newsnight recently. When asked whether she could support a hypothetical request from the UK to extend Article 50, she did not immediately ...
1
vote
3answers
687 views

Did the EU agree to a customs union without freedom of movement in the latest Brexit deal?

The Economist has published a convenient chart explaining the "final" Brexit deal: Does this essentially mean that the EU has agreed to a full customs union without freedom of workers movement? Or ...
3
votes
2answers
507 views

If the NI border is the major sticking point in the Brexit negotiations, why are both sides willing to risk no-deal?

The news over the past few weeks have made a big thing about how the major sticking point in the Brexit negotiations is the 'backstop' over the Northern Irish border, with both sides, apparently, ...
38
votes
9answers
12k views

Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a way for EU to exclude a member country from assuming presidency?

Recently the EU Parliament voted (also with help from several Romanian members) a resolution concerning the rule of law in Romania: The EP is calling on the Romanian authorities “to put in place ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Domestic scrutiny of EU legislation before Parliament and Council of Ministers votes

I have identified two committees within Westminster: The European Scrutiny Committee The European Union Committee Are these the domestic bodies composed of representatives that have the role of ...
10
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2answers
300 views

Why are all Iran-German/Iran-European trades made in Dollar instead of Euro?

Germany and most of the EU members declared that they are against the US-sanctions targeting Iran. I wonder how and why all trades with Iran are involving US credit institutes and why trades in Euro ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Is EU Treaty Article 50 (2) paradoxical?

Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union (the “Lisbon Treaty”) sets out that the European Union Withdrawal Agreement should take account of the terms for the departing Member State’s future ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Will the Withdrawal Agreement contain binding commitments to the nature of the Future Relationship?

The vote on the European Union Withdrawal Agreement is being used to enable UK Parliamentarians have a say on whether to proceed on the basis of the negotiated deal with the EU. But will the ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Will member state parliaments have the opportunity to ratify the UK/EU deal before exit day?

The European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill will be voted on by the UK Parliament before Exit Day (29th March 2019) to give Members of Parliament an opportunity to scrutinise the negotiated EU/UK ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Are European Union WTO schedules certified?

IIUC WTO trade schedules can be unilaterally set, but are open to dispute and, when disputes are resolved, “certification”. Schedules can exist and take effect while not certified. I have read the ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Does the European Commission have to include amendments made to legislation by Parliament or Council?

During ordinary legislative procedure does the European Commission need to include ammendments made by the Council of the EU or the Parliament, after submitting legislation for approval?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Can the European Council instruct the Commission?

How is the relationship between the European Council and the Commission defined? Can the Council instruct the Commission?
16
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3answers
3k views

Purpose of the European Arrest Warrant

In 2005, Osman Hussain, who tried to blow up the London Underground on 21st July that year, was extradited from Italy using the European Arrest Warrant. This is held up as an example of the utility ...
8
votes
2answers
888 views

Are EU members answerable to the ECtHR?

Do EU members need to be answerable to the ECtHR? The ECHR and its court are distinct to the EU, but is membership of the EU in any way tied to the rulings of this organisation?
0
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1answer
45 views

Are EU Regulations more analogous to Acts of Parliament or Statutory Instruments?

Are EU Regulations more analogous to Acts of Parliament or Statutory Instruments - or something completely different? Acts tend to be less frequent, while Statutory Instruments are subservient and ...
0
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1answer
65 views

List of EU Regulations

Is there a website where I can view the list of EU regulations (not directives)? I can get a view of directives by searching for the UK Statutory Instruments that implement them, but would like to ...
4
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2answers
304 views

What evidence is there that the EU had a causative influence in the relative peace in Europe post WWII?

The European Union and its predecessor organisations are frequently cited as being a causative factor (rather than simply a correlative) in the relative peace experienced by Continental Europe post-...
4
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2answers
380 views

The success of the European Union policy response to migration waves from the Middle East and Africa

Did the European Union policy response to the large-scale movement of people from the Middle East and Africa introduce pull-factors that encouraged new and/or continued movements from these regions?
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2answers
259 views

The free-trade agreement offered by the EU to the UK

Is it fair to describe the FTA offered to the UK by the EU as a Canada-style agreement, but with the caveat of regulatory alignment in Northern Ireland?
-4
votes
2answers
224 views

The thinking behind regulatory alignment for goods

Why is regulatory alignment in goods between the EU and the UK seen to be important? Goods trade forms 20% of the UK economy and goods cross regulatory boundaries every day. Indeed most (and growing ...
33
votes
5answers
11k views

If the eurozone budget deficit limit is 3%, why is the European Commission telling Italy it must revise its 2.4% deficit budget?

The BBC reports that the European Commission has told Italy to revise its budget, saying that the draft presents particularly serious non-compliance with Eurozone rules. Yet the maximum permitted ...
1
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1answer
221 views

What are some examples of recent concrete policies within the EU Common Agricultural Policy?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union, launched in 1962, aims to provide consumers with a stable supply of affordable food and to support farmers with stable incomes. It promotes ...
6
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2answers
826 views

Do nascent exit-movements currently exist within the EU?

The European Union has many great benefits, to cite but a few: Stability and peace through economic integration (actually, its original goal). The free movement of people, goods, capital, and ...