Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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8
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3answers
3k views

Does the EU require preferential trade within itself?

I was talking to someone about BREXIT the other day and they presented a reason for voting leave that I hadn't heard of before. They claimed that entering the EU had always seemed unfair, to them, on ...
4
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1answer
433 views

Did European Union officials decide not to influence Brexit campaign?

European Union leaders have just approved an agreement on Britain's departure. I have just caught a glimpse on the news - a political analyst arguing about the agreement said that European Union ...
110
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13answers
25k views

What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
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7answers
11k views

What are the reasons for the rise in Euroscepticism over the last few years?

Eurosceptic political parties in Europe have been on the rise over the last few years. What are the reasons for this? What are the main arguments made by Eurosceptics against the EU?
3
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1answer
184 views

During the transition period will UK membership contributions continue as before, in addition to the divorce bill?

During the transition period (assuming there is one) I understand UK membership contributions to the EU will continue as before. But will these be in addition to the £39 billion “divorce bill”? ...
2
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1answer
218 views

Why is the magnitude of the UK/EU divorce bill not contingent on a deal?

The £39 billion “divorce bill” is payment for commitments previously made up until the end of the current Multiannual Framework. If the Transition Period keeps the UK as full-paying members (albeit ...
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0answers
130 views

Did the EU cookie consent law have a pilot scheme?

Was the EU ePrivacy Regulation law subject to prior testing? ePrivacy was introdued in 2009 and updated in 2017. A key goal was: The new rule will streamline the overload of consent requests for ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Definition of “pooled sovereignty”

What does pooled sovereignty mean? IIUC sovereignty is pooled in the EU in the sense that supreme legislative power is vested in others offshore. But is sovereignty pooled in, say, the UNECE ...
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1answer
42 views

When the A8 (ex-Eastern Bloc) states acceded, was the process defined by treaty or by the Ordinary Legislative Process?

When the ex-Easterrn bloc countries acceded to the EU there were conditions of accession. For example, transitional migration controls were permitted. How were these controls agreed? By the ...
2
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1answer
169 views

Do MEPs get to vote on Treaty changes?

Can EU Treaties (eg. Rome, Amsterdam, Nice, Lisbon) be said to contain laws? If so, do MEPs get to vote on these?
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3answers
137 views

Was the withdrawal agreement in Article 50 intended to be the statement of future relationship?

Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty lays out that a two year period may be used to define the an agreement for withdrawal. This has ended up defining a period during which the future relationship will ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Were the UK’s assets in the EU used to calculate the divorce bill?

Having been a net contributor for decades, the UK has assets in the EU. For example, shares in buildings and the European Investment Bank. Were these included in the £39 billion divorce bill?
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1answer
618 views

Why hasn't France exited the EU, when it loathes the EU's enlargement?

Why doesn't France have more Euroscepticism? Why haven't more of the French voted to leave, after the UK's entry in the EC in 1973 that De Gaulle and his government loathed? The European Union: A ...
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5answers
2k views

Is a second EU Referendum undemocratic?

People often say a second referendum is undemocratic. The first referendum was partially based on incorrect/dishonest information. After over two years of the general public viewing the government ...
6
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1answer
810 views

Why does Brexit threaten the Good Friday Agreement from 1998?

Since the British referendum to leave the EU I often hear that Brexit threatens the Good Friday Agreement. As far as I know the Good Friday Agreement pretty much ended violent conflict in Northern ...
6
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2answers
481 views

Why are the 2019 elections an objection to extending Article 50?

Austrian foreign minister Karin Kneissl was interviewed in Newsnight recently. When asked whether she could support a hypothetical request from the UK to extend Article 50, she did not immediately ...
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3answers
709 views

Did the EU agree to a customs union without freedom of movement in the latest Brexit deal?

The Economist has published a convenient chart explaining the "final" Brexit deal: Does this essentially mean that the EU has agreed to a full customs union without freedom of workers movement? Or ...
3
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2answers
527 views

If the NI border is the major sticking point in the Brexit negotiations, why are both sides willing to risk no-deal?

The news over the past few weeks have made a big thing about how the major sticking point in the Brexit negotiations is the 'backstop' over the Northern Irish border, with both sides, apparently, ...
38
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9answers
12k views

Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Is there a way for EU to exclude a member country from assuming presidency?

Recently the EU Parliament voted (also with help from several Romanian members) a resolution concerning the rule of law in Romania: The EP is calling on the Romanian authorities “to put in place ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Domestic scrutiny of EU legislation before Parliament and Council of Ministers votes

I have identified two committees within Westminster: The European Scrutiny Committee The European Union Committee Are these the domestic bodies composed of representatives that have the role of ...
11
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2answers
325 views

Why are all Iran-German/Iran-European trades made in Dollar instead of Euro?

Germany and most of the EU members declared that they are against the US-sanctions targeting Iran. I wonder how and why all trades with Iran are involving US credit institutes and why trades in Euro ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Is EU Treaty Article 50 (2) paradoxical?

Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union (the “Lisbon Treaty”) sets out that the European Union Withdrawal Agreement should take account of the terms for the departing Member State’s future ...
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1answer
69 views

Will the Withdrawal Agreement contain binding commitments to the nature of the Future Relationship?

The vote on the European Union Withdrawal Agreement is being used to enable UK Parliamentarians have a say on whether to proceed on the basis of the negotiated deal with the EU. But will the ...
3
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1answer
216 views

Will member state parliaments have the opportunity to ratify the UK/EU deal before exit day?

The European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill will be voted on by the UK Parliament before Exit Day (29th March 2019) to give Members of Parliament an opportunity to scrutinise the negotiated EU/UK ...
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1answer
223 views

Are European Union WTO schedules certified?

IIUC WTO trade schedules can be unilaterally set, but are open to dispute and, when disputes are resolved, “certification”. Schedules can exist and take effect while not certified. I have read the ...
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0answers
65 views

Does the European Commission have to include amendments made to legislation by Parliament or Council?

During ordinary legislative procedure does the European Commission need to include ammendments made by the Council of the EU or the Parliament, after submitting legislation for approval?
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1answer
128 views

Can the European Council instruct the Commission?

How is the relationship between the European Council and the Commission defined? Can the Council instruct the Commission?
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3answers
3k views

Purpose of the European Arrest Warrant

In 2005, Osman Hussain, who tried to blow up the London Underground on 21st July that year, was extradited from Italy using the European Arrest Warrant. This is held up as an example of the utility ...
8
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2answers
895 views

Are EU members answerable to the ECtHR?

Do EU members need to be answerable to the ECtHR? The ECHR and its court are distinct to the EU, but is membership of the EU in any way tied to the rulings of this organisation?
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1answer
45 views

Are EU Regulations more analogous to Acts of Parliament or Statutory Instruments?

Are EU Regulations more analogous to Acts of Parliament or Statutory Instruments - or something completely different? Acts tend to be less frequent, while Statutory Instruments are subservient and ...
0
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1answer
70 views

List of EU Regulations

Is there a website where I can view the list of EU regulations (not directives)? I can get a view of directives by searching for the UK Statutory Instruments that implement them, but would like to ...
4
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2answers
318 views

What evidence is there that the EU had a causative influence in the relative peace in Europe post WWII?

The European Union and its predecessor organisations are frequently cited as being a causative factor (rather than simply a correlative) in the relative peace experienced by Continental Europe post-...
4
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2answers
416 views

The success of the European Union policy response to migration waves from the Middle East and Africa

Did the European Union policy response to the large-scale movement of people from the Middle East and Africa introduce pull-factors that encouraged new and/or continued movements from these regions?
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2answers
285 views

The free-trade agreement offered by the EU to the UK

Is it fair to describe the FTA offered to the UK by the EU as a Canada-style agreement, but with the caveat of regulatory alignment in Northern Ireland?
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2answers
251 views

The thinking behind regulatory alignment for goods

Why is regulatory alignment in goods between the EU and the UK seen to be important? Goods trade forms 20% of the UK economy and goods cross regulatory boundaries every day. Indeed most (and growing ...
33
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5answers
11k views

If the eurozone budget deficit limit is 3%, why is the European Commission telling Italy it must revise its 2.4% deficit budget?

The BBC reports that the European Commission has told Italy to revise its budget, saying that the draft presents particularly serious non-compliance with Eurozone rules. Yet the maximum permitted ...
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1answer
245 views

What are some examples of recent concrete policies within the EU Common Agricultural Policy?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union, launched in 1962, aims to provide consumers with a stable supply of affordable food and to support farmers with stable incomes. It promotes ...
6
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2answers
889 views

Do nascent exit-movements currently exist within the EU?

The European Union has many great benefits, to cite but a few: Stability and peace through economic integration (actually, its original goal). The free movement of people, goods, capital, and ...
5
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2answers
224 views

What reasons do Brexiteers have for wanting to be part of TPP?

Many Brexiteers don't want to be part of an economic bloc run from Brussels. Instead, some want to be part of TPP, an economic bloc run from New Zealand. What reasons have those Brexiteers given for ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What did Theresa May mean by: the EU wants a backstop to the backstop?

In her statement to Parliament, Theresa May stated that the EU wanted a backstop to the backstop. What does she mean by that? If I understand correctly, the backstop is a fallback position for ...
3
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0answers
149 views

Are there some studies which measure the level of politicization of courts in a trans-Atlantic perspective?

It's easy enough to find a Europe-only comparative perspective on the politicization of the judiciary, e.g. Werkmann (2017): The authors measured the level of politicization in each country ...
3
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3answers
181 views

Does the EU mandate certain requirements for citizenship of member states?

Does the EU mandate certain requirements for citizenship of member states? For example, criminal background checks, multiple nationalities. The origin of my question is that EU Citizenship, ...
32
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3answers
7k views

What issue does the EU take with the UK's Chequers proposal?

It's said that the UK's Chequers proposal is "dead in the water". Different questions here have dealt with UK politicians supporting or opposing the proposal, but I'm interested in the EU's ...
2
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2answers
576 views

Why did Germany veto an expanded customs union between the EU and Turkey?

From Are relations between Turkey and Germany getting back to normal? Mr Erdogan will arrive in Germany with a long wish-list. He would like to see Germany lift its veto on an expanded customs ...
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5answers
1k views

What's the point in holding a second Brexit referendum?

Closely related to: What would be the subject of a second Brexit Referendum? Currently, there is discussion about a possible second referendum fueled by Labour, and there seems to be the publicly ...
2
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0answers
41 views

How did Rolando Paksas improperly meddle in a privatisation deal?

Rolando Paksas was the first European president to be impeached. He was also the third president of Lithuania after it seceded from the Warsaw pact. According to wikipedia: During his term, ...
6
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1answer
284 views

Who can fire the EU presidents?

There are three separate presidents of the EU . They are all appointed in different ways. But for each one, what is the mechanism for firing them before their term is up, and who can do it? They are: ...
4
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1answer
202 views

Are there some surveys for the motivation of Syrian asylum seekers preference for Germany (once they reach Europe)?

For a bit of background: In 2015 and 2016, Europe became a destination of choice for an estimated 650,000 Syrians. However, this represents only about 5% of all Syrians displaced by the conflict ...
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3answers
270 views

Examples of European political parties/movements that put emphasis on science and technology and why so few? [closed]

The US Transhumanist party is small party that put emphasis on science and technology for fulfilling the aspirations of humanity. Indeed - there are very, very few limits in science. E.g. inertial ...