Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

48 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Does the vote in favor of Article 13 affect Stack Exchange?

The EU parliament voted in favor of Article 13. An article which is heavily disputed and may have huge impacts on sites publishing (even if they are small) images or videos of others' creative work. ...
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329 views

What's the EU (or at least German) view on the definition of currency manipulation?

The US has a statutory definition of currency manipulation; while some US economists don't quite agree with the legal definition, nevertheless the topic is fairly widely discussed in the US in ...
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253 views

Is the GUE-NGL unwilling to advise against Brexit? If so, why?

130 of the eighth and current European Parliament's 751 members have signed a letter urging the UK to reconsider its decision to withdraw from the EU. All are members of EPP, S&D, ALDE or Greens-...
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242 views

Which EU country has the most violent police force?

I hope this is the right sub to post this in. I am looking for a peer-reviewed study which compares the number of violent incidences committed by police officers against civilians in different EU ...
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183 views

What happened to “Mobility Package 1” (new EU lorry driver regulations)?

After many news pieces covering protest of Eastern EU firms/drivers and some on subsequent parliamentary exhortations, I can't figure out what if anything was adopted from "Mobility Package 1" and if ...
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109 views

If the UK leaves the EU but joins the EEA, what happens to non-EU trade?

If the UK joins the EEA but leaves the EU, I understand it will have free trade with the EU via EFTA. What about trade with all the non-EU countries? I understand that the UK would not benefit from ...
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51 views

How has the support for integration within the EU changed during the COVID-19 pandemic?

I'm interested in any surveys studying the popular support for EU and EU integration done in the EU memberstates within the period of the coronavirus. How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the EU's ...
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68 views

Is there a summary of Varoufakis' EuroLeaks?

As some kind of protest against the EU's latest action(s), former finance minister of Greece Varoufakis has released some tapes of his conversations with the Troika etc., which seem to date back to ...
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75 views

Has Turkey made any demands for the EU to meet so they keep the refugees?

Brief context Now lately, I have been watching the news, and the President of Turkey had a meeting in Brussels to negotiate further conditions with the NATO and EU. European Countries Stances... As ...
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94 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
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202 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
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153 views

How can we apply the Bundestag election model to European elections? (model building)

I have looked into electoral systems and am trying to build a model of what the 2019 EU election would have looked like if it had used the Bundestag election system. Disclaimer: I am fully aware ...
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Are there some figures for Moldova's economic benefits from their Association Agreement with the EU?

Moldova has an Association Agreement with the EU which includes a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area as well as some ancillary benefits according to Wikipedia the modernisation of Moldova's ...
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154 views

What happens if EU chooses a prosecutor that is not allowed to leave her country?

The main favorite in getting the EU prosecutor job (Kovesi) has been accused of corruption in Romania: Romanian magistrate Laura Codruta Kovesi, a hot favourite to become the EU’s first-ever top ...
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127 views

Is it possible for the UK to be a member of the EFTA and CPTPP simultaneously?

Theoretically, is there any law or arrangement that would prevent the UK from being part of the European Free Trade Association and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific ...
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153 views

Are there some studies which measure the level of politicization of courts in a trans-Atlantic perspective?

It's easy enough to find a Europe-only comparative perspective on the politicization of the judiciary, e.g. Werkmann (2017): The authors measured the level of politicization in each country with the ...
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106 views

Were there any cases when EU country officials accused European Commission of not being informed properly on some matters?

In the recent months Romanian authorities initiated a legislative process for significantly changing some juridical laws leading to protests and also important disapproval messages from European Union ...
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58 views

Has any EU directive related to “solidarity tax” been discussed and approved after 2015?

According to this article, Romanian finance minister justified a "solidarity tax" by existence of a European Directive that forces the state to implement such a tax: The minister announced on ...
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145 views

Do current EU treaties allow any discussions (“reinterpretations”) of Treaty of Trianon?

This article comments upon a public speech held by János Lázár (Minister of Prime Minister's Office): “The Hungarian nation should receive if not material at least moral reparations for the ...
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45 views

Are there any estimates how may US citizens (or residents) have traveled to the EU after the Covid-19 “travel ban” was imposed?

Politico reported in August that numerous loopholes apparently existed in the EU's (Covid-19) travel "ban" that supposedly kept out US citizens/residents. Among these loopholes were (fake) ...
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80 views

Common Fishing Policy and Super trawlers

The activity of Super Trawlers is making the news again given their continued efforts whilst most smaller boats were subject to lockdown restrictions. Greenpeace is pushing for a ban on supertrawlers ...
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45 views

What is/was the proposal to establish an European Monetary Fund mainly about?

Apparently the EMF was a shot-down proposal of how to reform/expand the ESM. Alas the documentation I found is rather vague [at summary level] along the lines of: The European Commission's proposal ...
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89 views

How has public opinion of the European Union changed as a result of the COVID-19 crisis?

The response of the EU to the COVID-19 pandemic has not exactly been unified. Despite finally reaching agreement on a €500bn rescue package on Thursday, this came after weeks of argument, particularly ...
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117 views

Enforcing Entrance into Schengen Area for EU Members

From what I understand, it is currently necessary for EU countries to join the Schengen Area (src: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en). I know that ...
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105 views

How's the EU fundamental rights “mortgage theory” related to mortgages?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 264. All emboldenings are mine. English SE and Grammarphobia has the etymology and definition of mortgage. HaggardHawks.com explains the best - ...
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73 views

What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
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53 views

Voting in the Council of Ministers

In the Council of Ministers, qualified majority voting is used: When the Council votes on a proposal by the Commission or the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security ...
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49 views

Where does the EU ETS fine money go?

An EU ETS factsheet says: A business is penalised if it does not surrender enough allowances. It has to buy allowances to make up the shortfall, is “named and shamed” by having its name ...
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85 views

What's Hans-Olaf Henkel's position on the EU?

In a speech that was vociferously interrupted, MEP Hans-Olaf Henkel accused Juncker of being the "[Commission] president who lost Britain" and said that Junker's pinning of the blame on Cameron was "...
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67 views

Does the European Commission have to include amendments made to legislation by Parliament or Council?

During ordinary legislative procedure does the European Commission need to include ammendments made by the Council of the EU or the Parliament, after submitting legislation for approval?
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48 views

How did Rolando Paksas improperly meddle in a privatisation deal?

Rolando Paksas was the first European president to be impeached. He was also the third president of Lithuania after it seceded from the Warsaw pact. According to wikipedia: During his term, concerns ...
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93 views

Where are the nominees for the President of the European Commission sourced from?

From where are the nominees for the President of the European Commission sourced? This answer says: "The European Parliament (the parties elected by EU citizens directly) nominates candidates. ...
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86 views

Impact of Boris Johnson's Irish Backstop on CTA travel

Under Boris Johnson's version of the post-Brexit Irish backstop, Northern Ireland follows EU rules for goods, and also pays EU Customs duties upfront as a 'deposit' which is later refunded if those ...
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190 views

What other EU countries' population (besides Italy) see China and/or Russia as their best friend(s) and Germany as their worst enemy?

An Euractiv article, points to SWG a poll among Italians that finds China and Russia being considered friendly countries now in Italy while Germany and France are seen as enemies: (One can't help but ...
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Are the 2020 ESM “coronavirus” MoUs substantially the same as the 2012-2013 ESM MoUs?

It's been asserted (more specifically now) in an answer to another question here that the 2012 (actually Jan 2013) ESM MoUs are effectively the same as the 2020 ESM "coronavirus" MoUs. Reasons I'm ...
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68 views

Meaning ⁠— “Advocates-General increasingly behave as if they were exclusive functionaries of the case law”

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 206. All emboldenings are mine. Transcribing everything takes too long, thus I'll transcribe just the gag line. See my red arrow. 108 It is ...
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81 views

Why's Title VII of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union called the “horizontal” clauses?

I read Chapter VI, but I don't understand what's horizontal? See the Select Committee on European Scrutiny's Fourteenth Report. The horizontal clauses 79. The final part of the Charter deals ...
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38 views

Is the impetus set by the European Council written down anywhere?

The European Council sets the direction or impetus of the European Commission (but does not instruct it). Is this direction or impetus written down anywhere?
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Does the EU ETS primary auction money pass through the “EU coffers” at all?

As far as I could discover, although the EU runs a centralized Union Registry for ETS transactions, in which all member states must participate (well the UK was suspended at the beginning of this year)...
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88 views

Why was the Italian Presidency of the Council of Ministers likened to “a bus trip with the Marx brothers in the driver's seat”?

The European Union: Politics and Policies (2017 6 edn). p. 126 Middle. What does "a bus trip with the Marx brothers in the driver's seat" mean? Why was the Italian Presidency of the Council of ...
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37 views

Is there a way to see a list of amendments to a proposed directive?

I would like to identify how Article 13 of the proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market 2016/0280(COD) has changed over time. Is there a way to see this?
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126 views

How common are sanctions against EU/NATO countries for the release of indicted US civilians?

We see that USA has put sanctions on Turkey for not releasing one of its (civilian) citizens. Has this type of thing, (requests made by the USA to have its citizens released from custody), ever ...
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76 views

Why is Stability and Growth Pact still maintained?

According to Wikipedia article about Stability and Growth Pact there are many issues related to its implementation: unenforceable against big countries weakened in 2005 to waive France's and Germany'...
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246 views

Have any countries announced that they would refuse to enforce GDPR regulations?

Given that enforcing GDPR outside of the EU would require international cooperation it is completely possible for a country to announce they would never enforce it within their own territory. Have ...
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1answer
101 views

Could the foreign investor protection of TTIP lead to a migration of businesses to the other signatory party?

I am not familiar with the legal structure of the investor protection provisions foreseen in TTIP, but this is an idea that crossed my mind. These provisions basically give foreign businesses the ...
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2answers
108 views

How feasible would it be to revive transatlantic trade deals without the special court systems (ISDS)

One of the main controversies surrounding both transatlantic trade deals, TTIP between the USA and the European Union and CETA, between Canada and the European Union, is the ISDS clause. Why has no ...
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58 views

EU trade deals with Switzerland and Ukraine - focus on Manufactured Goods

Switzerland is in the Single Market for Manufactured goods as it closely follows relevant EU rules, and is also in a Customs Union for Manufactured goods, thereby granting full access in this sector. ...
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137 views

Did the EU cookie consent law have a pilot scheme?

Was the EU ePrivacy Regulation law subject to prior testing? ePrivacy was introdued in 2009 and updated in 2017. A key goal was: The new rule will streamline the overload of consent requests for ...