Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

107
votes
13answers
24k views

What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
72
votes
4answers
20k views

Could the UK re-join EU after leaving?

Let's assume that Article 50 is invoked and UK officially leaves EU For some reason, both UK populace (a large share) and enough powers that be or popular will in EU, decide that UK ought to re-join ...
65
votes
8answers
13k views

Can the UK realistically back out of Brexit?

Note: this is not a question about whether Brexit is a good or bad thing. Keep answers impartial please. It is quite obvious that the current British government negotiating Brexit terms has a very ...
63
votes
6answers
15k views

Why is privacy a subject felt more in Europe rather than the US?

Almost regularly there is news on this or that US (internet) company that must adapt its practices for European customers, since they tend to be too lax with regards to privacy protection according to ...
57
votes
5answers
12k views

What options are left, if Britain cannot decide?

To my understanding, the lawful government of the United Kingdom has decided, following due process, that: The United Kingdom shall leave the European Union at a set date (currently 29 Mar 2019) The ...
55
votes
8answers
16k views

Why is it impossible to leave the Single Market without a hard Irish border?

I see a repeated assumption that puzzles me. From another well asked and answered question: On one hand it is impossible for the UK to leave the Single Market while maintaining an open border with ...
53
votes
4answers
11k views

Is there an EU law that prevents repair of electrical devices?

I know there's a lot of discussion at the moment of the EU introducing new "right to repair" regulations to try to reduce waste. I was recently told that this is effectively a reversal of existing ...
50
votes
8answers
17k views

Why does the EU not seem to pursue technological independence?

Why does the European Union not seem to pursue technological independence? While I am just a naïve citizen without deep insight, it seems to me that many technologies that seem critical to both our ...
50
votes
4answers
12k views

Why is May in charge of Brexit negotiations? What happened to the prominent Brexiteers?

I don't follow UK politics much, but I did get interested during the Brexit referendum two years ago. Back then, the main names I recall are David Cameron, Boris Johnson, and Nigel Farage, and maybe ...
49
votes
7answers
11k views

What are the reasons for the rise in Euroscepticism over the last few years?

Eurosceptic political parties in Europe have been on the rise over the last few years. What are the reasons for this? What are the main arguments made by Eurosceptics against the EU?
49
votes
1answer
11k views

Will English be dropped as an official/working language of the EU after Brexit?

English is currently one of the 24 official languages of the European Union (EU), and one of the three “working” languages alongside French and German. Will the United Kingdom leaving the EU (Brexit) ...
45
votes
10answers
13k views

Why was the Brexit referendum conducted as a simple majority vote?

For votes which can have extremely long-term consequences, (like changing the constitution) a simple majority vote is usually not enough. Such voting and referendums are not about electing a temporary ...
43
votes
8answers
8k views

Why did the EU agree to delay the Brexit deadline?

Pretty much the title. My attempts to search Google only brings in swathes or news items about extension, but no explanation of why it might be so, at least none that I can find. Attempt to make UK ...
43
votes
6answers
9k views

Must the UK leave the EU?

The BBC has projected that a majority voted for the UK to leave the EU. To what extent is the referendum binding?
42
votes
6answers
11k views

Why are the Brexit trade talks held up by the divorce talks?

In order to provide certainty for businesses and bureacrats, to a layman it appears practical for Britain to carry out trade talks with the European Union in parallel with the divorce talks. Yet the ...
42
votes
7answers
10k views

Why is participating in the European Parliamentary elections used as a threat?

As the Brexit deadline approaches, I've seen reporting recently over the British government using participation in the European Parliament elections as a threat to convince MPs to not force the ...
38
votes
9answers
12k views

Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
38
votes
8answers
13k views

Why doesn't the EU now just force the UK to choose between referendum and no-deal?

Since May has proven unable to get a deal through, there are now two alternatives left: no-deal, or an article 50 extension (which would then lead to further deals being put on the table, or possibly ...
37
votes
7answers
9k views

Why would Putin or Russia benefit from a weak EU or weak EU countries?

Various (western) commentators and politicians state that "the only one happy with/benefiting from [insert bad scenario here] is Putin/Russia" (I'm not sure which one(s) of the two they mean). ...
35
votes
7answers
11k views

What are the key factors for the rise of nationalism in Europe?

In the past decade there has been a constant rise of nationalism in European politics, with nationalist parties gaining popularity in almost every member of the European Union. The canonical example ...
33
votes
5answers
11k views

If the eurozone budget deficit limit is 3%, why is the European Commission telling Italy it must revise its 2.4% deficit budget?

The BBC reports that the European Commission has told Italy to revise its budget, saying that the draft presents particularly serious non-compliance with Eurozone rules. Yet the maximum permitted ...
33
votes
9answers
19k views

Why does the EU keep Turkey out?

Turkey has applied for membership in the EU several times, but unlike Greece, it has never been admitted. What are the reasons that the EU has given for denying membership to this large and ...
33
votes
5answers
15k views

How are GDPR fines actually enforced for US companies with no physical presence in the EU?

GDPR is a hot topic since it will start being enforced from 25 May 2018. One of the most important characteristics of this regulation is that it also applies to companies outside the EU: A major ...
33
votes
2answers
8k views

Can a state be forced to leave the European Union?

Lets assume that some EU member states think that a certain other member state should no longer be a member of the EU. In contrary to this question, that state has no intention to withdraw from the EU ...
32
votes
3answers
7k views

What issue does the EU take with the UK's Chequers proposal?

It's said that the UK's Chequers proposal is "dead in the water". Different questions here have dealt with UK politicians supporting or opposing the proposal, but I'm interested in the EU's ...
32
votes
1answer
6k views

Why does Poland receive more in gross and (far more in) net EU funding than any other member state?

Poland receives more gross and significantly more net EU funding than any other member state, including significantly more than other Eastern members (e.g. Romania or Bulgaria). The stark disparity ...
32
votes
7answers
3k views

Why and since when did Russia stop integrating itself into the Western community?

After the downfall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation was on its way to integrating itself into the Western community politically, economically and socially (by Western World I mean the so-...
31
votes
11answers
23k views

If the UK government did not follow through with Brexit what would happen?

The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum (23rd June 2016) resulted in a vote in favour of the UK leaving the European Union. To give effect to the referendum result, i.e. to leave the ...
31
votes
2answers
4k views

What does European Union “freedom of movement” mean, and how much can individual countries restrict intra-EU immigration?

In recent years, France has embarked on a controversial program of expelling Roma people. The controversy is partly about the allegation that France expels people based on ethnic rather than legal ...
30
votes
3answers
6k views

After Brexit, can the UK deal with individual countries of the EU?

After Brexit, would the UK be able to do trade deals with individual countries such as Germany, France, etc. without these deals having to be sanctioned by the European Union?
30
votes
8answers
2k views

Could the British government un-trigger Article 50?

At some point, probably early in 2017, the British Prime Minster is likely to trigger Article 50. A number of expert commentators and a large proportion of the British public still believe that it is ...
30
votes
5answers
6k views

Could the UK unilaterally “restart the clock” on Brexit?

Assume that: The UK withdraws its Article 50 notice (or purports to do so) as the ECJ says it can. The UK waits for whatever length of time is politically expedient. Optionally, the UK holds a "...
28
votes
7answers
6k views

No deal Brexit : How is it going to help UK to create new trade deals?

There is a lot of optimism that leaving EU's Single Market, will be an opportunity for UK to create new trade deals with other countries outside the EU. I have seen articles and people using this ...
26
votes
4answers
4k views

Why does Russia try to stop Ukraine from approaching to the EU

Which disadvantages does Russia fear?
26
votes
5answers
3k views

Why do other countries in the EU care so strongly that the UK accepts free movement of people?

It is often reported in the press that the UK will not be able to arrange a new trade deal with the EU without accepting the free movement of labor. Why is this the case: What do other countries gain ...
24
votes
5answers
3k views

What would Norway have lost if they had joined the EU?

A referendum on joining the European Union was held in Norway on 27 and 28 November 1994. But, the "No campaign" won the referendum. One of the reason was that, Norway has an economy based on ...
24
votes
2answers
5k views

Is French Guiana a (hard) EU border?

In the context of Brexit, there has been much discussion that the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland would mark the boundary of the EU. This has had large ramifications due to the length and ...
24
votes
3answers
1k views

What will Scotland's status in the EU be, assuming the Scots vote for independence?

The Scots will vote on whether Scotland should be an independent country or not, on September 18, 2014. Assuming the majority vote is for independence, will Scotland remain in the European Union ...
24
votes
3answers
6k views

What plans do European countries have if Russia closed gas pipelines to them?

Now that Crimean crisis is at its peak, US and EU are trying their best to force Moscow to pull back from Crimea. But all there efforts seem to have no effect on Russia. But if these situations ...
24
votes
2answers
3k views

Would European Parliament members from the UK get to vote on the final Brexit deal?

Presuming that a deal is negotiated between the UK and the EU, there would most likely have to be a vote in the European Parliament to confirm it. Given that UK MPs would continue to serve in their ...
23
votes
3answers
5k views

Why have the states of Greece and Macedonia failed to solve the naming dispute after so many years?

The Macedonia naming dispute has been going on for decades, with severe political and economic consequences for both countries. But it seems that a solution like naming the country e.g. "Northern ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is the European Parliament still pursuing copyright law despite its implementation issues?

According to this article, the European Parliament is considering rolling out taxation of news aggregators: (..) large European newspaper publishers have dreamed of charging news aggregators such ...
22
votes
9answers
5k views

Why did the UK not have any post-EU exit deals agreed prior to June 2016?

Britain held a referendum on EU membership in 2016, Leave won, some other stuff happened, there was and is load of a drama and the UK is possible maybe who knows perhaps due to leave in March of next ...
21
votes
5answers
7k views

Why do US tech companies honor rulings by the EU when they don't have jurisdiction?

Why don't they just ignore the EU laws such as 'right to be forgotten', or 'cookies laws', or 'privacy', or 'competition', or even collecting VAT. It's not like the EU will block the domain name. ...
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Why doesn't Russia join the European Union?

Why doesn't Russia join the EU? If they become one of them, then they would not be enemies anymore, right? They have already joined the G-20. Then, they could also join EU, right?
21
votes
8answers
5k views

Why do the USA and the European Union treat GMOs so differently?

According to the sources cited within this paragraph, there is a scientific consensus that "currently available food derived from GM crops poses no greater risk to human health than conventional food, ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is Brexit considered so bad for the EU?

From a non-British POV, the news about the UK considering leaving EU is almost unanimous about Brexit being bad for the EU. What are the most important reasons why it would hurt the EU? The reasons ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Did Ukraine lose half its GDP because of sanctions against Russia?

According to a Russian News Agency Ukrainian politician Evgeny Murayev said that Anti-Russian sanctions of the EU and the United States deprived the Ukraine from half of its gross domestic ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

Does extending Article 50 legally require a new set date?

If the United Kingdom chose to apply for a delay to Article 50, must they set a new (target) date in order to do so? Or could the UK suspend postpone Article 50 until further notice / indefinitely, ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the judicial independence in Poland after the reforms compare to other EU countries?

There have been a lot of talks recently about the erosion of judicial independence in Poland after the new government has decided to change the way judges are nominated. However to me (as a Czech ...