Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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6
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1answer
287 views

What's the EU (or at least German) view on the definition of currency manipulation?

The US has a statutory definition of currency manipulation; while some US economists don't quite agree with the legal definition, nevertheless the topic is fairly widely discussed in the US in ...
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2answers
371 views

What is the goal of the Hungarian fence? To deter the refugees? Reduce the rate?

I'm talking about the Hungarian border barrier that has recently been built on the Hungary-Serbian borders. What is the official reason announced by the Hungarian government? Is the goal of this ...
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1answer
88 views

Could the foreign investor protection of TTIP lead to a migration of businesses to the other signatory party?

I am not familiar with the legal structure of the investor protection provisions foreseen in TTIP, but this is an idea that crossed my mind. These provisions basically give foreign businesses the ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Why don't Syrian refugees claim asylum at the Turkish-Greek border?

As far as I know (from here) the standard way for Syrian refugees to enter Greece from Turkey has been to cross the sea covertly by boat to reach one of the Greek islands that are not far from the ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible to purchase emission allowances with the goal of reducing the amount in circulation?

Can any company purchase emission allowances under the EU Emission Trading System and then not end up using them? My reasoning behind it would be to keep on increasing this commodity's price in order ...
46
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7answers
10k views

Why is the UK still pressing on with Brexit?

Before Monday I have always taken an impartial stance when ingesting information produced by clearly pro-Leave and pro-Remain groups, to analyze the information and take time to cross-reference it ...
54
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6answers
12k views

Is there an EU law that prevents repair of electrical devices?

I know there's a lot of discussion at the moment of the EU introducing new "right to repair" regulations to try to reduce waste. I was recently told that this is effectively a reversal of existing ...
4
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4answers
758 views

Why is Italy rejecting 39 billion euros of EU coronavirus aid?

According to tagesschau.de (original article in German, translation here), in response to the European Union's coronavirus aid package, Italy's government has made it clear that "[they] don't want ...
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2answers
103 views

How feasible would it be to revive transatlantic trade deals without the special court systems (ISDS)

One of the main controversies surrounding both transatlantic trade deals, TTIP between the USA and the European Union and CETA, between Canada and the European Union, is the ISDS clause. Why has no ...
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1answer
97 views

Where does CEPS fall on the political spectrum?

I am curious about the general political leanings of CEPS.
4
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0answers
224 views

Which EU country has the most violent police force?

I hope this is the right sub to post this in. I am looking for a peer-reviewed study which compares the number of violent incidences committed by police officers against civilians in different EU ...
2
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1answer
138 views

What did Dominic Raab mean when he talked about Section 13 of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill?

Dominic Raab tried to row back from his voting for the Withdrawal Agreement Bill by citing “Section 13” of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill. The implication seemed to be that voting for the WA on the ...
4
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1answer
349 views

What are the UK Government's arguments against extending the Brexit transition period?

According to an article published today (April 22nd), as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, several top members of the civil service are appealing to the UK Government to extend the current Brexit ...
2
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0answers
56 views

Are the 2020 ESM “coronavirus” MoUs substantially the same as the 2012-2013 ESM MoUs?

It's been asserted (more specifically now) in an answer to another question here that the 2012 (actually Jan 2013) ESM MoUs are effectively the same as the 2020 ESM "coronavirus" MoUs. Reasons I'm ...
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0answers
161 views

What other EU countries' population (besides Italy) see China and/or Russia as their best friend(s) and Germany as their worst enemy?

An Euractiv article, points to SWG a poll among Italians that finds China and Russia being considered friendly countries now in Italy while Germany and France are seen as enemies: (One can't help but ...
14
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2answers
458 views

When the UK parliament passed the 2016 EU referendum, did MPs support a 50% threshold?

Quoth AC Grayling, writing in The New European in October: This is a key matter. If the 2015 Bill been expressly offered as binding Parliament and Government to the referendum outcome, there would ...
0
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1answer
81 views

“prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of market access” vs. “test based on substantial hindrance to market access”

Can someone pls unravel the distinctions between ii and iii in the quote beneath? How isn't red underline in (ii) "prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of" market access the same ...
2
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0answers
45 views

What is/was the proposal to establish an European Monetary Fund mainly about?

Apparently the EMF was a shot-down proposal of how to reform/expand the ESM. Alas the documentation I found is rather vague [at summary level] along the lines of: The European Commission's proposal ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Significance of “meaningful steps towards fiscal union”, in the context of Italy's rejection of part of covid aid/loan package? [duplicate]

If you read some of the news about Italy's turning down of some of the parts of the covid loan/rescue package, a number of sites have the same exact quote. Analysts said the measures had helped ...
3
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0answers
52 views

Is there a summary of Varoufakis' EuroLeaks?

As some kind of protest against the EU's latest action(s), former finance minister of Greece Varoufakis has released some tapes of his conversations with the Troika etc., which seem to date back to ...
16
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2answers
3k views

What conditions has Germany (or the EU as a whole) attached to the ESM loan offer that Italy is refusing?

It's been asserted in a couple of answers to another question that Germany (or the EU) has attached serious reform conditions to the ESM loans that Italy is refusing. What conditions were these? (...
11
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3answers
914 views

Why did the EU not unify the financial systems when the Euro was created?

It could be argued that many of the problems plaguing the EU in the recent years stem from a lack of integration among the various countries in the union. These missing "integration points" include, ...
0
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2answers
298 views

How does this picture explain Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed 2018. p 79. How does Figure 3.2 beneath explain the difference between Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect? On Jul 1 2016, Claire Edwards (BA Jurisprudence, ...
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0answers
87 views

How has public opinion of the European Union changed as a result of the COVID-19 crisis?

The response of the EU to the COVID-19 pandemic has not exactly been unified. Despite finally reaching agreement on a €500bn rescue package on Thursday, this came after weeks of argument, particularly ...
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0answers
68 views

Applying the Bundestag election system to the European Parliament [closed]

Is anyone proficient with the calculations involved in the implementation of the Bundestag voting system? Here is the translated German electoral law: https://www.bundeswahlleiter.de/en/dam/jcr/...
7
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2answers
310 views

What did the US CDC say about COVID-19 human-to-human transmission between Jan 14 and 21?

From (answers to) a related question, the WHO had mostly changed their public stance on the human-to-human transmission of COVID-19 after Jan 22, while giving mostly "negative signals" on this matter ...
27
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4answers
4k views
19
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6answers
13k views

Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain?

Catalonia is a region of Spain where a big part of the population wants to be independent from Spain and form its own nation. If that happens, at the beginning, Catalonia as a nation will be out of ...
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0answers
100 views

What justifications have been given for demands for EU aid to southern members when their citizens are wealthier than those in northern Europe? [closed]

With the current Corona virus crisis in Europe old demands for financial help for countries in southern Europe are brought up especially by Italy and France. How do the politicians of these countries ...
4
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2answers
170 views

Why do Catholics support European integration more than Protestants?

In their paper Does Religion Matter?: Christianity and Public Support for the European Union, Nelsen et. al explore the effect of religious denomination, and the strength of that religious conviction ...
5
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1answer
130 views

Can an EU country government force its medical doctors work with SARS-CoV2 infected patients without the proper equipment?

Romania has virtually the worst public health system in EU and there is no surprise that it is far from being prepared for tackling the coronavirus infection. On major issue is that corruption (e.g. ...
9
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1answer
350 views

What is the rationale for hosting CIA secret jails by Romania and Lithuania?

According to this article, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Romania and Lithuania allowed the detention and abuse of a Saudi and a Palestinian at secret U.S. prisons: The court ...
9
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5answers
3k views

What are the benefits of the proposed Euro/Corona bonds over conventional government bonds?

This article describes the efforts of several European Union countries to agree to issue "corona bonds" or "Eurobonds", which are a joint EU mechanism to issue joint debt shared between different ...
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2answers
264 views

Are there any EU/NATO/Atlantic help programs for Italy?

Italy now has the most deaths from COVID. It's even above China in that list. Italian government asked for international help, some countries responded: At first, China provided huge help then, ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Can the European Central Bank “print money” to partially mitigate the economical effects of the coronavirus infection spreading?

SARS-CoV-2 infection managed to bring a significant part of the economy to a halt and it is expected for lots of companies to have cash flows problems (e.g. impossible to pay the suppliers). I have ...
0
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1answer
120 views

Direct Applicability v. Direct Effect

Is there any contradiction or incongruity between these two books' definitions? I don't grasp them, but the boldened phrases look contradictory. EU Law Concentrate (2018 6 edn). 7 edn will be ...
31
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5answers
8k views

Are there oligarchs in Western countries?

Why do I see the term 'oligarch' almost exclusively applied to Eastern European countries? Are there oligarchs in the European Union, the United States? As I understand it, an oligarch is a wealthy ...
1
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2answers
445 views

Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist an EU-member that is attacked by a non-member

Assuming either a limited conflict or a full scale war: What optional actions can the EU take to assist a member state Are there any laws that would oblige the EU to assist a member-state with ...
28
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1answer
6k views

Why are non-Schengen countries excluded from the Covid-19 US travel ban?

The US government suspended travel from Europe to US, except for countries which are not in the Schengen area such as the UK and Ireland. Many comments from EU leader seem to assume that this is a ...
2
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0answers
115 views

Enforcing Entrance into Schengen Area for EU Members

From what I understand, it is currently necessary for EU countries to join the Schengen Area (src: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en). I know that ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Has Turkey made any demands for the EU to meet so they keep the refugees?

Brief context Now lately, I have been watching the news, and the President of Turkey had a meeting in Brussels to negotiate further conditions with the NATO and EU. European Countries Stances... ...
23
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1answer
6k views

What has the reaction from the EU been to Trump suspending travel from the whole 26-country Schengen zone?

Breaking news US President Donald Trump has announced sweeping new travel restrictions on Europe in a bid to combat the spread of the coronavirus. In a televised address, he said travel from ...
2
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1answer
314 views

What prevented the Tampon Tax from being abolished?

Today, in his first Budget speech, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, has announced that "now that we have left the European Union", the Tampon Tax - the controversial imposition of VAT on ...
22
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7answers
7k views

Why doesn't the UK want to be part of the European Convention on Human Rights?

As per recent news coming from the negotiation for a deal between the UK and the EU, Michel Barnier said: Yet the UK informs us that they do not wish to commit formally to continuing to apply the ...
17
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6answers
7k views

Why doesn't the EU use its economic power to deal with Turkey's demands?

Despite Turkey having a (in comparison) weak economy, the European Union seems incapable of putting them into their place. As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), ...
9
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1answer
241 views

How often did the European Parliament use its optional secret ballot rule?

According to Wikipedia: If at least 20% of the Parliament requests it before voting begins, the vote will be taken by secret ballot. Citing (the 2nd para of) EP Rule 169, which is actually a bit ...
9
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2answers
233 views

What specific measures has Turkey taken to stem the flow of refugees to the EU?

After the Cyprus gas spat this summer, in which the EU imposed some financial sanctions on Turkey, the latter has suspended the "readmission" protocol of Syrian refugees agreed with the EU in 2016. ...
2
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2answers
408 views

What legal recourse is available in the EU if it turns out that Greece has been doing “illegal pushbacks” of asylum seekers?

The Greek government is denying that any asylum seekers have been (illegally) pushed back to Turkey, which would contravene the UN Convention provision of non-refoulement, which is also incorporated ...
28
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2answers
5k views

Why has Turkey “opened the floodgates” for migrants to the EU?

Over the past few days, Turkey has reportedly relaxed restrictions on the movement of migrants travelling through the country into the European Union via the Greek border, allowing the hundreds of ...
5
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2answers
354 views

What other EU countries (besides Romania) have raised major concerns about the “European Green Deal”?

Former Romanian president Basescu was paraphrased as saying in a recent interview that: The European Green Deal “will definitely create tensions” inside the EU, and risks pushing “two or three ...

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