Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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5
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3answers
148 views

How does the Polish court's rejection of EU law supremacy differ from Germany's seemingly similar action?

I'm not sure if this a 100% correct summary of what happened in Germany last year, but: While the German Federal Constitutional Court has long reserved the power to reject EU actions that manifestly ...
4
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2answers
137 views

Which are the the parts of the EU treaties that are incompatible with the Polish constitution according to Poland's highest court?

There are lots of articles related to Poland's highest court ruling that some parts of EU treaties are incompatible with the Polish constitution (example), but I cannot find the exact articles ...
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148 views

Why does the current Polish government favor distancing from EU despite a rather low Euroscepticism and possible serious financial consequences?

According to Euronews, Poland’s constitutional court on Thursday ruled the country's laws had supremacy of those of the European Union. The article provides more context about the decision and a ...
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0answers
70 views

Is the evolution of vox populi in the EU well established? [closed]

As a holder of a European baccalaureate, I was in an EEC school aged 6 to 14 and an EU school aged 14 to 17. QUESTION: What is the thematic consistency of the first article of the first treaty of EU? ...
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0answers
146 views

What are the founding principles of the EU constitution? [closed]

When the EU was founded, it presumably had some founding principles or constitution. What are these?... Ok. misers have closed the question, so I will answer it myself. The Maastricht treaty was the ...
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1answer
225 views

How are French nuclear facilities and technology kept secret under the European Union? [closed]

France is the only nuclear power in the EU. How does it protect its facilities and maintain the secrecy of technology when the European Parliament has at least some say in French security and military ...
7
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0answers
105 views

What caused the momentum for EU directives on blind-spots of vehicles in the last 20 years

During the last 20 years European laws on blind-spots, areas of road the driver cannot see, have become more strict. The original directive is from 1971 (71/127/EEG). But then there are changes in ...
3
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2answers
612 views

Why does the EU invest so much in biodiesel if it has a very low return on investment as a fuel?

According to a chart posted in a Skeptics question, biodiesel is the worst energy source we have in terms of return on investment: However, every time I travel outside the city in Europe I see huge ...
3
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2answers
116 views

Has the UK's HMRC begun the process of inspecting arrivals of EU goods?

It was made clear at the start that notwithstanding EU checks on UK movements into the single market, Britain would delay its implementation of checks. Have they now begun? If not will it cause yet ...
13
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1answer
473 views

Has there been a decline in EU-skepticism since Brexit?

I have seen people (including actual politicians) state that since Brexit, the skepticism against the EU amongst member-nations has fallen, possibly due to what a fiasco Brexit has actually turned out ...
2
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1answer
115 views

How high is the EU-ETS cap for Germany in 2021?

I'm not sure if I got the EU-ETS system for trading emission rights right. I think there is a limited amount of certificates issues by each country each year. The amount that is allowed to be issued ...
4
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1answer
214 views

How can the EU collect money for the fines issued by the EU's Court of Justice?

Poland was recently fined by The EU's Court of Justice for keeping the Turów coal mine open. The same article mentions that the Polish Prime Minister would not comply with the order. I am wondering ...
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2answers
757 views

Is it difficult for Scotland to become a member of the EU if they gain independence from the UK following Brexit

Britain is ready for Brexit (to quit the EU) and Scotland wants another independence referendum which the UK refused. Following Brexit, if Scotland gains independence from the UK, is it difficult for ...
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6answers
14k views

Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain?

Catalonia is a region of Spain where a big part of the population wants to be independent from Spain and form its own nation. If that happens, at the beginning, Catalonia as a nation will be out of ...
2
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0answers
123 views

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in personal diplomatic meetings with the U.S.?

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in diplomatic meetings with the U.S. in state visits, official visits, working visits, official working visits in the U.S. or ...
2
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1answer
128 views

How do businesses operating in multiple countries in the EU account for different tax rates in different countries?

How do all the different European Union countries maintain their different laws while being a part of the Schengen zone? How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax ...
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2answers
355 views

Conscription rights if UK Locked in Backstop

Does the EU have the power to develop a European Army, and to conscript European citizens into it? If so, would the Northern Ireland Backstop mean that UK citizens could also be conscripted into this ...
6
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2answers
8k views

Do E.U. employees pay tax on their salaries?

Do they pay tax in Belgium, their country of origin or a special E.U. tax?
3
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2answers
174 views

How many Afghans have migrated/fled to the (present-day territory of the) EU in the past 25 years? And how many were granted asylum?

I'm trying to figure out from a migration perspective how much of an issue this is/was. But I can't get any total figures on a quick google search, unlike say for Syria. This may well be because of ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How much freedom is given to European countries to determine their own tax rates?

https://taxfoundation.org/top-individual-income-tax-rates-europe-2019/ According to this link, different European Union countries have different tax rates. But don't EU laws and the EU government in ...
5
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3answers
428 views

Is the UK entitled to a refund of the Brexit divorce payment if it rejoins later?

The UK is facing the payment of around 100 billion pounds to the EU before leaving it. Would that money be returned if the UK reapplies and joins the EU later?
11
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1answer
839 views

(Why) does OLAF have authority to investigate whether FRONTEX engaged in illegal pushbacks?

In a piece of news from January 2021 it was said that: The EU’s anti-fraud watchdog, OLAF, has opened an investigation into Frontex, the bloc’s border agency, over allegations of harassment, ...
4
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1answer
206 views

How does Slovenia justify its 198-km border fence with Croatia, seemingly built after Croatia acceded to the EU?

Looking at a FRA summary table of fences around the EU... I couldn't help but notice that EU-member Slovenia seems to have built a fence with EU-member Croatia, after the accession date of Croatia (...
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3answers
265 views

Why don't US citizens emigrate? [closed]

The situation for many US citizens is becoming worse with each and every year, due to healthcare costs, debt of any kind (education, healthcare, housing), shootings, racial tensions, retirement ...
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0answers
34 views

Can the European Commission be sued if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it?

Can the European Commission be taken to court if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it adequately? The European Parliament have the ...
2
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0answers
61 views

How did Rolandas Paksas improperly meddle in a privatisation deal?

Rolandas Paksas was the first European president to be impeached. He was also the third president of Lithuania after it seceded from the Warsaw pact. According to wikipedia: During his term, concerns ...
24
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2answers
7k views

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum?

Can a future UK government decide to rejoin the EU without a referendum or do they have to hold one?
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7answers
4k views

Why is using the euro instead of a local currency such a big deal and why is the wealth of the society an argument?

I think this is a question of both economics and politics, but I decided to ask it here. There will soon be elections in Poland. There was a debate about this question: should Poland keep the złoty (...
6
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2answers
475 views

Has a British PM ever given a speech with the EU flag alongside the Union Jack?

It is common to see most other EU leaders give talks, speeches and conferences with their national flag proudly alongside the EU flag (Merkel, Rajoy, Hollande etc). This cannot be said for UK Prime ...
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3answers
357 views

Why doesn't the EU adopt sterner sanctions against people with connections to the Kremlin living in the EU?

Russian officials and oligarchs often live in prosperous European nations. The EU has a lot of leverage. It could issue an ultimatum: either do this by this date (for example, release all political ...
39
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4answers
7k views

Why does Boris Johnson seek to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU?

The UK wants to renegotiate the Brexit deal with the EU, mostly because of Northern Ireland's current (and future) situation. The EU immediately rejected the offer. My question is: Why does Boris ...
3
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1answer
149 views

Have there been any consequences so far for Switzerland rejecting the framework treaty with the EU?

In a New Statesman article on the Swiss government's abandonment of a [further] EU framework treaty with the EU, some possible negative consequences are mentioned: even if the collapse of this ...
3
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1answer
167 views

In what specific way has the the EU "turned [its] rules upside down and inside out" on medicines in Northern Ireland?

In response to UK government accusations that the EU has been inflexible on medicines under the Northern Ireland protocol (see e.g. Boris Johnson's charge on 30 cancer drugs) the EU ambassador to the ...
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3answers
4k views

Why are Bulgaria and Romania still not accepted into the Schengen area?

Despite joining the EU 14 years ago, Bulgaria and Romania are still not part of the Schengen area. The wiki article has the following timeline: On 1 August 2018, Bulgaria and Romania gained full ...
12
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2answers
934 views

Why are Romania's and Bulgaria's reasons for postponing entering the Schengen area considered non-technical?

Some Romanian politicians (example) argue that the country should be within the Schengen area. I do not know exactly for Bulgaria, but for Romania I have heard on multiple occasions that it obeys the &...
2
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4answers
482 views

Arguments for Scotland in non-EU United Kingdom?

Last referendum about it took place in 2014, and Scotland elected to stay in the United Kingdom. One of then Prime Minister David Cameron's main arguments was that independent Scotland would be ...
68
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7answers
16k views

Why is privacy a subject felt more in Europe rather than the US?

Almost regularly there is news on this or that US (internet) company that must adapt its practices for European customers, since they tend to be too lax with regards to privacy protection according to ...
33
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10answers
10k views

Why does the US need to spy on its allies?

Recently, I've read about the NSA (the US National Security Agency) spying on European leaders - Angela Merkel in particular. But this is highly unusual for me. I can understand the US spying on its ...
5
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1answer
187 views

What are UK and EU proposals for post-Brexit musical touring?

There has been persistent discussion e.g. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/jun/23/radiohead-new-order-and-more-artists-call-for-overhaul-of-post-brexit-touring-rules of the difficulties that ...
32
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2answers
10k views

Why are the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark among the countries with the largest wealth gaps in the world?

Wealth Inequality By Country 2021 Here are the 10 countries with the highest wealth inequality: Netherlands (0.902) Russia (0.879) Sweden (0.867) United States(0.852) Brazil (0.849) Thailand (0.846) ...
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3answers
728 views

Why does the EU require reciprocity to classify China as a safe country (for the purpose of Covid entry regulations)?

There is an EU travel ban in place for non-essential travel, except from EU/EEA/Schengen countries and certain safe countries. The list as of June 20, 2021 includes Based on the criteria and ...
0
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1answer
269 views

Why is the Belarus plane grounding incident treated more harshly than a similar one caused by the USA? [closed]

EU is punishing Belarus with economic sanctions for grounding a plane to arrest a journalist, as well as blacklisting certain individuals from entering its territory and freezing their assets. Why is ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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1answer
160 views

Can EU countries mandate vaccinations?

US version of this question What I am asking is if a country in the EU, following the rules of the EU could mandate vaccinations amongst their citizens? (the age of citizens might make a difference as ...
5
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2answers
164 views

What are some mechanisms that can be used by the EU to force countries to abide by a minimum tax rate?

https://nltimes.nl/2021/06/06/netherlands-favor-g7-plan-eliminate-tax-havens Vijlbrief also said he is working on implementing the agreement as soon as possible in the EU. The G7 countries all ...
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2answers
2k views

Which EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?

As far as I know, France is a strong opposer of Turkey's full membership in the EU. What other EU member countries are opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU?
6
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1answer
196 views

Of what importance was the Westland affair?

I've been reading M. Thatcher's book The_Downing_Street_Years, and she spends a lot of time discussing the Westland affair. Her account seems completely orthogonal to the one given in the Wikipedia (...
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5answers
326 views

What's the rationale of EU Covid passports when EU seems to be near herd immunity level?

Judging from plummeting cases in spite of slowly lifted restrictions EU reached herd immunity somewhere (guesstimate) around late April. Simultaneously, EU wants to implement Covid passports from 1st ...
15
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1answer
2k views

What is the EU official position on Israeli settlements beyond the 1967 border?

Yesterday the Irish parliament voted to officially "condemn the ‘de facto annexation’ of Palestinian land by Israel". The Guardian says: Ireland’s parliament has voted to condemn Israel’s “...
32
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2answers
6k views

What does European Union "freedom of movement" mean, and how much can individual countries restrict intra-EU immigration?

In recent years, France has embarked on a controversial program of expelling Roma people. The controversy is partly about the allegation that France expels people based on ethnic rather than legal ...

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