Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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33
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2answers
5k views

What does European Union “freedom of movement” mean, and how much can individual countries restrict intra-EU immigration?

In recent years, France has embarked on a controversial program of expelling Roma people. The controversy is partly about the allegation that France expels people based on ethnic rather than legal ...
30
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8answers
3k views

Could the British government un-trigger Article 50?

At some point, probably early in 2017, the British Prime Minster is likely to trigger Article 50. A number of expert commentators and a large proportion of the British public still believe that it is ...
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8answers
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Why is it impossible to leave the Single Market without a hard Irish border?

I see a repeated assumption that puzzles me. From another well asked and answered question: On one hand it is impossible for the UK to leave the Single Market while maintaining an open border with ...
34
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2answers
8k views

Can a state be forced to leave the European Union?

Lets assume that some EU member states think that a certain other member state should no longer be a member of the EU. In contrary to this question, that state has no intention to withdraw from the EU ...
111
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13answers
26k views

What are the main reasons for why negotiating a proper Brexit deal has been so hard?

When the UK voted for Brexit, then it was generally expected that the pro-Brexit politicians had some idea of how negotiations for a Brexit deal would fare and what the outcome would be. Now years ...
55
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10answers
18k views

Why does the EU care so much about the UK divorce payment?

Most current estimates of the UK exit bill show that the sum is somewhere around 50 billion Euros. This is equivalent to 0.3% of the EU's yearly GDP, so it's pretty much a negligible sum for the EU ...
25
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3answers
1k views

What will Scotland's status in the EU be, assuming the Scots vote for independence?

The Scots will vote on whether Scotland should be an independent country or not, on September 18, 2014. Assuming the majority vote is for independence, will Scotland remain in the European Union ...
43
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6answers
9k views

Must the UK leave the EU?

The BBC has projected that a majority voted for the UK to leave the EU. To what extent is the referendum binding?
28
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7answers
6k views

No deal Brexit : How is it going to help UK to create new trade deals?

There is a lot of optimism that leaving EU's Single Market, will be an opportunity for UK to create new trade deals with other countries outside the EU. I have seen articles and people using this ...
30
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2answers
7k views

Can the UK veto its own extension request?

Every member of the EU has to agree any extension to article 50. Does this mean the UK PM could (technically) use his vote in the European Council to veto his own request for an extension?
11
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5answers
811 views

Why is visa-free travel such a big deal in politics?

There is currently a motion within the European Parliament to allow visa-free travel for Ukrainians. However for some reason I don't understand why it's such a big improvement - most Ukrainians who ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Why did the USA want to pull out of the nuclear deal with Iran?

Donald Trump has recently pulled US out of the Iran Nuclear deal: US President Donald Trump says he will withdraw the US from an Obama-era nuclear agreement with Iran. Calling it "decaying ...
6
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2answers
259 views

Where can I find the vote distribution of an EU directive?

Recently the EU Parliament voted on the “Copyright Directive”. I would like to know exactly which parties/individuals voted for and against this directive. I have been looking for this information ...
20
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5answers
6k views

If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
71
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4answers
21k views

Could the UK re-join EU after leaving?

Let's assume that Article 50 is invoked and UK officially leaves EU For some reason, both UK populace (a large share) and enough powers that be or popular will in EU, decide that UK ought to re-join ...
64
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8answers
14k views

Can the UK realistically back out of Brexit?

Note: this is not a question about whether Brexit is a good or bad thing. Keep answers impartial please. It is quite obvious that the current British government negotiating Brexit terms has a very ...
50
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9answers
14k views

What would the United Kingdom's “optimal” Brexit deal look like?

As far as I could tell, the Brexit issue boils down to three core points for the UK: The UK no longer has to follow any EU regulations. The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland ...
26
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4answers
4k views

Why does Russia try to stop Ukraine from approaching to the EU

Which disadvantages does Russia fear?
27
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6answers
10k views

Why doesn't Russia join the European Union?

Why doesn't Russia join the EU? If they become one of them, then they would not be enemies anymore, right? They have already joined the G-20. Then, they could also join EU, right?
26
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5answers
3k views

Why do other countries in the EU care so strongly that the UK accepts free movement of people?

It is often reported in the press that the UK will not be able to arrange a new trade deal with the EU without accepting the free movement of labor. Why is this the case: What do other countries gain ...
20
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3answers
2k views

How does the judicial independence in Poland after the reforms compare to other EU countries?

There have been a lot of talks recently about the erosion of judicial independence in Poland after the new government has decided to change the way judges are nominated. However to me (as a Czech ...
15
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2answers
1k views

What is Article 50?

Former Prime Minister David Cameron said he would leave triggering Article 50 up to his successor. What exactly is Article 50?
17
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3answers
2k views

Why was having a common currency in the EU seen as necessary?

When it was introduced, the € (Euro) was supposed to be the common currency for the entire EU, even if it turned out many countries (such as the UK) would stay in the EU without using the € currency, ...
38
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9answers
12k views

Why is the EU concerned about the UK “unilaterally withdrawing” from a proposed Irish backstop?

As I understand, one of the sticking points in the Brexit negotiations has been Britain's level of obligation to a proposed customs union backstop. I understand also that this is essentially a ...
18
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1answer
655 views

What would be the steps necessary for a country to leave the E.U.?

Given that there is (again) a debate going on whether the United Kingdom should remain in the E.U. or whether they should leave the Union, I was wondering what would be the steps necessary to be taken ...
17
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1answer
1k views

What politically can be done to compel global compliance by Google?

It's becoming obvious that Google is rapidly being boxed in by various countries. Several years ago, the EU courts created a Right to be Forgotten, in which people in EU countries could complain to ...
31
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3answers
7k views

After Brexit, can the UK deal with individual countries of the EU?

After Brexit, would the UK be able to do trade deals with individual countries such as Germany, France, etc. without these deals having to be sanctioned by the European Union?
30
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5answers
6k views

Could the UK unilaterally “restart the clock” on Brexit?

Assume that: The UK withdraws its Article 50 notice (or purports to do so) as the ECJ says it can. The UK waits for whatever length of time is politically expedient. Optionally, the UK holds a "...
11
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1answer
3k views

Why did British Steel have to borrow 120 million pounds (from the government) to cover its ETS obligations?

Can someone clarify why British Steel had to receive a UK government loan for this sum of 120 million pounds? Did British Steel need this money to buy ETS allowances, or were these fines for not ...
9
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0answers
274 views

Are there precedents for the EU fining the UK for undervalued Chinese imports?

With all the Brexit talks, this has become a barely noticed case, but it might be relevant for future border relations between UK and EU: Britain faces a potential €2 billion bill from Brussels ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Why do the other EU countries worry about the developments in Poland?

In this answer, some of PiS party in Poland's policies are characterized as being a possible danger to democracy in Poland. It is clear why this would be a concern for Poland's citizens. But why is ...
4
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2answers
420 views

What explains the huge difference between UKIP's high-watermark in EU vs UK elections?

On one hand, UKIP came 1st among British parties in the 2014 MEP election with 24 seats, representing 32.9% of British seats. They even came first in the popular vote in that contest with 26.6% of ...
4
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2answers
333 views

Pensions of British EU Civil Service in Theresa May's brexit deal

Back in 2016, there was disagreement over who would foot the bill for pensions paid out to British members of EU Civil Service. Normally, they would get their pensions from the EU, but due to brexit ...
0
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2answers
505 views

Does the UK Government or Prime Minister have a vote in removing EU Commissioners?

Does either the UK Government or Prime Minister have any kind of vote or power in order to remove a particular EU Commissioner?
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5answers
2k views

Why is the EU wishing to punish the UK instead of listening their detractors and seeking dialogue? [closed]

The European Union has a certain number of flaws, many of which make citizens of member states unhappy. Normally in a democratic system, the majority tries to listen to the minority and do compromises....
38
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7answers
9k views

Why would Putin or Russia benefit from a weak EU or weak EU countries?

Various (western) commentators and politicians state that "the only one happy with/benefiting from [insert bad scenario here] is Putin/Russia" (I'm not sure which one(s) of the two they mean). ...
36
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7answers
12k views

What are the key factors for the rise of nationalism in Europe?

In the past decade there has been a constant rise of nationalism in European politics, with nationalist parties gaining popularity in almost every member of the European Union. The canonical example ...
34
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5answers
17k views

How are GDPR fines actually enforced for US companies with no physical presence in the EU?

GDPR is a hot topic since it will start being enforced from 25 May 2018. One of the most important characteristics of this regulation is that it also applies to companies outside the EU: A major ...
49
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10answers
15k views

Why was the Brexit referendum conducted as a simple majority vote?

For votes which can have extremely long-term consequences, (like changing the constitution) a simple majority vote is usually not enough. Such voting and referendums are not about electing a temporary ...
22
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5answers
7k views

What are examples of EU policies that are beneficial for one EU country, disadvantagious for another? [closed]

The EU establishes policies every of its member has to/should abide. Without doubt many of these are well intended. Without doubt the EU promotes peace, security, economical stability and a series of ...
21
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5answers
7k views

Why do US tech companies honor rulings by the EU when they don't have jurisdiction?

Why don't they just ignore the EU laws such as 'right to be forgotten', or 'cookies laws', or 'privacy', or 'competition', or even collecting VAT. It's not like the EU will block the domain name. ...
32
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1answer
7k views

Why does Poland receive more in gross and (far more in) net EU funding than any other member state?

Poland receives more gross and significantly more net EU funding than any other member state, including significantly more than other Eastern members (e.g. Romania or Bulgaria). The stark disparity ...
21
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4answers
1k views

On what principle did UK seize an Iranian oil tanker? Is there no right of passage for third countries?

In July 2019, the United Kingdom seized an oil tanker carrying oil from Iran to Syria. Reportedly, this is to enforce EU sanctions against Syria. But neither Iran nor Syria are members of the EU, so ...
15
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6answers
897 views

How would one explain the E.U. to a 5 year-old?

As the European Union is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, it would be interesting to have an explanation of the E.U. which a 5 year-old would understand. Is there anybody who can give such an ...
10
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1answer
310 views

What will be the process and timescale for this proposal on retention of EU citizenship by UK nationals to be considered?

I just spotted this interesting article about an amendment proposed by the Luxembourger MEP Charles Goerens to the EU Committee on Constitutional Affairs to allow individual Brits an opt-in to keep EU ...
50
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1answer
11k views

Will English be dropped as an official/working language of the EU after Brexit?

English is currently one of the 24 official languages of the European Union (EU), and one of the three “working” languages alongside French and German. Will the United Kingdom leaving the EU (Brexit) ...
17
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1answer
3k views

Where can I find which MEP voted for which laws?

As the title says. Specifically I am interested to know if my local Member of the European Parliament voted in favor or against the controversial copyright law that was rejected, but their personal ...
12
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5answers
3k views

Why are demonstrations in the EU more violent and massive than in the US?

To be honest I haven't seen in the US a massive riots with burning cars, destroying McDonalds and flying Molotov cocktails like here: Athens War Zone: Latest dramatic footage of Syntagma square riots ...
11
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2answers
498 views

How to distribute asylum applicants more evenly in Europe?

Sweden has 8.4 asylum applicants per 1000 residents whereas Hungary, the second ranking European country, has only ~4. Most other European countries have 0-2 asylum applicants per 1000 residents (...
8
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4answers
1k views

Why didn't anyone at Volkswagen blow the whistle?

The egregious cheating on emissions causes me to ask what the differences are between the US and Europe both culturally and legally. Specifically there is no legislation protecting whistle-blowers ...