Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of currently twenty-eight European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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3
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1answer
23 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
4
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1answer
96 views

What is the position of the EU on Northern Cyprus?

Northern Cyprus is the part of the island of Cyprus that has been occupied by Turkey since its invasion of Cyprus in 1974. As far as I can tell, the Republic of Northern Cyprus is only recognized by ...
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0answers
144 views

How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
4
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0answers
75 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
5
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1answer
235 views

How is the European Union trying to adapt to Italian Mafia extension in other EU countries?

According to this rather old article Italian Mafia has managed to extend its operations way beyond Italian borders including in countries that were once thought to be immune to it: (..) uncover how ...
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1answer
45 views

Why doesn't “(unimplemented) directive may never directly prohibit private party actions” mean no HDE in civil disputes on legality of State actions?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p 116.       But even when directives have direct effect, they generally do not have horizontal direct effects. Why has the Court ...
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0answers
29 views

What's the function of Non-addressed Decisions, when Directives already existed?

I read the emboldened sentence, but I still don't get what Non-addressed Decisions' past function is? What's their function now? Aren't Directives "an instrument that was directly applicable but ...
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0answers
56 views

What are “those measures that fell outside the international market model” that justified a second justification?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 534 scanned. All emboldenings are mine. Why would the Court be strict on the express policy grounds mentioned in Article 36 and yet allow for ...
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0answers
64 views

In para 47 of Case C-84/94 United Kingdom v. Council (Working Time), what's the “mistaken tautology”?

Pls ELI5 the emboldened phrase? I know what a tautology is. Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. pp 261-263 scanned. Once the Council has found that it is necessary to improve the ...
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2answers
329 views

Is VAT on private school tuition fees against EU law?

According to a leaked source, the Labour government plans to introduce VAT on private school fees to pay for free meals for all primary school pupils. But isn’t this clearly illegal under EU law? The ...
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5answers
1k views

Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
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3answers
3k views

Why was ambassador Sondland involved in Ukraine?

Ambassador Sondland is ambassador to the EU. So why was he involved in Ukraine, a country that is not even in the EU? I understand that Ukraine is considering joining the EU but why was he so heavily ...
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6answers
681 views

Will Brexit effect a linguistic change across EU?

I was reading the requirements for the ongoing "Horizon 2020" EU grants. It explicitly indicates that the vehicular language for these grants is English. Not only the application must be written in ...
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2answers
313 views

Why do EU members have single or multiple parliamentary constituencies?

EU Member states can choose whether they want to have multiple constituencies for elections to the European Parliament, or not. Many EU member states have a single national constituency (like Germany)...
47
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6answers
13k views

Why do Muslim refugees seek asylum in Europe and not in rich countries in the Middle East?

There are several rich "Muslim" states in Middle East: Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Bahrain and so on. It seems that none of them want to receive Syrian, Iraqi, North African and other Muslim refugees. ...
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1answer
150 views

What is the process of transposing EU directives for Vatican?

According to Wikipedia, Holy See - EU relations are somewhat strange: Vatican is unable to join EU because it is not a free market democracy being surrounded by Italy makes it de facto within the EU ...
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2answers
1k views

Is intra-EU movement/migration of EU/EUAA citizens a sizeable contributor to illegal work?

French president Macron has recently caused controversy with his contrast of extra-EU legal immigration and intra-EU illegal movements of EU/EUAA people: Last week, the right-wing French magazine ...
4
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1answer
114 views

Are there any polls in France on further EU expansion in the Balkans?

On October 18, the BBC reported that At the EU summit, French President Emmanuel Macron led a small number of countries in rejecting the Western Balkan countries from moving forward with their ...
4
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1answer
106 views

Decisions vs recommendations in the Withdrawal Agreement

What is the distinction between a decision and a recommendation in the Withdrawal Agreement? Article 166 says decisions are legally binding. Are recommendations legal demands placed upon the ...
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2answers
252 views

Why has Macron/France insisted that the UK must nominate a commissioner?

According to some Elysee officials quoted by the Guardian All weekend, France took the initiative with Germany, Ireland, Donald Tusk’s team and a few other countries, to fix the terms of the ...
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1answer
125 views

Are EU members allowed to trade their EU council veto in a quid pro quo with a third country?

The EU council sometimes uses unanimity to decide on sensitive matters. Can a member state trade its vote in a quid pro quo with a third country? I'm specifically wondering if there is anything in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Macron seemingly opposing an article 50 extension?

Emmanuel Macron seems to be opposing Article 50 extension, according to Bloomberg: French President Emmanuel Macron blocked the European Union’s attempt to delay Brexit for three months, raising ...
10
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1answer
257 views

Are there any concrete measures taken by the European Commission to regulate the “golden passports”?

I have recently seen an older interview (end of 2017) with Ana Gomez arguing about the issues of the so called "golden citizenship" / "golden passports", the practice of giving visas and citizenship ...
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1answer
178 views

(UK) EU Withdrawl Act & The EU

I was reading somewhere that if the Withdrawal Act gets amended too much it's got to be referred back to the EU. Is there an arbitrary limit to the number of amendments that can be made before it has ...
5
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3answers
271 views

How can/will the EU respond to Boris Johnson's three letters? [closed]

In the words of the Guardian, The prime minister sent a total of three letters: an unsigned photocopy of the request he was obliged to send under the Benn Act, an explanatory letter from the UK’...
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1answer
107 views

Could the EU call bluff Turkish threat to send 3.6 milion refugees?

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened Europe with a flood of refugees on Thursday if the continent’s leaders call the Turkish invasion of Syria an “occupation.” “We will open the ...
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3answers
260 views

Why did the EU agree with a Stormont vote when the Assembly might not even meet?

The breaking news seems to be that Boris Johnson has struck a new deal with the EU. But the DUP is not on board. One interesting aspect is that Northern Ireland representatives will be able to ...
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1answer
199 views

Policing would-be immigrants away from rich countries borders: US vs EU

Apparently the EU has been increasingly conditioning funding of various programs in Africa on African countries stopping would-be immigrants to Europe far away from the actual EU borders. I've also ...
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1answer
128 views

Can the UK vote against a Brexit extension? [duplicate]

There is a situation now where the British PM may be forced by the U.K. parliament against his will to ask for a Brexit extension past October. I know all the EU countries have to agree to allow an ...
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2answers
3k views

How does the Trump administration justify tariffs on luxury goods?

This question recently asked about the justification for steel import tariffs against China - specifically on the grounds of national security. The answer is through, but also carries the implication ...
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2answers
531 views

Why did the EU threaten to retaliate over Airbus-related tariffs even after they were allowed by the WTO?

I'm probably missing something in the long saga of the Airbus-Boeing WTO complaints, but today the BBC reported that: The US has been given the go-ahead to impose tariffs on $7.5bn (£6.1bn) of ...
5
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2answers
223 views

Customs checks and Brexit

The UK Government has recently been reiterating that customs checks will not be located at or near the North/South Irish border. But the Withdrawal Agreement treaty (Article 184) commits the UK to ...
4
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1answer
190 views

Can the European Commission president reject a candidate because of his/her gender not matching the global division between genders?

Just caught a glimpse of a bunch of reporters asking an ex Romanian Minister (Dan Nica) a few questions related to nomination as EU Commissioners. Besides a few questions related to an old ...
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2answers
245 views

What parts of EU law impose that the EU cannot consider an extension/delay request not coming from the PM?

A recent article quotes Boris Johnson as saying "The EU is obliged by EU law only to negotiate with member state governments, they cannot negotiate with Parliament, and this government will not ...
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1answer
290 views

Do all EU treaties cease to apply on exit day if no agreement is reached?

Article 50 TEU says: The Treaties shall cease to apply to the State in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification ...
12
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1answer
1k views

What would the EU’s position be with respect to a United Ireland?

During the Scottish referendum of 2013, it was made clear that the United Kingdom is a member of the European Union and any part of the UK seceding from it would be treated as a 3rd country, and would ...
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1answer
120 views

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU?

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU? Is the EU a sovereign entity in and of itself?
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0answers
43 views

If the Benn Act effectively prevents a no deal exit on October 31st, why delay a general election? [duplicate]

The European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 (the "Benn Act") effectively prevents a no-withdrawal-agreement Brexit on October 31st. The Remain side are currently refusing to permit Boris Johnson ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Is there special legislation in EU law to permit free ports?

Is there special legislation in EU law to permit free ports, or are they implicitly permitted on the basis that goods become subject to tariffs as soon as they exit the port into the member state?
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6answers
9k views

Why is the population of post-Soviet states declining?

After the fall of the Soviet Union, many modern European states gain independence: the Baltic republics, Ukraine, Belarus. But there is something common among nearly all of them: their populations ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is the Common Agricultural Policy unfavourable to the UK?

It's often said that the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is disadvantage to Britain, from the Guardian: Britain’s withdrawal from the EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP) provides one of the ...
5
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1answer
186 views

Have the EU countries been diverging economically for the past two decades, despite rules convergence?

By divergence or convergence I don't mean in terms of rules, they clearly have been trying to converge in those terms. But was that fast enough to translate into economic convergence? I mean, have the ...
4
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0answers
177 views

What happened to “Mobility Package 1” (new EU lorry driver regulations)?

After many news pieces covering protest of Eastern EU firms/drivers and some on subsequent parliamentary exhortations, I can't figure out what if anything was adopted from "Mobility Package 1" and if ...
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5answers
7k views

What are examples of EU policies that are beneficial for one EU country, disadvantagious for another? [closed]

The EU establishes policies every of its member has to/should abide. Without doubt many of these are well intended. Without doubt the EU promotes peace, security, economical stability and a series of ...
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6answers
5k views

If the EU does not offer an extension to UK's Article 50 invocation, is the Benn Bill irrelevant?

My understanding of the Benn Bill is that it only compels the PM to request an extension and what must be done if an extension is granted. If an extension isn't granted, is it true that neither the ...
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0answers
142 views

How can we apply the Bundestag election model to European elections? (model building)

I have looked into electoral systems and am trying to build a model of what the 2019 EU election would have looked like if it had used the Bundestag election system. Disclaimer: I am fully aware ...
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1answer
164 views

What specific measures has Turkey taken to stem the flow of refugees to the EU?

After the Cyprus gas spat this summer, in which the EU imposed some financial sanctions on Turkey, the latter has suspended the "readmission" protocol of Syrian refugees agreed with the EU in 2016. ...
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0answers
306 views

Brexit, EU tax evasion regulation, and the City of London

Articles (such as this one published by Foreign Policy and this one by BBC) and documentaries (such as 2017 film "The Spider's Web" described here) detail the history and extent of Britain’s "Empire ...
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7answers
9k views

Why is the UK still pressing on with Brexit?

Before Monday I have always taken an impartial stance when ingesting information produced by clearly pro-Leave and pro-Remain groups, to analyze the information and take time to cross-reference it ...
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1answer
381 views

Why is it presumed that the EU won't grant an extension even if Johnson doesn't personally ask for it?

There's a lot of brouhaha at the moment about whether or not Johnson would ask for an extension, including speculation on whether or not he will go to jail over his refusal to do so. But why is it ...