Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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22
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4answers
1k views

On what principle did UK seize an Iranian oil tanker? Is there no right of passage for third countries?

In July 2019, the United Kingdom seized an oil tanker carrying oil from Iran to Syria. Reportedly, this is to enforce EU sanctions against Syria. But neither Iran nor Syria are members of the EU, so ...
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1answer
206 views

Who limits the euro issued in each eurozone country?

In my understanding each member of eurozone prints their own euro. How was it decided how much euro will be printed by each country per year? Also, for weak eurozone countries, what is preventing ...
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0answers
50 views

Voting in the Council of Ministers

In the Council of Ministers, qualified majority voting is used: When the Council votes on a proposal by the Commission or the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Did German Reunification influence EU strategy?

I have been reading about German Reunification, and would like to know if this was used as a positive example, to justify further EU expansion and integration? After the fall of the Berlin Wall, ...
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2answers
259 views

Why did EU sign a free-trade deal with Vietnam?

According to Reuters, The European Union has signed a free trade deal with Vietnam: The European Union signed a landmark free trade deal with Vietnam on Sunday, the first of its kind with a ...
4
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1answer
191 views

Seeking political asylum in a country after being refused in another

What's the case of someone who sought asylum in a European country and got rejected, then moved to another European country and applied again. Based Dublin Regulation the person will have their ...
6
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1answer
249 views

Why is Manfred Weber being opposed to as the next head of the European Commission?

Per this article: Frans Timmermans, a self-confessed anglophile who is fluent in seven languages, appears to be in pole position to head the commission from 1 November as leaders meet on Sunday ...
3
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1answer
154 views

How does INSTEX work, and why won't it work?

After the US withdrew from the JCPOA, it threatened criminal and/or financial action against entities which trade with Iran (with some limited exemptions). This made the SWIFT society drop Iranian ...
2
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1answer
61 views

How are decisions taken in the European Council?

The European Council sets the impetus of the EU. Treaty change is made here too. How are decisions taken in the European Council? Is it unanimity?
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1answer
218 views

Is organizing “piggybacked” referendums something unusual in EU?

Romanians were also called to vote for a referendum when voting for EU Parliament elections in 2019. However, the organizing for diaspora voting was very problematic and many could not vote at all: ...
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2answers
145 views

Is there any governmental organization/party in europe that has a main goal to untangle eu from US?

Well ever since the US decided to step out of the climate accord, I've been wondering whether some consider the US the biggest enemy of Europe. Considering climate change will hit Europe hard and ...
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2answers
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Cases of nationalists wanting to cede sovereignty to supranational organisations

In the UK there are two explicitly nationalist political parties, Plaid Cymru and the SNP, that curiously advocate handing sovereignty to the EU. Are there nationalist parties anywhere else in the ...
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3answers
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Can European countries bypass the EU and make their own individual trade deal with the U.S.?

Can European countries bypass the EU and make their own individual trade deal with the U.S.? I am asking, because for instance Italy decided to join the Belt and Road before other countries meaning ...
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2answers
257 views

How does the opposition to quotas for refugees policies from certain EU countries coexist with the EU “free movement of people inside EU” policies?

As far as I know, the European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU has developed an internal single market through a ...
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2answers
128 views

Are Common External Tariff levels in the EU agreed via qualified majority voting or unanimity?

Are Common External Tariff levels decided by qualified majority in the Council of Ministers? Or are these classified as taxation and therefore need unanimous agreement?
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1answer
171 views

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government?

Could the European Union (or an element of it) be described as a government? The Wikipedia definition of government seems quite broad: A government is the system or group of people governing an ...
8
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1answer
208 views

Separation of the European Single Market and Customs Union

What is the relationship between the European Customs Union and the European Single Market? Is the Single Market an evolution that encompasses the Customs Union, rather than a stand-alone entity? I ...
5
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1answer
123 views

If an MEP resigns is the next person on the list appointed?

What is the process in the UK for when an MEP resigns? Is the next person on the party’s list appointed? In Northern Ireland they use Single Transferrable Vote - perhaps they pick the first loser?
5
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1answer
302 views

How much bargaining power do countries like Greece have on their debt settlement with rich EU countries?

How much bargaining power do countries like Greece have on their debt settlement with rich EU countries? What are the things they could bargain for in their own interests and what are the things they ...
40
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4answers
5k views

How did the European Union reach the figure of 3% as a maximum allowed deficit?

According to Wikipedia's article about Stability and Growth Pact: The fiscal discipline is ensured by the SGP by requiring each Member State, to implement a fiscal policy aiming for the country ...
3
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2answers
526 views

Do legislators hold the right of legislative initiative?

The OED definition of legislator is: A person who makes laws; a member of a legislative body. A semi-colon is not read as an “or” but as an “and.” Does this mean a legislator must have the right ...
5
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3answers
443 views

Is the EU 'punishing' the UK for Brexit? How so? [closed]

This question states the EU has been making Brexit harder for the UK. One of the answers stated the reasons were to dissuade other members from deciding to leave as well. What I wonder is, is that ...
5
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1answer
224 views

How does the standardisation process in the EU work?

According to the EU’s website there are three standardisation bodies officially recognised as suppliers of European Standards: CEN, CENELEC and ETSI. I thought the European Medicines Agency had a ...
3
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1answer
359 views

Are regulatory compliance checks performed within the EU bloc?

The EU controls regulatory alignment for goods to make cross-border trade easier. EU countries are not wholly aligned in regulatory standards for all goods. For example, the driving side of road ...
3
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1answer
37 views

Do specific Council of Ministers configurations run on rotation?

There are a number of different configurations for the Council of Ministers, each corresponding to a policy area. Do these configurations gather ad-hoc or on rotation?
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1answer
187 views

Is there an automatic series of treaties in the EU?

Reform in the EU is performed via treaties. There have been a series of them all named after cities. Is this sequence pre-determined with the content attached to the treaty? Or are new treaties ...
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0answers
38 views

Is the impetus set by the European Council written down anywhere?

The European Council sets the direction or impetus of the European Commission (but does not instruct it). Is this direction or impetus written down anywhere?
2
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1answer
64 views

When does the European Scrutiny Committee get involved in the legislative process?

The European Scrutiny Select Committee scrutinises draft European Union legislation. The Committee assesses the legal and/or political importance of draft EU legislation deposited in Parliament ...
8
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1answer
507 views

How will the European Parliament look after brexit?

So 751 different members of the European Parliament was elected. However, some extra members were also elected for some countries for which the extra members first join the parliament the day (when/if)...
2
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2answers
234 views

What is the purpose of electing European Parliament since the institution which propose new laws is European Commission?

According to EU organisation: The Commission proposes and implements laws which are in keeping with the objectives of the EU treaties. The members of European Commission are proposed by the ...
3
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1answer
72 views

The nature of legislative deliberations with the European Commission

On the European Union website in its description of the "Ordinary Legislative Procedure" it says: In practice, most proposals are adopted at first reading. The reason for this is that the ...
9
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2answers
770 views

What can a person do if she could not cast her vote during EU parliamentary elections?

European Parliament elections has passed and Romanian diaspora once again had serious difficulties in casting a vote (Bristol Post, Dubai City Reporter, Vice). Thousands of Romanian diaspora ...
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2answers
310 views

Why is the voter turnout at EU level so low compared to national elections?

The voter turnout in the European elections in Germany in 2019 for instance was only around 62%. Notable this is still much higher than it was in previous EU elections there… Additionally the voter ...
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1answer
463 views

What exactly did the Brexit Party gain in the 2019 EU parliament election?

The UK is leaving the European Union soon and Theresa May failed to deliver the Brexit as promised, mainly because she could not get her deal approved by the UK parliament. Under these circumstances, ...
2
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1answer
138 views

What did Dominic Raab mean when he talked about Section 13 of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill?

Dominic Raab tried to row back from his voting for the Withdrawal Agreement Bill by citing “Section 13” of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill. The implication seemed to be that voting for the WA on the ...
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2answers
418 views

Did the UK Government ask for the Irish backstop?

Was the Irish backstop asked for by the UK Government or was it was it an imposition by the EU?
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3answers
2k views

Why did David Cameron offer a referendum on the European Union?

In 2013 in a speech in London entitled “Britain and Europe” David Cameron committed to an in/out referendum for the European Union for their 2015 manifesto. “The next Conservative Manifesto in 2015 ...
4
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2answers
138 views

Trade Agreements Approval Process EU vs UK

According to The Trade Justice Movement, the UK's current trade negotiation legislation (which hasn't been relevant for some time) means that only government approval (that is the executive) is ...
5
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1answer
157 views

Have people been prosecuted or fined for multiple cross-countries voting in EU elections?

Per a recent question here, an EU citizen may only cast one vote in the EU elections, even if citizen of multiple EU countries. I imagine however that unlike national elections, this kind of multiple-...
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2answers
2k views

Can a British citizen living in France vote in both France and Britain in the European Elections?

Are there constraints on the number of countries in which you can place a vote in the European Election? Can a British citizen living in France vote in both France and Britain in the European ...
6
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2answers
155 views

Can exit-polls for European Elections be published?

European elections are run over multiple days - the earliest voting countries in the EU are voting today, and the final votes will be on Sunday. Is it permissible for an exit-poll for a single ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Why did British Steel have to borrow 120 million pounds (from the government) to cover its ETS obligations?

Can someone clarify why British Steel had to receive a UK government loan for this sum of 120 million pounds? Did British Steel need this money to buy ETS allowances, or were these fines for not ...
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0answers
48 views

Where does the EU ETS fine money go?

An EU ETS factsheet says: A business is penalised if it does not surrender enough allowances. It has to buy allowances to make up the shortfall, is “named and shamed” by having its name ...
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0answers
24 views

Does the EU ETS primary auction money pass through the “EU coffers” at all?

As far as I could discover, although the EU runs a centralized Union Registry for ETS transactions, in which all member states must participate (well the UK was suspended at the beginning of this year)...
12
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2answers
794 views

How does the EU Emissions Trading Scheme account for increased emissions outside the EU?

If a third country (say China) is not beholden to the same emissions trading scheme, market forces should push steel production into the countries where costly emissions credits are not needed and ...
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1answer
178 views

Who collects the wealth raised by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme?

British Steel finally collapsed because of a non-allocation of emissions credits and an inability to raise hundreds of millions of pounds to purchase new emissions credits [1] within the European ...
3
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2answers
133 views

In the Belgian election system, what is the effect of voting on every candidate of a party?

There are elections soon in Belgium. I have been told that I am allowed to vote on more than one candidate within the same party. If I were to give my vote to every candidate on the list of my desired ...
5
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1answer
267 views

What happens if an independent candidate in the UK gets two seats worth of votes in EU elections?

During the UK election for the European parliament, what happens if an independent candidate gets enough votes for two seats? Do they nominate someone to get the seat? Do the votes get shared out ...
6
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1answer
302 views

Where can I find the final text of EU Deal for Double Food Standards?

This Politico article argues about the EU deal related to Double Food Standards: After fighting long and hard to reach an agreement, the European Commission passed a set of rules last week that ...
4
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1answer
178 views

How to review the decision-making of the different functions of the European Union?

When I was yesterday doing research around How long does it take, before the details of an EU parliament decision get published? I figured, that I had some conceptional misunderstanding of how the EU ...

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