Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions on the European Union, a union of twenty-seven European countries, and how it relates to national governments and other international organs.

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1answer
141 views

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU?

Are EU treaties agreed between member states or between member states and the EU? Is the EU a sovereign entity in and of itself?
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If the Benn Act effectively prevents a no deal exit on October 31st, why delay a general election? [duplicate]

The European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 (the "Benn Act") effectively prevents a no-withdrawal-agreement Brexit on October 31st. The Remain side are currently refusing to permit Boris Johnson ...
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Is there special legislation in EU law to permit free ports?

Is there special legislation in EU law to permit free ports, or are they implicitly permitted on the basis that goods become subject to tariffs as soon as they exit the port into the member state?
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Why is the population of post-Soviet states declining?

After the fall of the Soviet Union, many modern European states gain independence: the Baltic republics, Ukraine, Belarus. But there is something common among nearly all of them: their populations ...
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2answers
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Why is the Common Agricultural Policy unfavourable to the UK?

It's often said that the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is disadvantage to Britain, from the Guardian: Britain’s withdrawal from the EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP) provides one of the few ...
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1answer
320 views

Have the EU countries been diverging economically for the past two decades, despite rules convergence?

By divergence or convergence I don't mean in terms of rules, they clearly have been trying to converge in those terms. But was that fast enough to translate into economic convergence? I mean, have the ...
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193 views

What happened to "Mobility Package 1" (new EU lorry driver regulations)?

After many news pieces covering protest of Eastern EU firms/drivers and some on subsequent parliamentary exhortations, I can't figure out what if anything was adopted from "Mobility Package 1" and if ...
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5answers
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What are examples of EU policies that are beneficial for one EU country, disadvantagious for another? [closed]

The EU establishes policies every of its member has to/should abide. Without doubt many of these are well intended. Without doubt the EU promotes peace, security, economical stability and a series of ...
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6answers
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If the EU does not offer an extension to UK's Article 50 invocation, is the Benn Bill irrelevant?

My understanding of the Benn Bill is that it only compels the PM to request an extension and what must be done if an extension is granted. If an extension isn't granted, is it true that neither the ...
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0answers
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How can we apply the Bundestag election model to European elections? (model building)

I have looked into electoral systems and am trying to build a model of what the 2019 EU election would have looked like if it had used the Bundestag election system. Disclaimer: I am fully aware ...
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2answers
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What specific measures has Turkey taken to stem the flow of refugees to the EU?

After the Cyprus gas spat this summer, in which the EU imposed some financial sanctions on Turkey, the latter has suspended the "readmission" protocol of Syrian refugees agreed with the EU ...
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1answer
547 views

Brexit, EU tax evasion regulation, and the City of London

Articles (such as this one published by Foreign Policy and this one by BBC) and documentaries (such as 2017 film "The Spider's Web" described here) detail the history and extent of Britain’s "Empire ...
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Why is the UK still pressing on with Brexit?

Before Monday I have always taken an impartial stance when ingesting information produced by clearly pro-Leave and pro-Remain groups, to analyze the information and take time to cross-reference it ...
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1answer
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Why is it presumed that the EU won't grant an extension even if Johnson doesn't personally ask for it?

There's a lot of brouhaha at the moment about whether or not Johnson would ask for an extension, including speculation on whether or not he will go to jail over his refusal to do so. But why is it ...
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Can the UK veto its own extension request?

Every member of the EU has to agree any extension to article 50. Does this mean the UK PM could (technically) use his vote in the European Council to veto his own request for an extension?
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Exact Brexit date and consequences

If we consider Brexit to take place on 31 October 2019 as planned, does that mean this day would be the last day for the United Kingdom being still part of the EU, or does it mean from that day the UK ...
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1answer
204 views

Could EU join the Eurasian Economic Union?

I am sort of interested in political (and economic) possibilities of the EU joining the Eurasian Economic Union. This is of course sort of an alternative to Russia joining EU as was asked about in ...
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Has the EU published figures how much a month of article 50 extension costs?

There is a lot of talk about another article 50 extension in the Brexit issue. I've seen various people on both sides of the Brexit issue characterising the negotiations as a waste of time. For ...
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1answer
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How is the bill blocking the no-deal Brexit useful?

The referred bill is the one mentioned in this page. I ask this question because I don’t understand the following: if Boris Johnson is truly determined to leave the EU without a deal, why can’t he ...
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1answer
181 views

Poland 80th anniversary of WW2. How many international leaders rejected personal visit?

As known, Poland recently marks 80th anniversary of WW2 start: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ww2-anniversary-poland/poland-marks-80th-anniversary-of-start-of-world-war-two-idUSKCN1VL0TL Also, I'...
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1answer
195 views

Does the European Commission impose or at least recommend the registration of prepaid SIM cards?

Background In Romania I have heard on numerous occasions about the use of anonymous prepaid cards in relation to various crimes and that they should be banned by requiring persons to register with ...
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5answers
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If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
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2answers
389 views

Does a hard border in Ireland necessarily breach the Good Friday Agreement? [duplicate]

I don't believe this has been asked before: I looked at here, and here. These are different questions. The answer is clearly yes as far as the EU’s jurists are concerned. But could they be wrong? ...
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3answers
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Brexit, why is this so complicated? [duplicate]

Despite of probably having an overly broad question and a simplistic view: Everytime I read about the British politics these days, I wonder, what is all the fuss about Brexit about? They had a vote, ...
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4answers
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Why can't UK MPs vote for the Withdrawal Agreement, then renege on the backstop if it comes to that?

In 64 days the UK will leave the EU without a transitional deal (Withdrawal Agreement). This will be a catastrophe for Ireland in that legally a physical border must then be built there. This would ...
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2answers
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What is the improvement of the "legally binding commitment" proposed by Boris Johnson over the existing "backstop"?

As explained in this article in The Guardian, Boris Johnson has written to the EU suggesting the backstop could be replaced by some form of commitment to prevent a hard Irish border in his ...
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10answers
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Why is Boris Johnson visiting only Paris & Berlin if every member of the EU needs to agree on a withdrawal deal?

LONDON: Boris Johnson will tell Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron that there must be a new Brexit deal when he makes his first trip abroad as Prime Minister. Johnson will make clear to the French ...
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2answers
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Would the USA be eligible to join the European Union?

This question is motivated by the interesting answers given in a similar question on Russia. Let's imagine the USA leaders would want to join the European Union, would they be eligible? There are two ...
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If "more guns less crime", how do gun advocates explain that the EU has less crime than the US?

As a naive European, I thought that the self-defense argument for guns in the US was mostly based on the high number of guns already in the country. In other words, I thought that the argument takes ...
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1answer
475 views

Why does the EU-Turkey customs union not violate the single market principle?

In the Brexit negotiations the EU has rejected the British wish of being part of the single market but without free movement of people. Such a partial free market could lead to unfair competition and ...
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1answer
123 views

Is EFTA membership compatible with EU Customs Union membership?

Suppose a country wishes to join EFTA and also join the EU Customs Union (but not the EU itself), could it do so in the long term? I suspect that membership of both is impossible because membership ...
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1answer
53 views

Differences - "national measure adopted by the host state" vs. "a diversity of national regulations"

How do 1 and 2 beneath differ? Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 501. All emboldenings are mine.       Under the (modern) international model,27 each State ...
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0answers
151 views

How's the EU fundamental rights "mortgage theory" related to mortgages?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 264. All emboldenings are mine. English SE and Grammarphobia has the etymology and definition of mortgage. HaggardHawks.com explains the best - ...
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1answer
209 views

How is the policy of the European Central Bank determined if every country has a different economic situation?

How is the policy of the European Central Bank determined if every country has a different economic situation? Is there a sort of weighing system that makes the economic situation of certain European ...
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2answers
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Is Norway in the Single Market?

Norway is an EEA/EFTA member and is not in the EU. The first Google hit for "is Norway in the Single Market?" indicates it is in the Single Market. But I thought Norway was not in the Single Market, ...
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1answer
171 views

Why isn't it inherently anti-democratic for the CJEU to limit the Union legislator?

Pls see scan below. I don't understand how "[t]his view is mistaken." If the CJEU sets "hard limits for the Union legislator", how isn't this "inherently anti-democratic", whether "the democratic ...
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0answers
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What's process constitutionalism?

Can someone pls explain like I'm 5 what process constitutionalism is? The author failed to define it, and I see no simple answers after Googling "process constitutionalism". Robert Schütze. European ...
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1answer
192 views

UK Private Sector Receipts from the EU

The UK's membership fee in 2018 according to full fact goes from a £17bn gross payment, less rebate and public sector spending to a £9bn net payment. Specifically, this image shows this does not ...
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3answers
551 views

Why wasn't the supremacy of EU law codified?

Robert Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. 2018. p. 121.       When the Union was born, the European Treaties did not expressly state the supremacy of European law.8 8The 2004 ...
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1answer
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How's Art 45(4) Public Services Exception connected to Hegel and “The march of God in the world, that is what the state is”? [closed]

I don't know anything about Hegel or his philosophy. Can someone pls ELI5 the red arrows in the following quote? Craig, P and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 769. All emboldenings are mine.
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"prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of market access" vs. "test based on substantial hindrance to market access"

Can someone pls unravel the distinctions between ii and iii in the quote beneath? How isn't red underline in (ii) "prevention, or direct and substantial hindrance, of" market access the same ...
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2answers
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How do export restrictions help domestic market and national production?

Sentence 1 under suggests that EX-port restrictions help national production. But how? I understand how IM-port restrictions help "domestic market" (from sentence 2) and "national production" - IM-...
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9answers
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What would the United Kingdom's "optimal" Brexit deal look like?

As far as I could tell, the Brexit issue boils down to three core points for the UK: The UK no longer has to follow any EU regulations. The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland ...
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1answer
239 views

Simple explanation needed about EU's decisional and normative supranationalism

Please explain like I'm five: I get what's "supranationalism", but why didn't Craig define decisional supranationalism and normative supranationalism? Wikipedia was too gruff to help! European ...
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1answer
181 views

Why were the Treaty of Rome's travaux préparatoires not available for thirty years?

Craig, P. and De Burca, G. EU Law 6 ed. 2015. p. 63       The Court’s jurisprudence cannot be properly understood without an awareness of its approach to interpretation. This is ...
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337 views

Why has Macron apparently decided to support the Romanian candidate (Kovesi) instead of his own country candidate (Bohnert) as EU prosecutor?

A rather surprising news came from the Romanian Presidency: President Klaus Iohannis on Friday had a phone conversation with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, during which the latter told ...
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If SWIFT is headquartered in Europe, why does the EU need to create a SWIFT alternative to be able to do transactions with Iran?

If SWIFT is headquartered in Europe, why does the EU need to create a SWIFT alternative to be able to do transactions with Iran? It seems that the U.S. has significant control over SWIFT although ...
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2answers
192 views

Could the EU introduce an app-crossing messenger standard and make its use obligatory for every messenger?

Let's assume the EU does the following things: It develops a messaging standard for texts, speech messages, documents, video calls, end-to-end encryption and more and makes this open source (like the ...
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3answers
3k views

What would the EU do if an EU member declared war on another EU member?

What would the EU do if an EU member declared war on another EU member? I am wondering what would happen if a country like France attacked a country like Cyprus, what would the EU do in that situation?...
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2answers
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Does the EU have the power to expand its own power without the consent of EU members?

Does the EU have the power to expand its own power without the consent of EU members? If yes, what is the legal framework that allows it to do so? If not, what do the EU members have to do to allow ...

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