Questions tagged [executive]

Questions about executive branches or executive functions of governments. Please use with the tag for the relevant country.

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93 views

Why the Executive make (promulgate) laws? The laws should be made by the legislative

The Executive, as its name suggests, should be working for the execution and in the Polity, I think, it would be executing the laws. The laws are made (or consented, if you like) by the legislative (...
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How would a trial occur if two political bodies investigate the same crime?

Background In the United States, there is plentiful news of investigations of high profile people. In particular, some issues, like the Hillary Clinton Email Scandal have resulted in investigations ...
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Can the US President fire someone who works in the Justice Department?

Donald Trump complained on Twitter about someone who still works for the Justice Department. How the hell is Bruce Ohr still employed at the Justice Department? Disgraceful! Witch Hunt! Isn't the ...
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What are the requirements for receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom?

I was reading about the Presidential Medal of Freedom and how the president of the United States awards this medal to people who have made "an especially meritorious contribution to the security or ...
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In Sweden, are there any ramifications if the Prime Minister chooses not to observe the Government's (Cabinet's) decision?

In Sweden, the executive power is vested in the Government (i.e. The country's "Cabinet" which consists of the Prime Minister and other Ministers), as opposed to the Prime Minister. This ...
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To what extent are senior non-elected officials such as the WH Chief of Staff provided with protection?

I have to admit my question is triggered by a scene in Veep, where a security situation results in the President being surrounded by Secret Service agents (s04e02), but after spending some time on ...
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Appeal process for being designated a “Terrorist Group” (Canada)

Yesterday, the office of Canada's Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness designated 13 groups as "Terrorist Groups". According to CBC, the result is that it is not necessarily ...
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Can the POTUS perform a mass-pardon for those who meet certain criteria?

Let's say a POTUS wanted to legalise weed, and after doing so wanted to then free all the prisoners he could who's only crime was using/having weed, being otherwise innocent. To do this, could the ...
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Do former US presidents have the right to receive daily CIA briefings?

In Michael Moore's 2004 film Fahrenheight 9/11 a person named Dan Briody says the following: George H.W. Bush is a man who has obviously incredible reach into the White House. He receives daily CIA ...
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If the VP were to invoke the 25th amendment to remove the President as unfit for office, would acting secretaries be able to consent?

The 25th Amendment says that the Vice-President, in conjunction with half of the fifteen executive department heads, can declare the President unfit to discharge his duties. Presently only two of the ...
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Why is the head of the Department of Justice not called the Secretary of Justice?

In the United States, the Attorney General leads the Department of Justice. This stands in contrast to other federal executive departments whose leaders hold the title of "Secretary". Is ...
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In parliamentary democracy, how do Ministers compensate for their potential lack of relevant experience to run their own ministry?

Due to the fact that most parliamentary systems prefer having Members of Parliament as Ministers, how do Ministers make up for their lack of relevant experience when running a ministry? For example, a ...
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Trump pardons…Trump? [duplicate]

If Gerald Ford was able to preemptively pardon Richard Nixon, what would stop Trump from doing that to himself? Why doesn't every president do that, just in case?
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Is there some legal basis for POTUS having to “clear” subordinates for certain therapies?

Ben Carson, secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, was quoted saying that: "President Trump was following my condition and cleared me for the monoclonal antibody therapy ...
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Is the US unique in a voted-out president staying in power so long? [duplicate]

In the US system, it is approximately 6 weeks between the presidential election and the actual handing over of power to the winner. It seems surprising that executive power is retained so long by a ...
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Why did Imran Khan become the Prime Minister whereas Zardari became the President after winning elections?

I have a question about Pakistan politics. What determines a party president to be either a President of country or Prime Minister of country after winning elections? When Pakistan People Party (PPP)...
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Number Designation of Signed US Presidental Executive Orders

I was drafting an opinion piece which discusses an Executive Order (EO) recently signed by US President Donald J. Trump, and found that referencing the document wasn't as simple as I expected. The ...
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How can a Governor enforce “Shelter in Place Orders” if cities or States' Attorneys refuse to enforce them?

I've seen reports of state's attorneys and cities refusing to enforce state Stay at Home orders. If a governor was so inclined, are there actions they could take against the state's attorneys and ...
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Do the President and federal departments have the power to enact laws and set regulations without congressional approval?

During President Obama's State of the Union, he talked about how, if Congress didn't enact laws to help the environment, his administration would. He also did this with gun control. Does the POTUS ...
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Why do federal intelligence agencies need the Patriot Act to be allowed to share information with other agencies?

I thought I heard that, without some of the provisions in the Patriot Act, intelligence agencies would not be allowed to share information with other agencies. But the President is the head of the ...
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How does a government agency know if it is compromised?

The U.S. spies on other nations and in turn gets spied on. I don't think I need a citation to prove this. Every now and then, there are people who gain access to highly classified information and ...
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Who needs to clear John Bolton's book before publication?

While it would seem obvious that John Bolton would/should get some sort of clearance from CIA/DOD prior to publishing his book, lest he reveal some classified information,does Bolton have any ...
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How does a “delivery of military aid” play out in practice?

I am referring to the episode regarding the Ukraine conflict, where there was security assistance supposed to be paid by the United States to Ukraine. How does this "release of aid" actually play out?...
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Why make large dense investigative reports for public release if there are significant barriers to understand them?

Background The U.S. government time and again produces public large dense reports that describe specific phenomena in excruciating detail for someone not in the legal or lobbying profession. Every ...
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presidential candidates promises

Why do presidential candidates make promises that they won't be (much) a part of? For example: medicare for all Anyone can come up with a bill but they are introduced, debated, amended, and passed ...
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Who is the “agency designee” with respect to 5 CFR § 2635.502 (c)-(d) for the White House?

5 CFR § 2635.502 deals with potential conflicts of interests of federal employees. If I'm reading that correctly, it seems that every government agency needs to have at least one "designee" ...
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What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...
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Why have US Presidents not been given the power of line item vetoes?

I have often wondered why there are so many bills that are massive and incredibly complex passed through the Legislative branch. Why are bills stacked together and mashed up with a variety sections ...
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Are personal attaches or envoys, such as Rudy Giuliani, Bill Donovan and Vernon Waters on the government payroll when they held those posts?

Roosevelt relied heavily on his advisor "Wild Bill" Donovan in much the same way as Trump does on Rudy Giuliani. Both were personal envoys. And Vernon Waters served as a roving diplomat for Reagan. ...
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Does Trump's no-testimony directive cover the putative Senate trial as well?

Trump has issued a directive see page 2 that has been used as a reason by some of his (present and former) officials to not testify in the impeachment hearings so far, including Bolton and Mulvaney. ...
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Difference between constitutional and executive presidents( U.S and EU)?

In what way is the position "president" different in presidential and parliamentary democracies? Presidential would be like in the USA and parliamentary would be like the UK's system.
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Why is Trump moving to Florida?

Donald Trump is moving to Florida. Doesn't he live in the White House in Washington DC? What does it mean that he is moving? Also, do we know why?
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Is there a national movement for a plural executive in the federal government?

In the United States, there has been a long standing movement for the unitary power of the executive branch. That is, there is a well known movement that purports: a "hierarchical, unified ...
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Conservatism and Executive Power

The Economist cites the philosopher and political theorist Michael Oakeshott to describe conservatism as "To be conservative... is to prefer the familiar to the unknown, to prefer the tried to the ...
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How does Executive Privilege override the clear provision of statute at 5 U.S.C. App. §8H (c) on Whistle Blower Complaints?

With respect to the testimony of Acting Director of National Intelligence McGuire before the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, U.S. House of Representatives on September 26, 2019, that as a ...
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Why does the Federal Government of the United States not have a plural executive, like most of its states?

Background Many states such as Texas, Massachusetts, and Minnesota all elect members of the executive branch other than just the President. This leaves them accountable to the people and not just to ...
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Could Boris Johnson theoretically ignore any legislation passed to prevent no-deal brexit?

The UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, has clearly set out his position in that he wishes to leave the EU on 31st October with or without a deal. I.e if further negotiations with the EU do not result ...
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Who runs the USA when the presidents are switching?

I assume Obama wouldn't be responsible for anything that happened on the 20th January but neither Trump could be as he wouldn't have the chance to practically manage to take over the important ...
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When I register for voting in Massachusets with a telephone number on the “Do Not Call” registry, do I have to check the “unlisted phone number” box?

Background In March 2003, the Do Not Call registry was signed into law by president George W. Bush. This law allowed the FTC to create a voluntary registry of phone numbers whereby some entities ...
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Why did 1 US state introduce the line-item veto between 1984 and 2008?

On January 25, 1984 Ronald Reagan said Some 43 of our 50 States grant their Governors the right to veto individual items in appropriation bills without having to veto the entire bill. In 2008, 44 ...
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Does the US President have the legal authority to unilaterally close the country’s borders?

President Trump recently tweeted that he may close the country’s southern border if Congress does not appropriate the funds to build a border wall. ... We build a Wall or close the Southern Border ......
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Aren't, in practice, the executive and legislative powers oftentimes nearly unified?

As far as I'm aware, according to the theory of separation of powers, which is considered one of the foundations of democracy, prescribes the three government powers: executive, legislative, judiciary ...
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What kind of approval does Donald Trump need to build his wall?

Can the president order the construction of a wall in the southern border just by himself, such as with an executive order? What kind of approval does he need to initiate construction of such a wall?
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Is the NBIB affected by the 2018-2019 government shutdown?

Background The National Background Investigation Bureau (NBIB) is a government agency within the United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and is important for people in the United States ...
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Can Matthew Whitaker legally change the budget for the Special Counsel Investigation at a whim?

Background According to 28 CFR 600.8, the budget of a Special Counsel investigation is handled as follows: (a)Budget. (1) A Special Counsel shall be provided all appropriate resources by ...
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Do US federal agencies take a position on legislation?

Are there laws which prohibit or limit the ability of United States federal agencies (eg. SAMHSA) to take a public position in favor or against bills currently under consideration of the legislature? ...
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Would federal agencies have enough power to run the country without the government?

Essentially all the federal agencies have control over their spending. The DOT can raise revenue by road tolls, DOE has royalties, Medicare/ss can garnish small amounts of wages that aren't worth ...
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Does the executive branch have its own form of contempt?

The Judicial Branch has Contempt of Court as described below: Contempt of court, often referred to simply as "contempt", is the offense of being disobedient to or discourteous toward a court of law ...
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When can the US Executive Branch not enforce an existing law?

Two recent examples come to mind: Not enforcing the company mandate of the Affordable Care Act (a.k.a. Obamacare) Not enforcing existing immigration laws I'm sure there are other examples from ...
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How many treaties did US presidents terminate without Congress approval?

An opinion piece by Senator Russ Feingold on NBC says: although it took a 1945 vote in the Senate to allow President Harry Truman to ratify the U.N. Charter, the current weight of legal opinion ...