Questions tagged [federalism]

Forms of government that mix a central government with regional governments.

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1answer
80 views

What would be the political effects of the implementation of a Bhutan-like electoral system on a federal state? [closed]

Bhutan has a unique political system, in which elections to the National Assembly ( the lower house of the bicameral Bhutanese parliament ) happen in two rounds. In the first round, a nationwide vote ...
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Why are German local authorities taxing DoD employees, despite the protests of the US and of the German federal government?

There's a pretty long military.com (Stars and Stripes) article on the matter of taxes on some DoD employees in Germany: The U.S. contends the situation amounts to a treaty violation, but so far ...
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What are the advantages of a nation allowing one of its states to default on its debt?

Some Federations like the U.S.A. do not permit one of their states to file for bankruptcy. My question is why do some countries allow for one of their states to default on its debt, and what might be ...
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Why are national guards in states nowhere near the US Mexico border getting involved in border security with Mexico?

I have seen an article saying that the state national guard of North Dakota is preparing to send troops to the US Mexico border. Other states have done this too, I just pick North Dakota because it is ...
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Why is the Federal Government competing for medical supplies with the US States hit hardest by the COVID-19 Pandemic?

During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals and first responders have struggled with a lack of PPE, ventilators, and other essential medical supplies. The Federal Government has urged individual states to ...
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Are there federal systems where federal laws do not have primacy?

The powers are distributed in a federal system. But often, the jurisdiction of the federal government and that of the state/province/etc. can intersect for a particular subject matter (e.g. federal ...
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1answer
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Why is Pondicherry divided into so many names and exists in so many states?

In Tamil Nadu it is called Punducheery. Yanam is in Andhra Pradesh and again I guess there is another territory where it exists. A slightly detailed insight into this will be most welcome.
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What are the differences between autonomous administrative divisions and confederated states in Myanmar?

I learned that Wa State is currently an autonomous administrative division of Myanmar but in current government reform, Rakhine State wants to be a confederated state and other remaining states ...
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What are some potential dangers of decentralization in fragile societies?

I'm working on a paper where I consider a decentralized*/federalized* political system in Afghanistan. While there are many journal articles (a quick google search would show this) arguing in favor of ...
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Which generating units did the DOE authorize to operate at maximum capacity in Texas?

Although Texas' ERCOT is not subject to FERC regulations, there are apparently emergency DOE orders that apply to some Texas generating facilities nonetheless: Under FPA section 202(c) during the ...
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1answer
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How does a federal state differ from an anarchist "federation"?

Anarchists such as Proudhon, Bakunin, and Kropotkin advocate federalism. As far as I understood from their works, this entails an organizational structure in which power flows "upwards" and ...
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Can states buy vaccines directly from the manufacturers?

New York and Michigan have been requesting to purchase vaccines directly from the manufacturers. From NBC News' reporting: No can do, Pfizer replied. While the company is ready to collaborate with ...
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Why do non-federations need bicameral parliaments?

Federations often have a bicameral parliament: one house speaks for the nation itself, whereas the other one speaks for the subjects within the federation (it could be summoned by the means of the ...
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Can the federal government of the United States influence when ballot totals are announced?

Would it be legal for the federal government of the United States to introduce a law, with words to the effect of: "No results of any congressional, senatorial, or presidential election may be ...
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What additional measures, within presidential authority, do people say the president should take against Covid-19?

It seems Donald Trump is under heavy scrutiny from a lot of the media and his political opponents for failing to appropriately respond to Covid-19. My question is: what more could he have done that ...
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1answer
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How much is Russia actually a federation?

The official name of Russia is Federation of Russia. Federations are normally a bunch of semi-independant federated states that have their own local laws and tax-collecting habits, but that defer ...
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Are federal laws "optional" as a practical matter?

Does the precedent established by sanctuary cities and sanctuary states (and other precedents like legalized medicinal cannabis and gaming make all federal law and state law functionally "optional" as ...
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Do the Canadian Senate's regions support each other in voting as the Constitution expects them to?

I was reading the Wikipedia article on the Senate of Canada. Based on that, Canada is divided into four principal regions that all have 24 senators; in addition is Newfoundland & Labrador and the ...
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Do municipal and state police have to cooperate with federal police?

To what level do local/state police have to cooperate with federal police when state law differs from national law, especially regarding the recent legalization of recreational marijuana in Washington ...
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159 views

How can the federal government "own" states? [closed]

Nevada's borders look like this: However, most of this "state" map is actually property belonging to the federal government. How does this ownership work? Namely: Does the federal ...
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What does the Tenth Amendment actually do?

The Tenth Amendment to the US Constitution says: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to ...
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Are there economic benefits to federalism?

The Philippines may be implementing some form of federalism. Are there economic benefits to federalism? I ask because I observe that both Malaysia and the United States have some kind of federalism, ...
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1answer
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How could Philadelphia join New Jersey?

Yesterday, the Pennsylvania Senate voted to block a Philadelphia law which would require paid sick leave for employees. This is just one in a long series of examples where the heavily-Democrat ...
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Can individual US states exchange territory without the approval of the US Congress? [duplicate]

The Admission Clause of the US Constitution reads as follows: New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of ...
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Why isn't Somalia a part of the East African Federation?

The East African Federation is a proposed nation state that's made up of 6 unified east African states: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. This doesn't include Somalia, a ...
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Why isn't Malawi part of the East African Federation?

The East African Federation is a proposed political/economic union of Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, and South Sudan. These countries form a physically contiguous block, speak similar/...
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Do voters get to elect their governors and mayors in unitary states?

I've read the introduction to the Wiki page, but I still don't get it: is there such a thing as regional elections in unitary states, for example Ukraine? President Zelensky appointed one governor, ...
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Can a U.S. county secede from a U.S. state? [duplicate]

Assume a county in State A wanted to join State B. Would that be possible? If so, what would be the procedure? If not, why not?
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A new proposal suggests subdividing Washington D.C. into 127 new states so that they can change the Constitution at will. Is this possible?

There is a new proposal in the Harvard Law Review titled: "Pack the Union: A Proposal to Admit New States for the Purpose of Amending the Constitution to Ensure Equal Representation". Lamenting the ...
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171 views

What federal systems feature a legislative chamber for regional governments, Germany aside?

As the book instantiates Germany (cf green line beneath), I seek other federalist nation-states as examples. European Union Governance and Policy Making: A Canadian Perspective (2018). p 61. EU: The ...
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What is the difference between 'suzerainty' and 'federalism'?

What is the difference between 'suzerainty' and 'federalism’? I’ve found the following definitions, but they sound similar in many ways. What is the main difference between these 2 forms of government?...
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Is the there a term for state (or local) officers not caring about enforcing federal law?

I think it's generally accepted that in the US: state officers cannot be compelled to enforce federal law. For more details as to why that is accepted: In Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, ...
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In the USA, who decides who can run for president, the states or the federal government?

From twitter BREAKING: Maryland is on the verge of passing a law requiring all Presidential candidates to release their past 5 years of tax returns in order to be placed on the election ballot. ...
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Is the President of the United States bound by state laws?

The state of New York is currently in the process of passing a law allowing Congress to access the state tax returns of elected officials and top appointed officials. This is seen as a potential "end-...
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Can a state judge throw the U.S. President in jail for contempt of court?

In USA there is this concept or "rule of law" that includes the principle that no one is above the law. About this the book "A Companion to the US Constitution and Its Amendments" (by John R. Vile) ...
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What type of organization is an American political party?

Legally, what is a political party in the US? I know they are not mentioned in the Constitution. They do not appear to be corporations or charities, or PACs, or any other type of formal organization ...
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Trump is revoking California's Clean Air Act exemption. Does this automatically affect the 13 other states that use California's standards?

President Trump is reported to be revoking California's Clean Air Act exemption. Trump tweeted on September 18, 2019 that he was doing so. Since 1970, California has restricted automobile emissions ...
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Is is possible to make a federal state with only one federated state to resolve cohabitation inherent to semi-presidential systems?

Is there a way to mitigate cohabitation that is inherent to semi-presidential system by making the unitary state look like a federal one that have only one federated state! I mean is it possible to ...
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What level of autonomy do regions within the Russian Federation have?

So, in the United States, of course, there is the 10th Amendment to the constitution, stating that powers not enumerated as adhering to the federal government are reserved either to the states or to ...
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Is much of what the US federal government does unconstitutional?

Heard the argument that since much of what the federal government does these days - Freddie Mac, Social Security, Medicare, you name it - is not within explicitly listed Enumerated Powers in the ...
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1answer
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Roughly how many US state judges have been charged with obstructing federal justice?

The media reported that a Massachusetts judge was charged with obstructing federal ICE agents after she allegedly let an (illegal) immigrant escape literally through the back door of her court. This ...
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(Why) does the US left promote federal powers over state powers?

This comment states that the modern left is often promoting federal powers over state powers. I assume that the comment relates to the United States. It surprises me, because in (northern) Europe, ...
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293 views

What are the disadvantages for federalizing the European Union? [closed]

The European Union is already integrated in many ways. There is a democratic chosen parliament. There is free traffic of people and goods. But there's no central army; there's no EU embassies around ...
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Can states nullify the president's pardoning power by making federal offenses state offenses?

Can a state make federal offenses state offenses as well, so that even if the president pardons a criminal for a federal offense, they'll still be on the hook for the equivalent state offense? Edit: ...
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Why does there not seem to be more support for state-specific border walls in the US?

While there seems to be a good amount of discussion about the border wall desired by President Trump, I have not seen much in the way of discussion regarding state-based approaches; that is, given the ...
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Can state governments be overthrown without national government involvement?

It is my understanding that the state and national government of the United States are separate entities (that's what federalism is, combining smaller states into a larger one). Could unhappy ...
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Have congressional Republicans taken a position on whether they will give "consent" to the United States Climate Alliance as an interstate compact?

The United States Climate Alliance is an effort by state governments to support the Paris Climate Accord and help reduce emissions in the United States. There is however a constitutional problem with ...
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In federal countries who owns offshore natural resources, the states or the federal government?

In countries like the US, Germany and Australia that have a federal system of government, is offshore natural resources such as Oil and Gas owned by the states or the federal government?
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Is there a ranking of states based on how unitary/federalized they are?

As an example, the UK is formally considered a unitary state but in reality its subregions enjoy a lot of autonomy and are able to pass laws of their own. On the other hand Russia is formally a ...
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1answer
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Is the US one of the most decentralized countries in the world? [duplicate]

After living abroad in a small, politically centralized country, I came back to the United States and suddenly realized how strange federalism feels to me. Individual states have so much political ...