Questions tagged [geopolitics]

For questions about the influence of geographic variables on politics. Such variables include climate, topography, demography, and natural resources.

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Is there any agreement that allows China to use Russian naval bases for its military cooperation?

Over the past decade, China and Russia have transformed Europe’s maritime security seascape through their military basing access and port investments across maritime Europe — from the Baltic and Black ...
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To what extent are Russia and China cooperating instead of competing in Central Asia to increase their influence in the region? [closed]

Thanks to an influx of investment and a sharp surge in transit volumes, additional funds have begun to flow into the budgets of the Central Asian countries. This has led not only to economic growth, ...
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Does Hungary have anything to gain from defending Israel's actions in Gaza?

But despite Berlin joining the likes of France, Spain, Ireland and Belgium, which have strongly pushed for measures against violent Israeli extremist settlers in the West Bank, the EU is stuck. The ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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What deals did Pakistan broker for the Taliban-led Afghanistan as a mediator?

The relationship with the Taliban-led government in Afghanistan is crucial. Pakistan’s role as a mediator and its policies towards the Afghan Taliban will affect peace and stability in the region. A ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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Is the requirement of being aligned with the EU's foreign policy in order to join it written into law?

The threat Russia poses in the Western Balkans should not be exaggerated. Virulent nationalist rhetoric aside, Serbia is not beholden to the Kremlin but rather is hedging its bets, as it has done for ...
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Why does Paraguay maintain a relationship with Taiwan if they can't compete against China in terms of checkbook diplomacy? [duplicate]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Taiwan Why does Paraguay maintain a relationship with Taiwan if they can't compete against China in terms of checkbook diplomacy? https://en....
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Is there any other country that used grey-zone warfare in the 21st century?

China's Taiwan Affairs Office said the government had goodwill toward Taiwan's people but will never tolerate Taiwan's disregard for the safety of Chinese fishermen. "The mainland reserves the ...
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What does China have to gain from joining the Arctic Council as an observer state?

In 2011, the Council clarified its criteria for admission of observers, most notably including a requirement of applicants to "recognize Arctic States' sovereignty, sovereign rights and ...
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What are the benefits Russia may gain from a strong relationship with Mongolia?

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, Mongolia's trade with Russia declined by 80% and China's relations and influence over Mongolia increased.[7] However, Russia ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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Why was Russia against NATO enlargement?

Then lastly on Sweden. First of all, it is historic that now Finland is member of the Alliance. And we have to remember the background. The background was that President Putin declared in the autumn ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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What does China have to gain from having a neutral stance concerning the ownership of the Kuril islands?

People's Republic of China once supported the Soviet Union's claim over the islands in the 1950s, however, after the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s, China then turned to support Japanese sovereignty ...
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Did France issue an official statement on why it supplied arms to Armenia?

Azerbaijan has accused France of sowing the seeds of a new war by supplying arms to Armenia, which is also being courted by the United States. Pashinyan last month discussed cooperation with Javier ...
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Why is Azerbaijan suddenly allied with Russia?

The United States wants to continue holding some capability in the area to threaten to penetrate the North Caucacus, which would be a dangerous and unlikely maneuver. The Russians are not dismissing ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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How does the inclusion of Finland in NATO make it difficult for Russia to use Kaliningrad to dominate the Baltics?

The threat from Kaliningrad has receded with Russia mired in Ukraine and NATO welcoming Finland, and likely Sweden, into its ranks, experts say. Russia’s goal of turning Kaliningrad into a launching ...
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Did Russia express any comment showing disapproval of Serbia potential entry into the EU?

Serbia applied to join the European Union (EU) in 2009 and has been a candidate for membership since 2012, along with nine other states. Serbia is the largest country in Southeast Europe seeking entry ...
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Why does the US still maintain so many military facilities in Western Europe?

The US maintains a lot of military facilities in countries like Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, etc. This doesn't make economic sense. The US military expenditure is on trajectory to reach a ...
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How critical will be Samarium Cobalt Magnets to the US war effort in case of a war in Taiwan strait with China? [closed]

I am working on a case study as part of my MPhil research project in regards to which I want to know the importance of Samarium Cobalt (SmCo) magnets to the US military in case of a large scale war. ...
Engr. Moiz Ahmad's user avatar
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Countries where in some parts of the territory they have a single official language different than the one spoken in the rest of the country?

Apart from Finland, Canada, India, South Africa, Denmark, Belgium and Switzerland, are there other countries where in some parts of the territory (like some kind of autonomous region) they have a ...
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What does Japan have to gain from banning the sales of chip-making equipment to China?

https://www.scmp.com/tech/tech-war/article/3221582/tech-war-china-slams-japans-semiconductor-technology-export-controls Beijing said it “firmly opposes” Japan’s latest chip-making equipment export ...
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Why is Saudi Arabia primarily buying weapons from the United States?

Background. Saudi Arabia is a key U.S. ally in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia's security forces have relied on U.S. equipment, training, and service support for decades, officially as a counterbalance ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why isn't Argentina part of the F-35 program?

https://asiatimes.com/2023/03/china-argentina-on-verge-of-region-rattling-fighter-deal/ This week, South China Morning Post (SCMP) reported that Argentina’s Ambassador to China Sabino Vaca Narvaja ...
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Clear and concrete definition of "Third World" [duplicate]

Commonly, when I discuss with a pro-western American, or perhaps sometimes Europeans about an African Country I always hear this, "But it's third world" on investopedia.com "Third World&...
Tardy's user avatar
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How could the US Embargo on Cuba be ended? What would that process look like?

There's been a lot of discussion on if the US embargo on Cuba should be ended, but I would like to know: how could it be ended? What legislative process? Would any laws have to be removed to allow ...
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In countries where freedom of expression is limited and the constitution prohibits political participation, what are the options?

There are many countries where freedom of expression is restricted in various ways and certain people or all people are restricted or not even allowed legally to participate in politics of any kind. ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How does India access its air base in Tajikistan?

Farkhor Air Base is a military air base located near the town of Farkhor in Tajikistan, and is operated by the Indian Air Force in collaboration with the Tajik Air Force. As we can see in the map, ...
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11 votes
7 answers
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Does the US government consider a prolonged war in Ukraine as a geopolitical advantage for the US against Russia?

According to Washington Post, the US government is asking Ukraine to be more open to negotiations with the current Russian regime: The Biden administration is privately encouraging Ukraine’s leaders ...
Alexei's user avatar
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What exactly is the Valdai Discussion Club and has it been playing a role in the current geopolitical situation?

Having briefly browsed their website, I'm still not sure what exactly the Valdai Discussion club is. Who are its members, what do they do, and what role, if any, has it been playing in the Russian ...
lady_bug's user avatar
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4 answers
564 views

Is Russia on the rise to become the new economic world power? Is the war situation paving a way towards it? [closed]

I want to understand the current stance of Russia & its future economic leadership potential. After listening to the speech by Putin at the recent Valdai Discussion Club (transcript attached), I'...
lady_bug's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why did the EU not let developing countries outside the EU to import fertilizers from Russia?

He pointed out that the bloc had eased curbs to let in Russian fertilizers to Europe, but was unwilling to do the same for developing countries outside the continent. “Using the opportunity, I ask UN ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
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Why are European countries interested in the Indo-Pacific?

The Indo-Pacific has become a new conflict zone these days, with China on one side, and other countries like Japan, Australia, and India on the other side. Organizations like AUKUS and the Quad have ...
whoisit's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
605 views

What are different ways to define the concept of "The West"?

The concept of "The West" is mentioned frequently on this forum, but often runs into the problem of ambiguous definition. While most people have a rough idea of what is considered "...
QuantumWalnut's user avatar
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What are the pros and cons of joining the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue Plus group instead of joining the main Quadrilateral Security Dialogue?

What are the pros and cons of joining the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue Plus group instead of joining the main Quadrilateral Security Dialogue? I was wondering why a country like South Korea would ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
603 views

What benefits does China gain by waiving debt to African countries like this?

https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx_662805/202208/t20220819_10745617.html What benefits does China gain by waiving debt to African countries like this? Second, we need to take concrete actions to ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
471 views

What are the pros and cons of having a large sovereign wealth fund?

https://www.swfinstitute.org/fund-rankings/sovereign-wealth-fund What are the pros and cons of having a large sovereign wealth fund? I am asking, because China is behind Norway and China invest a ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
268 views

How are interactions between Taliban Afghanistan and the world carried out if they are not officially recognized by anyone?

This is a hybrid politics/international law question and it’s posted here for convenience. Everyday interactions would include border crossings, postal services, telecommunications, airspace ...
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26 votes
8 answers
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What does Ukraine gain by having Western countries ban all Russian visa?

Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky said earlier in an interview with the Washington Post that Western countries should ban entry to all Russians. Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas, in turn, ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
4k views

What purpose does publishing a white paper serve?

China has published a White Paper on the situation with Taiwan. Here is the translation: The spokesperson of the Taiwan Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was authorized ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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28 votes
5 answers
9k views

What has China gained by doing military drills after Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan?

What has China gained by doing military drills after Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan? A lot of people who know nothing about geopolitics are saying that China is throwing a tantrum, but is this really the ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
953 views

Is it true that sizes of some countries are shown smaller on Maps than they actually are? [closed]

I recently read somewhere that there are some countries in the world are actually larger than they are shown on the world map. For eg. Somalia is significantly larger than it is shown on the map and ...
Sammyak Sangai's user avatar
15 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why is Saudi Arabia "sitting on the fence" on Ukraine?

For the first time in twenty-five years, China, India, and Pakistan took a similar position on a global issue, choosing to abstain from voting on Ukraine, like so many others, including Indonesia, ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
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What might be dissuading Russia to sell advanced nuclear and military technologies to North Korea after the economic sanctions imposed against Russia?

What might be dissuading Russia to sell advanced nuclear and military technologies to North Korea after the economic sanctions against Russia? Since Russia feared NATO sanctions from weapon sales and ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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29 votes
5 answers
9k views

What did Putin do to ensure that he doesn't get overthrown by a military coup or to reduce the likelihood of it?

What did Putin do to ensure that he doesn't get overthrown by a military coup or to reduce the likelihood of it? https://www.usnews.com/news/world-report/articles/2022-05-25/new-punishments-await-...
Sayaman's user avatar
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15 votes
5 answers
7k views

Why must export of Ukrainian grain go through Russian diplomatic and military approval?

You can find claims all over the media that Ukraine cannot export their grain (I assume it was last year's production since it is too early for the new harvest) because the Russian navy has blockaded ...
FluidCode's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
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Why do western countries condemn Russia and not Israel? [closed]

I'm not really into politics or history, so my question might be obvious. I just wonder why Western countries condemn Russia so much for the Ukraine invasion, and why they didn't condemn Israel (from ...
Pierre Monier's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
154 views

Are Estonia, Iceland, Hungary and Greece in a similar economical level? [closed]

I was wondering whether the Estonian or the Icelandic economies, despite being small, are relatively close to the Hungarian and the Greek economies, or whether they are much smaller Therefore, are ...
vengaq's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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What measures has Russia taken to combat the declining population problem in the past 15 years?

In 2006, Russian President Vladimir Putin directed his nation's parliament to develop a plan to revive the country's falling birthrate. In a speech to parliament on May 10, 2006, Putin called the ...
user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
714 views

Asking for examples to clarify the meaning of geopolitics

I don't understand what "geopolitics" means and I am asking help about that. From googling, I found some definitions below: Blackwill (2009) documents that "Geopolitics in this context ...
Phil Nguyen's user avatar
27 votes
6 answers
8k views

Is there a food crisis linked to the Ukrainian war or a massive speculation?

As of now at the end of March 2022, it is quite common to find articles in the media and also some declarations by world leaders talking about a food crisis caused by the Ukrainian war. Here are some ...
FluidCode's user avatar
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31 votes
4 answers
7k views

What makes it hard for Southeast Asian countries (including India) to replace China and become new "world factory"?

Many people argue that it is hard for Western countries to pose economic sanctions on China by banning all (or most) imports from China, due to China's huge role in the world supply chain. I wonder ...
No One's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
713 views

Which countries have oil stockpiles?

I was looking at data on the Energy Information Administration's website on global production and consumption of crude oil and noticed that in many years consumption exceeds production -- from 1980 to ...
Curious Layman's user avatar