Questions tagged [ideology]

An ideology is a set of opinions or beliefs belonging to a group, political party or individual. Ideology may also refer to the political beliefs or ideas that characterize a particular culture. Capitalism, communism, socialism, feminism and Marxism are considered ideologies. But not all -ism words are.

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78
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In the US why is nationalism equated with racism?

From Wikipedia: There are various definitions for what constitutes a nation, however, which leads to several different strands of nationalism. It can be a belief that citizenship in a state should ...
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Is there a push, in the United States, to use gender-neutral language and gender pronouns (when they are given)?

I have just read a tiny fraction of a huge amount of content generated by the apparent abusive dismissal of an important moderator from the Stack Exchange network. An answer that tries to explain one ...
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Why do right-wing parties generally oppose the legalization of marijuana?

In a general sense, it seems that proponents of marijuana legalization tend to come from left-wing political parties, or at least, from the left-leaning factions within right-wing parties. I am ...
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What is the Alt-Left?

What is the Alt-Left and how different are they from the Far-Left or Ultra-Left? Are they similar to the Alt-Right in any way?
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Is Communism intrinsically authoritarian?

As a consequence of the recent developments in China, I’ve heard a lot of commentary which characterises authoritarianism as an inevitable consequence of a Communist state. How true is this statement?...
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Why does the U.S. left-wing party hate being called “socialist”, but in France the left-wing party proudly calls itself “the Socialist Party”?

Why does the main left-wing party in the United States (the Democratic Party) hate being called "socialist", but in France the main left-wing party proudly calls itself "the Socialist Party"?
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What's the difference between affirmative action and racism?

Affirmative action is the policy of favoring certain groups of people over others. In the US, this is generally implemented by basis of race. How is this not the exact definition of ...
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What is the difference between totalitarianism and authoritarianism?

Both ideologies seem to have a dictatorship-like system of governance, no tolerance of dissenting opinions, and an executive which holds absolute power. What is the difference between these two ...
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Is there a term for someone whose preferred policies are a mix of left and right?

I, um, know a guy, 'Bob'. Bob is in favor of social safety nets and LGBTQ rights (leftist). Bob is also very pro-capitalism and in favor of gun rights (rightist). We have terms in the political ...
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What caused a massive shift in Republican ideological trajectories in the late '70s?

On a post on Skeptics.SE I saw recently, there was a chart showing the ideological position of the political parties over time: (source) As you can see, both parties were drifting more liberal ...
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How do politicians on the Left side of the political spectrum reconcile the need to protect workers with the support for immigration?

As far as I understand, politicians on the Left side of the spectrum generally support increased welfare, strong regulation for workers rights, high minimum wage, etc. At the same time, many Left-wing ...
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Why do veterans skew right in the US?

I know the military is supposed to be apolitical to a certain degree. But I have found a Pew poll saying that military veterans lean right. This is more pronounced when comparing younger vets to ...
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(Why) does the US left promote federal powers over state powers?

This comment states that the modern left is often promoting federal powers over state powers. I assume that the comment relates to the United States. It surprises me, because in (northern) Europe, ...
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Is Libertarianism left wing or right wing?

In my country, libertarianism is associated with a pure right political ideology. They held more right wing positions than those who are elected and refered to as "right", or even "far right". For ...
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Why does the left side with the Palestinians?

The Western moderate left is associated with certain values, in no particular order and with no claim of completeness or nuance: social mobility, personal freedom, safety net, secularism, humanism, ...
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What are the main differences between different types of Marxism?

Socialism, Communism, Marxism, Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, etc are different political idioms with some similarities in ideology. But my question is about their differences: Question: What are the ...
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Was Hitler's regime a right-wing regime?

Left- and right-wing ideologies seem to change over time. From what I've read so far, the Nazi regime was considered a right-wing party at that time by the people who voted it. But currently, right-...
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How does the alt-right differ from the far-right?

Based on my assessment of the 'alt-right', their values and beliefs do not differ significantly from that of more classic far-right populism/nationalism. They oppose immigration. They are ...
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How did the term “Liberal” become “Progressive”?

Democrats and similar left affiliations used to be known universally as liberals. In recent years, I've heard them referred to as progressives. Why the change? Are liberals and progressives ...
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Why do working class people vote for the political right?

Some analysis of the 2017 General Election in the UK has been published in the Financial Times, which seems to indicate that people without a university degree, who were working class, and had poor ...
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How much more likely are professed political party supporters to support a position taken by that party?

I was wondering if there has been any research conducted on this issue. That is, all other things being equal how much more likely is a professed supporter of a political party or politician to ...
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Why don't many of the Republicans in the House and Senate believe in climate change?

In their foundations, they support the laissez faire (economics) but they don't accept the green economy. Are there any logical reasons of why most Republicans (not all) refuse to acknowledge climate ...
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Democratic Socialism vs Social Democracy

When Senator Bernie Sanders announced his campaign for the presidency, the term “Democratic Socialism” has been heavily thrown around in political discourse. However, people who believe in Sanders’s “...
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What's the cause of the general rightward shift in western politics over the last 30 years?

Context It's a given that what is seen as the political "centre ground" in the West has swung rightwards, at least in economic terms, over the past 30 years. In commentary pieces, this phenomenon is ...
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What exactly are Donald Trump's views on “small government”?

A large fraction in Republican Party in US is what's known as "small government" faction. Their guiding ideological principle is to reduce the size and/or power of Federal government (and they ...
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Did Marx or some other marxist say something like war benefits the rich at the expense of the poor?

I may be misremembering, but I vaguely recall that somewhere in the marxist (or communist) ideology there was a claim like war (and I mean actual war, not class war) benefits the rich (maybe even in ...
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Shouldn't anarchism be far-right, since right-wing politics opposes “big government”?

Shouldn't anarchism be far-right, since right-wing politics opposes "big government" and favours less government influence? Anarchism has basically no government influence, so shouldn't it be the most ...
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What is the 'alt-right'?

Recently Clinton gave a speech that the majority of Trump supporters were young tech-savvy enthusiastic radically right-wing individuals who have taken over the Republican party from mainstream ...
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Why do political bodies often sit in semicircles?

It is quite common for legislative bodies to sit in "semi circles". source I can see how, for historical reasons, this shape was optimal for hearing clearly in a large room, however this needs not ...
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Is there truly *widespread belief* in North Korea that Kim-il Sung created the world?

The wikipedia article on North Korea's cult of personality claims "There is even widespread belief that Kim-il Sung "created the world" and that Kim Jong-il controlled the weather." The linked ...
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What is the difference between libertarianism and anarchism?

For some time now, I have studied Anarchism, Marxism and Left Communism. There seem to be particular ideologies like "Libertarian Socialism", "Anarcho-Communism" and "Anarcho-...
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Roughly how many people associated with Antifa ideology have been charged following investigations into terrorist incidents in the US?

According to a 2018 CRS report: Presumably, the Bureau would investigate antifa followers suspected of criminal activity as domestic terrorists, categorizing them as a type of anarchist ...
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Have Democrats gotten more liberal?

I'm a bit surprised by this Brookings Institute report on polarity showing Democrats becoming more liberal, though at one fourth the rate at which Republicans are becoming more conservative. The ...
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Is there a study that seeks to quantify left/right bias by gender and country?

Here in Russia, women tend to be much more right-wing than men. Women more often support free market, privatization, vote for billionaires, support the US and NATO policy, support copyright, anti-...
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3answers
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Are people more likely to seek out news sources they agree with?

Anecdotal evidence certainly suggests that people are more comfortable hearing politically controversial information from sources they already agree with. Such is the business model of MSNBC on the ...
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1answer
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What (if any) secular UK groups are ideologically opposed to jury service?

The HMCTS guidance on jury service states that excusal should be given to: members of generic or secular organisations, whose ideology, or beliefs are incompatible with jury service I am aware ...
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Is Libertarianism for or against antitrust laws?

In general, is Libertarian ideology for or against the idea of the antitrust law?
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In Communism, what happens to property rights?

Picking up on a question that was posted here, it said that in Communism a home that one built could be reapportioned to someone by the vote of a majority It seems to me that this isn't a fair ...
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Is it possible for Khomeinism to be a part of a democratic system?

Modern Iran is an authoritarian theocratic republic that follows the Khomeinism political ideology. However, some followers of Khomeini believe that the Khomeinism ideology was supposed to be a ...
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Does Anonymous have a coherent ideology?

The direct action group Anonymous has gained a great deal of attention in recent years as a result of its various "ops", usually targeted against governments and large corporations. However, because ...
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Do people self-identify as “cultural Marxist”?

The term "cultural Marxist" has been used extensively in derogatory ways towards leftist political activists, thinkers and movement. Famously, the Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivig used the ...
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1answer
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What exactly differentiates Ba'athism?

Wikipedia defines Ba'athism as such: An Arab nationalist ideology that promotes the development and creation of a unified Arab state through the leadership of a vanguard party over a ...
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1answer
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What does Farrakhan mean by “false Jews”?

In a speech of his, Farrakhan referenced "false Jews": These false Jews promote the filth of Hollywood that is seeding the American people and the people of the world and bringing you down in moral ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between Cooperativism, Market Socialism, and Syndicalism?

What's the difference between Cooperativism (the replacing of Capitalist firms with worker co-ops like Mondragon), Market Socialism, and Syndicalism? Given that they're all systems where workers ...
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1answer
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What is the name of a doctrine that aims to solidify state loyalty by allowing minorities to secede?

Is there a name for a doctrine that states that a nation state would be better off by allowing minorities, such as the Arabs in Israel, Kurds in Turkey, or Albanians in Macedonia, to actually secede ...
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1answer
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Can the Overton window split?

The "Overton window" is the name for the idea that there is an acceptable range of ideas in public discourse. Since the mid-eighteenth century, there has been a trend for the "Overton window" to move ...
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1answer
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Do any national US politicians exist who are pro-choice, but oppose Roe v. Wade on constitutional grounds or vise versa?

Roe v. Wade is one of the Supreme Court's more controversial decisions due to the controversial nature of abortion and the creative interpretation of the Constitution to block most regulations of ...
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How do Libertarian political thinkers address self harm?

I was just wondering what the libertarian approach would be if someone was suicidal or harming their selves in some way, is/are there any principles in the ideology that would have or warrant ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between Unionists and Loyalists in Northern Ireland?

As I understand it, both groups advocate for the United Kingdom's retention of the six Ulster counties. What I'm struggling to determine, however, is the difference between these two groups/ideologies....
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How does DW-Nominate determine whether a specific member of congress or vote is liberal or conservative?

The statistical methodology DW-Nominate is frequently seen as a more objective way of determining how liberal or conservative politicians are based on their voting record. Here's a few of many ...