Questions tagged [independence]

In politics, independence is where a geopolitical bloc seeks to form their own nation when they are already ruled by a government. Use with any relevant country tags.

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How likely is the collapse of the British Union? [closed]

While this was hardly conceivable only a decade ago, there are serious signs that the British Union could collapse in a not so distant future: In Scotland, the SNP appears determined to hold a second ...
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What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence?

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence? Aren't those the same thing? Please help me make sense of the following sentence (but keep in mind that my question is ...
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How many pro independence Scottish voters are pro EU membership

It seems (to me, from a distance) that the SNP argument for a Scottish independence push is predicated on the idea that an independent Scotland will join the EU. Is there any good quality data ...
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Has there ever been an independence movement with the goal to split off an underperforming part of a nation?

There have been many independence movements in history. The Wikipedia category of independence movements alone lists 145 articles about mostly distinct independence / seperationist / liberation ...
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Explain for kids — Why isn't Northern Ireland demanding a stay/leave referendum like Scotland?

https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/34470 is too abstruse — the history and religion conflicts are too complicated. I'm seeking answers written for a 10 y.o. Every week, I see a new article on the ...
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How can Scotland become an independent country, before the next UK general election on May 2 2024? [closed]

Can someone brainstorm hypotheticals for the UK Parliament to consent to a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (henceforth "Indyref2")? This doesn't duplicate ...
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Which country is responsable for the external debt if half of the states of a country become independent? [duplicate]

After the lawsuit of 18 states joining Texas against some Democratic states (plus 2 counties from California/Nevada which want to become new states), and after that seeing some Texan republicans ...
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Would the rest of the UK lose anything more than honor if Scotland exits the UK?

The nations of the UK are independent nations that share resources with each other, and sometimes a feeling of oneness and fraternity is seen among the good people of that land. Emotions are ...
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1answer
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Why is a second Scottish referendum proposed?

Majority of the people voted to stay together in the 2014 referendum. Why is a second referendum proposed? One theory I have is that it might have something to do with brexit, but I’m looking for ...
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Hypothetically Declaring Independence [duplicate]

As this explains, Somaliland declared independence but isn't recognised by the UN. Theoretically, if I were to reclaim some land in international waters, declare independence and myself as head of ...
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Why do the Palestinians in Gaza not declare an independent state?

The Palestinians want an independent state over the entire land of Israel, but cannot have it, as most of it is controlled by Israel. However, the Gaza strip has been abandoned by Israel over 15 years ...
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Having problem in grasping a feature of Directive Principle of State Policy

I am reading 'Indian Polity' by M Laxmikanth, chapter on 'Directive Principles of State Policy'. Please explain the following Stanza with help of an example "The Supreme court has ruled many a times ...
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How does the Barnett Formula work?

I've often heard the Barnett Formula come up in debates regarding the topic of Scottish independence, and I know it relates in some way to the mechanism used to determine the amount of money allocated ...
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Why does Montenegro recognise Kosovo, yet Bosnia does not?

As far as I understand it, Bosnia & Herzegovina does not recognise Kosovo & its unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008 because of pressure from the sizeable Serbian ...
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What can Scotland legally do to get independence?

All conservatives members so far confirmed that it is an absolute No to second Scotland referendum. As per that, assuming that no approval is given for a second referendum in the coming months, is ...
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2answers
556 views

Why does SNP support in Scotland seem disproportionate with actual support for independence?

In the recent 2019 UK election the Scottish National Party(SNP), an explicitly pro independence party, increased their share of seats up to 48 out of 55, a commanding majority. However, recent ...
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Do any countries have a procedure that allows a constituent part of that country to become independent unilaterally?

In the last few years, there have been a few attempts made by such territories to achieve independence. Particularly in Europe, we had the cases of Scotland and Catalonia. In the case of Scotland, ...
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If India got independence in 1947, how come there were governments by Indians before then?

I was looking at many early politicians of India and wondered why some of them are listed as Prime Minister, Chief minister, etc. of certain Indian states, before 1947. But I read India received ...
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1answer
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What would it take for South Tyrol to declare independence?

Wikipedia notes that in South Tyrol: Polls held by the Austrian research institute Karmasin show that 54% of German or Ladin-speaking South Tyroleans would support secession from Italy, while 46% ...
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Pakistan Occupied Kashmir

After India abrogated the Article 370 and accessed Kashmir to the Indian union, there has been huge opposition from the Pakistani administration. What I want to know is whether Pakistan Occupied ...
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Independent, post-Brexit Scotland - would there be a hard border with England? [closed]

Suppose Brexit happens, and the UK leaves the EU without a customs union. Scotland then has a 2nd independence referendum on the basis that they voted heavily to stay within the EU, and Scotland ends ...
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1answer
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Why isn't Northern Ireland demanding a referendum on joining Ireland, similar to the one in Scotland? [duplicate]

Northern Ireland looks like it's in a perfect position for a referendum on leaving the UK: it could instantly join its neighbor Ireland and remain a part of the EU, it has a long history of protesting ...
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Can tiny territories expect to survive upon independence?

There are several French territories which request1 independence: Corsica, New Caledonia, Guiana (among others). Putting aside the actual backing of the majority of local population (which these ...
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Why doesn't Russia recognize Kosovo if it uses the Kosovo precedent to justify annexing Crimea?

The Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Crimea written in 2014 explicitly mentions Kosovo as a precedent for unilateral declarations of independence. This declaration of independence was ...
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What is Belgium's position on Catalonia declaration of independence?

According to this article: Belgium’s prime minister, Charles Michel, was among the few national leaders to denounce the violence, which the Catalan government said had left 465 people injured as ...
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What disadvantages are there for a region in declaring independence, if that declaration is not widely recognised

Today Catalonia declared independence from Spain. The European Union and the United States have stated they will only deal with Spain, meaning they do not recognize Catalonia as a country. Which ...
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Why is there a problem in Spain in the first place? [duplicate]

As far as I understand (source: discussions with Spaniards) there is no provision in Spain's law (including the constitution) for the declaration of independence of a province. Why therefore is there ...
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What other European countries are experiencing independence movements?

UK, Spain, and now Italy have regions that have held referendums on independence or autonomy after the leaders of Italy's two wealthiest northern regions have claimed victory in a non-binding ...
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Can catalans lose EU/Spanish citizenship if Catalonia is independence? [closed]

I was reading the answers of What's will be like a viable and legal roadmap to Catalonian independence? and one of them says: -If the vote to leave is over 50%, then the process for creating a ...
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What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your Own ...
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Do separatist nations inherit any national debt?

Do separatist nations inherit any national debt? For example, given Spain has a debt level of £1.1 trillion at the time of writing, if Catalonia becomes an independent nation is there any legal ...
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What are the real cost for companies leaving Catalonia?

The last weeks there was problems and lots of discussions between the Catalan and Spanish governments. There was a referendum that the Catalan government accepts but the Spanish one doesn't and the ...
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Will an independent Catalonia maintain an open border with Spain and France?

It is said that Catalonia plans to declare independence on Tuesday. If they do, did the proponents of independence indicate that the new republic will have an open border with its neighbours? Because ...
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Can Spain be suspended from the EU?

Catalonia held a referendum for independence. The police threatened and attacked the citizens of Spain/Catalonia. Article 7 says that if a country violates the rights of their citizens they could be ...
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What could Spain do legally if Cataluña proclaims independence?

It seems there will be a unilateral proclamation. I don’t think Spain will accept this. Can Spain avoid this politically? Stating the referendum was illegal seems to have been ineffective. Is it ...
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Why do some Catalans want to become independent?

Why do some Catalans want to become independent? What has changed recently to increase their desire to be independent? I'd like to understand this situation, as I am currently completely ignorant ...
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Independence referendum Vs Country sovereignty

I was wondering under what conditions an independence referendum can be a valid referendum. It seems to me that no matter the outcome no sovereign nation would accept part of the country seceding. ...
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Why bother stopping people from voting? [duplicate]

In Operation Anubis, the Spanish police attempted in various ways to stop the Catalan independence referendum, 2017 from taking place. I don't understand why the bother. The Spanish constitutional ...
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Why would Madrid be so insistent on preventing the Catalonian independence referendum?

On the day of the Catalonian independence referendum, there were plenty of reports about Madrid's efforts to prevent the referendum from taking place, including large number of police shooting rubber ...
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If the independence vote in Catalunya is successful. What are the possible outcomes?

The autonomous parliament of Catalunya is about to hold a referendum to secede from Spain. Given that Catalunya has their own police force. What are the possible outcomes if the Catalan people vote ...
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1answer
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Why did the British not want India's allegiance to be completely dissolved from Britain?

India wasn't given independent status on 15th August, 1947. India & Pakistan were given status of dominions under monarch George VI. Look at the wordings of independence act of India. An Act ...
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Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain?

Catalonia is a region of Spain where a big part of the population wants to be independent from Spain and form its own nation. If that happens, at the beginning, Catalonia as a nation will be out of ...
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How could Scotland become independent given that Theresa May rejected a referendum?

Given the stance of Theresa May on allowing Scotland a second referendum, how could Scotland become independent? In short, if the UK government refused to acknowledge the mandate of the SNP to call a ...
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Is it difficult for Scotland to become a member of the EU if they gain independence from the UK following Brexit

Britain is ready for Brexit (to quit the EU) and Scotland wants another independence referendum which the UK refused. Following Brexit, if Scotland gains independence from the UK, is it difficult for ...
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Would the Spanish People's Party have the capacity to veto Scotland's entry to the EU while governing in minority?

In the UK, the issue of Scottish independence has again become topical, as the Scottish National Party (SNP) have recently published a draft referendum bill (on the 20th of October 2016). One ...
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What are implementation details of Taiwan independence?

"Taiwan independence" means different things to different people. In a China mindset , it is used in the sense similar to that of "Tibetan independence movement", with the premise that Taiwan is ...
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How did various countries come to the position that Tibet is a part of China? Roughly which and how many countries do not have a position?

("part of" meaning not independent or "occupied independent") I am especially thinking of European countries. British, US and Soviet positions "spreading"? Actual situation after 1950? Independent ...
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Was it illegal for Spain to declare the Catalan independence referendum illegal?

Spain declared the independence referendum of Catalonia illegal. At the time this was reported I was shocked that nobody objected to the Spanish Government's declaration. Even now (two years later), ...
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What is the French support for Frexit (France leaving EU) and why?

But the french also hate the EU. No more than 25% of them still supports it. If such a referendum were to happen in france, the result for leave would probably be much higher - comment on another ...
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Could the UK re-join EU after leaving?

Let's assume that Article 50 is invoked and UK officially leaves EU For some reason, both UK populace (a large share) and enough powers that be or popular will in EU, decide that UK ought to re-join ...