Questions tagged [inequality]

Questions on economic, social, racial, gender and any other forms of political inequality, or political topics related to such inequalities.

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What is the wealth gap in the USA?

According to this article, India's richest 1% controls 73% of the country's wealth. What is the scenario in the USA? What percentage of the richest controls what percent of the wealth in the USA?
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3 votes
1 answer
230 views

What incentives does a high-income group need to let go of a portion of their income? [closed]

I am doing research, and my question is: What incentives does a high-income group need to let go of a portion of their income? My idea, which I haven't found sources for, is that rich people could ...
4 votes
1 answer
154 views

What does the wealth distribution among India's lower caste and upper caste look like?

It is well known that UC Hindus own 41% of assets in India when being about 30% of the population, and, the remaining 59% of assets is distributed among the 70% of the UCs. My question is, how exactly ...
-5 votes
1 answer
275 views

Why should one wish to increase representation of under-represented group? [closed]

Perhaps an obvious question, but I can't give a precise answer. Exactly, why the idea of AA to increase the representation of minority group through methods is gaining prominence in recent times(*)? I ...
10 votes
2 answers
696 views

Does reservation based affirmative action really help in reducing inequality?

In India for example, caste and economic based affirmative action is used in political seats, education etc. My question is, have these methods of affirmative action in general (independent of India) ...
4 votes
1 answer
119 views

Affirmative action based on economic status

The reservation system in India is based on caste. Similar affirmative action policies of many other countries are based on minority communities. I think Israel is an example. Is there a country who ...
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21 votes
14 answers
8k views

Why is the West concerned about the enforcement of certain attire on women in Afghanistan but unconcerned about similar European policy?

France, Canada and other countries have introduced hijab bans - bans on essential Islamic dress that hijab-practicing Muslim women cannot appear in public without. Adding to this the proposed values ...
33 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why are the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark among the countries with the largest wealth gaps in the world?

Wealth Inequality By Country 2021 Here are the 10 countries with the highest wealth inequality: Netherlands (0.902) Russia (0.879) Sweden (0.867) United States(0.852) Brazil (0.849) Thailand (0.846) ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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Can a reduction of employer taxation lead to more equal income?

In Argentina, it's usually said that the economic burden on employers is very heavy (just an example). So much so that, if it were lifted, more people would become employed, but I don't quite ...
5 votes
5 answers
448 views

How can wages/income be aligned with social value production?

Many people would argue that nurses provide more value to society than investment bankers*, yet the latter position is paid significantly more than the former. This fact is often lamented. My question ...
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1 vote
3 answers
440 views

Would a rational voter with a lower IQ vote differently than one with a higher IQ? [closed]

I recently came across the claim that American liberals do, on average, score higher on IQ tests than American conservatives. Being a conservative I spent some time considering how I should feel about ...
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2 answers
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Wealth disparity between the voters and the rulers in democracies

Are there any studies looking at the disparity between the wealth of the electorate and the wealth of the rulers? I don't think that anyone would argue with the suggestion that by-and-large, the ...
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

What's the conservative solution to wealth disparity?

While wealth/income inequality has generally been a Liberal concern, its increasing severity seems to have drawn Conservatives to consider it, including causing our current Conservative President to ...
6 votes
2 answers
257 views

Are there polls on US public support for a wealth tax?

Various Democratic candidates, including Warren and Sanders have proposed a wealth tax. Details differ between these plans, of course, but are there any polls on US public acceptance of a wealth tax ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Do any countries besides the UK have a "triple lock" on pensions?

The Economist wrote before the 2017 UK general election: The average incomes of retired households are now higher than those of working ones, once housing costs are accounted for. Small wonder that ...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Why did Roosevelt decide to implement a maximum wage through taxation rather than a simple ceiling?

In 1942, FDR asked Congress to implement a 100% tax on all incomes over $25,000 (around $375,000 today). This was backed by the unions and a clear majority of the voting public. In fact, such a tax ...
0 votes
1 answer
263 views

Wealth disparity in India

Why is the wealth disparity increasing in India despite it being a socialist country? Is India a socialist country only in name? Even though the preamble to the constitution of India explicitly ...
5 votes
2 answers
334 views

Effectiveness of wealth-adjusted basic income?

Proposals for basic income of some sort are currently popular. Some of these proposals are universal (everyone gets the same amount), whereas others would adjust for income, such that a millionaire ...
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6 answers
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Why is the gender pay gap quoted at 20% even though it's lower when controlling for variables?

Roughly speaking, the average woman in the U.S. earns 80% as much per year as the average man. (I'm not sure if that's over all people or just those employed) I was raised in a time where people ...
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3 votes
0 answers
82 views

Are there substantial consensus results on the political causes and/or consequences of economic inequality in political science?

In economics, there are any number of books and articles that provide a broad survey of theoretical and empirical findings on economic inequality. Much of this material is technical, and most of it is,...
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5 answers
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What did Frank Herbert mean when he said “humans do not have equal ability”, concerning equality?

In the "Dune Genesis" essay originally published in the July 1980 issue of Omni Magazine* Frank Herbert wrote: "I now believe that evolution, or deevolution[sic], never ends short of death, that ...
2 votes
3 answers
351 views

What is the relationship between government expenditure and the quality of life?

Can we say, in general, what is the relationship between relative government expenditure (or the total taxation) and the average quality of life?
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32 votes
11 answers
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How does anti-Semitism differ from racism?

If 'anti-Semitism' is no different to 'racism', then why is it necessary to have a separate "...ism" that relates specifically to only one religious/racial group?
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11 answers
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What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve?

What purpose does economic inequality (inequality in wealth) serve? While one can argue that it's a result of differing productive capability, this is not the case with e.g. inherited wealth. Also, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Was there any US political campaign that included Gini index improvement?

This CIA online article tells us a little about the Gini index: Distribution of family income - Gini index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The ...
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6 votes
3 answers
505 views

What is the justification of imposing higher minimum salary for foreign workers than for the local ones?

According to this article and this one, the minimum monthly salary for foreign workers in Romania is significantly larger than the minimum one for local workers: Effective January 6, 2018, the ...
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-6 votes
3 answers
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Is there any justification for inequal distribution of wealth? Why is it right? [closed]

Is there any justification for inequal distribution of wealth? Other than wealthy wanting to retain their position and others want to raise theirs? To me it's pretty clear that in politics there are "...
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2 answers
625 views

Can racial profiling (by police) in the United States be explained simply by the socioeconomic status of the suspect?

This a devil's advocate question, because I don't know of a study/data to directly answer this comment on skeptics. However, I cannot reraise that as a question there because I can't find any notable ...
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16 votes
7 answers
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What does the term "White Privilege" mean?

I hear this term "white privilege" when something major happens like a school shooting, police shooting, or even during sentence hearings involving people of different ethnicity. What does "White ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How are gender quotas justified by lawmakers given that they appear to violate the Equal Opportunity Principle?

According to this document (page 12): Table 1 indicates that, of the 30 EU/EEA countries, five – Belgium, France, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain – have introduced quotas by law that are binding ...
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why is the gender pay gap so large in the United States despite the Equal Pay Act of 1963?

Why is the gender pay gap in the United States (1:0.77) so large in the United States despite there being civil rights legislation against discrimination in wages based on sex? Is it due to poor ...
3 votes
0 answers
139 views

What are most common formulas for computing inequality? [closed]

For the moment let's ignore distribution models like meritocracy. Suppose a group has decided to divide their money in a certain way. What are the different formulas to measure how even or equal ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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All time highest net worth of a Presidential cabinet in constant dollars?

Some sites claim that the proposed upcoming presidential cabinet and cabinet-level posts set a new record for its members' total personal fortunes: one estimate suggests it "could be worth as much as $...
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32 votes
7 answers
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Why is "Equal Pay for Equal Work" regulation controversial?

I was going to ask this question when I heard Hillary Clinton said in the first presidential debate that: "Trump has said women don't deserve equal pay unless they do as good a job as men." I thought ...
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5 votes
2 answers
467 views

Is there a non-hierarchical political theory based on inequality?

Left- and right-wing politics are differentiated by their belief in equality. Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, while right-wing politics hold that inequality are ...
user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
961 views

How do one party governments say that they represent everyone even though they aren't democracies?

In China, for example, the communist party says that they are the worker's party and that they represent the workers of the world and equality, even though they manage a one-party state that blocks ...
user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why are only certain professions able to countersign passport photos in the UK?

Current law says that passport photographs may only be countersigned by persons within certain professions, and only once such a person has known the applicant for at least two years, specifically the ...
10 votes
2 answers
451 views

US Income Inequality adjusted for cost of living differences on a per county/city basis

Inequality has been a big issue in the US. Generally when we talk about cost of living, it's adjusted on a per state basis, but this masks a lot of true living conditions. Northern Virginia just ...
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23 votes
13 answers
8k views

Why not have a wealth dependent income tax?

Usually states implement a progressive tax. So people with a higher income have to pay a higher tax rate. However I think that this is not helping much to distribute wealth more equally. Instead I ...
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8 votes
1 answer
249 views

Has there ever been an attempt to base employee pay on percent of top salaries in a company?

Rather than a mandatory minimum wage, would it be possible to institute that the lowest total compensation is a certain percent of the highest compensation. For example if a CEO makes 1 million, the ...
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8 votes
7 answers
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Why don't German workers ask for the money they deserve?

German macroeconomy is doing really well. Much better than the other economies within the Eurozone and better than most countries from all around the world. However, workers (low and middle classes) ...
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5 answers
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How could the government encourage more women study higher education

1- How could the government encourage more women study higher education? 2- How could the government encourage more women choose studies that are more income-rewarding, like the most technical, such ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How to organize anti-austerity movement? The case of Quebec?

Malgré le consensus pour s'opposer aux politiques d'austérité et de déconstruction de l'état québécois de l'actuel gouvernement libéral du Québec, les divers acteurs (mouvement étudiant, milieu ...
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15 votes
1 answer
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How much richer is the average member of the US Congress than the average professional in their district?

This is a multipart question, but it is seeking to generally understand if the average member of Congress is able to improve his lot financially by entering public service. My experience is that it ...
4 votes
2 answers
525 views

What impact do broken families and little church attendance have on black youth's odds of success? [closed]

Dinesh D'Souza theorizes in his book, The End of Racism, that black culture is preventing blacks from succeeding in America. The institutional racism from the past is gone, and in general blacks only ...
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-4 votes
5 answers
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What is the origin of the idea that money is somehow special as far as "fairness" in political thinking?

What is the origin of development of the idea in political/philosophical thinking that money/wealth is somehow special as far as the idea of "fairness"? What are the reasons cited by that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there data that looks at income inequality by examining total income over each person's life?

There are many[Broken link] “info” graphics about income inequality in the United States. Measuring the combination of wealth and income that most humans care about is inherently tricky. If you ...
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2 votes
1 answer
398 views

What does inequality look like when measured in man-hours employed?

There are numerous measures of inequality in income and wealth, like the Gini coefficient for instance. But I'm wondering about a different measure: the amount of labor, measured in man-hours, that ...
4 votes
1 answer
197 views

Is modern wealth disparity a mitigated form of noble priviledge?

A long time ago, people were born into social estates. Some were nobles and rich and some were peasants, villains or even, serfs. Today, theoretically it's possible to earn as much money as you want....
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1 answer
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Does Sweden have greater intergenerational social mobility than the USA when compared to USA incomes?

Social Mobility is often measured as the chance of your children's income moving up/down from your income quintile compared to other people in the same nation. Social mobility [...] refers to ...
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