Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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Why are the United States government as well as many others supporting Taiwanese sovereignty despite its own anti secession laws?

The People's Republic of China, according to many reports, is considering invading Taiwan. There is a law on the books that says if Taiwan does not bend diplomatically they will try to make it part of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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On what basis may yachts be expropriated by the West?

From a recent answer: ...but owner was recently included in sanction lists and had his yacht expropriated I've heard from the news that the West is "hunting" for ships belonging to "...
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How is a "mercenary soldier" defined in international law?

Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister has claimed that the two British men, currently under sentence of death, were "mercenaries" attached to the Ukrainian army, and hence not subject ...
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How did (a country like) Uzbekistan handle international treaties after declaring its independence?

Russia was recognized as the automatic successor of the USSR at the UN etc. Ukraine and Belarus also had enjoyed special status since the Yalta compromise, so they were members of the UN since 1945, ...
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How would the Istanbul Canal allow Turkey to bypass the Montreux Convention?

According to multiple sources as cited by Wikipedia (such as this, or this), the now-under-construction Istanbul Canal would allow Turkey to bypass the Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the ...
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3 answers
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Legality of NATO countries freezing assets of friends and family of Putin

Ignoring people such as Russian government members and Russian parliament members, I am asking about the legality of the freezing the assets (where susceptible to such freezes) of people who are ...
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28 votes
4 answers
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Why isn't any unprovoked act of aggression considered a war crime?

I'm struggling to understand the notion of "war crimes". It refers to acts within the context of a war that are considered especially heinous and outside the normal parameters of armed ...
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Are there benefits except moral support for the victim country to approach ICJ when the offender is a UNSC Permanent member?

I am having some trouble understanding the present relevance of ICJ in matters of war between two countries when at least one of them is a permanent member of UNSC. Indeed, cases of 2 permanent ...
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On what grounds did Vladimir Putin invoke Article 51 of the UN Charter for self defence while going into Ukraine?

In his announcement (at 20:02) of the special military operations, Vladimir Putin invoked article 51 of the UN charter, justifying these operations as self-defence. However, since Russia was never ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Interdiction fire in urban areas: status under international law?

Somewhat related to my other recent question... there's footage of (almost certainly Russian) mortar interdiction fire landing on an empty intersection in Kharkiv (last week). The US army too used to ...
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Why did Russia inform the IAEA about taking control of the territory around the Zaporizhzhia nuclear station two days before attacking it?

On March 2: Russia has informed the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that its military forces have taken control of the territory around Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), ...
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42 votes
6 answers
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Isn't sending weapons to Ukraine an escalation?

As the title asks, isn't sending weapons to Ukraine an escalation in the war? Perhaps, due to this not being a 'declared war' or an 'invasion' (from the Russian pov), so sending weapons to Ukraine isn'...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Is Putin a valid military target in this war? What about Moscow based senior political and governmental figures with roles related to the war effort?

Putin apparently believes the head of state of Ukraine is a valid target, suitable to be dispatched by any means. Or at least that seems to be a reasonable interpretation of some reports. Doesn't ...
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Are thermobaric weapons considered a conventional weapon under international law?

See title question. As far as I can tell from my reading, a key mechanism of thermobaric lethality seems to involve its chemical compounds. For example: If the fuel deflagrates but does not detonate, ...
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Did Russia violate international laws in Ukraine and if so, how?

There have been several claims since the Russian Federation attacked Ukraine the 24th of Feb that it violated international laws, and such claims have been made several times since the Crimea got ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Legal basis for self-determination vs. territorial integrity

There are many examples where self-determination means secession of a territory from a state, typically opposed by the latter. The most obvious recent example are the eastern regions of the Ukraine, ...
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Independence of the LNR and DNR [duplicate]

We abstract from all other countries. There is some region in Ukraine that wants to secede from Ukraine. What needs to be done according to Ukrainian and International law so that this region secedes ...
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26 votes
2 answers
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Why is it not an invasion if Russia sends troops into Ukraine?

A quote from a Reuters article on Feb 21, 2022: Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the deployment of troops to two breakaway regions in eastern Ukraine after recognizing them as independent on ...
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If Texas left the USA, USA would be justified for war to bring them back in to the union, so why can't Russia bring Ukraine back in after they left?

As the question asks, if the USA would be justified to engage in civil war to for a state back into the union, as a lot of people I have asked in person have stated in their opinion, and Ukraine was ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why did Uganda waive its counterclaim against the DRC?

Since 1999, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been pursuing a case in the International Court of Justice against Uganda for "acts of armed aggression committed ... in flagrant breach ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Countries with Fat Tax on people

Which countries have implemented a "fat tax" on people with obesity, or high body fat percentage? I am talking about the human person themselves, and not a tax on food like sugar, oil, dairy ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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In which areas has national autonomy become weaker, and to what extent and in which areas has national autonomy become stronger? (Sovereign States)

For more than a decade some academics and political actors have been declaring that the sovereign state is just about dead. The reality is that the states are still here and it doesn’t seem that they ...
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0 answers
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To what extent is the Paris agreement legally binding? [duplicate]

In the UNFCCC site the Paris agreement is defined as a legally binding international treaty on climate change. Its goal is to limit global warming below +2°C through nationally determined ...
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Even if by accident, is the act of military men showing up in a foreign country in full uniform considered an invasion?

I came upon this (humorous) video where there are presented several incidents of the Swiss army accidentally marching into Liechtenstein due to bad map awareness and orientation. In the video they are ...
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1 answer
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Does artificially extending ones coastline increase the exclusive economic zone (EEZ)?

Artificially islands do not increase a countries' exclusive economic zone (EEZ). What applies to land reclamation projects that are contiguous with existing land, such as with the Maasvlakte in ...
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14 votes
5 answers
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Can countries use cross-border rivers to pressure neighbouring countries?

For example, can Sudan block/divert the Nile to exert political pressure on Egypt? (The Nile is a major river that flows through Sudan into Egypt.) I can't find any results via Google on this. The ...
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What international laws might prohibit Brazil from cutting down the Amazon or using it as a natural resource of Brazil?

Brazil has been cutting down large swaths of the Amazon rainforest for development,agriculture and the use of natural resources from the rainforest. However, the Amazon is widely regarded as the lungs ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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Why don't countries agree to make Air Defence Identification Zones (ADIZ) binding?

China has been in the news recently for constantly breaching into Taiwanese "Air Defence Identification Zone", which apparently includes a huge chunk of space far beyond their territorial ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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On what basis can a 3rd country legally forbid a foreigner from leaving the country if there is no accusation of crime? [duplicate]

My girlfriend, who is a Russian citizen and resident in Poland, was traveling through Belarus in order to return to Poland. However she was not allowed to leave Belarus when trying to cross the border ...
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1 answer
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Is Japan's handling of its nuclear waste water conforming to international norms and historical precedents?

The United States on Monday (local time) extended support to Japan in its decision to release contaminated water from the wrecked Fukushima atomic power station into the sea, stating that Tokyo ...
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1 answer
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Is it permissible under international law to militarily attack a country/region if it's conducting a total blockade, including of foodstuff?

Tigray (TDF) regional authorities say they are now attacking the neighboring Amara and Afar regions (which have different regional governments under Ethiopia's federal constitution) because Tigray ...
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2 answers
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Is there anything the United States can do to stop the Taliban from selling American made military equipment to Iran?

Today I have been wondering about the possibility of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan selling some American made military equipment to Iran as a way of raising much needed cash for the new Taliban ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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What are the consequences for Iraq if it chooses to not repay the amount of war reparation owed?

After the Gulf War, Iraq accepted United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, which declared Iraq's financial liability for damage caused in its invasion of Kuwait.[17] The United Nations ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How can a country operate its embassy in a landlocked country if all that country's neighbours deny passage?

As countries evacuate their embassy personnel from Afghanistan by helicopter, I'm wondering what would actually happen if all of Afghanistan's neighbours deny use of their airspace for these flights. ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why didn't the United States and other developed countries criticize the Cayman Islands for allowing tax evasion?

Though the Cayman Islands is involved in no major international disputes, they have come under some criticism due to the use of their territory for narcotics trafficking and money laundering. In an ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What obligations does Russia have towards the cleanup /maintenance of Chernobyl?

As a successor state of the USSR, what legal responsibilities does the Russian Federation have towards aiding the cleanup of Chernobyl and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone(such as rehabilitation, building ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Can the European Commission be sued if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it?

Can the European Commission be taken to court if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it adequately? The European Parliament have the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How does having other countries support a security guarantee increases the likelihood that this security guarantee will be followed through?

But Putin, keen to use the summit to burnish Russia’s diplomatic credentials as a global player, said he believed any U.S. guarantees might need to be supported by the other nations involved in ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are there international rules or mechanisms to prevent the theft of technology across borders?

Korea's tech industries are increasingly becoming the target of technology and intellectual property theft that has been growing in sophistication and harmfulness. The targeted industries include ...
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24 votes
5 answers
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Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied?

Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied? Let's say that the United States is still occupying Afghanistan, to what extent does the U.S. military have to ...
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1 answer
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Under what jurisdiction is the ISS?

Under what jurisdiction is the ISS? If a crime is to be committed inside the International Space Station, under whose jurisdiction would the criminals be prosecuted? Is there a mechanism or ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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Are there precedents for treaties which only come into force once approved by the legislature of the all involved nations?

As a counter example , the Paris Agreement was merely signed in as an Executive Order by President Obama and was never approved by Congress. As a result, President Trump was able to leave the Paris ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why are arbitrations of Investor-state dispute settlement sometimes carried out in secret?

Opponents of ISDS argue that arbitrations are sometimes carried out in secret by trade lawyers who do not enjoy the typical safeguards of judicial independence and procedural fairness, who earn income ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution?

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution? Let's say a U.N. resolution passes, but a country decides to infringe that resolution. What would be the likely consequences of such an ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste?

Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste (most of it human feces)? It would be crazy if human waste was dumped onto the sea without treating it first to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries?

Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries? Let's say that there's a technology leak from Pakistan and it allows Iran and Syria to develop the nuclear weapons. Will Pakistan be ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other?

When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other? Japan is for example member of several trade pacts ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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On what basis do presidential aircraft flying over enjoy immunity and inviolability?

Main question In the aftermath of the Evo Morales grounding incident there was some international outcry. According to Wikipedia: In the aftermath of the incident, seven Latin American countries – ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve?

Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve? In theory, the Federal Reserve enact policies that will benefit the country, but given the dollar's reserve currency, it's ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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How binding are International Tribunal decisions on nations? Can the International Tribunal supercede the law of a nation or force it to abide?

I was reading the UN Security Council's Resolution 827, formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and came across the following clause, "Decides that ...
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