Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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What international laws might prohibit Brazil from cutting down the Amazon or using it as a natural resource of Brazil?

Brazil has been cutting down large swaths of the Amazon rainforest for development,agriculture and the use of natural resources from the rainforest. However, the Amazon is widely regarded as the lungs ...
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Why don't countries agree to make Air Defence Identification Zones (ADIZ) binding?

China has been in the news recently for constantly breaching into Taiwanese "Air Defence Identification Zone", which apparently includes a huge chunk of space far beyond their territorial ...
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On what basis can a 3rd country legally forbid a foreigner from leaving the country if there is no accusation of crime? [duplicate]

My girlfriend, who is a Russian citizen and resident in Poland, was traveling through Belarus in order to return to Poland. However she was not allowed to leave Belarus when trying to cross the border ...
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Is Japan's handling of its nuclear waste water conforming to international norms and historical precedents?

The United States on Monday (local time) extended support to Japan in its decision to release contaminated water from the wrecked Fukushima atomic power station into the sea, stating that Tokyo ...
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Is it permissible under international law to militarily attack a country/region if it's conducting a total blockade, including of foodstuff?

Tigray (TDF) regional authorities say they are now attacking the neighboring Amara and Afar regions (which have different regional governments under Ethiopia's federal constitution) because Tigray ...
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Is there anything the United States can do to stop the Taliban from selling American made military equipment to Iran?

Today I have been wondering about the possibility of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan selling some American made military equipment to Iran as a way of raising much needed cash for the new Taliban ...
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What are the consequences for Iraq if it chooses to not repay the amount of war reparation owed?

After the Gulf War, Iraq accepted United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, which declared Iraq's financial liability for damage caused in its invasion of Kuwait.[17] The United Nations ...
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How can a country operate its embassy in a landlocked country if all that country's neighbours deny passage?

As countries evacuate their embassy personnel from Afghanistan by helicopter, I'm wondering what would actually happen if all of Afghanistan's neighbours deny use of their airspace for these flights. ...
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Why didn't the United States and other developed countries criticize the Cayman Islands for allowing tax evasion?

Though the Cayman Islands is involved in no major international disputes, they have come under some criticism due to the use of their territory for narcotics trafficking and money laundering. In an ...
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1answer
157 views

What obligations does Russia have towards the cleanup /maintenance of Chernobyl?

As a successor state of the USSR, what legal responsibilities does the Russian Federation have towards aiding the cleanup of Chernobyl and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone(such as rehabilitation, building ...
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Can the European Commission be sued if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it?

Can the European Commission be taken to court if it doesn't follow parliamentary initiative proposed by the European Parliament and fails to justify it adequately? The European Parliament have the ...
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How does having other countries support a security guarantee increases the likelihood that this security guarantee will be followed through?

But Putin, keen to use the summit to burnish Russia’s diplomatic credentials as a global player, said he believed any U.S. guarantees might need to be supported by the other nations involved in ...
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Are there international rules or mechanisms to prevent the theft of technology across borders?

Korea's tech industries are increasingly becoming the target of technology and intellectual property theft that has been growing in sophistication and harmfulness. The targeted industries include ...
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Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied?

Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied? Let's say that the United States is still occupying Afghanistan, to what extent does the U.S. military have to ...
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Under what jurisdiction is the ISS?

Under what jurisdiction is the ISS? If a crime is to be committed inside the International Space Station, under whose jurisdiction would the criminals be prosecuted? Is there a mechanism or ...
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Are there precedents for treaties which only come into force once approved by the legislature of the all involved nations?

As a counter example , the Paris Agreement was merely signed in as an Executive Order by President Obama and was never approved by Congress. As a result, President Trump was able to leave the Paris ...
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Why are arbitrations of Investor-state dispute settlement sometimes carried out in secret?

Opponents of ISDS argue that arbitrations are sometimes carried out in secret by trade lawyers who do not enjoy the typical safeguards of judicial independence and procedural fairness, who earn income ...
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168 views

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution?

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution? Let's say a U.N. resolution passes, but a country decides to infringe that resolution. What would be the likely consequences of such an ...
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Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste?

Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste (most of it human feces)? It would be crazy if human waste was dumped onto the sea without treating it first to ...
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222 views

Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries?

Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries? Let's say that there's a technology leak from Pakistan and it allows Iran and Syria to develop the nuclear weapons. Will Pakistan be ...
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When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other?

When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other? Japan is for example member of several trade pacts ...
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1answer
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On what basis do presidential aircraft flying over enjoy immunity and inviolability?

Main question In the aftermath of the Evo Morales grounding incident there was some international outcry. According to Wikipedia: In the aftermath of the incident, seven Latin American countries – ...
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1answer
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Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve?

Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve? In theory, the Federal Reserve enact policies that will benefit the country, but given the dollar's reserve currency, it's ...
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How binding are International Tribunal decisions on nations? Can the International Tribunal supercede the law of a nation or force it to abide?

I was reading the UN Security Council's Resolution 827, formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and came across the following clause, "Decides that ...
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Is the US administration obligated in any way to follow previous international agreements?

Let's consider the Paris climate agreement: Trump administration led the US to exit it Biden administration led the US back to following it Or the Iran nuclear deal: Obama administration was one of ...
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Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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1answer
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Do poor countries have any say on how natural resources on the moon are to be harvested?

Do poor countries have any say on how natural resources on the moon are to be harvested? Poor countries have no mean to harvest natural resources on the moon at the scale large developed countries ...
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1answer
127 views

Can a country artificially increase its EEZ by building artificial islands and infrastructure?

Can a country artificially increase its EEZ by building artificial islands and infrastructure? I am wondering if there's any law on that and if a country could use artificial islands as a way of ...
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What mechanisms or international laws give the U.S. the power to extend its jurisdiction beyond its border as long as the criminals use SWIFT?

https://qz.com/1893235/swift-transfer-system-leaves-china-vulnerable-to-us-sanctions/ According to the latest data (pdf) from Swift, more than 40% of global transactions on its platforms are ...
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Is it the Chinese government's responsibility to monitor and punish Chinese fishing ships illegally entering a country's EEZ to fish illegally?

Is it the Chinese government responsibility to monitor and punish Chinese fishing ships illegally entering a country EEZ to fish illegally? According to Business Insider: Since 2018, hundreds of ...
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Is there political pressure coming from developed countries against developing countries that don't have a relaxed software patent law system?

In China it used to be difficult to patent software without a hardware element, but recently they relaxed their laws to allow for a lot of patent software being claimed by private companies. Now, I am ...
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What are the political factors that make it hard for countries to agree on a mechanism that will prevent tax evasion?

What are the political factors that make it hard for countries to agree on a mechanism that will prevent tax evasion? The idea was discussed for so long and yet nothing was done to prevent it. What ...
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Can the IMF Special Drawing Rights be used to combat the need for negative interest rates in order to fiscally stimulate the global economy?

Can the IMF Special Drawing Rights be used to combat the need for negative interest rates in order to fiscally stimulate the global economy? I am wondering if the U.S. can use the IMF in order to ...
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1answer
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Why do some scholars believe that the WTO gives more bargaining power to Europe and the U.S. if they have no voting rights?

Richard Harold Steinberg (2002) argues that although the WTO's consensus governance model provides law-based initial bargaining, trading rounds close through power-based bargaining favoring Europe and ...
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Can a country be held responsible for a crime committed by a private company?

Can a country be held responsible for a crime committed by a private company? Let's say a private security company in Syria like Blackwater https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackwater_(company) committed ...
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1answer
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Can international and multilateral institutions such as the IMF be punished for any wrongdoing?

Can international and multilateral institutions such as the IMF be punished for any wrongdoing? I am wondering if international law has any power over institutions such as the IMF. Let's say that some ...
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According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified?

According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified? https://www.cnn.com/2021/05/24/china/us-china-taiwan-1958-nuclear-intl-hnk/index.html Hong Kong (CNN) — Military planners ...
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Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law?

Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law? Let's say that the assets were bought under a ...
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1answer
171 views

Is there an international norm which requires all countries to open their labs should a certain situation occur?

Is there an international norm which requires all countries to open their labs should a certain situation occur? The U.S. is asking China to open its labs, but the U.S. won't do so in return, but is ...
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1answer
80 views

Precedents of forced plane landing? [duplicate]

Recently, Belarus is being accused for forcing a passenger liner to land, for arresting one of its passengers. Were there any such precedents before?
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What's currently preventing the seizure of Russian assets to satisfy the Yukos court judgement?

According to Wiki: The Yukos Oil Company's former shareholders and management filed a series of claims in courts and before arbitration panels in various countries, seeking compensation for their ...
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1answer
200 views

Rules based international order vs American hegemony [duplicate]

Note: This question is not about the definition of Rules-Based International Order. This question is about what Sec. Blinken said about RBIO. Secretary of State Antony Blinken: The 60 Minutes ...
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1answer
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Which place is claimed by the most countries? [closed]

According to the Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World, fifteenth edition 2018,. the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea are claimed by Brunei, China (PRC), Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan (ROC), ...
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What international laws or treaties are there, if any, that encourage countries to prevent people from leaving their countries illegally

Related question: Are there international laws that compel Mexico to prevent migrants from crossing the border and into the U.S.?. My question is not a duplicate because the question I linked is about ...
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NATO attacking EU: what happens?

What happens, from an international law point of view, if a NATO country which is not a member of EU, attacks (unprovoked) an EU country which is not a member of NATO? Specifically, are the ...
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Why was no significant action taken againt Omar al-Bashir even after ICC issued arrest warrent for genocide?

No western power undertook perceptible actions or investigations, even in three separate counts of genocide for which the ICC issued its second warrant against al-Bashir. While al-Bashir was in power, ...
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Can a country be only de jure sovereign ? (Such as Andorra)

The Principality of Andorra is de jure “a parliamentary co-principality with the president of France and the Catholic bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) as co-princes.” (From Wikipedia) A visiting ...
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What was the US reaction to the 2004 ruling by the World Court that the Israeli border wall was illegal?

Did the US accept the ruling or reject it? I'm curious given the fact that the US judge in his dissenting opinion (though I believe it's not called a dissent in this case) wrote that the border wall ...
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Is "corruption of blood" contravening the UDHR?

It's been mentioned in a recent question here that in Guatemala offspring can be disqualified from running for office for the deeds of their parents, specifically for [parental] insurrection. (As ...
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Is any part of the Peace of Westphalia still valid today?

The treaties comprising the Peace of Westphalia contain many clauses. Most were invalidated since then. Is any of the clauses still legally valid? If not, when was the last of them invalidated or ...

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