Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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6
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1answer
240 views

Why is the agreement of the native country needed when sending back their citizen?

Following a recent murder of a teacher in France, the French government decided to send about 230 people back to their country (they were under surveillance by the French authorities for links to ...
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6answers
6k views

How does debt-trap diplomacy work?

Debt-Trap Diplomacy In the micro world of personal loans, a person will go to a bank, and say, for example: "Here's a contract: You give me $1 million, and I'll pay it back to you on XYZ schedule ...
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2answers
159 views

Are actions taken when a country arms insurgents/terrorists of another country?

It isn't just about China or Pakistan. It is about everyone. A simple search like "provided weapon to terrorists" gives links of dozens of news articles on a particular country providing ...
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6answers
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Why are the territories gained by Israel in 1967 not internationally recognized?

It seems that, prior to WWII, lands conquered in war were considered legitimately part of the winning state. After WWII, the international doctrine changed that territories acquired in an aggressive ...
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4answers
8k views

When is violent civil unrest defined as a civil war?

Given the recent civil unrest in the United States, where after three months of rioting, protesters and counter-protesters have begun shooting each other on the streets with at least three dead, I ...
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2answers
2k views

Why, according to the UN, “gender-biased abortion” is against human rights but “abortion in general” is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Has there been identifiable tension against the Outer Space Treaty or other key “idealistic” treaties regarding space flight?

There are a number of widely-signed treaties concerning outer space and travel into, colonization of, and exploration of space which many nations might find encumbering to their ambitions. The Outer ...
60
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5answers
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Can I (a random person in the world) be prosecuted under the new Hong Kong security law?

According to Amnesty International, the new Hong Kong security law "applies to everyone on the planet". I quote: The wording of the Hong Kong national security law asserts jurisdiction over ...
25
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4answers
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Does the Chinese Consulate in Houston have to comply with the closure order?

According to Politico: The head of the Chinese Consulate in Houston won’t commit to closing the office — a direct threat of defiance to the State Department’s demand that it be shut down by Friday. ...
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1answer
206 views

Can China still be punished under UNCLOS in the Philippines v China case?

I have been learning about conflicts in the South China Sea involving China. I remember when the Philippines led an arbitration case against China and I still don't understand why an international ...
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1answer
194 views

Is there an international law in regards to the ownership of a river that is located in multiple countries?

Apologies for my previous question, it might have been built on a wrong belief, which I hope will be clarified by answers to this question. Few years ago, when the dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia ...
4
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1answer
357 views

Are there any other “Nine-dash lines” out there?

Wikipedia's Nine-dash Line says: An early map showing a U-shaped eleven-dash line was published in the then-Republic of China on 1 December 1947. Two of the dashes in the Gulf of Tonkin were later ...
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1answer
125 views

What mechanisms are available to seek compensation from the UK in relation to Brexit-related disputes?

France (and possibly other EU members) are threatening to take legal action against the UK if their fishermen are significantly disadvantaged after Brexit, including under 'No-deal'. French ...
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2answers
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How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction?

How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction? https://asiatimes.com/2020/05/south-korea-is-the-pivot-in-the-huawei-wars/ The semiconductor industry is lobbying ...
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3answers
462 views

Why would a grant of British citizenship to Hong Kongers be a treaty violation?

Given the recent political situation, there has been renewed interest in opening a path to citizenship for British Nationals (Overseas). The BN(O) status was conferred on some former BDTCs (...
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2answers
129 views

the status of Taiwan and the Treaty of San Francisco

The Treaty of San Francisco did not mention upon what country the sovereignty of Taiwan would rest. Many people thus claim, as per international law, the legal status of Taiwan is undetermined. ...
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1answer
172 views

Can a country be held liable for the actions of a private military company domiciled in it?

Let's say that a company like Blackwater is responsible for war crimes. Can the U.S. be punished for the actions of Blackwater? How will the legal proceedings develop? I am mostly interested in how ...
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3answers
183 views

Can a private attempt of killing foreign country leader be called terrorism?

For example, some unofficial people from country A(not related to government or official structures at all, that matters!) officially prepares some armed people to go and kill leader of country B. ...
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3answers
291 views

If a country develops a COVID-19 vaccine, can they refuse to share it? [closed]

Per title. Say country X develops a vaccine, but don't want to share it with others. Possible reasons could be: They can only make so much of that vaccine (perhaps because the raw materials required ...
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0answers
61 views

What are the prospects of suing with China over COVID-19? [duplicate]

Recently, some group of US jurists started suing (original probably here) with China over COVID-19 outbreak, blaming PRC for incorrect actions during pandemia, caused harm for the US. Does this ...
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2answers
145 views

Is re-buying others states trade shipments illegal? [closed]

There were some cases (and that one, for example), when US put it hands over medicine masks packages. But is it really illegal? At least, people who've done it do not rob it, they've payed with money....
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1answer
146 views

Why didn't India stop incoming flights in early Feb 2020 to prevent COVID-19 infections?

Everyone agrees that COVID-19 did not originate in India and came from international travellers. Why didn't India ban incoming flights in early Feb 2020 till the virus problem is over ? Is there any ...
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1answer
6k views

Are nations required to allow their own citizens entry under international law?

The motivation for this question is the recent US travel ban on foreigners entering the country from Schengen area countries, which is due to expand to include the UK and Ireland on Tuesday, and the ...
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1answer
68 views

Is a WHO PHEIC declaration per-area/per-country or is it always of global effect?

Wikipedia lets us know that: A Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is a formal declaration by the World Health Organization (WHO) of "an extraordinary event which is ...
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0answers
113 views

Who decides how consumer electronics could and should be labeled and advertised? [closed]

Let's suppose I'm a somewhat-educated computer-science-wise citizen who is very dissatisfied with inconsistent digital storage drive capacity labeling, where manufacturers use GB (base-10 SI metric ...
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1answer
81 views

What/Are there any boundaries to sanctions?

From: https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/justice-department/iranian-national-charged-115-million-sanctions-busting-scheme-n1128071 When Karimi was interviewed by FBI agents and others earlier this ...
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1answer
224 views

Does Soleimani official assassination create a precedent of foreign officials assassination? [closed]

Short situation description in diplomatic terms: Qassem Soleimani was in Iraq on an official visit, by invitation from Iraq's government he was an official Iranian representative US confirmed ...
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3answers
671 views

What is the international law to preserving the cultural sites?

After taking down the Iranian general Soleimani, Iranians vowed retaliation against USA. To which Trump tweeted that USA has targeted 52 locations of Iranian interests including the Cultural sites. ...
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1answer
386 views

Did Qassim Suleimani have any kind of diplomatic status while he was in Iraq?

If so, what would be the direct consequences?
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1answer
152 views

Can recently released US student vacation in Switzerland? [closed]

Iran recently released an American student that was being imprisoned in Tehran. He was flown to Switzerland to meet with a US State Dept official. My question: since he's already in Switzerland, ...
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3answers
224 views

State institution possibly interfering with foreign policy

Hungary is continuously trying to establish a good relationship with Romania. As an example, Hungarian PM Viktor Orban and former Romanian PM Liviu Dragnea made a bilateral agreement that Romania ...
2
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1answer
207 views

How can a sovereign state legally annex land belonging to another state?

Is it possible under international law for a country to legally acquire territory belonging to another sovereign country by force? What are the preconditions for this action to be legal? Is it just a ...
9
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1answer
239 views

What are the implications of the shift of the US position on the legality of Israeli settlements in the West Bank?

The Secretary of State has just announced that the US no longer views the settlements as a breach of international law. What are the international implications of this decision? Is this a hot topic ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Quantitative study of time between signature and ratification of multilateral economic treaties

Does anyone know of a good quantitative study of economic multilateral treaties that specifically looks at how much time passes between the date of signature and date of ratification/accession? I have ...
9
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1answer
324 views

Under international law, can a country partially withdraw from a treaty?

Are there any explicit provisions (such as in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties) or traditions in international law that allow a country to partially, but not totally withdraw from a treaty,...
2
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1answer
62 views

Did the US exercise a formal right to withdraw from JCPOA as set out in the treaty itself?

It's been said in a comment here on another equestion Trump "withdrew" from JCPOA because he formally indeed did so. Iran "violates" JCPO because it did not formally withdraw from it, so is in fact ...
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1answer
250 views

Is the US securing oil fields illegal under the International Law?

Recently, Trump claims something about controlling and securing oil fields in the north-east Syria. Is it illegal by the International Law? I don't remember UN resolution about allowing such an ...
3
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1answer
193 views

Diplomatic immunity for crimes abroad after returning to home state

There has been a recent incident relating to a person with diplomatic immunity (a US citizen) being involved in a fatal car crash in the UK. My question is born out of reading about this case, but I'm ...
3
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1answer
111 views

How can I follow the civil case against IDF former chief Gantz in the Netherlands?

Last month, a case began to be heard in the Hague - in a Dutch court, not an international court - against the former head of the Israeli military and now a prime-ministerial hopeful, Benjamin (Benny) ...
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2answers
352 views

Has Somalia always had a government just not one wikipedia recognizes?

Like adid and the various Somalia national army spinoffs. Was there ever a period with no actual government.
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3answers
338 views

Does China have the power to stop fentanyl from being shipped to the U.S.? [closed]

In a recent interview with CNBC, Senator Rob Portman claimed that China could stop all the fentanyl from being shipped to the U.S.? But is it true that China holds such power? I have done some ...
4
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0answers
82 views

Can a government force another government to force its private companies to transfer technology under the GATT, WTO?

http://cloudfront-files-1.publicintegrity.org/legacy_projects/pdf_reports/BUYINGTHEAMERICANMIND.pdf It is true that the Japanese government has taken steps to open its government funded ...
2
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2answers
195 views

Can a country prevent another country from having access to its scientific infrastructure?

https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/55967145/a_3A100301651551420180305-1337-h7mebg.pdf The Japanese have often been criticized for the lack of government funding of basic science, ...
3
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2answers
242 views

Is there a limit on how much a country can spend on R&D according to the WTO?

Is there a limit on how much a country can spend on R&D according to the WTO? I know there are rules against state subsidies, but I don't know if it allows a state-funded institution like an ...
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2answers
372 views

What forms of redress are available if a government decides to act illegally by omission?

At present, the UK parliament is attempting to pass legislation that would require Boris Johnson's government to take action to avoid a no-deal Brexit scenario. For the purposes of this question, I am ...
3
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1answer
288 views

Why are African countries willing to accept Chinese loans when they are not seen as sustainable?

Why are African countries willing to accept Chinese loans when they are not seen as sustainable? Many Chinese loans have higher extended interest rates and short maturities, with heavy collateral ...
2
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1answer
135 views

What are the likely results from a world court filing from Vietnam against the U.S.?

What are the likely results from a world court filing from Vietnam against the U.S.? https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/vietnams-latest-demand-agent-orange-compensation-described-last-resort ...
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1answer
289 views

Can the U.S. default on its debt held by the Chinese by using Imperial Chinese debt notes as a pretext to do so?

Can the U.S. default on its debt held by the Chinese by using Imperial Chinese debt notes as a pretext to do so? This seems far-fetched and almost absurd to do so, but there has been numerous story ...
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6answers
9k views

Can a country avoid prosecution for crimes against humanity by denying it happened?

I found this article and what I read shocked me. There are an estimated 650,000 like Hong Hanh in Vietnam, suffering from an array of baffling chronic conditions. Another 500,000 have already ...
4
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1answer
55 views

Under what circumstances can the members of the WTO bring about some changes to the WTO laws?

Under what circumstances can the members of the WTO bring about some changes to the WTO laws? People have been calling for a reform of the WTO, but there doesn't seem to be a rule that says how the ...

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