Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution?

Is there any legal consequence in infringing a U.N. resolution? Let's say a U.N. resolution passes, but a country decides to infringe that resolution. What would be the likely consequences of such an ...
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Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste?

Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste (most of it human feces)? It would be crazy if human waste was dumped onto the sea without treating it first to ...
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Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries?

Is there any consequence to nuclear proliferation to countries? Let's say that there's a technology leak from Pakistan and it allows Iran and Syria to develop the nuclear weapons. Will Pakistan be ...
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When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other?

When several countries are members of several different trade pacts, which ones take precendence over the others when they conflict with each other? Japan is for example member of several trade pacts ...
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On what basis do presidential aircraft flying over enjoy immunity and inviolability?

Main question In the aftermath of the Evo Morales grounding incident there was some international outcry. According to Wikipedia: In the aftermath of the incident, seven Latin American countries – ...
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Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve?

Can other countries central banks impact the decision of the Federal Reserve? In theory, the Federal Reserve enact policies that will benefit the country, but given the dollar's reserve currency, it's ...
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How binding are International Tribunal decisons on nations? Can the International Tribunal supercede the law of a nation or force the nation to abide?

I was reading the UN Security Council's Resolution 827, formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and came across the following clause, "Decides that ...
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Is the US administration obligated in any way to follow previous international agreements?

Let's consider the Paris climate agreement: Trump administration led the US to exit it Biden administration led the US back to following it Or the Iran nuclear deal: Obama administration was one of ...
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Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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Do poor countries have any say on how natural resources on the moon are to be harvested?

Do poor countries have any say on how natural resources on the moon are to be harvested? Poor countries have no mean to harvest natural resources on the moon at the scale large developed countries ...
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Can a country artificially increase its EEZ by building artificial islands and infrastructure?

Can a country artificially increase its EEZ by building artificial islands and infrastructure? I am wondering if there's any law on that and if a country could use artificial islands as a way of ...
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What mechanisms or international laws give the U.S. the power to extend its jurisdiction beyond its border as long as the criminals use SWIFT?

https://qz.com/1893235/swift-transfer-system-leaves-china-vulnerable-to-us-sanctions/ According to the latest data (pdf) from Swift, more than 40% of global transactions on its platforms are ...
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Is it the Chinese government's responsibility to monitor and punish Chinese fishing ships illegally entering a country's EEZ to fish illegally?

Is it the Chinese government responsibility to monitor and punish Chinese fishing ships illegally entering a country EEZ to fish illegally? According to Business Insider: Since 2018, hundreds of ...
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Is there political pressure coming from developed countries against developing countries that don't have a relaxed software patent law system?

In China it used to be difficult to patent software without a hardware element, but recently they relaxed their laws to allow for a lot of patent software being claimed by private companies. Now, I am ...
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What are the political factors that make it hard for countries to agree on a mechanism that will prevent tax evasion?

What are the political factors that make it hard for countries to agree on a mechanism that will prevent tax evasion? The idea was discussed for so long and yet nothing was done to prevent it. What ...
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Can the IMF Special Drawing Rights be used to combat the need for negative interest rates in order to fiscally stimulate the global economy?

Can the IMF Special Drawing Rights be used to combat the need for negative interest rates in order to fiscally stimulate the global economy? I am wondering if the U.S. can use the IMF in order to ...
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Why do some scholars believe that the WTO gives more bargaining power to Europe and the U.S. if they have no voting rights?

Richard Harold Steinberg (2002) argues that although the WTO's consensus governance model provides law-based initial bargaining, trading rounds close through power-based bargaining favoring Europe and ...
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Can a country be held responsible for a crime committed by a private company?

Can a country be held responsible for a crime committed by a private company? Let's say a private security company in Syria like Blackwater https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackwater_(company) committed ...
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Can international and multilateral institutions such as the IMF be punished for any wrongdoing?

Can international and multilateral institutions such as the IMF be punished for any wrongdoing? I am wondering if international law has any power over institutions such as the IMF. Let's say that some ...
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According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified?

According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified? https://www.cnn.com/2021/05/24/china/us-china-taiwan-1958-nuclear-intl-hnk/index.html Hong Kong (CNN) — Military planners ...
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Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law?

Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law? Let's say that the assets were bought under a ...
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Is there an international norm which requires all countries to open their labs should a certain situation occur?

Is there an international norm which requires all countries to open their labs should a certain situation occur? The U.S. is asking China to open its labs, but the U.S. won't do so in return, but is ...
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Precedents of forced plane landing? [duplicate]

Recently, Belarus is being accused for forcing a passenger liner to land, for arresting one of its passengers. Were there any such precedents before?
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What's currently preventing the seizure of Russian assets to satisfy the Yukos court judgement?

According to Wiki: The Yukos Oil Company's former shareholders and management filed a series of claims in courts and before arbitration panels in various countries, seeking compensation for their ...
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Rules based international order vs American hegemony [duplicate]

Note: This question is not about the definition of Rules-Based International Order. This question is about what Sec. Blinken said about RBIO. Secretary of State Antony Blinken: The 60 Minutes ...
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Which place is claimed by the most countries? [closed]

According to the Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World, fifteenth edition 2018,. the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea are claimed by Brunei, China (PRC), Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan (ROC), ...
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What international laws or treaties are there, if any, that encourage countries to prevent people from leaving their countries illegally

Related question: Are there international laws that compel Mexico to prevent migrants from crossing the border and into the U.S.?. My question is not a duplicate because the question I linked is about ...
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NATO attacking EU: what happens?

What happens, from an international law point of view, if a NATO country which is not a member of EU, attacks (unprovoked) an EU country which is not a member of NATO? Specifically, are the ...
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Why was no significant action taken againt Omar al-Bashir even after ICC issued arrest warrent for genocide?

No western power undertook perceptible actions or investigations, even in three separate counts of genocide for which the ICC issued its second warrant against al-Bashir. While al-Bashir was in power, ...
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Can a country be only de jure sovereign ? (Such as Andorra)

The Principality of Andorra is de jure “a parliamentary co-principality with the president of France and the Catholic bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) as co-princes.” (From Wikipedia) A visiting ...
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What was the US reaction to the 2004 ruling by the World Court that the Israeli border wall was illegal?

Did the US accept the ruling or reject it? I'm curious given the fact that the US judge in his dissenting opinion (though I believe it's not called a dissent in this case) wrote that the border wall ...
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Is “corruption of blood” contravening the UDHR?

It's been mentioned in a recent question here that in Guatemala offspring can be disqualified from running for office for the deeds of their parents, specifically for [parental] insurrection. (As ...
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Is any part of the Peace of Westphalia still valid today?

The treaties comprising the Peace of Westphalia contain many clauses. Most were invalidated since then. Is any of the clauses still legally valid? If not, when was the last of them invalidated or ...
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Post-Brexit Fisheries deal [closed]

While progress has been made in many areas of the Brexit negotiations, Fisheries and the Level-playing-field continue to be sticking points. In particular, the EU has so far rejected a Norway-style ...
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Why is the agreement of the native country needed when sending back their citizen?

Following a recent murder of a teacher in France, the French government decided to send about 230 people back to their country (they were under surveillance by the French authorities for links to ...
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How does debt-trap diplomacy work?

Debt-Trap Diplomacy In the micro world of personal loans, a person will go to a bank, and say, for example: "Here's a contract: You give me $1 million, and I'll pay it back to you on XYZ schedule ...
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Are actions taken when a country arms insurgents/terrorists of another country?

It isn't just about China or Pakistan. It is about everyone. A simple search like "provided weapon to terrorists" gives links of dozens of news articles on a particular country providing ...
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Why are the territories gained by Israel in 1967 not internationally recognized?

It seems that, prior to WWII, lands conquered in war were considered legitimately part of the winning state. After WWII, the international doctrine changed that territories acquired in an aggressive ...
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When is violent civil unrest defined as a civil war?

Given the recent civil unrest in the United States, where after three months of rioting, protesters and counter-protesters have begun shooting each other on the streets with at least three dead, I ...
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Why, according to the UN, “gender-biased abortion” is against human rights but “abortion in general” is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
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Has there been identifiable tension against the Outer Space Treaty or other key “idealistic” treaties regarding space flight?

There are a number of widely-signed treaties concerning outer space and travel into, colonization of, and exploration of space which many nations might find encumbering to their ambitions. The Outer ...
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Can I (a random person in the world) be prosecuted under the new Hong Kong security law?

According to Amnesty International, the new Hong Kong security law "applies to everyone on the planet". I quote: The wording of the Hong Kong national security law asserts jurisdiction over ...
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Does the Chinese Consulate in Houston have to comply with the closure order?

According to Politico: The head of the Chinese Consulate in Houston won’t commit to closing the office — a direct threat of defiance to the State Department’s demand that it be shut down by Friday. ...
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Can China still be punished under UNCLOS in the Philippines v China case?

I have been learning about conflicts in the South China Sea involving China. I remember when the Philippines led an arbitration case against China and I still don't understand why an international ...
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Is there an international law in regards to the ownership of a river that is located in multiple countries?

Apologies for my previous question, it might have been built on a wrong belief, which I hope will be clarified by answers to this question. Few years ago, when the dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia ...
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Are there any other “Nine-dash lines” out there?

Wikipedia's Nine-dash Line says: An early map showing a U-shaped eleven-dash line was published in the then-Republic of China on 1 December 1947. Two of the dashes in the Gulf of Tonkin were later ...
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What mechanisms are available to seek compensation from the UK in relation to Brexit-related disputes?

France (and possibly other EU members) are threatening to take legal action against the UK if their fishermen are significantly disadvantaged after Brexit, including under 'No-deal'. French ...
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How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction?

How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction? https://asiatimes.com/2020/05/south-korea-is-the-pivot-in-the-huawei-wars/ The semiconductor industry is lobbying ...
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Why would a grant of British citizenship to Hong Kongers be a treaty violation?

Given the recent political situation, there has been renewed interest in opening a path to citizenship for British Nationals (Overseas). The BN(O) status was conferred on some former BDTCs (...
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the status of Taiwan and the Treaty of San Francisco

The Treaty of San Francisco did not mention upon what country the sovereignty of Taiwan would rest. Many people thus claim, as per international law, the legal status of Taiwan is undetermined. ...

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