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Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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Are there any international laws / treaties that regulate the use of AI to coordinate air strikes?

It has recently been revealed that Israel has been heavily relying on an Artificial Intelligence (AI) system, Lavender, to form kill lists and select air strike targets. The system has been subject to ...
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Is attacking a country's embassy in a foreign country if the embassy is used to present a threat to your country a violation of interntational law [duplicate]

It appears as though Israel bombed an Iranian embassy/consulate in Damascus. This raises a few questions for me that I’m hoping to get some clarity on, although not all apply to this exact situation: ...
MrMineHeads's user avatar
19 votes
4 answers
9k views

You're at war with countries X and Y. Does international law say anything about bombing X's embassy in Y (to kill a high-value target)?

Reportedly: The Iranian ambassador, Hossein Akbari, said Israeli F-35 fighter jets "brutally targeted my place of residence and the consular section of the embassy, along with Iran's military ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
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121 views

Is it a war crime to use starvation as a weapon? [duplicate]

Multiple UN officials and experts have accused Israel of using starvation as a weapon of war against Palestinian civilians (see also statement by Volker Turk). There is mounting evidence that these ...
Ben Cohen's user avatar
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Why are so few countries willing to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states?

However, the role nationalism might have played in the Russia–Georgia War of August 2008 has been largely ignored. One of the most influential authors on the conflict, Ronald Asmus, did argue that ‘‘...
Sayaman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Do a majority of European countries accept LGBTI+ asylum seekers?

According to this paper: Even so, since 2002 the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been working on issues related to gender identity and sexual orientation through the ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
391 views

Does an occupying power have an obligation to feed the civilian population?

Let's say one country's army occupies some disputed territory, but they'd don't particularly like the population presently living there. And let's say that no international/foreign organization has an ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
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Which countries have jurisdiction to investigate the explosion of the Nord Stream pipelines?

Swedish officials said Wednesday that they have decided to close their investigation into the September 2022 explosions on the underwater Nord Stream gas pipelines which were built to carry Russian ...
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2 answers
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How can Australia be a member of the Antarctic Treaty while still making a territorial claim in the region?

The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by 12 nations and came into effect in the mid-1960s. The central ideas with full acceptance were the freedom of scientific research in Antarctica and the ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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13 votes
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How can the ECtHR judgement on encryption be reconciled with the UK's Online Safety act?

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) recently judged against allowing law enforcement to bypass end-to-end encryption: The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) (sic) has ruled that weakening ...
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What are the legal ramifications of the Houthi attacks in the Red Sea?

I am curious about the legal aspects of the Houthi attacks in the Red Sea. On the one hand, the attacks may seem to be unprovoked belligerent actions disrupting global trade and endangering the lives ...
Stop Gaza Genocide's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the consequences of refusing to arrest a person with an arrest warrant from the ICC if the country is a signatory of the Rome Statute? [duplicate]

Relations between Armenia and Russia continued to deteriorate throughout Russia's invasion of Ukraine. In February 2023, Armenia refused to return to Moscow for negotiations while the Lachin corridor ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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18 votes
4 answers
5k views

Implications of Israel taking corpses and damaging cemeteries

Apparently Israel has been digging up Palestinian graves and taking the corpses (at least temporarily), see: Reuters (end of article) Telegraph (paywall, could read only first sentence - apparently ...
Nobody's user avatar
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Is destroying civilian infrastructure to create a "buffer zone" a war crime?

Recently, over 20 Israeli soldiers died in Gaza while they were destroying civilian infrastructure and residential areas with the intention of creating a "buffer zone" in Gaza, ostensibly to ...
Stop Gaza Genocide's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
159 views

Can other countries aside the U.S. make unilateral moves within the WTO?

The US move towards unilateralism accelerated in 2016, when the supposedly multilateralist administration of Barack Obama ousted a Korean Appellate Body member because it did not agree with the latter’...
Sayaman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Did a European country ever decide to not respect a ruling made by the ICJ?

Critics blasted these comments as hypocritical saying France’s recent recognition of an alleged genocide in Ukraine is politically motivated. Just last year, the French parliament voted with President ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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6 votes
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Do the US and the UK have the right to attack Houthis?

The UN security council demanded an immediate end to Houthis attacks. Does this give the right to the US and the UK to unilaterally decide to attack Houthis according to UN treaties and/or ...
Mocas's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
450 views

Is war a legal way to deal with the actions of non-state actors?

I understand that there are a thousand shades of grey between explicit state actors (think Israeli citizens on the payroll of the IDF and operating according to orders given them through an explicit ...
user121330's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is systematic discrimination based on religion considered apartheid?

The crime of apartheid is defined as "an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
102 views

Where does ICRC's Customary International Humanitarian Law come from?

It is not infrequent that rules of war are not found in the Geneva Conventions, as expected, but rather in the International Committee of the Red Cross's online database: For example, there are Geneva ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
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Has the designation and treatment of refugees stemming from Arab-Israeli conflicts been consistent with international refugee law?

Refugees are people who were forced to leave their home countries, due to war or a natural disaster. Yet Arab-Israeli cases seem to necessitate a more nuanced definition of “refugee”, due to the ...
FourLegsGoodTwoLegsBad's user avatar
7 votes
8 answers
3k views

In what cases are counter-terrorist operations justified?

Many inhabitants of northern Israel have been evacuated since the beginning of the conflict in Gaza, due to the incessant attacks by Lebanese Hezbollah. The Hezbollah leader himself has taken pride in ...
FourLegsGoodTwoLegsBad's user avatar
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What non-WMD weapons were Saddam Hussein prohibited from buying?

The Wikipedia page of UNSCR 1441 (the last one before the invasion, reiterating what had been said in previous resolutions and giving a 'final chance') says this: Iraq's breaches related not only to ...
edelex's user avatar
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0 answers
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What doubts around the legality of the US coalition's actions in the Red Sea has the Russian representative Vasily Nebenzya exactly? [closed]

Reading this (translated), on what the Russia's Permanent Representative in the UN Security Council, Vasily Nebenzya, said at the meeting: Nebenzia said: “The so-called international maritime ...
Mocas's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
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Does Yemen have the right under international law to close Bab El Mandeb strait?

As Yemen warned ships in Red Sea to avoid Israel or face attack, I wonder if it has the right under international law to stop these ships from crossing the strait. Is Yemen breaking an international ...
Mocas's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Were the unarmed young adult conscripts killed on October 7th considered civilians under international law?

It is my understanding that in Israel, most young people are required to serve in the IDF as conscripts for a number of years and are eligible to be called up for reserve duty for a number of years ...
Stop Gaza Genocide's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
224 views

Why would the U.S. decision be met with ire from other countries if they used the same rules as UNCLOS to determine its extended continental shelf?

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2023-12-22/us-claims-huge-chunk-of-seabed-amid-strategic-push-for-resources?leadSource=reddit_wall The State Department said in its response to questions that ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
581 views

What US law(s) require countries receiving US military assistance to abide by international law, do these laws have teeth, get enforced, & if so, how?

In Face The Nation's December 18, 2023 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been a "difficult partner," Sen. Chris Coons says (cued at 05:23), Delaware Senator Chris Coons is asked ...
uhoh do I really dictate's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
246 views

Has any state invoked or referenced the responsibility to protect in the 2023 war in Gaza?

The responsibility to protect (R2P) was "established" to intervene in situations where crimes against humanity are committed. Background: The Responsibility to Protect – known as R2P – is ...
whoisit's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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On what legal basis do the U.S. troops occupy this Syrian territory? [duplicate]

The U.S. troops occupy a part of Syria where they have Al-Tanf base. Looking for reasons why is that, I read from the same Wikipedia source: U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton said in early ...
Mocas's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why isn't bombing cities under any circumstance a war crime? Same applies to launching attacks from cities

While there are rules in place, I think within the Geneva Conventions, regarding the protection of civilian infrastructure, the legal interpretation and application can vary. Deliberately targeting ...
Mocas's user avatar
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-4 votes
4 answers
226 views

When was the last time Hamas acted against a UN resolution?

From twitter: The @UN Security Council’s resolution is disconnected from reality and is meaningless. Regardless of what the Council decides, Israel will continue acting according to int’l law while ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there any international law that prohibits the use of nuclear weapon against another country?

Since around 2018, Chinese experts have concluded that Washington’s nuclear posture now poses increasing challenges to China’s deterrent. In particular, they have been concerned about shifts in U.S. ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
200 views

Does international law hold an Army accountable for killings done by other groups during a military attack?

Consider a situation where a country is partially occupied by another. An army unit strikes across a border town of the occupying force. Their military objective is to destroy an enemy defensive unit, ...
sfxedit's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why is the humanitarian crisis in Israel seen as an opportunity to violate the human rights of certain groups in certain countries? [closed]

With the world’s attention focused on the carnage in Israel and Gaza, there is an urgent need to protect civilians at risk of further forced displacement or mass expulsion. Unfortunately, others are ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
138 views

Did any authority of note opine that the 1991-2002 Iraq no-fly zones amounted to occupation?

Regarding the Iraq no-fly zones of pre-invasion time. This military action was not authorised by the United Nations. The Secretary-General of the UN at the time the resolution was passed, Boutros ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
390 views

Did any ICC member state country ever refuse to arrest members indicted by the ICC?

This has huge implications, because if IDF and government officials are indicted, over 125 ICC member state countries, including most of the EU, could be put in the difficult position of being ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
989 views

On what basis did the Russian ambassador to the UN say "Israel Has No Right to Self-Defense as Occupier"?

From this: Russian Ambassador to the UN Vasily Nebenzya tells the world body that Israel does not have the right to self-defense under international law in its fight against Hamas because it is an “...
Mocas's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there no presumption in international law that people fleeing from a country at war are valid refugee applicants?

A fairly upvoted answer to a Q here writes: There is no obligation to "accept them" if they are still in Gaza IMHO there is a difference however between just being in Gaza and standing ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
3k views

Is the requirement to accept refugees unconditional in international law, even in the case of a forced population transfer?

In a translation of a document allegedly leaked from the Israeli government the following claim appears: Israel should act to evacuate the civilian population [of Gaza] to Sinai. [...] and the return ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
322 views

How justified are the US strikes against the IRGC troops of Iran in Syria from the point of view of international law?

Pentagon(U.S. Department of Defence 26 October 2023: Today, at President Biden’s direction, U.S. military forces conducted self-defense strikes on two facilities in eastern Syria used by Iran’s ...
άνθρωπος's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
608 views

Is the presence of the US forces in Syria contradictory to UN Charter articles 2.4 and 51?

US troops and bases are located in Syria without UN sanction or the Syrian government's permission. UN Article 2.4 states: All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat ...
άνθρωπος's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

What does the Geneva Convention suggest in a situation where the military is deliberately operating from heavily populated areas?

I don't think it's particularly controversial to claim that Hamas is operating various military infrastructure from within heavily populated areas in Gaza. In particular, they're using a hospital as ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
259 views

What makes political asylum case "strong"?

What constitutes "strong case" that persuades people to grant political asylum to people requesting it? Does it usually have to elicit more public outrage because of blood, tortures and ...
troyan's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

What happens if a party signs a treaty and ratifies it but the other although signing it does not ratify it?

The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, adopted in 1996 and known as the CTBT, bans all nuclear explosions anywhere in the world, although it has never fully entered into force. It was signed by ...
Sedumjoy's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
439 views

Does the United Nations have a responsibility to pressure Israel to establish a safe corridor to Egypt for those wishing to flee from Gaza?

I would like to know if the United Nations has a responsibility, due to what is stated in its Charter, to begin pressuring Israel as soon as possible to ensure that there exists a safe corridor to ...
user57467's user avatar
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46 votes
6 answers
15k views

Is the Israeli "complete siege" on Gaza strip a war crime?

Reading this from BBC: On Monday, Israel declared a "complete siege" on the territory, saying electricity, food, fuel and water would be cut off. Is this a war crime or illegal in any way ...
Mocas's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
436 views

Has the downing of a spy airplane ever been a justifying ground for waging war or causing an escalation that might lead to war?

Both the cause of the collision and the assignment of blame were disputed. The U.S. government stated that the Chinese jet bumped the wing of the larger, slower, and less maneuverable EP-3. After ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
368 views

Can sea level rises potentially impact territorial dispute claims?

Can sea level rises potentially impact territorial dispute claims, particularly in areas where maritime boundaries are defined by coastlines or specific geographical features? Due to global warming, ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
962 views

What are the practical differences between a "special military operation" and a war?

I have read a lot about why Russia wanted to call their invasion a "special military operation" (there were wildly different opinions) and I am now interested in the practical aspects of ...
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