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Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute.

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Violating sanctions - Individual or institutions held responsible? [on hold]

Consider the current events (at the time of this post Dec. 11, 2018), as the CFO of Huawei is detained. Exactly what charged will be leveled against her have not yet been revealed, but there is ...
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Legal rationale for detention of Meng Wanzhou by the United States [duplicate]

Meng Wanzhou, CFO of Chinese multinational Huawei and daughter of its founder was detained on Dec 1, 2018 in Vancouver, Canada, at a request of the United States. How do the United Stated justify ...
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Can parties usually withdraw unilaterally from treaties? What's unusual about the binding nature of the “Irish backstop” in the Brexit agreement?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn writes in The Guardian about the proposed Brexit agreement, specifically about the Irish backstop: There is no precedent I am aware of for a British government signing ...
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Is the arrest of Huawei's CFO legal? [migrated]

Meng Wanzhou, the CFO of the Chinese company Huawei was recently arrested in Canada, and is facing extradition to the US, allegedly on charges of breaking violating U.S. sanctions on Iran. The thing ...
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What's the fallout for making it possible to roll back international wire transfers?

In the news today, yet another reminder that the international fraudsters like wire-transfers for their difficulty in being reversed. I haven't been bit yet but I'm rather fed up at this point. The ...
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Convention to stop defamation of religion

Pakistani prime minister said that we shall be introduced a convention to stop the ‘’defamation of any religion’’ and this work will be supervised by jurist. The question is: Is there any legal ...
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How do states trust each other to comply with treaties?

There is no global power that enforces treaties so when entering into one a state has to make a prediction about whether the other parties will comply with it. I'm guessing they base their predictions ...
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In the international law, is there any law or a principle regulating treaties signed with a state that later broke up?

In the international law, is there any law or a principle regulating such cases like which resulting state must be a successor to the state that has just broken up and how the signed treaties with ...
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When Yugoslavia broke up, which of the resulting countries did officially inherit all the international treaties signed with Yugoslavia?

When Yugoslavia broke up, which of the resulting countries did officially inherit all the international treaties that had been signed with Yugoslavia? Like in the case with USSR it was Russia, what ...
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Does Mexico's aid option for Central American migrants somehow change the status or rights of the displaced persons under international law?

French news agency AFP, and Yahoo published a story under the headline Mexico announces aid options for Central American migrants. It starts out with the following: October 26, 2018 [dateline on ...
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Shipping a person in a diplomatic bag

So I found a story about 'Joeseph Dahan,' who was found and released from inside an Egyptian diplomatic bag being sent from Italy to Egypt. Is a diplomatic bag with a person inside it inviolable?
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What are the options to a hosting country if a foreign embassy imprisoned someone inside it?

Today I heard an interesting news story on the radio. A Saudi citizen was imprisoned inside the Saudi embassy in Istanbul (Turkey), and the Turkish authorities are investigating the matter after a ...
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What stops countries from acting unilateraly

There is a kind of similar question at Why not leave UN. Let's suppose, that leaving UN and other treaties signed by the country is perceived an extremely negative option. But what, if a country ...
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Can a EU country refuse to allow a car to circulate with plates from another EU country?

A spat between Sweden and Romania; a car with an insulting plates (when read in Romanian) caused the Swedish embassy to release this rather ambiguous statement: The Embassy of Sweden in Romania ...
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How many treaties ratified by Congress did the US exit unilaterally?

In an attempt to better focus a recent question asked here that is popular but very open to interpretation (which alas often happens on politics SE), I want to ask: Are there any statistics on ...
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What is the US government's position regarding cyberwar; is a cyber attack considered to be an act of war? [duplicate]

Has it been found legally that a cyber attack on the US is in fact an act of war? Is this established law? The facts on the ground are that DoD has created a Cyber Command, on par w it's CentCom so ...
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Embassies in Jerusalem [duplicate]

Now that several countries have moved their embassies to Israel's capital, I wonder exactly what the fuss was about. Was the theory that embassies in Jerusalem violate the policy of many countries to ...
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Does the right to self-determination trump the requirement to accept refugees in international law?

Many politicians on both the right and left side of the political spectrum support a nation's right to self-determination. For example many claim that Catalonia should be allowed to become an ...
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Has the OPCW submitted its report relevant to the alleged April 7, 2018 chemical weapon attack in Douma to the organisation's member states?

Has the OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) submitted its report relevant to the alleged April 7, 2018 chemical weapon attack in Douma to the organisation's member states? If ...
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Why is it assumed that Italy should have taken the migrants from the Aquarius?

Why is it assumed that Italy should have accepted migrants from the NGO ship the Aquarius? France urges 'cynical' Italy to rethink stance on migrant ship From comments: They had no permission from ...
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Does the new Danish education law conflict with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?

Is this new policy of Denmark consistent with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights? https://www.reuters.com/article/us-denmark-immigration/denmark-to-school-ghetto-kids-in-democracy-and-christmas-...
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Why hasn't Canada signed the Apostille Convention?

Looking at this map of signatories to the Hague Convention/Apostille Convention, one can see that Canada is the only Western nation (as well as the only NATO nation, etc.) to not be a signatory. Why ...
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Does the International law forbid countries to recognize the sovereignty of any political formation that is not recognized by all the members of UN?

Does the International law forbid countries to recognize the sovereignty of any political formation that is not recognized by all the members of UN? And vice versa: Does the International law obliges ...
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Legality of attacking an occupier by third-party forces within partially-occupied state

Suppose state A is (illegally, militarily) occupying some of the territory of state B (denote the occupied part B1 and the unoccupied part B2). Suppose also that state B is allied with state C, and ...
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Can a sitting president of a country be arrested while traveling?

Can a country arrest a sitting president from another country while he is traveling, as president of that country? I read somewhere that it is not allowed, but I am not sure where it is written. This ...
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Do the UN Security Council's policies include any way to pass a resolution when one member vetos?

The U.N. Security Council can pass resolutions which all U.N. member states are required to comply with. 5 of these are permanent members. The permanent members can veto any action of the Security ...
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Is there a precedent for a country attacking another and later admitting their casus belli was false?

Is there a precedent for a country attacking another due to unverified information and finding out later they were wrong? And what was the international response? Narrowing scope: An event that was ...
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Does GDPR cover gender reassignment?

Does the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) cover gender reassignment? If a customer/client undergoes a gender change (both medical and non-medical), and requests to have all records (financial ...
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Micro-nations and their significance [closed]

Do Micro-nations like the ones proclaimed by individuals(Sealand etc) have any significance or power? Aren't they a threat to the unity of a nation? What actions have been taken against them?
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Whose permission is required to operate commercial operations in international waters? [duplicate]

So do I have to take any permission from any international body if I start any commercial operation in the International waters such as drilling for oil or basically I have to just start an ...
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How is the dispute of EEZ of nations resolved?

An exclusive economic area/zone covers an area which is around 200 kilometers from country's shoreline but how is the EEZ of a nation resolved when EEZ of two nations are overlapping? For example, if ...
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Will stopping humanitarian aid and food by embargo to a captured territory be illegal?

In case of Ukraine, the pro-russian separatists have captured huge chunks of captured Ukrainian land to form Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic . So will it be illegal if Ukrainian government ...
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What international or domestic legal consequences could Russia face, if it is proven that Skripal was poisoned by Russian operatives?

There seems to be some debate, if extra judicial killings commited by intelligence services are legal and what laws they are breaking. Famous historical examples are the killings commited by Mossad. ...
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Skripal vs. Castro poisonings, international law

Theresa May says the March 4 attack on Sergei Skripal is a "flagrant breach of international law and the chemical weapons convention." Would the (alleged) (attempted) Castro poisoning breach the ...
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How far into space does sovereign territory extend?

Space is considered to be a common heritage and is not owned or controlled by any government , but how far above sea level is considered to be sovereign territory? Is there any such specification such ...
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Why do nations & international bodies not intervene using military force to stop genocides in nations where they don't have a geopolitical interest?

I can find several examples where no nation or international body made an intervention to stop ethnic cleansing or genocide , because of lack of geopolitical and resource based interest , such as - ...
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International rules on how to deal with chemical weapon attacks (OPCW , CWC)

Currently Russia is accusing the UK of not following standard procedures apparently put forward by OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) and in the CWC (Chemical Weapons ...
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Can a nation just deny refugees to enter into their nation? [duplicate]

Is there any international mandate by UN which forces nations to accept refugees (For e.g. EU fines countries for not accepting refugees) and if not , can nations simply deny all refugees entering?
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Resolving military conflicts between NATO member states

The question of a military conflict between NATO member states would have been an entirely hypothetical question a decade ago , but looking at certain NATO member states (e.g. Turkey) increasing ...
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By what mechanisms can International border disputes be resolved?

For example China claims a large chunk of Indian Himalayan state as part of "southern Tibet," which is known as Arunachal Pradesh in India, which administers it, but China claims to not recognize ...
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How can U.N. or other international bodies stop a naval/land based blockade which might cause humanitarian crisis?

If you look at map of Yemen then you can easily find out that it's surrounded by Oman and Saudi Arabia. As Saudi Arabia led coalition is causing a naval and land based blockade to Yemen - which has to ...
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Can a living being claim themselves as a sovereign nation? [duplicate]

This question is inspired by this question on Worldbuilding.SE. Please take it with the imaginative grain of salt that is WB.SE. To summarize, the question introduces landmass sized sentient nonhuman ...
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is partially publicizing international negotiation really bad behavior?

Here's the link to a congressman grilling South Korean PM: Transcript is: C: North Korea requested for the return of the defectors. What is the official opinion? PM: I don't think it's ...
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What's the difference between a state and a country?

What's the difference between a state and a country? Is there any precise political definition that, perhaps, the UN would follow?
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What recourse does China have for responding to US tariffs?

Trump recently enacted tariffs of up to 50% on washing machines and parts, and 30% on solar panels which, while applied globally, are seen as being aimed and South Korea and China respectively. These ...
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Does Britain have de jure authority over the West Bank and Gaza?

That is, did the British Mandate of Palestine legally end? Britain was granted a "mandate" over Palestine by the League of Nations from 1923, "until such time as [it is] able to stand alone". British ...
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Does the UN recognize the borders of the 1947 Palestine partition? Or the 1949 armistice borders? Or something else?

Israel controlled a larger area by the 1949 armistice than the 1947 partition envisioned. However, the 1949 armistice lines are now widely understood as delimiting "Israel Proper". Was Israeli ...
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Does one country cutting off defensive cooperation with another country constitute a valid casus belli as per international law?

I was reading an article on a developing situation in one of the most volatile regions in the world and the strained ties between US and Pakistan. It is being speculated that Pakistan might end ...
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Can the US ask for Julian Assange's extradition without any official charges?

According to this article: [21-04-2017] US Attorney General Jeff Sessions says arresting Mr Assange is a priority. No charges have been filed against him in the US but US media outlets report ...
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Has the UN Terrorist Financing Convention had a material impact?

The UN Terrorist Financing Convention was ratified in 1999 and has been ratified by 187 nations, yet very little information is available on the material impact it has had upon preventing terror ...