Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute. If your question isn't really politically oriented, consider asking it on our sister site Law Stack Exchange.

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Can I (a random person in the world) be prosecuted under the new Hong Kong security law?

According to Amnesty International, the new Hong Kong security law "applies to everyone on the planet". I quote: The wording of the Hong Kong national security law asserts jurisdiction over ...
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Is there a strong legal guarantee that the U.S. can give to another country that it won't attack them?

Is there a strong legal guarantee that the U.S. can give to another country that it won't attack them? I think because U.S. policy tends to drastically change every time the administration changes, ...
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What is the fundamental difference between catching whales and hunting other animals?

I read this article and it seems like activists from cultures without a long history of whaling are inconsistent in their criticism of Japan for its whaling. Many cultural cuisines like rabbits, cows,...
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Can a country avoid prosecution for crimes against humanity by denying it happened?

I found this article and what I read shocked me. There are an estimated 650,000 like Hong Hanh in Vietnam, suffering from an array of baffling chronic conditions. Another 500,000 have already ...
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Can withdrawing asylum be illegal?

Julian Assange, one of the founders of WikiLeaks, and its most visible member, was arrested at the Ecuador embassy in London, after Ecuador withdrew his asylum Today, I announce that the ...
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How does debt-trap diplomacy work?

Debt-Trap Diplomacy In the micro world of personal loans, a person will go to a bank, and say, for example: "Here's a contract: You give me $1 million, and I'll pay it back to you on XYZ schedule ...
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Why hasn't the U.S. government paid war reparations to any country it attacked?

Why hasn't the U.S. government paid war reparations to any country it attacked? According to Wikipedia, the U.S. has never paid any war reparations to members of other countries. It has only paid ...
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What is the United States' interest in Ukraine?

I read several articles on why Russia is interested in Ukraine. But not much found on why USA is going after it. Appreciate if someone can explain this to me.
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When is violent civil unrest defined as a civil war?

Given the recent civil unrest in the United States, where after three months of rioting, protesters and counter-protesters have begun shooting each other on the streets with at least three dead, I ...
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What international laws might prohibit Brazil from cutting down the Amazon or using it as a natural resource of Brazil?

Brazil has been cutting down large swaths of the Amazon rainforest for development,agriculture and the use of natural resources from the rainforest. However, the Amazon is widely regarded as the lungs ...
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How would a libertarian model address widely spread negative externalities (such as CFCs)?

I understand the concept in libertarianism that if corporation A dumps toxic waste in a river and downstream of this river corporation B bottles this water for consumption, that corporation B has had ...
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What actions against pirates are legal for private ships?

I've watched the film The Trouble with Pirates [IMDb] and the one thing that is most surprising to me is that those captured ships offered no resistance and were virtually defenseless. The pirate ...
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Why do the Palestinian refugees have special status among the refugees?

The UN body dedicated to protect and help the refugees all around the world is the UNHCR - except for the Palestinian refugees who are the sole group to have their own, specially dedicated UN body: ...
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What are the consequences for a developed nation to not accept any refugees?

What are the consequences for a developed nation to not accept any refugees? Are there grave consequences for not accepting any refugees? I am asking, because almost every country on the planet ...
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When Yugoslavia broke up, which of the resulting countries did officially inherit all the international treaties signed with Yugoslavia?

When Yugoslavia broke up, which of the resulting countries did officially inherit all the international treaties that had been signed with Yugoslavia? Like in the case with USSR it was Russia, what ...
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Why are the territories gained by Israel in 1967 not internationally recognized?

It seems that, prior to WWII, lands conquered in war were considered legitimately part of the winning state. After WWII, the international doctrine changed that territories acquired in an aggressive ...
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Does the Chinese Consulate in Houston have to comply with the closure order?

According to Politico: The head of the Chinese Consulate in Houston won’t commit to closing the office — a direct threat of defiance to the State Department’s demand that it be shut down by Friday. ...
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Can there be a UN resolution to remove a country from the UN Security Council?

Can there be a United Nations (UN) resolution to remove a country from the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)? I am wondering if we can vote a country like France or China out of the UNSC. Is ...
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Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied?

Is the U.S. military bound by the same environmental laws as the country being occupied? Let's say that the United States is still occupying Afghanistan, to what extent does the U.S. military have to ...
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Can Iran sue US for the coup or its results?

According to The Guardian, The CIA has publicly admitted for the first time that it was behind the notorious 1953 coup against Iran's democratically elected prime minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, [...]. ...
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Soldiers abroad without identifying marks - Crimea situation

There's one issue that I haven't seen discussed about the current Crimea situation that feels strange - what are the international law consequences of having your soldiers abroad without identifying ...
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Why hasn't Canada signed the Apostille Convention?

Looking at this map of signatories to the Hague Convention/Apostille Convention, one can see that Canada is the only Western nation (as well as the only NATO nation, etc.) to not be a signatory. Why ...
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Are nations required to allow their own citizens entry under international law?

The motivation for this question is the recent US travel ban on foreigners entering the country from Schengen area countries, which is due to expand to include the UK and Ireland on Tuesday, and the ...
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Why do US tech companies honor rulings by the EU when they don't have jurisdiction?

Why don't they just ignore the EU laws such as 'right to be forgotten', or 'cookies laws', or 'privacy', or 'competition', or even collecting VAT. It's not like the EU will block the domain name. ...
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Does Britain have de jure authority over the West Bank and Gaza?

That is, did the British Mandate of Palestine legally end? Britain was granted a "mandate" over Palestine by the League of Nations from 1923, "until such time as [it is] able to stand alone". British ...
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Can a country be only de jure sovereign ? (Such as Andorra)

The Principality of Andorra is de jure “a parliamentary co-principality with the president of France and the Catholic bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) as co-princes.” (From Wikipedia) A visiting ...
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Was it illegal for Spain to declare the Catalan independence referendum illegal?

Spain declared the independence referendum of Catalonia illegal. At the time this was reported I was shocked that nobody objected to the Spanish Government's declaration. Even now (two years later), ...
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Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified?

Can USA exit a treaty that was signed and ratified by President with Senate approval? If so, what is the precise mechanism for withdrawing from a treaty for US Government? If the answer differs for ...
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Does nuclear propulsion applied to military ships fall under civil or military nuclear power?

From what I know very few countries are authorized to possess nuclear weapons, although a few others might secretly have some. But using nuclear power for civilian use (to produce electricity) is ...
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Who supplies Saudi Arabia with weapons?

More than 140 people were killed and over 525 wounded on Saturday, by a Saudi Arabian airstrike on a funeral. (See nytimes, rt, theguardian, and foxnews.) The questions are: Who supplies Saudi ...
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Legality of Syrian invasion by US and allies

UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2249, aimed at rallying the world behind the fairly obvious notion that ISIS is an “unprecedented threat to international peace and security.” “It’s ...
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What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your Own ...
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Under what law can the U.S. arrest International Criminal Court (ICC) judges over war crimes probe?

US threatens to arrest ICC judges over war crimes probe (Deutsche Welle) Is there any such law that would allow the U.S. impinge on another nation's sovereignty in order to prevent ICC judges from ...
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Why have no US government officials been charged under the Geneva convention?

US and NATO have been big advocates for human rights and international law around the globe. I'm only focusing on Iraq and current military missions in the Middle East and violations of the Geneva ...
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Who decides on state names in foreign languages?

The questions really is just that: who decides what a state or country is called in foreign languages? As an example, the official title of Germany is "Bundesrepublik Deutschland" which is usually ...
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Could Europeans in Europe demand protection under UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples?

Link to declaration: https://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf Especially some points concerning protection of traditional indigenous culture, including its proper access to media ...
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Why, according to the UN, "gender-biased abortion" is against human rights but "abortion in general" is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
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Under what jurisdiction is the ISS?

Under what jurisdiction is the ISS? If a crime is to be committed inside the International Space Station, under whose jurisdiction would the criminals be prosecuted? Is there a mechanism or ...
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Why does Assange fear Sweden will extradite him to the USA?

In November 2010, a request was made by Sweden to have Julian Assange extradited from the UK to Sweden, to face charges of rape brought against him. Julian Assange turned himself in to the UK police ...
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Does the UN recognize the borders of the 1947 Palestine partition? Or the 1949 armistice borders? Or something else?

Israel controlled a larger area by the 1949 armistice than the 1947 partition envisioned. However, the 1949 armistice lines are now widely understood as delimiting "Israel Proper". Was Israeli ...
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Does any present legislation practice exile as a regular sentence?

In antiquity, courts could sentence a person convicted of a crime into exile. For example, in ancient Athens, According to the preserved part of the inscription, unintentional homicides receive a ...
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Would the Trump administration be breaching the United Nations Convention against Torture if they bring back interrogative torture?

Donald Trump has made it clear, that he is pro-torture. As written in Trump claims torture works but experts warn of its 'potentially existential' costs: Donald Trump has used his first TV ...
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Can a nation just deny refugees to enter into their nation? [duplicate]

Is there any international mandate by UN which forces nations to accept refugees (For e.g. EU fines countries for not accepting refugees) and if not , can nations simply deny all refugees entering?
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Can the US ask for Julian Assange's extradition without any official charges?

According to this article: [21-04-2017] US Attorney General Jeff Sessions says arresting Mr Assange is a priority. No charges have been filed against him in the US but US media outlets report ...
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Is there a precedent for a country attacking another and later admitting their casus belli was false?

Is there a precedent for a country attacking another due to unverified information and finding out later they were wrong? And what was the international response? Narrowing scope: An event that was ...
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Does the "average American" know that the embargo on Cuba is unpopular around the world?

I know that "average American" is a loose expression, but I did not find a better way to mean an American citizen that in this case is not interested in international relations, that is not ...
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What forms of redress are available if a government decides to act illegally by omission?

At present, the UK parliament is attempting to pass legislation that would require Boris Johnson's government to take action to avoid a no-deal Brexit scenario. For the purposes of this question, I am ...
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According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified?

According to international law, when is first-use nuclear strike justified? https://www.cnn.com/2021/05/24/china/us-china-taiwan-1958-nuclear-intl-hnk/index.html Hong Kong (CNN) — Military planners ...
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NATO attacking EU: what happens?

What happens, from an international law point of view, if a NATO country which is not a member of EU, attacks (unprovoked) an EU country which is not a member of NATO? Specifically, are the ...
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Could a country assimilate another country in a democratic way?

Could a country assimilate another country in a democratic way? As an example, if the UK and an ex-colony of the UK both agree through a referendum to become a single country, would that possible ...

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