Questions tagged [international-law]

For questions on the relationships and relations between states and between nations, as relating to relevant law and statute.

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248 views

Does the new Danish education law conflict with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?

Is this new policy of Denmark consistent with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights? https://www.reuters.com/article/us-denmark-immigration/denmark-to-school-ghetto-kids-in-democracy-and-christmas-...
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Why hasn't Canada signed the Apostille Convention?

Looking at this map of signatories to the Hague Convention/Apostille Convention, one can see that Canada is the only Western nation (as well as the only NATO nation, etc.) to not be a signatory. Why ...
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Does the International law forbid countries to recognize the sovereignty of any political formation that is not recognized by all the members of UN?

Does the International law forbid countries to recognize the sovereignty of any political formation that is not recognized by all the members of UN? And vice versa: Does the International law obliges ...
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380 views

Legality of attacking an occupier by third-party forces within partially-occupied state

Suppose state A is (illegally, militarily) occupying some of the territory of state B (denote the occupied part B1 and the unoccupied part B2). Suppose also that state B is allied with state C, and ...
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Can a sitting president of a country be arrested while traveling?

Can a country arrest a sitting president from another country while he is traveling, as president of that country? I read somewhere that it is not allowed, but I am not sure where it is written. This ...
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Do the UN Security Council's policies include any way to pass a resolution when one member vetos?

The U.N. Security Council can pass resolutions which all U.N. member states are required to comply with. 5 of these are permanent members. The permanent members can veto any action of the Security ...
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4answers
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Is there a precedent for a country attacking another and later admitting their casus belli was false?

Is there a precedent for a country attacking another due to unverified information and finding out later they were wrong? And what was the international response? Narrowing scope: An event that was ...
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1answer
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Does GDPR cover gender reassignment?

Does the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) cover gender reassignment? If a customer/client undergoes a gender change (both medical and non-medical), and requests to have all records (financial ...
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1answer
154 views

Micro-nations and their significance [closed]

Do Micro-nations like the ones proclaimed by individuals(Sealand etc) have any significance or power? Aren't they a threat to the unity of a nation? What actions have been taken against them?
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Whose permission is required to operate commercial operations in international waters? [duplicate]

So do I have to take any permission from any international body if I start any commercial operation in the International waters such as drilling for oil or basically I have to just start an ...
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1answer
132 views

How is the dispute of EEZ of nations resolved?

An exclusive economic area/zone covers an area which is around 200 kilometers from country's shoreline but how is the EEZ of a nation resolved when EEZ of two nations are overlapping? For example, if ...
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131 views

Will stopping humanitarian aid and food by embargo to a captured territory be illegal?

In case of Ukraine, the pro-russian separatists have captured huge chunks of captured Ukrainian land to form Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic . So will it be illegal if Ukrainian government ...
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What international or domestic legal consequences could Russia face, if it is proven that Skripal was poisoned by Russian operatives?

There seems to be some debate, if extra judicial killings commited by intelligence services are legal and what laws they are breaking. Famous historical examples are the killings commited by Mossad. ...
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1answer
217 views

Skripal vs. Castro poisonings, international law

Theresa May says the March 4 attack on Sergei Skripal is a "flagrant breach of international law and the chemical weapons convention." Would the (alleged) (attempted) Castro poisoning breach the ...
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736 views

How far into space does sovereign territory extend?

Space is considered to be a common heritage and is not owned or controlled by any government , but how far above sea level is considered to be sovereign territory? Is there any such specification such ...
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Why do nations & international bodies not intervene using military force to stop genocides in nations where they don't have a geopolitical interest?

I can find several examples where no nation or international body made an intervention to stop ethnic cleansing or genocide , because of lack of geopolitical and resource based interest , such as - ...
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International rules on how to deal with chemical weapon attacks (OPCW , CWC)

Currently Russia is accusing the UK of not following standard procedures apparently put forward by OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) and in the CWC (Chemical Weapons ...
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Can a nation just deny refugees to enter into their nation? [duplicate]

Is there any international mandate by UN which forces nations to accept refugees (For e.g. EU fines countries for not accepting refugees) and if not , can nations simply deny all refugees entering?
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Resolving military conflicts between NATO member states

The question of a military conflict between NATO member states would have been an entirely hypothetical question a decade ago , but looking at certain NATO member states (e.g. Turkey) increasing ...
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1answer
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By what mechanisms can International border disputes be resolved?

For example China claims a large chunk of Indian Himalayan state as part of "southern Tibet," which is known as Arunachal Pradesh in India, which administers it, but China claims to not recognize ...
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1answer
174 views

How can U.N. or other international bodies stop a naval/land based blockade which might cause humanitarian crisis?

If you look at map of Yemen then you can easily find out that it's surrounded by Oman and Saudi Arabia. As Saudi Arabia led coalition is causing a naval and land based blockade to Yemen - which has to ...
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1answer
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Can a living being claim themselves as a sovereign nation? [duplicate]

This question is inspired by this question on Worldbuilding.SE. Please take it with the imaginative grain of salt that is WB.SE. To summarize, the question introduces landmass sized sentient nonhuman ...
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1answer
157 views

is partially publicizing international negotiation really bad behavior?

Here's the link to a congressman grilling South Korean PM: Transcript is: C: North Korea requested for the return of the defectors. What is the official opinion? PM: I don't think it's ...
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677 views

What's the difference between a state and a country?

What's the difference between a state and a country? Is there any precise political definition that, perhaps, the UN would follow?
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472 views

What recourse does China have for responding to US tariffs?

Trump recently enacted tariffs of up to 50% on washing machines and parts, and 30% on solar panels which, while applied globally, are seen as being aimed and South Korea and China respectively. These ...
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Does Britain have de jure authority over the West Bank and Gaza?

That is, did the British Mandate of Palestine legally end? Britain was granted a "mandate" over Palestine by the League of Nations from 1923, "until such time as [it is] able to stand alone". British ...
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627 views

Does the UN recognize the borders of the 1947 Palestine partition? Or the 1949 armistice borders? Or something else?

Israel controlled a larger area by the 1949 armistice than the 1947 partition envisioned. However, the 1949 armistice lines are now widely understood as delimiting "Israel Proper". Was Israeli ...
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438 views

Does one country cutting off defensive cooperation with another country constitute a valid casus belli as per international law?

I was reading an article on a developing situation in one of the most volatile regions in the world and the strained ties between US and Pakistan. It is being speculated that Pakistan might end ...
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Can the US ask for Julian Assange's extradition without any official charges?

According to this article: [21-04-2017] US Attorney General Jeff Sessions says arresting Mr Assange is a priority. No charges have been filed against him in the US but US media outlets report ...
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1answer
151 views

Has the UN Terrorist Financing Convention had a material impact?

The UN Terrorist Financing Convention was ratified in 1999 and has been ratified by 187 nations, yet very little information is available on the material impact it has had upon preventing terror ...
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1answer
86 views

What is the relevant law governing who grants rights to drill for oil in the sea?

This question is posed because I would like to understand what stops an Oil Exploration Corporation from setting up a rig in the ocean and collecting oil (assume it is technically possible).
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MONUSCO: Member state reaction to UN offensive in the Congo

Last week in the DROC the UN suffered its greatest loss of peacekeeper life since the Battle of Mogadishu, with at least 15 Tanzanian peacekeepers being killed by the insurgent group Allied Democratic ...
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What is the point of countries not recognizing the physical reality of who controls a certain territory?

There has recently been a lot of controversy regarding President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. However it seems odd to me that this is a point of contention in the ...
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What's the purpose of the International Criminal Court?

In general, law is a system used by national entities (I'll go with that term in place of a more loaded one like "countries" or "states") to keep their people in check and maintain prosperity for the ...
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Are you legally allowed to fight a war against terror?

So a different question asked if the pentagon was a legitimate military target. And an answer ended up saying, that the law of war does not apply to a terrorist organization but rather civilian law. ...
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1answer
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Was the pentagon a legitimate military target? [closed]

Since the pentagon and WTC had military offices wouldn't this make it a military target according to the applicable international treaties such as the Geneva conventions?
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What is WTO’s national security exception?

What is the World Trade Organization's National Security Exception clause ? USA (Trump) threatened to invoke it, and now UAE is threatening to invoke it.
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What are the steps to become an independent country once independence has been declared?

In How to Become a Country in 3 Easy Steps they mention: Step 1 Declare independence Step 2 Gain recognition Step 3 Join the United Nations Foreign Policy has a similar article How to Start Your ...
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What controls, organizations, or mitigations are there that limit or reduce bribery in politics and policing?

I'm trying to identify the key systematic components that prevent bribery in politics, policing, or legislation. What national, or ideally international, organizations exist that have some sphere of ...
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3answers
886 views

Can a country adopt and issue currency not theirs

Can a country decide that they now starting to use USD for example, then enter USDs into their circulation? Is there any international law that stops that and to what extent (can use the currency, ...
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Why do US tech companies honor rulings by the EU when they don't have jurisdiction?

Why don't they just ignore the EU laws such as 'right to be forgotten', or 'cookies laws', or 'privacy', or 'competition', or even collecting VAT. It's not like the EU will block the domain name. ...
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3answers
611 views

Is there anything stopping countries negotiating trade agreements step-by-step?

There have been so many big trade agreements in the news recently, that one of the striking things about all of them is how long they have taken to be agreed, and how complex the negotiations seem to ...
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1answer
145 views

National Security and the United Nations

So to my understanding national security is one of the utmost responsibilities of a head of government. However, how its foreign policy is done is another. My question is if a head of government saw ...
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1answer
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Can Iran sue US for the coup or its results?

According to The Guardian, The CIA has publicly admitted for the first time that it was behind the notorious 1953 coup against Iran's democratically elected prime minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, [...]. ...
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Can Bahrain prevent Qatar Airways from flying?

The Washington Post writes: If not for a gesture of goodwill from Bahrain, whose airspace practically encircles Qatar, the airline would have to cease operations. But is it really a gesture of ...
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2answers
271 views

When will the US effectively exit from Paris Agreement?

When the COP21 was signed, a lock was added binding the countries entering it for 4 years, counting from November 4, 2016. Commitments from other countries push accord forward and is set to be ...
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Is a cyber attack a violation of sovereignty?

Following debate on this answer about what constitutes a violation of sovereignty. I'm asking this as an independent question. Under current international law, does a cyber attack constitute as a ...
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438 views

International Court of Justice and its jurisdiction

Can someone please explain the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). It appears that a particular country takes its orders on some issues and the same country says that ICJ has no ...
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443 views

Are car bombs considered a conventional weapon under international law?

If a "Red line" is drawn by the Obama administration over the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government, because it is unconventional weapons, why is there no red line drawn for the use of a ...
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Have states/companies placed a military/private security presence on oil platforms in the Gulf of Guinea to ensure security against piracy?

States with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea have to deal with the tremendous problem of maritime piracy. There are some regional cooperation programs as well as a UE special program to improve ...