Questions tagged [international-relations]

Questions about the relationships, agreements or interactions between countries. May also be used for questions relating to international organisations like the United Nations.

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Why did (most of) the European NATO members support Ukraine's aspirations to joining NATO?

This article argues an alternative (maybe even complementary) view regarding the cause of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: (..) Russia’s security concerns are in fact genuine, and NATO expansion ...
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-6 votes
0 answers
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What type and scale of war crimes has Ukraine committed during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine? [closed]

I'm reading the Wikipedia page War crimes in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. There doesn't seem to be a distinction like "War crimes of Russia" and "War crimes of Ukraine". I'...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Short of attacking a NATO country, is there any other thing Russia can do to trigger direct American military confrontation?

Short of attacking a NATO country, is there any other thing Russia can do to trigger direct American military confrontation? The key section of the treaty is Article 5. Its commitment clause defines ...
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4 votes
3 answers
171 views

What are the possible mechanisms that can be used to settle territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia should the hostilities cease?

What are the possible mechanisms that can be used to settle territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia should the hostilities cease? I heard that most disputes are settled through bilateral ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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What do the diplomats say or do when they are summoned by the country's government they are posted in? [closed]

Suppose, a diplomat Mr. 'A' of a country 'X' is posted in another country 'Y'. Because for some reason, country X is in a diplomatically awkward position in front of Y. Say, the government of Y ...
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0 votes
3 answers
243 views

What's the reasoning behind "rogue states" not responding to sanctions with military action? [closed]

Background: I know how insane this would be if it actually happened, but it just dawned on me that countries with far smaller economies than those who impose sanctions on them (as we see in the real ...
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9 votes
1 answer
325 views

Were treaties made with the Soviet Union automatically applicable to Russia?

Motivated by this other question which refers to a peace treaty made with the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. What then happened with the treaties made with the Soviet Union: were ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Why is the Chinese Model of debt financed economic aid more attractive to Africa than West's structural re-adjustment programs?

I know the IMF imposed harsh austerity to ensure repayment and forced these countries to open up their markets to western countries. But isn't China doing the exact same thing? They are also very ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why has president Erdogan suddenly decided to mend relations with Israel? [closed]

Why has president Erdogan suddenly decided to mend relations with Israel? What kind of advantage is he looking for? Is he looking for a favor from the USA or assistance from Israel's defense industry? ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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What fraction of DAVOS participants are billionaires (and not corporations or political leaders) and who decides which ones can go?

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert's May 21, 2022 Crypto Celebs Silent As Market Melts Down | Billionaires Get Ready To Trip At Davos cites Business Insider's August 27, 2020 (updated) Davos 2021 is ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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Any adverse effects/repercussions due to Ukraine's "serious snub" of German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier lasting longer than a few news cycles?

Wikipedia's Frank-Walter Steinmeier; 2022 Kyiv visit says: In April 2022, Steinmeier abandoned plans to visit Kyiv after admitting he would not be welcome in Ukraine in what was seen as a serious ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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Is signing security pacts with other countries within the UK government powers?

On May 11th 2022, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson signed security pacts with Sweden and Finland. Is this something the Government could do without passing any legislation through Parliament and ...
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12 votes
1 answer
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Is Russia notified before prominent visits to Kyiv?

There has been several prominent visits to Kyiv since the war started, including U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, UK prime minister Boris Johnson, and United ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Why does Australia not tolerate China building a base in Solomon Islands if they think Russia should tolerate NATO expansion in Ukraine?

Australia apparently thinks Russia should tolerate NATO expansion in Ukraine, since they've 1) condemned the invasion and 2) imposed sanctions on Russia for invading Ukraine. On the other hand, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Study to confirm that lying on the international level is less frequent than lying to own population

I have recently watched this presentation held by John Mearsheimer, professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago and he argues that political leaders lie way more frequent to their own ...
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4 votes
0 answers
209 views

Has the Chinese government indicated what is the "red line" in the Russian invasion of Ukraine?

This answer suggests that should Russia use a nuclear strike in Ukraine, even China would condemn it: By using weapons of mass destruction Russia would be condemned not just by the West, but also the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
387 views

Are all countries nation states?

Why are most countries nations, even when they have multiple ethnic groups with national aspirations ? For e.g. Russia. I believe as Pierre Elliot Trudeau did, the nation must not be the basis of the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Has post-revolutionary China ever backed down in international (plus SARs, TAR and cross-straits) affairs?

I have heard that good parenting advice tends to stress consistency; if you "lay down the law" you have to stick with it and not allow "infractions" to go unnoticed or ...
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16 votes
5 answers
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Why is US reluctant to consider Russia a state sponsor of terrorism?

CNN mentions that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky made a request to US President Joe Biden to designate Russia a state sponsor of terrorism: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky made a ...
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18 votes
5 answers
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What is the point of Emmanuel Macron speaking so often with Vladimir Putin?

This article mentions the frequent discussions between Emmanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin: French President Emmanuel Macron continues to keep his hotline open with Russian President Vladimir Putin, ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Why did Arafat/the Palestinian leadership accept terms of the Oslo Accords that seemed to make it hard to achieve Palestinian sovereignty?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnelcDyxA00&t=1579s I am referring to this lecture. Mehran Kamrava claims that the terms of the Peace agreement were so skewed that it made Palestine statehood ...
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-5 votes
1 answer
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What are the risks associated with Russia collapsing? [closed]

European Pravda presents the Russian Federation's collapse as inevitable in the next few years, the invasion of Ukraine acting as a catalyst for it: In his 2016 essay Will the Russian Federation Make ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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G7 countries - Can India become a member of the Group 7 (G7)?

G7 countries Can India become a member of G7 countries with the odd number 7 becoming a even number 8. To become a member of the G7 will there be a casting of votes by the existing G7 countries ...
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2 votes
1 answer
270 views

Why is the public opinion about GCC countries so low in the USA/UK?

What is the public perception in the USA and the UK about oil-rich gulf countries and their people? According to the above post, the public approval rate of GCC countries and their people is low in ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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What is the public perception in the USA and the UK about oil-rich gulf countries and their people?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are very loyal US and UK allies, I guess. However, how do the general population of the USA and the UK see them as allies? Do they see them as valued allies ...
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38 votes
7 answers
8k views

Why is Biden's "(Putin) ...cannot remain in power" widely considered a gaffe to be walked back while previous US presidents have said similar?

Together, answers to How often a post WWII US president said publicly that the leader of another country must go? (e.g. "For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power") have listed perhaps ...
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37 votes
4 answers
8k views

How often a post WWII US president said publicly that the leader of another country must go? (e.g. "For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power")

US President Biden concluded his March 27, 2022 speech in Poland with the words For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power. (e.g. CBS News's video Biden says Putin "cannot remain in power&...
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18 votes
5 answers
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What exactly are the stated (political AND military) objectives of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine?

Edit:: The answers thus far show the political objectives, which are of course part of what I was asking, but what exactly are the military objectives of the invasion: like bomb certain buildings or ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Why is the South China Sea strategically important to the United States?

From Wikipedia: In June 2020, US Ambassador to the United Nations Kelly Craft sent a letter to the U.N. secretary general explaining the US position on China's "excessive maritime claims." ...
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31 votes
7 answers
10k views

Why doesn't the US send airplanes to Ukraine, when the Soviets sent MiGs to North Vietnam?

During the Vietnam War, the Soviets sent hundreds of MiGs to North Vietnam. Now, Americans say they cannot send airplanes to Ukraine lest it lead to escalation. Why wasn't the Soviet assistance to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
432 views

Which countries in the world remain neutral in the Ukraine conflict?

Which countries are staying neutral in the war against Ukraine?
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3 votes
1 answer
208 views

Did China retaliate for the seizure of its ship by India?

Chinese ship carrying suspected cargo to Pakistan allowed to leave, equipment held back DRDO confirms Chinese ship India stopped was carrying nuclear-capable equipment to Pakistan The above article ...
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4 votes
1 answer
337 views

Have the US and UK explained if they view sanctions on Belarus as breaching the Budapest Memorandum?

One of the clauses of the Budapest Memorandum is (page 20): The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their ...
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33 votes
6 answers
4k views

Has Russia explained why Ukraine can trust them, given the Budapest memorandum?

It doesn't seem in dispute that Russia has breached the Budapest Memorandum, which among others said that Russia will "Respect Belarusian, Kazakh and Ukrainian independence and sovereignty in the ...
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37 votes
3 answers
9k views

How did India and Pakistan avoid war when India accidentally launched a missile at Pakistan?

India claims that on March 9, 2022, it accidentally launched a missile at its neighbor and frequent adversary Pakistan. The two countries: have fought three wars and have engaged in numerous military ...
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3 votes
0 answers
75 views

What will happen to the sanctions against Russia if it succeeds in conquering Ukraine? [duplicate]

I am wondering what will happen to all the sanctions against Russia if it succeeds in conquering Ukraine. As far as I understand it, the purpose of the sanctions against Russia, at this point in time, ...
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8 votes
1 answer
482 views

Why is Taiwan strategically important to United States (besides being dominant in the semiconductor manufacturing)?

Based on Taiwan Relations Act, U.S. will help Taiwan defend itself. One important reason that Taiwan is strategically important to United States is that it has a very strong semiconductor industry. ...
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5 votes
1 answer
142 views

How can a country guarantee to not join an organization or alliance?

If a country wants to join an international organization or alliance, and that organization wants that country to join, then they're in as soon as they signed the papers or whatever ratifies that. But ...
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3 votes
0 answers
46 views

Is Bank for International Settlements (BIS) still providing financial services to Afghanistan?

After the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in August 2021, most of the major central banks such as the Fed, Bank of England, and Bundesbank froze FX reserves of the Afghan central bank (DAB). As of ...
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20 votes
6 answers
3k views

How can Putin save face?

Former MI6 Chief, Sir Robert John Sawers, says we need to be a little bit careful about how we do that, we must leave Putin a way out And Yuval Noah Harari says: Nobody could say for sure how the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
80 views

Joint letters by foreign diplomats to Pakistan

Foreign envoys urge Pakistan to condemn Russian invasion of Ukraine during the emergency UNGA session Some foreign diplomats put out a joint letter to the Pakistani government so that Pakistan ...
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-5 votes
2 answers
337 views

Was negotiating with Russia regarding Ukraine's NATO membership such a bad idea? [closed]

Russia's declared critical issue for its invasion of Ukraine is NATO membership. One week before Russia's invasion of Ukraine the US administration declined to put Ukraine's membership in NATO on the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
225 views

What are Putin's escalation options / demands that don't involve using nukes? [closed]

Not sure if this is a legit question for SE, but here goes. Despite the loss of innocent lives & damage to infrastructure, Putin is not doing great in Ukraine. The sanctions mount as the Russian ...
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4 votes
1 answer
649 views

Which countries have openly supported the Russian invasion of Ukraine?

I know a number of (big) countries like China and India are "fence sitting" by neither condemning the attack nor endorsing. But besides Belarus, which I'm pretty sure endorsed with words too ...
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3 votes
2 answers
351 views

Why does China want to militarily dominate Asia?

It's taken as an axiom that China wants America out of Asia. No American ships in the Western Pacific, no US military bases in Japan or South Korea, etc. Chinese-friendly governments everywhere. I can ...
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3 votes
2 answers
285 views

How did Iran mitigate the effect of the SWIFT sanctions on them?

It seems to me although Iran faced hash sanctions with SWIFT ban in 2012 and again in 2018, their GDP took a hit and dropped for two years and but rebounded again (even through Covid). From the chart ...
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6 votes
2 answers
342 views

Why many sanctions aren't imposed together with sanctions-lifting conditions?

As much as a threat of sanctions serves as a deterrent of wrongdoings, a conditional promise (in any form, can be either in a form of law or just not-formal public announcement) of revoking them when ...
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10 votes
1 answer
646 views

How can India reconcile with the new reality as to the relationship with Russian Federation?

Over the last few years, India has been getting closer with the US camp while also maintaining a relationship with Russia as to arms trade. According to a US report, India has been the largest ...
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5 votes
1 answer
300 views

What is meant by a "personal sanction"?

I understand the economic sanctions, but what is meant by "personally sanctioning" another nation's president? I see many news outlets mentioning this but never explaining what it entails, e....
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3 votes
0 answers
62 views

Can political science gauge quantitatively the strength of US global leadership?

From my perspective, the headline coverage of the direction of the US on the global stage is mostly pessimistic. But I want to see if that is actually justified. I concede it's not an easy undertaking,...
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