Questions tagged [international-relations]

Questions about the relationships, agreements or interactions between countries. May also be used for questions relating to international organisations like the United Nations.

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627 views

Does North Korea get permission to test-fly weapons over China and Russia? (if it indeed does)

The CNN video Experts on what North Korea's series of missile tests may mean summarizes several tests of different "flying objects" including (apparently) two hypersonic missiles or at least ...
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How do you quantify a relation between 2 countries? [migrated]

I am trying to create a computer game similar to that of Europa Universalis or Civilization. FYI, those are grand strategy games - you select a country and try to guide it through the years in order ...
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In which areas has national autonomy become weaker, and to what extent and in which areas has national autonomy become stronger? (Sovereign States)

For more than a decade some academics and political actors have been declaring that the sovereign state is just about dead. The reality is that the states are still here and it doesn’t seem that they ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between non-alignment and neutrality?

Very few documents online work on the difference. Non-Alignment (and the related history of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) during the Cold War) seems to refer to countries that will not join alliances or ...
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To what extent is the Paris agreement legally binding? [duplicate]

In the UNFCCC site the Paris agreement is defined as a legally binding international treaty on climate change. Its goal is to limit global warming below +2°C through nationally determined ...
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Even if by accident, is the act of military men showing up in a foreign country in full uniform considered an invasion?

I came upon this (humorous) video where there are presented several incidents of the Swiss army accidentally marching into Liechtenstein due to bad map awareness and orientation. In the video they are ...
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1answer
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How many countries have recognized Taiwan as a sovereign nation?

Today, only 14 countries recognize Taiwan. What's the maximum number of countries that recognized Taiwan at any given time?
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207 views

Who exactly is not going to the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games because of political boycotts?

Various countries are reporting political boycotts of the upcoming Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, but it's not clear to me who will not go to the Olympics as a result. Due to COVID-19, there are strong ...
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120 views

Of the 111(+?) invitees to the Biden administration's Summit on Democracy, did any country decline or refuse to participate? If so, any reasons given?

This answer to Did the Biden administration have a working definition of democracy when it chose which countries to invite to its "democracy summit"? cites US government officials and ...
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What are some political subsets of the EU?

Somebody mentioned a Franco-Italian cooperation in the EU. I know that alliances like the Visegrád Group and the Three Seas Initiative are already around. Are there any other political cooperations ...
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Can countries use cross-border rivers to pressure neighbouring countries?

For example, can Sudan block/divert the Nile to exert political pressure on Egypt? (The Nile is a major river that flows through Sudan into Egypt.) I can't find any results via Google on this. The ...
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Is there a cost for a country to explicitly recognize another commonly recognized country without political disagreement?

Wikipedia mentions 12 UN members not yet explicitly recognizing Montenegro, and 7 UN members not having diplomatic relationship with Croatia. At first, I thought this is something about Montenegro and ...
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Why don't climate change agreements self-terminate if participants fail to meet their commitments?

The Paris Agreement had a clause where it only comes to force if enough countries ratify it: The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016, thirty days after the date on which at least 55 ...
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Is India able to annex full or part of Bangladesh? [closed]

According to some Indian politicians, India should invade Bangladesh. India should invade Bangladesh if the torture of Hindus does not stop West Bengal BJP leader urges Narendra Modi to take steps to ...
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What do those Iranians who say "Death to America!" mean by it?

I was watching an old Anthony Bourdain show and I saw local Iranians in Tehran chanting "Death to America!" and then in the next scene saying "We need one day to be friends". Do ...
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1answer
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How did Turkish media change their tune on al-Sisi (allegedly) in lockstep with the new Turkish foreign policy on Egypt?

It's fairly well known that government/AKP-aligned actors have taken an increased share of control of Turkish media, be it directly through acquisitions or through advertisement revenue. I'm curious ...
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To what extent has the Pegasus spyware been used by Israeli covert services?

The Wikipedia article on the Pegasus spyware, which had been developed in Israel, details a number of governments - such as Bahrain, Morocco, Saudi Arabia as well as a Mexican drug cartel that have ...
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Why would the U.S. exclude Europe from the new Indo-Pacific security alliance?

According to the South China Morning Post The new Aukus security alliance formed by the United States, Britain and Australia has left France frustrated at being left out, prompting concerns over the ...
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Why are the Taliban unwilling to establish a diplomatic relationship with Israel?

https://www.timesofisrael.com/taliban-willing-to-establish-relations-with-all-nations-except-israel/ “Yes, of course, in a new chapter if America wants to have a relation with us, which could be in ...
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What happens to an embassy when the country it represents stops existing?

There are numerous Afghan nationals and Afghan embassies abroad, with at least some of the staff in those embassies not supporting the new regime/government. What would happen to the embassy staff, ...
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Who is helping the Tigray TDF?

Last year the Ethiopian army quickly overran the capital of Tigray (Mekelle) and drove the Tigray Defense Forces (TDF) into the mountains, caves, forests etc., seemingly turning the conflict into a ...
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Why have Bulgaria, Hungary, Mongolia, and Poland withdrawn from the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological…?

The full title is: ‘ Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency’ The declarations and reservations of the treaty is available here on the IAEA website. ...
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China's Reactions to Independent Investigations

Australia called for a COVID-19 probe. China responded with a trade war Last year marked the first time Australia referred China to the World Trade Organization during a trade war between the two ...
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During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in personal diplomatic meetings with the U.S.?

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in diplomatic meetings with the U.S. in state visits, official visits, working visits, official working visits in the U.S. or ...
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What has Biden's presidency done to improve US relations with Pakistan?

Biden is sometimes quoted (e.g. here or here) for this quip to (former Afghan president) Karzai that Pakistan is fifty times more important than Afghanistan for the United States. I mean besides ...
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Which countries have welcomed the Taliban takeover/victory in Kabul?

FT reported (paywalled) that Pakistan has, at least at the government level: As the Taliban swept into Kabul on Sunday after a dramatic military offensive, the leaders of neighboring Pakistan did not ...
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How can a country operate its embassy in a landlocked country if all that country's neighbours deny passage?

As countries evacuate their embassy personnel from Afghanistan by helicopter, I'm wondering what would actually happen if all of Afghanistan's neighbours deny use of their airspace for these flights. ...
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Two Germanys and two Koreas but only one China. Why wasn't a compromise to internationally recognise both Chinas reached?

During the Cold War several former united states ended divided in two opposing polities, each one claiming to be the legitimate government of the whole former state. Although in the beginning most ...
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On what basis do presidential aircraft flying over enjoy immunity and inviolability?

Main question In the aftermath of the Evo Morales grounding incident there was some international outcry. According to Wikipedia: In the aftermath of the incident, seven Latin American countries – ...
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192 views

Are there any treaties that offer diplomatic protection for heads of state on 'surprise visits'?

Normally, diplomatic protection (as specifically immunity) is covered by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The way that treaty is phrased it's about bilateral relations, for example by ...
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How come China won't allow unfettered access to ambassadors when tourists can freely go to Xinjiang on their own?

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3133267/un-members-call-immediate-meaningful-and-unfettered-access ‘If you have nothing to hide, why do you not finally grant unimpeded access?’ one ...
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Is there a rating of countries by cyberattacks amount being launched?

At recent Geneva summit press-conference, Biden noted: I talked about the proposition that certain critical infrastructure should be off-limits to attack, period, by cyber or any other means," ...
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1answer
235 views

Is there any list of US actions taken in efforts to stop Nord Stream 2?

Long story short, it was announced at the beginning of June that Nord Stream 2 is ready to start pumping gas. The US has tried to stop its construction since 2017. Is there a list of the US laws/...
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Is the US administration obligated in any way to follow previous international agreements?

Let's consider the Paris climate agreement: Trump administration led the US to exit it Biden administration led the US back to following it Or the Iran nuclear deal: Obama administration was one of ...
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3answers
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Why is the European Peace Facility considered risky?

Recently, I've read a Guardian article, describing the risks of the European Peace Facility: Despite its name, the European peace facility, worth €5bn over the next seven years, will allow the EU to ...
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Why aren't countries ignoring COVID-19 patents and are instead waiting for a patent waiver?

Why aren't countries ignoring COVID-19 patents and are instead waiting for a patent waiver? There's already advanced discussions about a patent waiver for vaccines, so why aren't countries just ...
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1answer
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Can a country require all of its foreign diplomats to get vaccinated? [closed]

Can a country require all of its foreign diplomats to get vaccinated? And is there a mechanism that insures this is done properly for both parties?
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2answers
191 views

Is there any reason why Biden might not want to rejoin the TPP?

Biden has shrunk from making the case from rejoin the TPP after Trump left the TPP. Might there be any reason why Biden hasn't immediately taken the measures to rejoin it? The TPP was seen as a way to ...
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Why does the US need to spy on its allies?

Recently, I've read about the NSA (the US National Security Agency) spying on European leaders - Angela Merkel in particular. But this is highly unusual for me. I can understand the US spying on its ...
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Why didn't Japan call for the ICJ to settle the dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands?

Why didn't Japan call for the ICJ to settle the dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands? I am asking this question, because Japan took it's ongoing dispute with South Korea over the Dokdo islands to ...
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1answer
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What would be the motivation to not ratify the TRIPS agreement?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRIPS_Agreement Looking at the article above, some countries have not ratified the TRIPS agreement, is there a reason to not ratify the treaty? I thought that this ...
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2answers
254 views

Why won't the U.S. recognize Taiwan as a country? [duplicate]

Why won't the U.S., and the U.S. specifically, recognize Taiwan as a country? The U.S. is providing military aid to Taiwan, which angers China and provides political support for its inclusion on many ...
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Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law?

Can a country be allowed to nationalize every assets the countries has under private ownership from foreign investors according to international law? Let's say that the assets were bought under a ...
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1answer
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Has the Biden administration detailed what violations of the Open Skies treaties it accuses Russia of?

A somewhat difficult to parse news piece: "The United States regrets that the Treaty on Open Skies has been undermined by Russia's violations," the state department said on Thursday. "...
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Why is the U.S. turning a blind eye to Israel's nukes?

SEOUL — South Korea can now develop ballistic missiles capable of reaching targets far beyond the Korean Peninsula, following the United States’ approval to lift a 42-year-old restriction on its ally’...
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On what steps from ecology plan have Joe Biden's administration already made progress?

Ecology was one of the main points of Joe Biden's election campaign: Ensure the U.S. achieves a 100% clean energy economy and reaches net-zero emissions no later than 2050 Build a stronger, more ...
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Precedents of forced plane landing? [duplicate]

Recently, Belarus is being accused for forcing a passenger liner to land, for arresting one of its passengers. Were there any such precedents before?
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How could Belarus know that a dissident was travelling on a plane not bound to their territory?

Belarus has been accused of using a fake bomb scare to divert a Ryanair plane in order to capture a wanted person on board. I am aware that the lists of plane passengers are shared between security ...
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0answers
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Why isn't the TRIMs agreement renegotiated so that large countries such as India and China are no longer considered to be developing countries?

Why isn't the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) renegotiated so that large countries such as India and China are no longer considered to be developing countries? European ...
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1answer
268 views

What countries are calling for a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas?

Because of the ongoing hostilities between Israel and Hamas, multiple countries have said they are interested in making a peace treaty. What countries have called for the hostilities to stop? To ...

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