Questions tagged [international-relations]

Questions about the relationships, agreements or interactions between countries. May also be used for questions relating to international organisations like the United Nations.

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Why didn't the U.S. support the idea of an Asian Monetary Fund?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_Monetary_Fund During the Asian financial crisis, Asian leaders had difficulties in dealing with both regional and international institutions such as the ...
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Has a state ever apologized and reversed its decision of expelling diplomats of a foreign country?

Britain has recently begun a campaign to expel Russian diplomats from Europe. But let's say tomorrow new evidence shows up proving that Russia wasn't involved - the UK would certainly be in a bad ...
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Has the Chinese government indicated what is the "red line" in the Russian invasion of Ukraine?

This answer suggests that should Russia use a nuclear strike in Ukraine, even China would condemn it: By using weapons of mass destruction Russia would be condemned not just by the West, but also the ...
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On what steps from ecology plan have Joe Biden's administration already made progress?

Ecology was one of the main points of Joe Biden's election campaign: Ensure the U.S. achieves a 100% clean energy economy and reaches net-zero emissions no later than 2050 Build a stronger, more ...
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What norms are followed when one president (or head of state) calls another?

Introduction: I often read news which says one president or prime minister calls a president or prime minister of another country. I assume the process is something like: someone (maybe a secretary) ...
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Is opposition to whaling biased against Japan?

Many of the comments and edits in the Whales Vs Other Animals have spiralled off from the original question into the differences in the treatment of certain countries. While currently much of the ...
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Are there international laws that compel Mexico to prevent migrants from crossing the border and into the U.S.?

Are there international laws that compel Mexico to prevent migrants from crossing the border and into the U.S.? I am asking, because I am wondering if there's any legitimate grievance from the U.S., ...
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Did China engage in spy swaps?

The Soviet union and then Russia regularly engaged in spy swaps with the West (even if a recent trend seems to be to "get them good" even after the swap, at least on select occasions.) But ...
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Why have North Korean relationships worsened since the June 15th joint declaration?

If you review the June 15 Declaration of 2005, you might think that relations with North Korea had been improving. The progress in inter-Korean relations of the past five years have been so ...
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Study to confirm that lying on the international level is less frequent than lying to own population

I have recently watched this presentation held by John Mearsheimer, professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago and he argues that political leaders lie way more frequent to their own ...
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Is Bank for International Settlements (BIS) still providing financial services to Afghanistan?

After the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in August 2021, most of the major central banks such as the Fed, Bank of England, and Bundesbank froze FX reserves of the Afghan central bank (DAB). As of ...
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Can political science gauge quantitatively the strength of US global leadership?

From my perspective, the headline coverage of the direction of the US on the global stage is mostly pessimistic. But I want to see if that is actually justified. I concede it's not an easy undertaking,...
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How come China won't allow unfettered access to ambassadors when tourists can freely go to Xinjiang on their own?

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3133267/un-members-call-immediate-meaningful-and-unfettered-access ‘If you have nothing to hide, why do you not finally grant unimpeded access?’ one ...
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Is there a clear pair of lists of [present] foreign supporters of the two (major) sides in the Libyan civil war and the extent of their support?

The conflict pits powerful General Khalifa Haftar against the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA). Apparently Turkey backs the GNA (with troops now) and Egypt plus a few other Arab states ...
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Are there some figures for Moldova's economic benefits from their Association Agreement with the EU?

Moldova has an Association Agreement with the EU which includes a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area as well as some ancillary benefits according to Wikipedia the modernisation of Moldova's ...
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Has Saudi Arabia expelled ambassadors before over human rights comments (from their government)?

In the latest news on Saudi Arabia, they have expelled the Canadian ambassador (and recalled their own ambassador to Canada) in reaction to human rights comments from Canada, or more precisely demands ...
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What is the role of Taiwanese semiconductor industry in Chinese and American policy regarding Taiwan?

Taiwanese semiconductor industry (especially TSMC) is extremly important and valuable on the global scale. Given this: Is it a major reason for Chinese interest in Taiwan? Considering possible ...
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What fraction of DAVOS participants are billionaires (and not corporations or political leaders) and who decides which ones can go?

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert's May 21, 2022 Crypto Celebs Silent As Market Melts Down | Billionaires Get Ready To Trip At Davos cites Business Insider's August 27, 2020 (updated) Davos 2021 is ...
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How do the liberal side of international relations theorists model people’s well-being?

I’m only referring to the liberal side of international relations theory, not the realist side. In their formal theories (to the extent that they write mathematically formal theories), how do they ...
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During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in personal diplomatic meetings with the U.S.?

During the Trump administration, how did foreign states rank in engaging in diplomatic meetings with the U.S. in state visits, official visits, working visits, official working visits in the U.S. or ...
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What has Biden's presidency done to improve US relations with Pakistan?

Biden is sometimes quoted (e.g. here or here) for this quip to (former Afghan president) Karzai that Pakistan is fifty times more important than Afghanistan for the United States. I mean besides ...
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Why isn't the TRIMs agreement renegotiated so that large countries such as India and China are no longer considered to be developing countries?

Why isn't the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) renegotiated so that large countries such as India and China are no longer considered to be developing countries? European ...
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What other EU countries' population (besides Italy) see China and/or Russia as their best friend(s) and Germany as their worst enemy?

An Euractiv article, points to SWG a poll among Italians that finds China and Russia being considered friendly countries now in Italy while Germany and France are seen as enemies: (One can't help but ...
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What approaches are advocated for a greater Mongolia given that ethnic Mongols might be a minority?

I've heard about pan-Mongolism from time to time, such as this facebook post from Mongolia Live, and there's a Wikipedia article on it. Assuming that Russia and China were willing to give up that ...
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Why does France have so many bilateral treaties?

According to Miles & Posner (2008) "Which States Enter into Treaties, and Why?" The average for North America is more than ten times that of Africa. The North American average is driven by ...
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Looking for case studies and theory on citizen diplomacy

Citizen diplomacy is when average citizens of two countries work together. It is useful when two countries have especially poor relations (e.g. may not recognize each other's existence). It is ...
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Does Abe Shinzo defy Japanese cultural taboos when in a foreign or international context?

When in a non-Japanese context, is Abe Shinzo known to defy Japanese cultural taboos that would be inconvenient or problematic? Like the taboos against looking people in the eye; or speaking while ...
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What's the relationship between a diplomatic mission and a delegation?

Sometimes I see this terminology used interchangeably, and I've been reading Wikipedia definitions, but it's just not clear what the difference between "delegation" and "mission" is. For instance, ...
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Who pays for treatment and living expenses of former Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf?

Politics aside, I see news that former Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf is in Dubai for few years, I am wondering who pays for his hospital and his family stay?
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Do countries frame their contributions in climate change negotations in reference to others?

I am curious if there are recent examples of countries framing their actions against climate change in reference to other countries? Like compared to China the US does such an such. I am aware of ...
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In which areas has national autonomy become weaker, and to what extent and in which areas has national autonomy become stronger? (Sovereign States)

For more than a decade some academics and political actors have been declaring that the sovereign state is just about dead. The reality is that the states are still here and it doesn’t seem that they ...
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Are there any treaties that offer diplomatic protection for heads of state on 'surprise visits'?

Normally, diplomatic protection (as specifically immunity) is covered by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The way that treaty is phrased it's about bilateral relations, for example by ...
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How likely is a reform on the status of 'developing' country pushed by the Trump adminstration only affect China?

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-wto/trump-targets-china-in-call-for-wto-to-reform-developing-country-status-idUSKCN1UL2G6 The Trump administration is trying to weaken China using any ...
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Did China make pledges to former Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte that could be described as a "trap"? If so, which were most attractive to him?

In a May 11, 2022 tweet, (self-described "public educator, academic, columnist, and policy adviser") Richard Javad Heydarian1,2 first asserts that China took the previous Philippine ...
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