Questions tagged [international-relations]

Questions about the relationships, agreements or interactions between countries. May also be used for questions relating to international organisations like the United Nations.

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Can China still be punished under UNCLOS in the Philippines v China case?

I have been learning about conflicts in the South China Sea involving China. I remember when the Philippines led an arbitration case against China and I still don't understand why an international ...
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Trading on WTO Rules

Many Countries are a member of some Regional Trading Organization, which facilitates trade within a particular continent, or have bilateral trade deals with other Countries. Are there any examples of ...
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If Vietnam and the USA have normal relations, why doesn't Cuba-USA relationship improve?

If Vietnam and the USA have normal diplomatic and business relations, why doesn't Cuba-USA relationship improve? Why doesn't the USA normalize its diplomatic relations with Cuba?
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Who are China's allies?

The US has NATO/EU and other South/East/South-East Asian countries as its direct allies either by ideology or by pacts. Also, most US allies are either high-income countries or technologically/...
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Why haven't Ukraine and Russia declared war? [duplicate]

Ukraine and Russia have technically been at war since 2014 but neither has declared war publicly. What's the reason not to declare war if it even mentioned in the Wikipedia?
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What are the benefits of joining CPTPP over conducting FTAs with the individual members?

On June 17th, the UK Government formally announced its intention to pursue membership of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), following repeated ...
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What is a clustered state and what are some examples of one?

In the book Foreign Policy Analysis by Chris Adlen and Amnon Aran, the authors talk about the idea of a "clustered state" as opposed to an "institutional state", but I'm unclear on exactly what they ...
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What is preventing the UK and the EU from progressing in the talks on post-Brexit trade?

Speaking on June 5th 2020, at the end of the fourth round of talks on post-Brexit trade, EU Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier said: Ladies and Gentlemen, to be clear, our lack of progress in this ...
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Why isn't the Republic of Ireland a member of the Five Eyes Security Alliance?

I observe that Rep. Ireland is a notable absentee from the group, despite being one of our 'Anglo Mates', and sharing the same views regarding Global security. EU membership aside, why is this?
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How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction?

How can American law regulate companies outside of American jurisdiction? https://asiatimes.com/2020/05/south-korea-is-the-pivot-in-the-huawei-wars/ The semiconductor industry is lobbying ...
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Why do Iranians play so risky games with the US? [closed]

It is undeniable that the relations between two countries are tense to say the least. And it has been so for decades, sometimes it gets a bit better, only to sink even lower later on. Why is Iranian ...
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Did the Romanian president equate autonomy for the Székely with giving the area to Hungary in prior speeches?

I'm curious if Romanian president Iohannis has used such blunt language before today in describing autonomy proposals for the Székely (which he did reject before, but perhaps not using this kind of ...
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IPR disputes between US/China

It had been stated that intellectual rights were compromised during manufacture of US originated products contracted to be made in China during globalization. Why are the allegations not taken as a ...
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Why have so many countries withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?

The international recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a partially recognized de facto sovereign state located in the western Maghreb, which claims the non-self-governing territory of ...
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When Fauci called for China to shut down the "wet markets" (on Fox News) was he specific what he meant by that term?

A Politico article from Apr 3 says: A growing chorus of voices is urging China to shut down the country’s so-called wet markets, which have come under heightened scrutiny for their role as potent ...
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What other EU countries' population (besides Italy) see China and/or Russia as their best friend(s) and Germany as their worst enemy?

An Euractiv article, points to SWG a poll among Italians that finds China and Russia being considered friendly countries now in Italy while Germany and France are seen as enemies: (One can't help but ...
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What kind of project[s] did the US finance at the Wuhan BSL-4 lab?

The Daily Mail has their usual kind of unclear/clickbait article headlined "U.S. government gave $3.7million grant to Wuhan lab at center of coronavirus leak scrutiny that was performing ...
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If a country develops a COVID-19 vaccine, can they refuse to share it? [closed]

Per title. Say country X develops a vaccine, but don't want to share it with others. Possible reasons could be: They can only make so much of that vaccine (perhaps because the raw materials required ...
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What are the prospects of suing with China over COVID-19? [duplicate]

Recently, some group of US jurists started suing (original probably here) with China over COVID-19 outbreak, blaming PRC for incorrect actions during pandemia, caused harm for the US. Does this ...
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2 answers
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Is re-buying others states trade shipments illegal? [closed]

There were some cases (and that one, for example), when US put it hands over medicine masks packages. But is it really illegal? At least, people who've done it do not rob it, they've payed with money....
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Is there any G7 cooperative response for COVID-19?

G7 is a community of the largest economies in the world, according to Wikipedia. Recently, there was a foreign ministers meeting, and then a rather abstract statement after. I expected some ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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A Pakastani court overturned convictions of the men charged with killing a journalist in 2002. Is this part of a larger reform movement?

Washington Post has an article today: A regional Pakistani court on Thursday overturned the convictions of the men involved in the killing of U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002. ... “As ...
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Is it possible for a country to ask China for compensation over damage done by SARS-CoV-2 epidemic that most likely started in China?

A part of this answer got me wondering if another state can request compensations over the huge economical cost of SARS-CoV-2 epidemics: (..) the region (HK, Singapore, SK?, China) was hit much ...
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Why has Turkey "opened the floodgates" for migrants to the EU?

Over the past few days, Turkey has reportedly relaxed restrictions on the movement of migrants travelling through the country into the European Union via the Greek border, allowing the hundreds of ...
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9 votes
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Does Pakistan play a disproportionate role in Indian elections compared to the role India plays in Pakistani elections?

This question is inspired by this tweet, by the NYT South Asia correspondent Maria Abi-Habib: I'm always surprised by how big a role Pakistan plays in Indian elections. The BJP is now making Delhi ...
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4 votes
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To what extent are nuclear weapons a precondition for global power or influence?

Clearly the possession of a nuclear arsenal - or at least the ability to build one - ensures that a country will be taken seriously on the global stage and will wield a certain amount of influence ...
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Why is Esperanto recognized by the United Nations?

I read how Esperanto is recognized by the United Nations and is popular in certain parts of the world. The United Nations has also begun presenting the The UNESCO Courier, its widest ranging ...
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30 votes
4 answers
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Why is China interested in Socotra Rock?

I have read about how China is trying to claim Socotra Rock (a submerged rock 4.6 meters below sea level). However, this is not recognized by international law since the rock is 12 nautical miles from ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does China have no diplomatic relations with the Holy See?

Originally, I thought it made perfect sense for China to have no diplomatic relations with a small Catholic nation like the Holy See. However, I looked at a map that showed me that many countries with ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why is French a diplomatic language for the Holy See?

I was reading about the government for the Holy See and found out that French is used as a diplomatic language for the nation. This seems rather odd to me since the nation is closest to Italy (to the ...
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3 votes
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How come Turkey and Iran are good friends despite Turkey having substantial Sunni population?

I've seen Iran is being viewed as a rival by practically every Sunni state. So, how come Iran maintains good ties with Turkey despite the latter having a substantial Sunni population? I would be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does Soleimani official assassination create a precedent of foreign officials assassination? [closed]

Short situation description in diplomatic terms: Qassem Soleimani was in Iraq on an official visit, by invitation from Iraq's government he was an official Iranian representative US confirmed ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Has the US fined any European companies for sanctions-busting since Trump took power?

In 2014 the US imposed the largest fine until then for "sanctions busting" on BNP Paribas in the amount of $9 billion for circumventing sanctions on Sudan, Iran and Cuba. Have other European ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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How much influence does Saudi Arabia have over Nigeria?

I read this article that says that the country of Saudi Arabia has some influence over Nigeria to the point where Nigeria may be on their side in the current Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict. This ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Is there a clear pair of lists of [present] foreign supporters of the two (major) sides in the Libyan civil war and the extent of their support?

The conflict pits powerful General Khalifa Haftar against the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA). Apparently Turkey backs the GNA (with troops now) and Egypt plus a few other Arab states ...
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8 votes
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Why did G.W. Bush remove North Korea from the list of sponsors of terrorism?

According to some news reports: The designation of state sponsor of terror was removed from North Korea by President George W. Bush in 2008. North Korea was named among the ‘axis of evil’ countries ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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Are there any examples of official Nazi glorification in the Ukraine?

Recently, the Israeli Foreign Ministery deployed protests against Ukraine's glorification of Nazis. Ukrainian officials responded that this is the inner dealings of the Ukraine. An official protest is ...
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1 answer
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Why did Iran recognize it's at fault on the Ukrainian plane? [closed]

Now there is a furor inside and outside of Iran. And some people now want their leader to step down. They could deny it forever. Now they having such backlash. Did they make it to put fault on US (...
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Why is Iraq's decision to expel US troops non-binding?

In response to the United States' killing of an important Iranian military commander on Iraqi soil on 3 January 2020, the Iraqi parliament voted to expel US troops from the country. According to ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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To what extent does the British Royal Family provide the United Kingdom with soft power?

A common argument that is given for the continuation of the monarchy in Britain is that it provides the United Kingdom with soft power. The OED defines soft power as: a persuasive approach to ...
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Did Qassim Suleimani have any kind of diplomatic status while he was in Iraq?

If so, what would be the direct consequences?
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Why was Qasem Soleimani in Iraq?

Earlier this week, Qasem Soleimani was killed by the US. The news media is brimming to capacity with news stories about this. However, not one - that I've seen at least - mentions why Qasem Soleimani ...
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40 votes
3 answers
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Who was General Qasem Soleimani, and why was he targeted by the US?

Early on Friday morning, the US carried out an air strike on Baghdad airport which killed General Soleimani, along with members of local militia. Who was General Soleimani, why is he so important, ...
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15 votes
1 answer
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What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Who pays for treatment and living expenses of former Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf?

Politics aside, I see news that former Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf is in Dubai for few years, I am wondering who pays for his hospital and his family stay?
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How might the impeachment process affect the US-Ukraine relationship and the US support of Ukraine in the war? [closed]

I am thinking about three possible outcomes of the impeachment process in the short term: Nothing happens eventually Trump is removed but Republicans keep the presidency Trump is removed and ...
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30 votes
3 answers
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How true are Trump’s claims about NATO spending?

Over President Trump’s term in office, he has been very vocal about the spending commitments made by many NATO countries, and their frequent failure to live up to them. He now seems to be taking ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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When are US State Department records declassified?

Suppose I am an ordinary US citizen who wants to read old diplomatic cables from, say, the US Embassy in Japan in the 1930s. Where would I go to access the original sources? What about more recent ...
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State institution possibly interfering with foreign policy

Hungary is continuously trying to establish a good relationship with Romania. As an example, Hungarian PM Viktor Orban and former Romanian PM Liviu Dragnea made a bilateral agreement that Romania ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Has Trump done more for Taiwan than Obama has during their respective terms in office?

After visiting relatives living in Taiwan that a good many of them have favorable impressions towards Trump, more so than Obama. It surprises me, because Taiwan is viewed more as a liberal country ...
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