Questions tagged [judiciary]

Questions about those parts of governments which interpret and apply the law. Please use with an appropriate country-tag.

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11
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the percent of Police Officers that are indicted by a Grand Jury?

In light of the Eric Gardner and Micheal Brown Grand Jury outcomes. I wanted to know what % of Police Officers are actually indicted by a Grand Jury. I found some interesting charts that may give ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

Can a United States judge register to a political party?

Canon 5 of Code Of Conduct for United States Judges says the following. Does this mean that a judge cannot be a registered Republican or Democrat? Or is it okay as long as he/she does not participate ...
4
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3answers
198 views

How possible is it for a city's courts to assuage fiscal distress with extreme bail?

I'm watching a television murder mystery where the prosecutor asked for the suspect to post $1 billion bail. This leads me to question how possible it is for a city to use its court system to request ...
12
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2answers
596 views

How do juror demographics compare with voter demographics in the US?

I am interested in seeing how the demographics of juries compare with voters in the United States. Is anyone familiar with any research in this area? In a perfect world voters would be defined as "...
7
votes
5answers
300 views

What jurisdictions, if any, have preemptive judicial review of bills or laws, without a suit being brought challenging the law?

In the US, a court typically can only review a law if a case is brought, which generally requires a plaintiff with standing to sue. I seem to recall that some other country or countries have a system ...
4
votes
1answer
697 views

In the U.S., what does it precisely mean that federal courts have limited jurisdiction?

In the U.S., what does it precisely mean that federal courts have limited jurisdiction? I ask because I'm unsure whether they can hear cases in which the president or the Congress are involved.
3
votes
1answer
8k views

The “Basic Structure” of the Constitution of India and the other constitutions

Indian Constitution has something called 'basic structure', defined by Basic Structure Doctrine. This doctrine is based on, and evolved from, the Supreme Court of India's decision in the most ...
1
vote
3answers
633 views

Is a jury entitled to find a defendant not guilty because the prosecution manufactured evidence?

If a jury decides that the prosecution has manufactured evidence against a defendant, are they entitled to find a defendant not guilty, even if they think that the defendant committed the crime they ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

How to determine if an acquittal should not have happened?

A lot of people are saying that George Zimmerman should not have been acquitted over charges relating to his shooting of Trayvon Martin. As far as I'm aware, people are arguing that Zimmerman was ...
6
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2answers
294 views

Congress delegating statutory rewriting power?

Does the United States Congress have the power to authorize a court to rewrite a statute to save that statute from constitutional invalidity?
4
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3answers
1k views

Do any of the judges in USA (any jurisdiction) have to run for re-election?

Some of the judges in USA are elected positions. In those cases, there are 4 options: Position is elected for life Position is elected for a term and the person can't run again Position is elected ...
10
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2answers
758 views

Can a U.S. Judge be removed for being wrong most of the time?

Suppose, in America, a federal Judge is nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and then he/she is wrong a majority of the time: often in the minority if part of a panel, often overruled ...
16
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2answers
3k views

Is retrospective legislation legal in Australia?

In 2011, the Commonwealth passed legislation making it a crime for recipients of social security to fail to report changes to their financial circumstances to Centrelink (our social security agency) ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Are there some patterns as to which judges in US are elected and which are appointed?

It looks like some judges in the US (seems mostly on local level) are elected, whereas some (e.g. SCOTUS) are appointed. Is there a good, well-known pattern (based on judge level, locale, etc...) ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Granting Search Warrants after the suspect has been pronounced dead [closed]

The recent mass shooting at a school in Connecticut weighs heavy on our minds, but when listening to the coverage I noticed something that I could never understand. When the state is prosecuting a ...
2
votes
0answers
728 views

What are some examples of “checks and balances” outside of the United States? [closed]

The three branches of the United States government (legislative, executive, and judicial) all participate in the governing process and in many cases can check the actions of another branch. Are there ...

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