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Was attending the meeting by Trump Jr., Kushner or Manafort, an “act to effect the object of the conspiracy” within the meaning of 18 U.S.C. 371?

18 U.S. Code § 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud United States If two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against the United States, or to defraud the United ...
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0answers
33 views

What does Gonzales v. Raich mean for property rights? [migrated]

In 2002, Angel Raich had her home raided by federal agents who stole her six cannabis plants. At the time, medicinal cannabis was legal in California, so Raich claimed the federal government didn’t ...
4
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2answers
90 views

Does the UK have anything resembling the US Foreign Agents Registration Act?

Does the UK have any laws (its own or EU-level) that require lobbying and propaganda paid by foreign sources to be disclosed as such? For example the US has the famous FARA (quoting Wikipedia's ...
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1answer
195 views

Why do nations tend to mandate that police be personally more scrupulous than average?

Often the main thing with a job is that it be done well, and the practical distinction between the quality of separate workers is how well they do a job. For example, given a choice between hiring ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

EU/ECJ precedents for failing to enforce border?

I read in a FT article that, in the case of a no-deal Brexit: If Ireland breaches the integrity of the single market by failing to control its border, it will be liable at the European Court of ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

When can a UK referendum result be officially declared “invalid”?

There has been new allegations of "breaching of rules" by some pro-Brexit groups in the Brexit referendum. This new allegations join previous ones that electoral laws have been broken (also here). ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Is there any European that apologized to people in jail for a certain law?

According to this article an important Romanian politician has apologized to people in jail after being sentenced for office misconduct: The leader of Romania’s ruling Social Democratic Party vowed ...
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2answers
3k views

How does a British Prime Minister 'sack' Ministers?

I was reading another question and it got me thinking: Are ministers protected by laws against unfair dismissal? Under what circumstances can the PM 'sack' members of their cabinet? What happens to a ...
1
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1answer
185 views

Has ICE suspended criminal referrals of illegal entries by families?

A few months ago, Attorney General Jeff Sessions implemented a "zero tolerance policy", requiring the Department of Justice (DOJ) to criminally prosecute every single person caught crossing the border ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Why are (public) political polls typically allowed even very close to the elections despite of their apparent disruptive effect on voters perception?

This is a follow-up of this accepted answer for the question: "Restricting polls because of the “Bandwagon effect”": forbidding opinions for months would be detrimental to the development of ...
5
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4answers
227 views

Can a Western democracy prevent private groups from using the country’s name/purporting to represent that country e.g. at the World Cup?

In this question about countries boycotting the World Cup, it was pointed out in several answers, quite correctly, that the national football leagues in question aren’t government agencies and the ...
5
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2answers
96 views

How could people access the database of new laws and upcoming bills before the government started posting them on the internet?

Currently, the government posts upcoming bills and newly passed laws to their online database, but before that, how did people find out that new laws were passed or might be passed? Some people would ...
2
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0answers
2k views

Is the Flores Consent Decree binding nationally and currently?

In reading the Flores Consent Decree, I see it called for the decree to be terminated after 5 years (or earlier if all parties agreed). So why is it still in force? Also, my understanding is that ...
7
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1answer
11k views

Can the Trump adminstration undo the Flores consent decree?

In 1997, the U.S. Department of Justice agreed to a settlement in a case called Flores vs. Reno. Among other things, this settlement prohibits unaccompanied children who have crossed the border from ...
4
votes
1answer
294 views

Is it possible that the US raises fees for using US based internet services – like Stack Exchange or Google – for people not living in the US?

In the current discussion about fees and taxes for import and export of goods to and from the US I have a question about internet services (as kind of virtual goods): Is it possible that the US ...
8
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1answer
293 views

What are the consequences of Trump lying on a financial disclosure form?

The media are currently full of articles, like this one saying that D.J. Trump could be in trouble for not disclosing payments to Stormy Daniels. Without getting into details of who did or did not do ...
9
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1answer
232 views

What are the arguments for and against Statutes of Limitations?

I was reading this article earlier today about the alleged Golden State Killer which mentioned that the State of California passed a law a few years ago which eliminated the Statute of Limitations for ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Essential elements of a modern national constitution [closed]

If one were to write a constitution from scratch, today, what are the essential elements that a national constitution would need to specify? From the US Constitution and Bill of Rights, we get ...
3
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3answers
445 views

What rationales were given for prohibiting Holocaust denial?

For jurisdictions that have explicitly prohibited Holocaust denial, or denial of atrocities committed by Nazi Germany, or genocide in general, what rationale or rationales have been provided for it? (...
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Does the DEA have authority to prohibit any substance?

According to the DEA’s Denial of Petition To Initiate Proceedings To Reschedule Marijuana from 2011, one reason for the cannabis plant’s Schedule I status is because it has “no currently accepted ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Why are there so many exceptions to marital rape law in the US?

According to this rather old (2015) article, the federal government made marital rape illegal in 1986, but there are still many exceptions in various states: The federal government made marital ...
9
votes
1answer
362 views

Can Macron legally reform Islam in France?

In February 2018, french president Emmanuel Macron said : "I want to lay the foundations for the whole organization of Islam in France" He plans to do this to diminish the number of young ...
0
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2answers
74 views

Are checks for heavy metals, asbestos and such mandatory when certifying for “EU Organic?”

I wonder what kind of checks they have to make when testing products for organic certification. Does it include testing for heavy metals, asbestos, arsenic, etc.? P.S. I apologize if this is the ...
4
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1answer
99 views

Which EU countries prohibit electoral riggers for holding leadership positions (political and/or within public administration)?

At the end of February 2018, Romanian General Prosecutor talked about the so called Troesmis Constitution (source in Romanian, approximate translation below): He will not become a dignitary, a duke,...
4
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2answers
209 views

Why is advertising for medication requiring prescription allowed?

Recently I have seen on local media (mainly TV within an Eastern European country) multiple ads for medication that requires prescription. It looks to be much more regulated than vitamins as it ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Why can the US government impose age restrictions on constitutional rights?

For some context, the NRA is suing Florida on the grounds that the new law, which raises the minimum age to 21 from 18 to purchase a firearm, violates the 2nd and 14th amendment. They argue that 18-...
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2answers
176 views

Why hasn't legislation corrected the ambiguity of 'civil law'?

Source: A Brief Introduction to Law in Canada (Mar. 2017). p. 39 Bottom. Box 2.3. "Common Law" and "Civil Law": Alternate Meanings As we have seen, some legal expressions have different ...
4
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3answers
357 views

How binding is the two degree temperature limit agreement really?

The context for this question, is the recent court ruling about the nitrogen dioxide limits in German cities (An english article I found about it). Or this one written before the ruling, but arguably ...
4
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0answers
93 views

Does the US give full, unfettered access to the NCIC database to anyone other than Canada?

I know that the US shares full, real time access to the US NCIC database with Canada, but does it give this type of access to any other countries? Many people seem to think that any immigration ...
0
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0answers
63 views

Why isn't smoking banned? [duplicate]

Here are my main obvious reasons why I think smoking should obviously be banned: Various studies have shown that even second-hand smoking is extremely dangerous. That's why it already banned in many ...
3
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0answers
86 views

Are there countries besides Israel preferring organ donor card holders or is there any experience with this policy?

I wonder about a policy of prioritizing organ donor card holders over others, when allocating donated organs, given that all other conditions are equal. Background information: A policy preferring ...
6
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2answers
330 views

Polish Holocaust law: Is everybody talking about the wrong thing?

Currently, there is an ongoing discussion about the new Polish 'Holocaust law' and the possible whitewashing of their own past. Then I read excerpts of the text. I primarily used the translation on ...
11
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2answers
632 views

What do paternity test restriction laws aim to achieve?

I recently learned that genetic paternity tests are being restricted or even banned in Germany and France (and perhaps in other countries as well). In Germany the law requires consent from both ...
51
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6answers
11k views

Why is Poland's proposed Holocaust speech law so controversial?

From what I understood, the law focuses on 2 things: Calling death camps located in Nazi-occupied Poland "Polish death camps". Blaming Poland as a nation for the Holocaust. It seems only the second ...
5
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1answer
247 views

What scope does Title I Fisa have as it pertains to other US citizens not explicitly targeted by the warrant?

Suppose that the FBI obtains a Title I FISA warrant on a John Doe. That is they argue successfully before a FISA judge that there is probable cause to believe that John Doe is a foreign agent. This ...
10
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1answer
369 views

What is the Trump administration's legal basis for not imposing sanctions on Russia?

In July, Congress passed, in a near-unanimous vote, a law called the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, which among other things imposes sanctions on Russia for their interference ...
4
votes
2answers
159 views

How can I find the name of a bill mentioned in the press?

Recently I have read a lot of news stories saying that President Trump is working on a religious freedom law which could allow doctors to refuse to do abortions or treat transgender patients. However,...
4
votes
1answer
376 views

How did Wickard v. Filburn affect future Supreme Court decisions?

In 1942, the Supreme Court ruled in Wickard v. Filburn that the Commerce Clause gives the United States federal government authority to regulate wheat production, even if that production is for ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

What can/should be done about unenforced laws? [closed]

Apparently US citizens commit Three Felonies A Day. This appears to place them at the mercy of the law enforcement. (One fascinating example is a sheriff who busted a drug lab operating under the ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

What motivation, if any, was given for Alabama's write-in vote law?

In 2016, Alabama passed a law stating that write in ballots are not to be counted unless the total number of write-in votes is greater than the difference between the two leading candidates, and not ...
0
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1answer
136 views

Has privately funded national policing ever been implemented?

Has privately funded national policing ever been implemented? In a low-tax or even zero tax system, one would assume there would still need to be some kind of legal system in place and the only way I ...
4
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2answers
212 views

What is the purpose of issuing laws/regulations without penalty?

At the beginning of November, Romanian government approved significant fiscal changes: The Government passed the highly criticized measure of transferring most social contributions from the ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Why does it matter which house of Congress a bill originates in?

The U.S. Constitution (Article 1, Sec. 7) states that: All bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on ...
2
votes
5answers
276 views

Why not to make law by demand by commitee of experts

I wonder why there is a need for parliaments. Many countries have something like a parliament formed of elected politicians. The problem behind that is that in order to get (re-)elected, politicians ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Supreme Court alternates as tie prevention measure

Sometimes when a Supreme Court Justice is out sick, or there's only an even number of Justices currently appointed, the Court makes a tie decision, (which may result in accepting a lower court's ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What does it take to start a “Federal Investigation”, and what does such an investigation entail?

Recently I've been seeing several events in which Congress members "demand" a Federal Investigation (example). What are the full requirements that mean investigations legally have to happen? If ...
14
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4answers
4k views

Does presumption of innocence work differently for politicians?

According to this EU press release, EU strengthens right to the presumption of innocence: On 12 February 2016, the Council adopted a directive on the strengthening of certain aspects of the ...
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2answers
1k views

What would happen if a US president was put in prison?

What would happen if a sitting United States president was put in prison? Could such a thing even happen? Would he be removed from office before this, or could he even be sentenced for anything? Also,...
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3answers
8k views

Can a President mandate Upvotes?

This image is from when Barack Obama (the then serving president) thanked Reddit for helping protect the open internet. Thanks Redditors! Wish I could upvote every one of you for helping keep the ...
11
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1answer
535 views

Why did Russia reduce punishment for some forms of domestic violence?

According to this article, Russia reduced the punishment for some forms of domestic violence at the beginning of 2017: Russian MPs have backed a controversial bill reducing the punishment for ...