Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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11
votes
4answers
6k views

Why doesn't the Texas legislature nuke the quorum?

The GOP-controlled Texas Legislature finds itself unable to pass a voting bill due to State Democrats refusing to participate in the meetings, leading the state to lack a quorum. The GOP has made ...
24
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1answer
3k views

Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
8
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2answers
854 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
9
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1answer
208 views

What parts of Biden’s proposals could be eligible for budget reconciliation?

President Biden addressed a joint session of congress on April 29 and proposed vast new federal social programs such as free community college and subsidized childcare for low-income and middle-class ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How do members of extremely large political bodies 'learn the ropes'?

The classic example is the New Hampshire State House, which is (in)famous for having an large number of members with a fairly high turnover rate, many of whom completely lack political experience and ...
3
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2answers
120 views

Is there any publicly available draft of the American Jobs Plan beyond the fact sheet on whitehouse.gov?

The whitehouse released this fact sheet on the American Jobs Plan. However, there are several ambiguities in the plan so I am trying to find a more detailed draft of the plan. The House of Reps has ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Understanding Texas legislative process

If a Bill passes the Senate in Texas, does that mean it becomes law as the next step?
12
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1answer
500 views

Has any recent Republican legislation been blocked solely by the filibuster?

The primary argument against reforming or abolishing the Filibuster seems to be that if (realistically, when) Republicans take control of the government again, there would be nothing keeping them from ...
35
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the point in delaying the signing of legislation that the President supports?

Once a president has already decided that they are going to sign legislation, why not do it immediately? For example, on Wednesday, March 10, the House of Representatives voted to pass the American ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Can an older bill be picked up and voted on by a new congress? [duplicate]

Before the new congress took over in January 2021; the House of Representatives passed a standalone bill to increase the $600 stimulus payments to $2000, by sending an additional $1400 to every ...
21
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2answers
2k views

What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
8
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1answer
291 views

Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
0
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1answer
167 views

The House has passed the Big Cat Public Safety Act [closed]

What happens now? When will the Senate vote on it? And if the Senate passes, what happens then?
2
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2answers
102 views

What does “H St Aff” mean as an action taken on a proposed bill (Idaho)?

Idaho's legislature is in session. I've been monitoring their activity on this page. I can usually tell what abbreviations for actions taken on bills mean at a glance, but this one has me stumped: ...
15
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2answers
1k views

How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
17
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2answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
5
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1answer
111 views

What happens after the president signs a bill into law?

Imagine I'm the head of some federal agency, let's say the Treasury. The president Tweets that he just signed a bill into law that requires me to send $600 checks to all Americans. How do I officially ...
45
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7answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
4
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1answer
91 views

What is required to put a proposed law to a vote by the US house of representatives?

Suppose a member of the US (federal) house of representatives has authored a proposed law (a.k.a act?) and wants the house of representatives to vote on it. What are the conditions (or different sets ...
28
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1answer
4k views

What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Is more US federal Congress business decided by inaction now?

The US Congress can effectively stop business by choosing not to hear/vote on it. This way legislators don't have to go on record as actively opposing something, it was just never brought up. Is this ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Is there a meaningful metric for how quickly different countries advance their legal systems?

Countries make laws. Then times change, or the group in power changes, or previous laws have unintended consequences, so they make new laws to change the previous laws. On and on and on, indefinitely. ...
3
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1answer
119 views

How difficult is it to change Senate Committee rules?

As most of us are likely aware, Democrats are looking for any possible way they can delay the Senate taking up a replacement for Ruth Bader Ginsburg so that the next president can decide who should be ...
0
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0answers
41 views

What happens to the House bills, being held up in the US Senate, if the majority shifts after an election? [duplicate]

At the time of writing there are 500 odd house bills, being blocked from coming to the senate floor. Let's say at the next election the Senate (and for fun the House) majority shifts to the opposite ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Does the US House of Representatives now allow “remote voting” from home? If so, how? Does the Senate as well?

CNN's Louie Gohmert, who's refused to wear a mask, tests positive for Covid-19 includes the following: A number of lawmakers tested positive for the virus in the early days of the pandemic, while ...
2
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1answer
223 views

Least amount of time US government needs to pass a law?

Assuming control of both House and Senate, but this is a bill opposed by opposition, and leaving aside fast-track procedure what is the fastest this can be done? I am thinking this is dependent on gag ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Why did the Senate use an existing bill that passed the House in July 2019 to create the CARES Act?

I was looking at H.R.748 - CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act on the Congress website. I was surprised to find that the bill originally passed the House on July 17, 2019. I ...
3
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3answers
297 views

What determines whether the US House votes by voice, roll call, or unanimous consent?

This question is in reference to Rep. Thomas Massie's threat to force a roll call vote for the CARES act. My understanding is that the House wants to go by unanimous consent, and Massie shot it down ...
11
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1answer
254 views

Why does the Senate Majority leader often vote against their own bills? [duplicate]

In the US Senate on Sunday, March 22nd, passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was blocked in a 47-47 vote. The vote was generally along party lines, with one ...
36
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3answers
5k views

How does lobbying work in the US?

I don't understand why would federal officials or congresspersons in the US succumb to lobbyists' requests unless they have skin in the game. How do lobbyists, I mean legal ones, persuade legislators ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

Validating your US vote was counted accurately [duplicate]

Every time I go to vote and do my American civil duty, I've always wondered if my vote is being counted accurately. Question: Is there any method in the United States of America for a voting citizen ...
0
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1answer
104 views

What is the purpose of the 5 and 10 year periods in 2 U.S. Code § 933

In this question Why are US budget implications estimated "over 10 years"? the question was, why are budget impacts frequently estimated over 10 years. The accepted answer was it's the law. ...
10
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2answers
385 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

presidential candidates promises

Why do presidential candidates make promises that they won't be (much) a part of? For example: medicare for all Anyone can come up with a bill but they are introduced, debated, amended, and passed ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Why can the Legislative Branch delegate its confirmation authority of inferior officers, but not its impeachment authority of said officers?

Background In the United States, all "Inferior officers" must be confirmed by the Senate, unless the confiring authority is delegated as per Article 2 Section 2 Clause 2 of the constitution: and ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Other than a “15 member vote”, can a specific kind of action compel legislators to physically sit in their House?

Background Several articles have been talking about the implications of a potential Impeachment trial on the 2020 Democratic Primary. The implication that seems to repeat itself applies to senators ...
7
votes
1answer
372 views

What is the significance of the restrictions on the Speaker in the Programme Motion for the Early Parliamentary Election Bill

See the Programme Motion Paragraph (3)(b) States: When the Bill has been read a Second Time the Speaker shall leave the Chair whether or not notice of an Instruction has been given. Paragraph (7) ...
9
votes
1answer
884 views

Can an MP who didn't vote for the 2nd reading of a bill propose amendments to it?

It's been said in a (now-deleted) comment here that You are not allowed to propose an amendment to a bill unless you voted for the second reading. This means there is a strong incentive to vote for ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

How can a minister stop a bill's progress?

I came across this tweet by BBC political correspondent Ross Hawkins: FWIW wise hand says govt can’t ‘pull’ a bill. They can leave it in a sort of suspended parliamentary animation, they say, by ...
6
votes
2answers
119 views

Are the votes of members of Congress required to be made public?

When Congress votes on something, the vote cast by every representative is made public. Is this required by law? Specifically, is either chamber of Congress allowed to hold a binding vote without ...
2
votes
3answers
236 views

Is there any country (state, region) where trying to pass “bad” laws is a crime?

Inspired by this question and answers to it. While I'm reasonably sure the answer is "No", I wonder if there is some interesting exception to the general immunity of legislative bodies. While a ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

In the U.S., what is the exact process by which a Citizen proposes an idea for a bill to their Senator or Representative?

Background (unrelated to question, but it is what lead me to ask the question) My SO and I were talking about an alternative solution to how Senators are elected other than through direct popular ...
2
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2answers
915 views

If Boris Johnson announces his resignation on 19 October 2019 what happens?

From this BBC article Could a no-deal Brexit still happen on 31 October? Could the government scrap the law? The bill states that it is the prime minister himself who would have to request an ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Is there precedent for proceedings on a Bill to be declared void because it should have received Queen's Consent, but didn't?

Wikipedia mentions that If a bill is mistakenly allowed to progress even though the required [Queen's] consent was not signified and the error is discovered before Royal Assent has been given, the ...
2
votes
2answers
382 views

Can the PM block a bill by advising the Queen not to give royal assent? [duplicate]

It appears to be unequivocal (them's the rules) if controversial (a lot of people don't like it) that for a bill that's passed both houses to pass into law it then needs Royal Assent from the Queen &...
3
votes
3answers
622 views

Is Queen's Consent going to be a problem for the new Brexit delay bill?

Queen's Consent isn't the same thing as Royal Assent. The new Brexit delay bill, aka the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 6) Bill, has passed its 1st reading in the commons, but it's been suggested ...
11
votes
1answer
421 views

Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because the ...
9
votes
2answers
373 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
7
votes
1answer
227 views

Is it necessary to hold a Queen’s Speech, and prorogue parliament, to propose new bills?

Recently the prime minister of the UK, Boris Johnson, ordered the Parliament to be prorogued. This prorogation was justified by the PM as necessary to introduce new legislation. From this article: [...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Where can I find the authors of the various drafts of a bill?

Background This answer to this question contained some text from a former state legislative staff person: As a former (state) legislative staff person myself, my own experience is that the people ...