Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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Why do most constitutions not have explicit requirement for simple majority vote to pass legislative decision? [closed]

It seems most legislatures around the world just assumes simple majority vote is the default majority required to pass decisions despite it not being required by their constitution. While I understand ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Origin of bill "urgency" in the Philippines, how does it work and how widespread is it in other democracies?

From the Philippine News Agency's December 30, 2021 article Duterte signs law creating Department of Migrant Workers The creation and establishment of the Department of Migrant Workers is one of ...
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Why don't governments vote on one-off events where the decision is a matter of opinion?

Novak Djokovic recently entered Australia and encountered problems with his visa. He had apparently received a medical exemption to enter Australia, bypassing Australia's strict COVID restrictions, ...
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4 votes
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Are House and Senate "debates" pointless, aside from some PR value? [duplicate]

I watch the House and Senate "debate" periods on bills and wonder who they are talking to and what is the point, aside from the later video clips. Has any Senator or Representative ever ...
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5 votes
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Does any country have a viable 'limited filibuster' that allows minority party to selectively prevent only those laws they most dislike?

In the USA the filibuster allows minority parties to prevent passing of bills by the party in power, and is so effective at it that some would argue little get's done in congress since the minority ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What danger(s) does Chuck Schumer see in using reconciliation to increase debt limit?

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has said that if Congress does not raise the debt limit by mid-October, 2021, the U.S. could default, which could have macroeconomic implications. The Senate minority ...
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Isn't 50 +1 not enough to increase the debt ceiling and avoid a government shutdown

Currently, the Senate is split 50/50 but the Democrats have the presidency or they have a slim majority in the Senate. My question is do the Democrats need a Republican vote to increase the debt ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Continuing Resolution majority necessary?

I have a fair understanding of the appropriations process but what I have trouble with is finding information about what kind of consensus is needed for a CR to pass Congress. Is it by simple majority,...
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1 answer
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Why is Spain not legislating vaccine-status check measures, after executive attempts to impose those were defeated in courts?

According to The Local (ES): The reasoning of [Spanish] judges, both regional and national, is that having to prove Covid vaccination, testing or recovery status to enter a bar or visit a museum ...
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2 votes
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What is Uniform Civil Code?

India wants to bring Uniform Civil Code into the country. Current Narendra Modi Government has mentioned in their manifesto as well for the implementation for the UCC. One of the state in Goa has ...
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11 votes
4 answers
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Why doesn't the Texas legislature nuke the quorum?

The GOP-controlled Texas Legislature finds itself unable to pass a voting bill due to State Democrats refusing to participate in the meetings, leading the state to lack a quorum. The GOP has made ...
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24 votes
1 answer
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Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
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9 votes
2 answers
299 views

What parts of Biden’s proposals could be eligible for budget reconciliation?

President Biden addressed a joint session of congress on April 29 and proposed vast new federal social programs such as free community college and subsidized childcare for low-income and middle-class ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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How do members of extremely large political bodies 'learn the ropes'?

The classic example is the New Hampshire State House, which is (in)famous for having an large number of members with a fairly high turnover rate, many of whom completely lack political experience and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is there any publicly available draft of the American Jobs Plan beyond the fact sheet on whitehouse.gov?

The whitehouse released this fact sheet on the American Jobs Plan. However, there are several ambiguities in the plan so I am trying to find a more detailed draft of the plan. The House of Reps has ...
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1 answer
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Understanding Texas legislative process

If a Bill passes the Senate in Texas, does that mean it becomes law as the next step?
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Has any recent Republican legislation been blocked solely by the filibuster?

The primary argument against reforming or abolishing the Filibuster seems to be that if (realistically, when) Republicans take control of the government again, there would be nothing keeping them from ...
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What is the point in delaying the signing of legislation that the President supports?

Once a president has already decided that they are going to sign legislation, why not do it immediately? For example, on Wednesday, March 10, the House of Representatives voted to pass the American ...
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20 votes
1 answer
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What would happen if Senators boycotted the Impeachment Vote

I know it would take a 2/3rds majority vote in the Senate to convict Donald Trump in his second impeachment trial. But what if a substantial number of Senators boycotted the trial, and declined to ...
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1 vote
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Can an older bill be picked up and voted on by a new congress? [duplicate]

Before the new congress took over in January 2021; the House of Representatives passed a standalone bill to increase the $600 stimulus payments to $2000, by sending an additional $1400 to every ...
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21 votes
2 answers
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What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
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8 votes
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Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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The House has passed the Big Cat Public Safety Act [closed]

What happens now? When will the Senate vote on it? And if the Senate passes, what happens then?
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2 votes
2 answers
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What does "H St Aff" mean as an action taken on a proposed bill (Idaho)?

Idaho's legislature is in session. I've been monitoring their activity on this page. I can usually tell what abbreviations for actions taken on bills mean at a glance, but this one has me stumped: ...
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34 votes
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Why are congressional votes not secret?

In general, a person in the United States has the right to vote. As far as I can tell, this vote is private—no one else knows who you voted for. Why are the votes in congress public? Wouldn't it help ...
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15 votes
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How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
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17 votes
2 answers
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Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What happens after the president signs a bill into law?

Imagine I'm the head of some federal agency, let's say the Treasury. The president Tweets that he just signed a bill into law that requires me to send $600 checks to all Americans. How do I officially ...
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45 votes
7 answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
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4 votes
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What is required to put a proposed law to a vote by the US house of representatives?

Suppose a member of the US (federal) house of representatives has authored a proposed law (a.k.a act?) and wants the house of representatives to vote on it. What are the conditions (or different sets ...
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29 votes
1 answer
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What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is more US federal Congress business decided by inaction now?

The US Congress can effectively stop business by choosing not to hear/vote on it. This way legislators don't have to go on record as actively opposing something, it was just never brought up. Is this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there a meaningful metric for how quickly different countries advance their legal systems?

Countries make laws. Then times change, or the group in power changes, or previous laws have unintended consequences, so they make new laws to change the previous laws. On and on and on, indefinitely. ...
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16 votes
6 answers
4k views

Why do Senators and Representatives miss so many votes?

We send these people to Washington to do one main job: to vote on bills to make them laws. For example, in the 115th Congress, 33 Representatives and three Senators missed 10% or more of votes, across ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How difficult is it to change Senate Committee rules?

As most of us are likely aware, Democrats are looking for any possible way they can delay the Senate taking up a replacement for Ruth Bader Ginsburg so that the next president can decide who should be ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How many pieces of US legislation passed with a supermajority in both houses of Congress without being vetoed

To override a U.S. presidential veto requires a two-thirds supermajority in both houses of Congress. According to this Wikipedia page, this has happened 111 times. What I'm having trouble finding is: ...
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Does the US House of Representatives now allow "remote voting" from home? If so, how? Does the Senate as well?

CNN's Louie Gohmert, who's refused to wear a mask, tests positive for Covid-19 includes the following: A number of lawmakers tested positive for the virus in the early days of the pandemic, while ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Least amount of time US government needs to pass a law?

Assuming control of both House and Senate, but this is a bill opposed by opposition, and leaving aside fast-track procedure what is the fastest this can be done? I am thinking this is dependent on gag ...
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Why did the Senate use an existing bill that passed the House in July 2019 to create the CARES Act?

I was looking at H.R.748 - CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act on the Congress website. I was surprised to find that the bill originally passed the House on July 17, 2019. I ...
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3 answers
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What determines whether the US House votes by voice, roll call, or unanimous consent?

This question is in reference to Rep. Thomas Massie's threat to force a roll call vote for the CARES act. My understanding is that the House wants to go by unanimous consent, and Massie shot it down ...
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11 votes
1 answer
274 views

Why does the Senate Majority leader often vote against their own bills? [duplicate]

In the US Senate on Sunday, March 22nd, passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was blocked in a 47-47 vote. The vote was generally along party lines, with one ...
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36 votes
3 answers
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How does lobbying work in the US?

I don't understand why would federal officials or congresspersons in the US succumb to lobbyists' requests unless they have skin in the game. How do lobbyists, I mean legal ones, persuade legislators ...
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2 votes
1 answer
725 views

Validating your US vote was counted accurately [duplicate]

Every time I go to vote and do my American civil duty, I've always wondered if my vote is being counted accurately. Question: Is there any method in the United States of America for a voting citizen ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the purpose of the 5 and 10 year periods in 2 U.S. Code § 933

In this question Why are US budget implications estimated "over 10 years"? the question was, why are budget impacts frequently estimated over 10 years. The accepted answer was it's the law. ...
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6 votes
2 answers
723 views

What's (roughly) the smallest percentage of the US population that through its Senators has successfully blocked a piece of legislation?

According to some US constitutional pundits, in theory, senators representing about 11 percent of the population can filibuster a bill or those representing about 16 percent of the population can ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What constitutes a vote for or against a motion in Congress?

In the UK, Members of Parliament vote on things by shouting either ‘aye’ or ‘no’, and when the winner is not clear it will go to division. I understand the US takes a lot of cues from Parliamentary ...
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10 votes
2 answers
397 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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presidential candidates promises

Why do presidential candidates make promises that they won't be (much) a part of? For example: medicare for all Anyone can come up with a bill but they are introduced, debated, amended, and passed ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why can the Legislative Branch delegate its confirmation authority of inferior officers, but not its impeachment authority of said officers?

Background In the United States, all "Inferior officers" must be confirmed by the Senate, unless the confiring authority is delegated as per Article 2 Section 2 Clause 2 of the constitution: and ...
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