Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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1answer
142 views

The House has passed the Big Cat Public Safety Act [closed]

What happens now? When will the Senate vote on it? And if the Senate passes, what happens then?
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What does “H St Aff” mean as an action taken on a proposed bill (Idaho)?

Idaho's legislature is in session. I've been monitoring their activity on this page. I can usually tell what abbreviations for actions taken on bills mean at a glance, but this one has me stumped: ...
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How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
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Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
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What happens after the president signs a bill into law?

Imagine I'm the head of some federal agency, let's say the Treasury. The president Tweets that he just signed a bill into law that requires me to send $600 checks to all Americans. How do I officially ...
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How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
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1answer
91 views

What is required to put a proposed law to a vote by the US house of representatives?

Suppose a member of the US (federal) house of representatives has authored a proposed law (a.k.a act?) and wants the house of representatives to vote on it. What are the conditions (or different sets ...
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What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
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Is more US federal Congress business decided by inaction now?

The US Congress can effectively stop business by choosing not to hear/vote on it. This way legislators don't have to go on record as actively opposing something, it was just never brought up. Is this ...
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1answer
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Is there a meaningful metric for how quickly different countries advance their legal systems?

Countries make laws. Then times change, or the group in power changes, or previous laws have unintended consequences, so they make new laws to change the previous laws. On and on and on, indefinitely. ...
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How difficult is it to change Senate Committee rules?

As most of us are likely aware, Democrats are looking for any possible way they can delay the Senate taking up a replacement for Ruth Bader Ginsburg so that the next president can decide who should be ...
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What happens to the House bills, being held up in the US Senate, if the majority shifts after an election? [duplicate]

At the time of writing there are 500 odd house bills, being blocked from coming to the senate floor. Let's say at the next election the Senate (and for fun the House) majority shifts to the opposite ...
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Does the US House of Representatives now allow “remote voting” from home? If so, how? Does the Senate as well?

CNN's Louie Gohmert, who's refused to wear a mask, tests positive for Covid-19 includes the following: A number of lawmakers tested positive for the virus in the early days of the pandemic, while ...
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Least amount of time US government needs to pass a law?

Assuming control of both House and Senate, but this is a bill opposed by opposition, and leaving aside fast-track procedure what is the fastest this can be done? I am thinking this is dependent on gag ...
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Why did the Senate use an existing bill that passed the House in July 2019 to create the CARES Act?

I was looking at H.R.748 - CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act on the Congress website. I was surprised to find that the bill originally passed the House on July 17, 2019. I ...
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What determines whether the US House votes by voice, roll call, or unanimous consent?

This question is in reference to Rep. Thomas Massie's threat to force a roll call vote for the CARES act. My understanding is that the House wants to go by unanimous consent, and Massie shot it down ...
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Why does the Senate Majority leader often vote against their own bills? [duplicate]

In the US Senate on Sunday, March 22nd, passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was blocked in a 47-47 vote. The vote was generally along party lines, with one ...
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How does lobbying work in the US?

I don't understand why would federal officials or congresspersons in the US succumb to lobbyists' requests unless they have skin in the game. How do lobbyists, I mean legal ones, persuade legislators ...
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1answer
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Validating your US vote was counted accurately [duplicate]

Every time I go to vote and do my American civil duty, I've always wondered if my vote is being counted accurately. Question: Is there any method in the United States of America for a voting citizen ...
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1answer
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What is the purpose of the 5 and 10 year periods in 2 U.S. Code § 933

In this question Why are US budget implications estimated "over 10 years"? the question was, why are budget impacts frequently estimated over 10 years. The accepted answer was it's the law. ...
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2answers
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What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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1answer
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presidential candidates promises

Why do presidential candidates make promises that they won't be (much) a part of? For example: medicare for all Anyone can come up with a bill but they are introduced, debated, amended, and passed ...
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1answer
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Why can the Legislative Branch delegate its confirmation authority of inferior officers, but not its impeachment authority of said officers?

Background In the United States, all "Inferior officers" must be confirmed by the Senate, unless the confiring authority is delegated as per Article 2 Section 2 Clause 2 of the constitution: and ...
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Other than a “15 member vote”, can a specific kind of action compel legislators to physically sit in their House?

Background Several articles have been talking about the implications of a potential Impeachment trial on the 2020 Democratic Primary. The implication that seems to repeat itself applies to senators ...
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What is the significance of the restrictions on the Speaker in the Programme Motion for the Early Parliamentary Election Bill

See the Programme Motion Paragraph (3)(b) States: When the Bill has been read a Second Time the Speaker shall leave the Chair whether or not notice of an Instruction has been given. Paragraph (7) ...
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Can an MP who didn't vote for the 2nd reading of a bill propose amendments to it?

It's been said in a (now-deleted) comment here that You are not allowed to propose an amendment to a bill unless you voted for the second reading. This means there is a strong incentive to vote for ...
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How can a minister stop a bill's progress?

I came across this tweet by BBC political correspondent Ross Hawkins: FWIW wise hand says govt can’t ‘pull’ a bill. They can leave it in a sort of suspended parliamentary animation, they say, by ...
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Are the votes of members of Congress required to be made public?

When Congress votes on something, the vote cast by every representative is made public. Is this required by law? Specifically, is either chamber of Congress allowed to hold a binding vote without ...
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Is there any country (state, region) where trying to pass “bad” laws is a crime?

Inspired by this question and answers to it. While I'm reasonably sure the answer is "No", I wonder if there is some interesting exception to the general immunity of legislative bodies. While a ...
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In the U.S., what is the exact process by which a Citizen proposes an idea for a bill to their Senator or Representative?

Background (unrelated to question, but it is what lead me to ask the question) My SO and I were talking about an alternative solution to how Senators are elected other than through direct popular ...
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2answers
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If Boris Johnson announces his resignation on 19 October 2019 what happens?

From this BBC article Could a no-deal Brexit still happen on 31 October? Could the government scrap the law? The bill states that it is the prime minister himself who would have to request an ...
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Is there precedent for proceedings on a Bill to be declared void because it should have received Queen's Consent, but didn't?

Wikipedia mentions that If a bill is mistakenly allowed to progress even though the required [Queen's] consent was not signified and the error is discovered before Royal Assent has been given, the ...
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Can the PM block a bill by advising the Queen not to give royal assent? [duplicate]

It appears to be unequivocal (them's the rules) if controversial (a lot of people don't like it) that for a bill that's passed both houses to pass into law it then needs Royal Assent from the Queen &...
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Is Queen's Consent going to be a problem for the new Brexit delay bill?

Queen's Consent isn't the same thing as Royal Assent. The new Brexit delay bill, aka the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 6) Bill, has passed its 1st reading in the commons, but it's been suggested ...
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1answer
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Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because the ...
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How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
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1answer
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Is it necessary to hold a Queen’s Speech, and prorogue parliament, to propose new bills?

Recently the prime minister of the UK, Boris Johnson, ordered the Parliament to be prorogued. This prorogation was justified by the PM as necessary to introduce new legislation. From this article: [...
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Where can I find the authors of the various drafts of a bill?

Background This answer to this question contained some text from a former state legislative staff person: As a former (state) legislative staff person myself, my own experience is that the people ...
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Does each different kind of Congressional act require a different level of rigor?

Background In the legislative branch, there are several kinds of acts congress can initiate: A Bill, which is a proposed law that originates in either the House of Representatives or the Senate. ...
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Why are some Senators so insistent on using unanimous resolution to pass election security bills?

Background Recently, Mitch McConnell was the only senator to stop two unanimous resolutions on election security: On July 25th he said “Clearly this request is not a serious effort to make a law. ...
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In India, can cabinet ministers vote in the house that they are not part of?

Cabinet ministers are allowed to visit either of the houses - Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha - to discuss and debate the various bills. After the discussion when the bill goes to the division of votes, do ...
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1answer
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When did the trend of giving U.S. Congressional bills catchy acronyms first start to occur?

According to The Atlantic, there have been 240 bills proposed in 2013 that were represented by an acronym, such as the ROBO COP bill to help curb automated robot calls and the BEER (Brewers Excise and ...
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What effect would a mandatory justification for a proposed bill have on the legislative process? [closed]

I'm Brazilian and I'm not aware of any political system where politicians have to justify the bill they're proposing, so, this might be some trivial stuff out there. Let's suppose you're required to ...
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The process of amending a proposed Bill in the UK

In the committee stage of a bill, amendments may be tabled by backbench MPs. The Deputy Speaker picks from the list of proposed amendments for their debate (and voting on?). How are the amendments ...
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What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation? [duplicate]

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
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Budget reconciliation for border wall?

Could Congress have used budget reconciliation to fund a border wall and avoid the current shutdown?
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What rule has John Bercow allegedly broken and in what way shall he have done that?

Today, John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons in the UK allowed an amendment by MP Dominic Grieve to a business motion. This decision has been discussed as being very controversial where "a ...
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1answer
105 views

PAYGO rules vs the PAYGO act of 2010

Following the recent uproar over the passing of PAYGO rules by the House of Representatives' democratic majority, I heard it said that "PAYGO rules" are necessary to waive the effect of the "PAYGO law"...
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Are Senators briefed before hearings?

During the hearings with Facebook and Google CEOs, it seems that Senators don't have much knowledge about the basic functionality of social media. I’m wondering if Senators are briefed about the ...
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Could the UK Parliament defy the delay on the meaningful vote and simply vote on it?

The "Meaningful Vote" that was scheduled for today has yesterday been delayed by the government. Would there be any procedural way for the UK Parliament short of ousting the government to vote on ...