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Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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What's the meaning of "the House has concurred in the Senate amendment to H.R. 815 with an amendment" (in H.Res. 1160)?

It's unclear to me what's the exact meaning of this wording from H.Res. 1160 Upon transmission to the Senate of a message that the House has concurred in the Senate amendment to H.R. 815 with an ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
136 views

Constitutionality of house of Congress passing separate bills and then combining them without vote on full bill

On April 20, 2024, the US House of Representatives passed a foreign aid package for Ukraine, Israel, Indo-Pacific, and miscellaneous other matters, which it plans to send to the Senate as one bill. ...
user102008's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
469 views

U.S. Speaker Johnson says the house will take up Ukrainian aid in next few weeks

The House is out of session, and holding a Republican strategy, team building retreat at the Green Briar Hotel in West Virginia. Yesterday Speaker Johnson announced at the retreat that the house would ...
JMS's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
738 views

Lords powers to stop a Bill - Rwanda

The Rwanda Bill is being debated in The House of Lords and Jenny Jones' speech makes clear that The Lords could stop the bill if Labour were prepared to, but doesn't make explicit, as everyone she is ...
Jontia's user avatar
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-5 votes
1 answer
182 views

Should citizens of a federal republic be frustrated with complicated foreign aid package deals like the recent US Foreign Aid bill? [closed]

In the U.S., Congress sometimes passes complicated package deals like the recent US Foreign Aid bill. There’s some stuff in there I cannot imagine getting through without being packaged up like this ...
CalebK's user avatar
  • 125
16 votes
2 answers
3k views

How can speaker Mike Johnson prevent a vote in the House on the Ukraine aid bill?

In The Good Republicans’ Last Stand (The Atlantic, 2024-02-12), discussing bills for aid to Ukraine, David Frum writes ...17 Republican senators joined Democrats to speed assistance to Ukraine, ...
cjs's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
189 views

Have Democrats or Republicans held up aid to Israel before, in the hope of getting a broader deal on other legislation?

Biden has threatened to veto a bill that would provide Israel-only aid, because that would scupper Democrats' attempts at getting a broader deal, including more funding for Ukraine etc. (Predictably, ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there any example of anonymous voting within a congress or senate in the US or another modern country? [duplicate]

I was just thinking how general elections are designed to give citizens anonymity yet votes in congress and the senate appear to be the opposite, they are required to be public. Has it ever occurred ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

By what margin did the House agree to the Senate amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014?

On Wikipedia, the "legislative history" box simply lists empty brackets for this House vote. The congressional history itself jumps straight from the Senate passing the amendment to the ...
Purple P's user avatar
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17 votes
7 answers
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Are there any examples of elected bodies where representatives with equal titles have actually different "weight" to their votes?

A common theme in electoral reform is adjusting the way representatives are selected using the results of an election: multi-member districts, ranked-choice-voting, party-proportional representation, ...
Curtis Fenner's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
325 views

How Does Military Budgeting Work? The 1969 Mansfield Amendment

I'm personally curious as to the impact of Senator Mike Mansfield's (D) amendment to the fiscal year 1970 Military Authorization Act (Public Law 91-121, Section 203) on science research and funding ...
GMoss's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
164 views

In the American Congress, how does a motion come forward to be voted on without the support of the Speaker or Senate majority leader)?

At least in the Senate it´s easier given the majority leader is not the chair, that would be the president pro tempore or the vice president. But in general, how does this happen if push comes to ...
R-Obsessive's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What's the highest number of amendments submitted for a law proposal in France, since 1958?

According to the French press, back on Feb 2 The members of the Social Affairs commission had been meeting since Monday morning to examine the government’s proposed pension reform and the 7,000 ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
1k views

Who usually writes laws for legislators?

I can't imagine elected representatives come in with complete knowledge of how to write laws in legalistic language. The point of democracy is that people from all walks of life - most of whom are not ...
QuantumWalnut's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
426 views

Who limits what sensitive/secret information is shared with the US House Armed Services Committee? Can they get whatever they want for "oversight"?

Background; elected officials considered "vetted" by election and receive no formal background check before receiving sensitive/secret information Politico's January 5, 2023 Speaker debacle ...
uhoh's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
344 views

Why not require a three-fifths majority to pass a bill in the US Senate instead of using a filibuster?

From my reading on the filibuster, I get the impression that the filibuster in the US Senate today is equivalent to requiring a three-fifths majority. Why doesn't the Senate just change the rule to ...
atbug's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why were there no objections to the public release of the former US president's tax records at the House Ways and Means Committee meeting?

In the PBS NewsHour's December 20, 2022 video WATCH LIVE: House committee votes on release of Trump's tax returns it appears, if I understand correctly, that there were no objections heard to making ...
uhoh's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
614 views

Did the German Bundesrat ever have a vote with deliberate invalid votes?

The German Bundesrat contains representatives of the governments of each of the 16 Bundesländer (states). Certain laws from the federal government also need to pass a vote of the Bundesrat. Each state ...
quarague's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
70 views

Is there any good source of Hungary's legislative statistics?

Specifically, I am interested in figuring out the following pieces of information: How many times have the parliament voted on legislative acts since the Orban government since 2010; How many acts ...
Silvassy Petrirov's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
42 views

How frequent are publicly known quid pro quo legislative promises, similar to the pipeline deal with Manchin?

It was recently announced that Manchin voted for the Inflation Reduction Act in exchange for easier permits for the Mountain Valley pipeline. Are such publicly known deals commonplace in Congress? ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
156 views

Origin of bill "urgency" in the Philippines, how does it work and how widespread is it in other democracies?

From the Philippine News Agency's December 30, 2021 article Duterte signs law creating Department of Migrant Workers The creation and establishment of the Department of Migrant Workers is one of ...
uhoh's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
168 views

Why don't governments vote on one-off events where the decision is a matter of opinion?

Novak Djokovic recently entered Australia and encountered problems with his visa. He had apparently received a medical exemption to enter Australia, bypassing Australia's strict COVID restrictions, ...
Allure's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
46 views

Are House and Senate "debates" pointless, aside from some PR value? [duplicate]

I watch the House and Senate "debate" periods on bills and wonder who they are talking to and what is the point, aside from the later video clips. Has any Senator or Representative ever ...
spring's user avatar
  • 334
5 votes
2 answers
272 views

Does any country have a viable 'limited filibuster' that allows minority party to selectively prevent only those laws they most dislike?

In the USA the filibuster allows minority parties to prevent passing of bills by the party in power, and is so effective at it that some would argue little get's done in congress since the minority ...
dsollen's user avatar
  • 9,440
4 votes
2 answers
298 views

What danger(s) does Chuck Schumer see in using reconciliation to increase debt limit?

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has said that if Congress does not raise the debt limit by mid-October, 2021, the U.S. could default, which could have macroeconomic implications. The Senate minority ...
Burt_Harris's user avatar
  • 8,029
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Isn't 50 +1 not enough to increase the debt ceiling and avoid a government shutdown

Currently, the Senate is split 50/50 but the Democrats have the presidency or they have a slim majority in the Senate. My question is do the Democrats need a Republican vote to increase the debt ...
Node.JS's user avatar
  • 575
3 votes
2 answers
233 views

Continuing Resolution majority necessary?

I have a fair understanding of the appropriations process but what I have trouble with is finding information about what kind of consensus is needed for a CR to pass Congress. Is it by simple majority,...
fennelman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

Why is Spain not legislating vaccine-status check measures, after executive attempts to impose those were defeated in courts?

According to The Local (ES): The reasoning of [Spanish] judges, both regional and national, is that having to prove Covid vaccination, testing or recovery status to enter a bar or visit a museum ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
336 views

What is Uniform Civil Code?

India wants to bring Uniform Civil Code into the country. Current Narendra Modi Government has mentioned in their manifesto as well for the implementation for the UCC. One of the state in Goa has ...
SRJ's user avatar
  • 181
11 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why doesn't the Texas legislature nuke the quorum?

The GOP-controlled Texas Legislature finds itself unable to pass a voting bill due to State Democrats refusing to participate in the meetings, leading the state to lack a quorum. The GOP has made ...
Connor Lonergan's user avatar
25 votes
1 answer
3k views

Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
FrederikVds's user avatar
  • 1,494
8 votes
2 answers
975 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
TheSimpliFire's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
308 views

What parts of Biden’s proposals could be eligible for budget reconciliation?

President Biden addressed a joint session of congress on April 29 and proposed vast new federal social programs such as free community college and subsidized childcare for low-income and middle-class ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Can I see the expected future actions on a bill?

The Congress.gov site provides with detailed and up-to-date information about bills. However, I fail to find the information about any planned/anticipated actions related to an arbitrary bill, e.g. ...
Be Brave Be Like Ukraine's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

How do members of extremely large political bodies 'learn the ropes'?

The classic example is the New Hampshire State House, which is (in)famous for having an large number of members with a fairly high turnover rate, many of whom completely lack political experience and ...
Everyone_Else's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
132 views

Is there any publicly available draft of the American Jobs Plan beyond the fact sheet on whitehouse.gov?

The whitehouse released this fact sheet on the American Jobs Plan. However, there are several ambiguities in the plan so I am trying to find a more detailed draft of the plan. The House of Reps has ...
wanderingmathematician's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Understanding Texas legislative process

If a Bill passes the Senate in Texas, does that mean it becomes law as the next step?
Daniel's user avatar
  • 225
14 votes
1 answer
860 views

Has any recent Republican legislation been blocked solely by the filibuster?

The primary argument against reforming or abolishing the Filibuster seems to be that if (realistically, when) Republicans take control of the government again, there would be nothing keeping them from ...
divibisan's user avatar
  • 25.9k
35 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is the point in delaying the signing of legislation that the President supports?

Once a president has already decided that they are going to sign legislation, why not do it immediately? For example, on Wednesday, March 10, the House of Representatives voted to pass the American ...
GendoIkari's user avatar
  • 1,981
20 votes
1 answer
2k views

What would happen if Senators boycotted the Impeachment Vote

I know it would take a 2/3rds majority vote in the Senate to convict Donald Trump in his second impeachment trial. But what if a substantial number of Senators boycotted the trial, and declined to ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

Can an older bill be picked up and voted on by a new congress? [duplicate]

Before the new congress took over in January 2021; the House of Representatives passed a standalone bill to increase the $600 stimulus payments to $2000, by sending an additional $1400 to every ...
GendoIkari's user avatar
  • 1,981
21 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
isakbob's user avatar
  • 5,507
8 votes
1 answer
334 views

Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
preliminary's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
289 views

The House has passed the Big Cat Public Safety Act [closed]

What happens now? When will the Senate vote on it? And if the Senate passes, what happens then?
Bear Bile Farming is Torture's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
117 views

What does "H St Aff" mean as an action taken on a proposed bill (Idaho)?

Idaho's legislature is in session. I've been monitoring their activity on this page. I can usually tell what abbreviations for actions taken on bills mean at a glance, but this one has me stumped: ...
user avatar
35 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why are congressional votes not secret?

In general, a person in the United States has the right to vote. As far as I can tell, this vote is private—no one else knows who you voted for. Why are the votes in congress public? Wouldn't it help ...
Burt's user avatar
  • 6,917
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
Ash's user avatar
  • 1,670
17 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
macetw's user avatar
  • 273
5 votes
1 answer
171 views

What happens after the president signs a bill into law?

Imagine I'm the head of some federal agency, let's say the Treasury. The president Tweets that he just signed a bill into law that requires me to send $600 checks to all Americans. How do I officially ...
Andrew Brēza's user avatar
45 votes
7 answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
adam.baker's user avatar
  • 3,069