Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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34
votes
2answers
5k views

Why are congressional votes not secret?

In general, a person in the United States has the right to vote. As far as I can tell, this vote is private—no one else knows who you voted for. Why are the votes in congress public? Wouldn't it help ...
16
votes
6answers
4k views

Why do Senators and Representatives miss so many votes?

We send these people to Washington to do one main job: to vote on bills to make them laws. For example, in the 115th Congress, 33 Representatives and three Senators missed 10% or more of votes, across ...
6
votes
2answers
695 views

What's (roughly) the smallest percentage of the US population that through its Senators has successfully blocked a piece of legislation?

According to some US constitutional pundits, in theory, senators representing about 11 percent of the population can filibuster a bill or those representing about 16 percent of the population can ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

What constitutes a vote for or against a motion in Congress?

In the UK, Members of Parliament vote on things by shouting either ‘aye’ or ‘no’, and when the winner is not clear it will go to division. I understand the US takes a lot of cues from Parliamentary ...
-4
votes
1answer
142 views

Why don't governments vote on one-off events where the decision is a matter of opinion?

Novak Djokovic recently entered Australia and encountered problems with his visa. He had apparently received a medical exemption to enter Australia, bypassing Australia's strict COVID restrictions, ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

Is there any political party in a EU country that has a leadership that virtually bypasses secret voting by asking its MPs not to vote?

Romanian opposition failed once again to overthrow the Government in 2019. This came as no surprise. However, the main party in power requested its members not to vote at all. The trick is that the ...
11
votes
1answer
588 views

Why do some German MPs hold cards up whenever there is a vote in the Bundestag?

You can see here for example https://youtu.be/mKn4Pi3qXjU?t=3594 that members of the Bundestag holding cards up during a vote on a bill. Is this a special kind of voting? How does it work?
4
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3answers
632 views

In Muslim-minority countries, is it unusual for Muslim MPs or lawmakers to vote in favour of gay marriage or related legislation?

In Did all of Germany's Muslim MPs voted in favor of same-sex marriage? on Skeptics.SE, someone was surprised by a claim that Germany's Muslim MPs voted in favour of gay marriage. I wasn't that ...
1
vote
1answer
461 views

What would happen if commons and lords votes on bills were made anonymous? [closed]

In the UK and other countries it is the job of the party whip to ensure that MPs vote on bills in line with party policy. This effectively means the majority party leadership decide which bills become ...
3
votes
1answer
487 views

Do Representatives from the US House of Representatives have to vote for President?

In a situation outlined in the 12th amendment where " and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for ...
16
votes
3answers
603 views

Does it matter what is said on the US Congress floor?

It seems like bills are only put up for vote when the votes for and against are known beforehand. So, does it matter what they debate about during the actual sessions of Congress? Is it purely for ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Are House and Senate "debates" pointless, aside from some PR value? [duplicate]

I watch the House and Senate "debate" periods on bills and wonder who they are talking to and what is the point, aside from the later video clips. Has any Senator or Representative ever ...
9
votes
2answers
294 views

What parts of Biden’s proposals could be eligible for budget reconciliation?

President Biden addressed a joint session of congress on April 29 and proposed vast new federal social programs such as free community college and subsidized childcare for low-income and middle-class ...
5
votes
2answers
233 views

Does any country have a viable 'limited filibuster' that allows minority party to selectively prevent only those laws they most dislike?

In the USA the filibuster allows minority parties to prevent passing of bills by the party in power, and is so effective at it that some would argue little get's done in congress since the minority ...
6
votes
2answers
273 views

What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation? [duplicate]

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
8
votes
1answer
372 views

Do any legislative branches besides the US have a tradition of voluntarily requiring more than 50% of the votes to pass a law?

In the US Senate there's a peculiar tradition where 60 out of 100 votes are required to overcome filibuster, even though constituonally speaking 51 votes (or 50 votes plus the vice president's tie ...
3
votes
4answers
312 views

Legality of "seat sharing" in congressional districts

Define a "shared" congressional district system to be one where in any district the top two candidates are elected and each get a fractional vote in Congress according to their share of the ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Continuing Resolution majority necessary?

I have a fair understanding of the appropriations process but what I have trouble with is finding information about what kind of consensus is needed for a CR to pass Congress. Is it by simple majority,...
3
votes
2answers
285 views

What danger(s) does Chuck Schumer see in using reconciliation to increase debt limit?

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has said that if Congress does not raise the debt limit by mid-October, 2021, the U.S. could default, which could have macroeconomic implications. The Senate minority ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Isn't 50 +1 not enough to increase the debt ceiling and avoid a government shutdown

Currently, the Senate is split 50/50 but the Democrats have the presidency or they have a slim majority in the Senate. My question is do the Democrats need a Republican vote to increase the debt ...
3
votes
2answers
938 views

How does voting in the US Senate work?

There were a number of confirmation hearings in the Senate where Mike Pence, as President of the Senate, cast the tie-breaking vote. That part is clear to me from the Constitution. Impeachment is ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the purpose of the motion to reconsider the vote by which the resolution was agreed to, in the first Senate session?

As visible in yesterday's Congressional Record, there are a number of uncontroversial motions made by the majority leader which passed by unanimous consent. After the motions pass, he moves to "...
5
votes
1answer
604 views

What does it mean to send a resolution "over, under the rule"?

This is in the congressional record from yesterday: RESOLUTION OVER, UNDER THE RULE—S. RES. 18 Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I have a resolution at the desk. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The clerk will ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Are records of legislative processes publicly available and if so, how does one find their uncut versions?

On Dec 4 the U.S. Congress agreed on H.Res. 758 (Strongly condemning the aggression of the Russian Federation against neighbouring countries). The resolution mentions that Malaysia Airlines ...
9
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1answer
544 views

What is a Star Print?

I asked a question about how a bill can die after being reported by committee as favorable, and receiving no subsequent vote in the receiving chamber. After some further digging, I found that it died ...
4
votes
2answers
434 views

Committee power of Congress

Which committee has the power to prevent legislation from moving forward in the legislative process by not considering it? Or, what kind of power do standing committees have to do so?
1
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1answer
119 views

Why is Spain not legislating vaccine-status check measures, after executive attempts to impose those were defeated in courts?

According to The Local (ES): The reasoning of [Spanish] judges, both regional and national, is that having to prove Covid vaccination, testing or recovery status to enter a bar or visit a museum ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

What is Uniform Civil Code?

India wants to bring Uniform Civil Code into the country. Current Narendra Modi Government has mentioned in their manifesto as well for the implementation for the UCC. One of the state in Goa has ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

Why doesn't the Texas legislature nuke the quorum?

The GOP-controlled Texas Legislature finds itself unable to pass a voting bill due to State Democrats refusing to participate in the meetings, leading the state to lack a quorum. The GOP has made ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Least amount of time US government needs to pass a law?

Assuming control of both House and Senate, but this is a bill opposed by opposition, and leaving aside fast-track procedure what is the fastest this can be done? I am thinking this is dependent on gag ...
24
votes
1answer
3k views

Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
8
votes
2answers
908 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How do members of extremely large political bodies 'learn the ropes'?

The classic example is the New Hampshire State House, which is (in)famous for having an large number of members with a fairly high turnover rate, many of whom completely lack political experience and ...
13
votes
1answer
617 views

Has any recent Republican legislation been blocked solely by the filibuster?

The primary argument against reforming or abolishing the Filibuster seems to be that if (realistically, when) Republicans take control of the government again, there would be nothing keeping them from ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Is there any publicly available draft of the American Jobs Plan beyond the fact sheet on whitehouse.gov?

The whitehouse released this fact sheet on the American Jobs Plan. However, there are several ambiguities in the plan so I am trying to find a more detailed draft of the plan. The House of Reps has ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Understanding Texas legislative process

If a Bill passes the Senate in Texas, does that mean it becomes law as the next step?
35
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the point in delaying the signing of legislation that the President supports?

Once a president has already decided that they are going to sign legislation, why not do it immediately? For example, on Wednesday, March 10, the House of Representatives voted to pass the American ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Can an older bill be picked up and voted on by a new congress? [duplicate]

Before the new congress took over in January 2021; the House of Representatives passed a standalone bill to increase the $600 stimulus payments to $2000, by sending an additional $1400 to every ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
8
votes
1answer
301 views

Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
-1
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1answer
179 views

The House has passed the Big Cat Public Safety Act [closed]

What happens now? When will the Senate vote on it? And if the Senate passes, what happens then?
2
votes
2answers
106 views

What does "H St Aff" mean as an action taken on a proposed bill (Idaho)?

Idaho's legislature is in session. I've been monitoring their activity on this page. I can usually tell what abbreviations for actions taken on bills mean at a glance, but this one has me stumped: ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
45
votes
7answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
12
votes
1answer
14k views

Can the US Senate bypass the Majority Leader's agenda?

If the US Senate Majority Leader doesn't want to bring a bill to the floor for a vote, are there other mechanisms that would allow the bill to be voted on anyway? If so, what are they?
5
votes
1answer
118 views

What happens after the president signs a bill into law?

Imagine I'm the head of some federal agency, let's say the Treasury. The president Tweets that he just signed a bill into law that requires me to send $600 checks to all Americans. How do I officially ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

What is required to put a proposed law to a vote by the US house of representatives?

Suppose a member of the US (federal) house of representatives has authored a proposed law (a.k.a act?) and wants the house of representatives to vote on it. What are the conditions (or different sets ...
28
votes
1answer
4k views

What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Is more US federal Congress business decided by inaction now?

The US Congress can effectively stop business by choosing not to hear/vote on it. This way legislators don't have to go on record as actively opposing something, it was just never brought up. Is this ...