Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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45
votes
7answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
44
votes
6answers
24k views

Why don't British kings and queens veto laws? [duplicate]

I've learned from Wikipedia that the British king or queen has the right to veto laws, but they don't use the right. Why is that? Is it because of tradition, respect for democracy, some regulations or ...
36
votes
11answers
23k views

What is the point of prohibiting currently impossible things?

I treat reproductive human cloning as one of such things. Current technology is far from a success, and reproductive human cloning does not seem to be a near future possibility. So, any law against ...
36
votes
3answers
5k views

How does lobbying work in the US?

I don't understand why would federal officials or congresspersons in the US succumb to lobbyists' requests unless they have skin in the game. How do lobbyists, I mean legal ones, persuade legislators ...
35
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the point in delaying the signing of legislation that the President supports?

Once a president has already decided that they are going to sign legislation, why not do it immediately? For example, on Wednesday, March 10, the House of Representatives voted to pass the American ...
34
votes
2answers
5k views

Why are congressional votes not secret?

In general, a person in the United States has the right to vote. As far as I can tell, this vote is private—no one else knows who you voted for. Why are the votes in congress public? Wouldn't it help ...
34
votes
2answers
6k views

Did Republicans accidentally kill corporate deductions, and will it force the Senate to revise and re-vote?

An article in New York magazine indicates that While Republicans were manically outlining their plans to take from the poor to give to the Trumps, they also, accidentally, nullified all of their ...
32
votes
5answers
10k views

Why have US Presidents not been given the power of line item vetoes?

I have often wondered why there are so many bills that are massive and incredibly complex passed through the Legislative branch. Why are bills stacked together and mashed up with a variety sections ...
28
votes
4answers
8k views

Why can't laws be shorter?

The Constitution of United States and the amendments contains 7,591 words. Assuming it was typed out in a normal font and size that's about 27 pages (275 words a page). The Constitution creates a ...
28
votes
1answer
4k views

What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
24
votes
1answer
3k views

Name for a popular measure added to a bill for the purpose of later attacking those who vote against that bill?

I personally always call this a kittens-are-cute bill. The basic idea is that Party A wants to pass a certain bill, but they know it's wholly unacceptable to Party B. So what they do is add some (...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
20
votes
1answer
2k views

What would happen if Senators boycotted the Impeachment Vote

I know it would take a 2/3rds majority vote in the Senate to convict Donald Trump in his second impeachment trial. But what if a substantial number of Senators boycotted the trial, and declined to ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
16
votes
6answers
4k views

Why do Senators and Representatives miss so many votes?

We send these people to Washington to do one main job: to vote on bills to make them laws. For example, in the 115th Congress, 33 Representatives and three Senators missed 10% or more of votes, across ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is an unrelated House-passed measure used to start the immigration debate in the Senate?

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell recently moved to vote to open the immigration debate in the Senate. As quoted from this article by CNN, he chose an unrelated bill to be used for the debate. ...
16
votes
3answers
604 views

Does it matter what is said on the US Congress floor?

It seems like bills are only put up for vote when the votes for and against are known beforehand. So, does it matter what they debate about during the actual sessions of Congress? Is it purely for ...
16
votes
1answer
816 views

What rule has John Bercow allegedly broken and in what way shall he have done that?

Today, John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons in the UK allowed an amendment by MP Dominic Grieve to a business motion. This decision has been discussed as being very controversial where "a ...
15
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2answers
1k views

How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Does Congress formally offer training to inexperienced legislators?

Everyone in Congress came from somewhere. It's possible that they were once in local or state government or active in major social causes, but that's not a safe assumption. The problems and ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did the Senate use an existing bill that passed the House in July 2019 to create the CARES Act?

I was looking at H.R.748 - CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act on the Congress website. I was surprised to find that the bill originally passed the House on July 17, 2019. I ...
13
votes
1answer
618 views

Has any recent Republican legislation been blocked solely by the filibuster?

The primary argument against reforming or abolishing the Filibuster seems to be that if (realistically, when) Republicans take control of the government again, there would be nothing keeping them from ...
12
votes
3answers
28k views

When is a 60% majority required in US Congress?

I wonder when a 60% majority is required in the US Senate. As I write this I see in the news that Obamacare can be "repealed and replaced" with only a 50% majority because it is in a "reconciliation ...
12
votes
2answers
659 views

Has a US Supreme Court Justice ever drafted a bill and submitted it to Congress?

Argentina's Constitution was heavily inspired by the US Constitution. Recently, the biggest piece of Argentine legislation passed in decades was authored by the members of Argentina's Supreme Court, ...
12
votes
1answer
14k views

Can the US Senate bypass the Majority Leader's agenda?

If the US Senate Majority Leader doesn't want to bring a bill to the floor for a vote, are there other mechanisms that would allow the bill to be voted on anyway? If so, what are they?
12
votes
1answer
486 views

How often are Senators called on for violating Senate rules?

As widely reported now, Senator Elizabeth Warren was silenced by a vote in the Senate for purportedly violating Rule XIX. In the last 10 years how many times (or approximately how many), have ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

Why doesn't the Texas legislature nuke the quorum?

The GOP-controlled Texas Legislature finds itself unable to pass a voting bill due to State Democrats refusing to participate in the meetings, leading the state to lack a quorum. The GOP has made ...
11
votes
2answers
667 views

How can the Indian government ban old notes without passing any bill/law?

Before making any major decisions/policy/law for the public the Indian government should pass a bill. It's usually done through the voting by the Member of Parliaments in the Parliament. After getting ...
11
votes
1answer
446 views

Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because the ...
11
votes
1answer
263 views

When did the trend of giving U.S. Congressional bills catchy acronyms first start to occur?

According to The Atlantic, there have been 240 bills proposed in 2013 that were represented by an acronym, such as the ROBO COP bill to help curb automated robot calls and the BEER (Brewers Excise and ...
11
votes
1answer
273 views

Why does the Senate Majority leader often vote against their own bills? [duplicate]

In the US Senate on Sunday, March 22nd, passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was blocked in a 47-47 vote. The vote was generally along party lines, with one ...
11
votes
1answer
589 views

Why do some German MPs hold cards up whenever there is a vote in the Bundestag?

You can see here for example https://youtu.be/mKn4Pi3qXjU?t=3594 that members of the Bundestag holding cards up during a vote on a bill. Is this a special kind of voting? How does it work?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Who legislates military law?

Where does United States military law come from? I'm vaguely aware that the military is governed by the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). This power stems from the constitutional authority of ...
10
votes
2answers
393 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Isn't 50 +1 not enough to increase the debt ceiling and avoid a government shutdown

Currently, the Senate is split 50/50 but the Democrats have the presidency or they have a slim majority in the Senate. My question is do the Democrats need a Republican vote to increase the debt ...
10
votes
1answer
331 views

What will be the process and timescale for this proposal on retention of EU citizenship by UK nationals to be considered?

I just spotted this interesting article about an amendment proposed by the Luxembourger MEP Charles Goerens to the EU Committee on Constitutional Affairs to allow individual Brits an opt-in to keep EU ...
9
votes
1answer
890 views

Can an MP who didn't vote for the 2nd reading of a bill propose amendments to it?

It's been said in a (now-deleted) comment here that You are not allowed to propose an amendment to a bill unless you voted for the second reading. This means there is a strong incentive to vote for ...
9
votes
2answers
386 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How did slavery become a legal institution in the United States?

The second paragraph in the Unites States Declaration of Independence states: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with ...
9
votes
1answer
545 views

What is a Star Print?

I asked a question about how a bill can die after being reported by committee as favorable, and receiving no subsequent vote in the receiving chamber. After some further digging, I found that it died ...
9
votes
2answers
294 views

What parts of Biden’s proposals could be eligible for budget reconciliation?

President Biden addressed a joint session of congress on April 29 and proposed vast new federal social programs such as free community college and subsidized childcare for low-income and middle-class ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How would the United States of America grant Puerto Rico statehood?

Given the existence of the statehood movement in Puerto Rico, what would need to happen for Puerto Rico to be the 51st State of the U.S.A.? After their last hurricane, how would the help from the US ...
8
votes
2answers
719 views

Does the United States have a built-in mechanism to resolve loss of supply? And if not, why not?

In countries that have inherited the Westminster system, loss of supply typically results in government being required to either reform as the majority that blocked supply; or dissolve parliament so ...
8
votes
2answers
908 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
8
votes
4answers
582 views

Why is US legislation formulated independently by both chambers?

In the US - at the federal and AFAIK the state level - pieces of legislation are put forward in two versions, independently, before the two legislative bodies; each version is discussed, debated and ...
8
votes
1answer
373 views

Do any legislative branches besides the US have a tradition of voluntarily requiring more than 50% of the votes to pass a law?

In the US Senate there's a peculiar tradition where 60 out of 100 votes are required to overcome filibuster, even though constituonally speaking 51 votes (or 50 votes plus the vice president's tie ...
8
votes
1answer
385 views

Does this European Citizen's Initiative have any chance of success?

I have recently been made aware of this petition to make EU citizenship permanent (prompted by Brexit): Noting the ECJ’s view of Union citizenship as a ‘fundamental status’ of nationals of Member ...
8
votes
1answer
306 views

Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
8
votes
1answer
219 views

Does the US Senate still have the option to pass some form of healthcare bill through the budget reconciliation, during this fiscal year?

On Friday morning, July 28th, 2017, the Senate's attempt to significantly modify the ACA stalled, with all attempts to change it being voted down. This was all being done via the budget reconciliation ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How do members of extremely large political bodies 'learn the ropes'?

The classic example is the New Hampshire State House, which is (in)famous for having an large number of members with a fairly high turnover rate, many of whom completely lack political experience and ...