Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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45
votes
6answers
23k views

Why don't British kings and queens veto laws? [duplicate]

I've learned from Wikipedia that the British king or queen has the right to veto laws, but they don't use the right. Why is that? Is it because of tradition, respect for democracy, some regulations or ...
12
votes
1answer
14k views

Can the US Senate bypass the Majority Leader's agenda?

If the US Senate Majority Leader doesn't want to bring a bill to the floor for a vote, are there other mechanisms that would allow the bill to be voted on anyway? If so, what are they?
9
votes
2answers
368 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
7
votes
1answer
15k views

If a bill was referred to a Committee, and died there, is there a way to tell what happened?

In this answer, I linked to a bill that was listed as dead in a Committee. Another user asked what happened to the bill, why did it die and who supported/opposed it (votes or otherwise): Where can I ...
0
votes
2answers
199 views

Is it legal for an elected official to sign a contract binding him to vote in a particular way, if no value is exchanged?

For instance, a candidate for a legislature promises to vote yes or no, on a specific piece of legislation, or perhaps agrees to introduce a bill that is written at the time the contract is signed. ...
10
votes
1answer
320 views

What will be the process and timescale for this proposal on retention of EU citizenship by UK nationals to be considered?

I just spotted this interesting article about an amendment proposed by the Luxembourger MEP Charles Goerens to the EU Committee on Constitutional Affairs to allow individual Brits an opt-in to keep EU ...
12
votes
3answers
26k views

When is a 60% majority required in US Congress?

I wonder when a 60% majority is required in the US Senate. As I write this I see in the news that Obamacare can be "repealed and replaced" with only a 50% majority because it is in a "reconciliation ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is an unrelated House-passed measure used to start the immigration debate in the Senate?

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell recently moved to vote to open the immigration debate in the Senate. As quoted from this article by CNN, he chose an unrelated bill to be used for the debate. ...
9
votes
1answer
847 views

Can an MP who didn't vote for the 2nd reading of a bill propose amendments to it?

It's been said in a (now-deleted) comment here that You are not allowed to propose an amendment to a bill unless you voted for the second reading. This means there is a strong incentive to vote for ...
8
votes
2answers
707 views

Does the United States have a built-in mechanism to resolve loss of supply? And if not, why not?

In countries that have inherited the Westminster system, loss of supply typically results in government being required to either reform as the majority that blocked supply; or dissolve parliament so ...
6
votes
2answers
724 views

Where does decision by a simple majority of a congressional quorum derive from?

What specific part of the US constitution or the Senate/House rules states that votes (on legislation or nominations) are decided by a simple majority of lawmakers present? (Disregarding rules about ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

What happens to signed bills? And what happens if they're destroyed?

When a bill or pardon or whatever is signed, let's say in the USA, then what exactly happens to the signed document? And what happens if it's misplaced or destroyed?
4
votes
1answer
313 views

How can a minister stop a bill's progress?

I came across this tweet by BBC political correspondent Ross Hawkins: FWIW wise hand says govt can’t ‘pull’ a bill. They can leave it in a sort of suspended parliamentary animation, they say, by ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Was illegal immigration non-enforcement ever challenged under “equal protection” theory? Did it affect illegal immigration related legislation?

Illegal immigration is either a misdemeanor or a felony in USA (depends on specifics of what an individual did). Under ordinary circumstances, if a resident would commit a felony or even a misdemeanor ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

What happens after a bill is reported by committee?

After a bill is introduced and then referred to a committee, I understand the committee will address it during a hearing. If it is then "reported by committee" and "ordered to be reported without ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

Are there countries where members of the legislative body are allowed to vote remotely?

Is there a legislative body where elected representatives may cast their vote remotely, through some sort of a computer system? Citizens can already vote remotely in Estonian elections, so it doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Does each different kind of Congressional act require a different level of rigor?

Background In the legislative branch, there are several kinds of acts congress can initiate: A Bill, which is a proposed law that originates in either the House of Representatives or the Senate. ...