Questions tagged [legislative-process]

Questions about the processes to create laws in different jurisdictions.

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45
votes
6answers
23k views

Why don't British kings and queens veto laws? [duplicate]

I've learned from Wikipedia that the British king or queen has the right to veto laws, but they don't use the right. Why is that? Is it because of tradition, respect for democracy, some regulations or ...
44
votes
7answers
6k views

How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long?

The recently passed stimulus bill is said to be 5,593 pages long, and allocates $900 billion in funds. It's no surprise that there was no chance to read or amend the bill. The logistics of revising a ...
36
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11answers
23k views

What is the point of prohibiting currently impossible things?

I treat reproductive human cloning as one of such things. Current technology is far from a success, and reproductive human cloning does not seem to be a near future possibility. So, any law against ...
35
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3answers
5k views

How does lobbying work in the US?

I don't understand why would federal officials or congresspersons in the US succumb to lobbyists' requests unless they have skin in the game. How do lobbyists, I mean legal ones, persuade legislators ...
33
votes
5answers
10k views

Why have US Presidents not been given the power of line item vetoes?

I have often wondered why there are so many bills that are massive and incredibly complex passed through the Legislative branch. Why are bills stacked together and mashed up with a variety sections ...
33
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2answers
6k views

Did Republicans accidentally kill corporate deductions, and will it force the Senate to revise and re-vote?

An article in New York magazine indicates that While Republicans were manically outlining their plans to take from the poor to give to the Trumps, they also, accidentally, nullified all of their ...
28
votes
4answers
8k views

Why can't laws be shorter?

The Constitution of United States and the amendments contains 7,591 words. Assuming it was typed out in a normal font and size that's about 27 pages (275 words a page). The Constitution creates a ...
28
votes
1answer
4k views

What prevents a single senator from passing a bill they want with a 1-0 vote?

As a follow-up to this question, the answer there indicates that by the rules set by the Senate, a quorum is assumed to be present unless someone requests a roll-call vote. Because of this rule, the ...
21
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2answers
2k views

What is the minimum amount of votes needed in both Chambers of Congress to send an Admission to the Union resolution to the President?

Background Admission to the Union in the United States seems to be a vaguely laid out procedure as described in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution: New States may be admitted by ...
17
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2answers
2k views

Does a tie in the Senate require the vice president to always be present in the Senate?

Would the vice president be required to always be in the senate chamber in order to break ties? If not, how often must she be there -- or does she need to be there at all to vote her tie-breaker vote? ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is an unrelated House-passed measure used to start the immigration debate in the Senate?

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell recently moved to vote to open the immigration debate in the Senate. As quoted from this article by CNN, he chose an unrelated bill to be used for the debate. ...
16
votes
1answer
797 views

What rule has John Bercow allegedly broken and in what way shall he have done that?

Today, John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons in the UK allowed an amendment by MP Dominic Grieve to a business motion. This decision has been discussed as being very controversial where "a ...
15
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2answers
1k views

How would a vote in US congress taken under duress be later invalidated?

My question is inspired by the hypothetical actions of some of the recent insurectionists, one of whom was pictured below: https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/zip-cuffs-capitol-riots/ At least 2 men ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Does Congress formally offer training to inexperienced legislators?

Everyone in Congress came from somewhere. It's possible that they were once in local or state government or active in major social causes, but that's not a safe assumption. The problems and ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Why did the Senate use an existing bill that passed the House in July 2019 to create the CARES Act?

I was looking at H.R.748 - CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act on the Congress website. I was surprised to find that the bill originally passed the House on July 17, 2019. I ...
13
votes
1answer
14k views

Can the US Senate bypass the Majority Leader's agenda?

If the US Senate Majority Leader doesn't want to bring a bill to the floor for a vote, are there other mechanisms that would allow the bill to be voted on anyway? If so, what are they?
12
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3answers
26k views

When is a 60% majority required in US Congress?

I wonder when a 60% majority is required in the US Senate. As I write this I see in the news that Obamacare can be "repealed and replaced" with only a 50% majority because it is in a "reconciliation ...
12
votes
2answers
611 views

Has a US Supreme Court Justice ever drafted a bill and submitted it to Congress?

Argentina's Constitution was heavily inspired by the US Constitution. Recently, the biggest piece of Argentine legislation passed in decades was authored by the members of Argentina's Supreme Court, ...
12
votes
1answer
462 views

How often are Senators called on for violating Senate rules?

As widely reported now, Senator Elizabeth Warren was silenced by a vote in the Senate for purportedly violating Rule XIX. In the last 10 years how many times (or approximately how many), have ...
11
votes
2answers
614 views

How can the Indian government ban old notes without passing any bill/law?

Before making any major decisions/policy/law for the public the Indian government should pass a bill. It's usually done through the voting by the Member of Parliaments in the Parliament. After getting ...
11
votes
1answer
419 views

Has a law or amendment been passed without a vote in Parliament because there were no tellers before?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because the ...
11
votes
1answer
239 views

When did the trend of giving U.S. Congressional bills catchy acronyms first start to occur?

According to The Atlantic, there have been 240 bills proposed in 2013 that were represented by an acronym, such as the ROBO COP bill to help curb automated robot calls and the BEER (Brewers Excise and ...
11
votes
1answer
236 views

Why does the Senate Majority leader often vote against their own bills? [duplicate]

In the US Senate on Sunday, March 22nd, passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was blocked in a 47-47 vote. The vote was generally along party lines, with one ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Who legislates military law?

Where does United States military law come from? I'm vaguely aware that the military is governed by the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). This power stems from the constitutional authority of ...
10
votes
2answers
379 views

What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
10
votes
1answer
320 views

What will be the process and timescale for this proposal on retention of EU citizenship by UK nationals to be considered?

I just spotted this interesting article about an amendment proposed by the Luxembourger MEP Charles Goerens to the EU Committee on Constitutional Affairs to allow individual Brits an opt-in to keep EU ...
9
votes
1answer
846 views

Can an MP who didn't vote for the 2nd reading of a bill propose amendments to it?

It's been said in a (now-deleted) comment here that You are not allowed to propose an amendment to a bill unless you voted for the second reading. This means there is a strong incentive to vote for ...
9
votes
2answers
368 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How would the United States of America grant Puerto Rico statehood?

Given the existence of the statehood movement in Puerto Rico, what would need to happen for Puerto Rico to be the 51st State of the U.S.A.? After their last hurricane, how would the help from the US ...
8
votes
2answers
707 views

Does the United States have a built-in mechanism to resolve loss of supply? And if not, why not?

In countries that have inherited the Westminster system, loss of supply typically results in government being required to either reform as the majority that blocked supply; or dissolve parliament so ...
8
votes
4answers
563 views

Why is US legislation formulated independently by both chambers?

In the US - at the federal and AFAIK the state level - pieces of legislation are put forward in two versions, independently, before the two legislative bodies; each version is discussed, debated and ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How did slavery become a legal institution in the United States?

The second paragraph in the Unites States Declaration of Independence states: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with ...
8
votes
1answer
367 views

Does this European Citizen's Initiative have any chance of success?

I have recently been made aware of this petition to make EU citizenship permanent (prompted by Brexit): Noting the ECJ’s view of Union citizenship as a ‘fundamental status’ of nationals of Member ...
8
votes
1answer
281 views

Why does H.R.335 not mention the nominee's name?

To my understanding, H.R.335 which became Public Law No: 117-1. was a bill before the United States House of Representatives which would provide an exception to 10 U.S. Code § 113 (a) in order to ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Does the US Senate still have the option to pass some form of healthcare bill through the budget reconciliation, during this fiscal year?

On Friday morning, July 28th, 2017, the Senate's attempt to significantly modify the ACA stalled, with all attempts to change it being voted down. This was all being done via the budget reconciliation ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

What is the significance of the restrictions on the Speaker in the Programme Motion for the Early Parliamentary Election Bill

See the Programme Motion Paragraph (3)(b) States: When the Bill has been read a Second Time the Speaker shall leave the Chair whether or not notice of an Instruction has been given. Paragraph (7) ...
7
votes
1answer
226 views

Is it necessary to hold a Queen’s Speech, and prorogue parliament, to propose new bills?

Recently the prime minister of the UK, Boris Johnson, ordered the Parliament to be prorogued. This prorogation was justified by the PM as necessary to introduce new legislation. From this article: [...
7
votes
1answer
15k views

If a bill was referred to a Committee, and died there, is there a way to tell what happened?

In this answer, I linked to a bill that was listed as dead in a Committee. Another user asked what happened to the bill, why did it die and who supported/opposed it (votes or otherwise): Where can I ...
7
votes
1answer
398 views

What is a Star Print?

I asked a question about how a bill can die after being reported by committee as favorable, and receiving no subsequent vote in the receiving chamber. After some further digging, I found that it died ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How do particularly large legislative bodies function as compared to small ones?

In Nashville, there's a movement to reduce the size of the city council from 35 members to 15, in order to streamline "getting things done". This would obviously increase the size of each member's ...
6
votes
1answer
770 views

Did any founding father endorse unicameralism or at least bring up concerns about the deadlock risks of bicameralism?

Overall, the founding fathers of the United States supported bicameralism; after all that's what we actually have today. However, no body of august statesmen and scholars all agree on anything, so: ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

Are the votes of members of Congress required to be made public?

When Congress votes on something, the vote cast by every representative is made public. Is this required by law? Specifically, is either chamber of Congress allowed to hold a binding vote without ...
6
votes
2answers
328 views

In European monarchies, do any of the monarchs have the right of legislative initiative?

Which of the European monarchs have the right of legislative initiative? Are there any who do? I'm finding it difficult to find any information on the internet about the right of initiative in various ...
6
votes
2answers
724 views

Where does decision by a simple majority of a congressional quorum derive from?

What specific part of the US constitution or the Senate/House rules states that votes (on legislation or nominations) are decided by a simple majority of lawmakers present? (Disregarding rules about ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

What actually happened to the FISA reauthorization bill in the Senate?

I was reading this Washington Post article, and saw this line: The Senate voted 69 to 26 Thursday afternoon to start debating the [FISA reauthorization] bill, which would extend for six years the ...
6
votes
1answer
354 views

Is there a way for a Constituent (or non-lobbyist) to introduce a bill in either house of the U.S. Congress?

I am curious as to both the theoretical and practical aspects of how an individual might get a bill introduced in congress. How might one go about this? One potential application might be for ...
6
votes
2answers
240 views

What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation? [duplicate]

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

How does Pro forma legislation work?

Based on a recent question about how few Congressmen can pass a law, and my previous question about pro forma sessions, I now find myself wondering what happens if a pro forma session actually tries ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How is it that the US Senate is issuing “appropriation” bills?

According to the US Constitution all appropriation bills must originate in the House of Representatives. Yet, I just read a news story that described the Senate as passing a "Senate appropriation ...
5
votes
1answer
495 views

Why are some Senators so insistent on using unanimous resolution to pass election security bills?

Background Recently, Mitch McConnell was the only senator to stop two unanimous resolutions on election security: On July 25th he said “Clearly this request is not a serious effort to make a law. ...