Questions tagged [liberalism]

Questions related to liberalism which is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.

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31 votes
9 answers
6k views

Why are democracy and liberalism correlated?

For the purposes of this question, let me (loosely) define: Democracy = situation where the government is chosen by the population (using some ‘reasonable’ voting rule) Liberal state = state which ...
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3 votes
2 answers
261 views

Does neoliberalism aka free trade across borders with necessitate/demand austerity?

Why did the practise of Austerity in domestic economics spread with the advent of neoliberalism? Neoliberal institutions which preach reduced trade barriers also impose austerity. I understand that ...
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2 votes
0 answers
104 views

Do "neocons" and "neoliberals" have the same foreign policy views?

I've heard that Bush can be described as a "neocon" and Clinton as a "neolib." Given that the neocons originally came from the political left neoliberals are more concerned with ...
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2 votes
0 answers
62 views

How do the liberal side of international relations theorists model people’s well-being?

I’m only referring to the liberal side of international relations theory, not the realist side. In their formal theories (to the extent that they write mathematically formal theories), how do they ...
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5 votes
2 answers
348 views

Have any capitalist libertarians asked if the free market destroys itself (due to the efficiency of organised crime)?

I am aware of, though not read in, the most influential capitalist libertarian thinkers (Hayek, Friedman, Nozick, Rand, etc). As far as I understand it, their general point is that an unrestricted ...
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1 vote
1 answer
219 views

Why do US conservative groups have a more visible political impact compared with similar liberal/progressive groups?

In the United States, there are several groups with conservative views that may be considered to have a visible influence in their field (such as the Federalist Society for law, or the National Rifle ...
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4 votes
1 answer
167 views

How many constitutions refer to the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

I'm curious how many countries cite the document in their own constitution, as I'm aware that some do (Senegal, for example). Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
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3 votes
0 answers
171 views

Is it possible to be socialist, liberal, and conservative like this candidate to president of Perú claims? [closed]

Candidate to president of Perú Hernando de Soto claims to be "socialist, liberal and conservative". I can't find a possible definition of the 3 terms for them to coexist together. To me, ...
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29 votes
7 answers
5k views

Is it a fundamental tenet of liberalism to allow the expression of illiberal ideals?

In recent years, the US has seen a rise in a priori rejection or "cancelling" of illiberal ideas on the left. In essence, these ideas are being rejected from mainstream liberal society ...
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3 votes
1 answer
243 views

Does liberalism support the idea of small government or it's just an interpretation of it?

In Latin America, liberalism is associated with the idea of free market, small government and less taxes. On the other side, I continuosly see in United States democratic party politicians being ...
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  • 1,901
3 votes
0 answers
104 views

Does the introduction of elections and other democratic institutions contribute to social disruptions and chaos in a country with a weak state?

I am conducting a research on a historical period in Iran in which a short period of premature democratic rule by a government with low state capabilities led to social disruptions and chaos and ...
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1 vote
4 answers
616 views

Is California more liberal than Vermont?

I was thinking about why California is more liberal, or at least more Democratic than Vermont. Here are a bunch of reasons that are strongly correlated with liberalism in the US. Demographic reasons: ...
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1 vote
2 answers
613 views

To what extent is Marxism a liberal ideology?

It's been asserted in another answer here that: Marxism is, of course, part of the spectrum of Liberal ideologies, though it is often maligned as being something 'other.' Looking at the SEP page ...
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10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Evidence of Democratic-Republican Party Realignment Circa 1950?

What evidence is there of a Democratic-Republican party realignment during the 1950's in the US? Usually, references to the Southern strategy are made, but I haven't been able to find any peer review ...
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why have the Liberal Democrats historically been strong in northern Scotland?

After the 2015 General Election, the Scottish Lib Dems retained only Orkney and Shetland in northern Scotland. They also tend to do well in Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. Why are these areas ...
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30 votes
9 answers
7k views

Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory "liberalism" without "leftist"?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
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-7 votes
2 answers
373 views

In left leaning ideologies, how does the concept of cultural appropriation mesh with the concept of universal equality? [closed]

On the one hand, left leaning ideologies tell us that everyone on this planet is supposed to be completely equal, with no distinctions between people based on race, gender, sexual orientation, country ...
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7 votes
2 answers
699 views

What is the neutral term for far left which is mainly preoccupied with identity issues?

While browsing the website, I've seen articles which were saying which terms are NOT considered as proper to describe such school of thought: Alt-left - regardless of contentious issue to what extend ...
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18 votes
2 answers
1k views

How do Russians [especially Russian Muslims] understand Putin's disapproval of 'multiculturalism'?

The BBC has reported that, at the G20 summit, Russia's president Vladimir Putin remarked that liberalism is obsolete. Which should be no surprise to anyone. The curious part of this criticism of ...
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30 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why is gun control associated with the socially liberal Democratic party?

In America, during the past few years (when I started to actually follow politics), gun control has been something that Republican politicians are almost all very strongly against, while it is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Think tanks and newspapers that are associated with Macron's En Marche and pan-European Renaissance?

What think tanks are associated with Macron's En Marche and pan-European Renaissance? What newspapers (possibly French) are read by the voters/supporters of En Marche and Renaissance?
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67 votes
26 answers
22k views

What reasons are there for a Capitalist to oppose a 100% inheritance tax?

As I understand it, most capitalists would argue that the reason the rich deserve their wealth is that they have worked for it, and the fact that they have managed to gain such wealth shows that they ...
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2 votes
0 answers
90 views

How did Roger Douglas convince the labour party to carry a liberal economic reform?

Roger Douglas the Minister of Finance of New Zealand from 1984-1988 made a huge liberal economic reform in his era (reducing the size of the state) it was so famous it was called "Rogernomics", but he ...
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  • 29
3 votes
1 answer
16k views

What's the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism?

Can someone explain to me the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism? What do these two theories have in common and what are their differences? It would be perfect to include a real life ...
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4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Difference between personal property and private property in left-libertarianism

I thought this would be more relevant here than at the English SO. I was reading on Wikipedia about libertarian socialism, which brought me to the article on left-libertarianism. Beginning at the ...
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11 votes
2 answers
5k views

What is ethical liberalism?

I have recently seen a conference organized by an ex-PM which discussed about the creation of a new political party. One of the speakers mentioned that the party will be centered around "ethical ...
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66 votes
13 answers
20k views

Why are Weapon Restriction Laws considered Liberal?

Why are Weapon Restriction Laws, such as Gun Control Laws, considered liberal, while a lack of restrictions is considered conservative? In most cases, it appears that laws and policies which grant ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
541 views

Did the concept of liberalism become a "misnomer"? [closed]

I am very confused. The Wikipedia entry of liberalism states that this ideology is based on the concepts of liberty and equality. Yet, these are in many senses not fully compatible. Think of a tax on ...
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5 votes
1 answer
694 views

Why is India branded as not a very liberal country? [closed]

Despite being a democracy for 70 odd years, India scores low in many social rankings. Some examples: India is 87th of 144 in the Global Gender Gap Report, below average. India is 98th of 133 in the ...
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12 votes
13 answers
5k views

Why is the modern left defending Islam(ism)?

This might sound like a loaded question, but it isn't. We see left and right that present day leftists (progressives, liberals, etc.) are jumping in to defend Islam(ism) from legitimate critiques as ...
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why did mostly liberal California vote for the death penalty?

On Election Day 2016 in California: A proposition to legalize cannabis won A proposition to repeal the death penalty lost The rest of the propositions were mostly liberal, and most of them won; also ...
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  • 416
6 votes
1 answer
365 views

What are John Rawls core arguments in favor of liberalism?

John Rawls is probably one of the most important recent liberal political theorists, but it seems that few people understand what his arguments in favor of liberalism were. How would you describe ...
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4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is "liberal conservatism" a coherent political position?

In Switzerland a major right-wing political party calls itself defending "liberal conservative" views. From what I know so far, "conservatives" desires to maintain old traditions, traditional family ...
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-3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why do so many liberals support dictatorships?

In the 1960's (and onward) there were plenty of liberals who supported the Soviet Union, Cuba, China, and other left-wing and not so left-wing dictatorships. Why? I understand that the US isn't ...
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4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are there any countries that can be said to be truly liberal, in the sense of only having a very minimal state?

Are there any countries that that can be said to be truly liberal, in the sense of only having a very minimal state (a so-called night-watchmen state)? If not, which ones come closest? Edit: More ...
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3 votes
0 answers
176 views

Are there any existing laws comparable to Quebec's Bill 20?

Here is a link that explains more in detail what the bill 20 consists of: http://globalnews.ca/news/1728556/opinion-bill-20-will-turn-every-patient-in-quebec-into-a-number-instead-of-a-person/ ...
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1 vote
1 answer
613 views

Who said that organizations tend over time to become more liberal?

I have often heard this quote: that organizations which start out as non-political, tend to move to the left, or become more liberal, unless they are explicitly conservative to begin with. I tried ...
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9 votes
3 answers
408 views

Is the Left-Right divide applicable everywhere, especially in India?

In India, it appears as though suddenly the media have just slapped Left, Right labels on political parties out of the blue, because it certainly didn't seem to be there before. To my eyes, there are ...
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8 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why is Jeremy Bentham considered Liberal?

I often see Jeremy Bentham being categorised as Liberal, but I cannot understand the reasons behind it. His Utilitarian thinking is not directly related to liberal notions like equality, private ...
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7 votes
1 answer
630 views

Are there systematic personality differences between liberals and conservatives?

What personality differences are there between registered Democrats and registered Republicans?
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-4 votes
2 answers
487 views

Does liberalism support discrimination of the young by restricting their behavior or thoughts?

I am aware that liberal has a completely different meaning in the rest of the world than in the USA. In the USA, liberal more closely resembles the progressive party and libertarian is closer to the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
133 views

What is the theoretical content of the terms used in non-aggression discourse within liberal politics?

The complexity of non-aggression politics within liberalism is obvious: liberalism defends private property which is widely (but not universally) considered to be an act of violence by other political ...
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4 votes
2 answers
319 views

What are the origins of non-aggression politics within liberalism?

Non-aggression politics plays a significant role in liberalism as a broad tradition. It appears to be central to the revival of Manchester School politics in the United States under the name "...
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-3 votes
1 answer
241 views

Are 24-year old women afraid of Rush Limbaugh?

Rush Limbaugh continually jokes on his show lately about how 24-year women are afraid of him. Apparently, some university study or liberal news mouthpiece or someone has an article that claims that ...
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11 votes
5 answers
1k views

Have Democrats gotten more liberal?

I'm a bit surprised by this Brookings Institute report on polarity showing Democrats becoming more liberal, though at one fourth the rate at which Republicans are becoming more conservative. The ...
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  • 273
24 votes
5 answers
4k views

When and how did the term "liberal" acquire a leftist/socialist meaning in the US?

Some comments on another question show confusion over the definition of “liberal”: @Eva, still going to have the same problems. For example, what is the liberal position on economic ...
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19 votes
8 answers
14k views

How did the term "Liberal" become "Progressive"?

Democrats and similar left affiliations used to be known universally as liberals. In recent years, I've heard them referred to as progressives. Why the change? Are liberals and progressives ...
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  • 301
4 votes
3 answers
648 views

Has there been a sustained period of conservatism in the US?

It seems to me the United States has generally become more liberal (by the modern American definition) over time. It has more civil rights, taxation, welfare, secularism, and government programs now ...
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  • 149
2 votes
1 answer
67 views

US Politics, any grass root like campaign fighting the new tax increase

I just found out from my employer that our social security tax just increase by 2%, which were never publicized as much in the media. I live in NY, a very liberal state, so it would make sense why it ...
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45 votes
5 answers
266k views

What is the difference between liberalism and libertarianism?

According to wikipedia Liberalism (from the Latin liberalis) is a political philosophy or worldview founded on the idea of liberty and equality. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on ...
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