Questions tagged [liberalism]

Questions related to liberalism which is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.

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Are there Chinese classical liberal intellectuals/politicians?

Are there Chinese classical liberal intellectuals/politicians? By Chinese I mean ethnic Chinese (華人 huárén) who were born and lived until at least their 20 years old in Greater China (mainland China, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
378 views

Alternative names for "new liberalism" and "neoliberalism" to avoid confusion

In oral discussion, the ideological designations "new liberal" and "neoliberal" are easily confused. Do one or both of these two ideologies have alternative names that are more ...
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2 answers
133 views

What is the ideal political period for liberal conservatives? [closed]

What is the ideal political period in the eyes of liberal conservatives? Liberal conservatism is "a political ideology combining conservative policies with liberal stances, especially on economic ...
Starckman's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
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Is this explanation of liberal-conservatism correct? [closed]

The liberal-conservatism idea is basically: (1) The socio-economico-political system (which includes a liberal economy and civil rights) we have now happened because it happened (and certainly not ...
Starckman's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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left vs Right politics and liberal vs conservative [closed]

Can we say left means liberal and right means conservative ? In history we see lot of counterexamples.
quanity's user avatar
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27 votes
8 answers
6k views

Why do many liberal countries criminalize polygamy? [duplicate]

Polygamy is a crime in many liberal countries (such as all 27 countries of the European Union). It is theoretically victimless, however. Why then would a liberal country criminalize it? Things I can ...
Allure's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
6k views

Why are communism and anarcho-communism not seen as extreme-reactionary?

Context It is a common usage to call some right-wing movements in Western countries "reactionary". See Wikipedia: In ideology, reactionism is a tradition in right-wing politics Reactionary ...
Starckman's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why do many liberal countries criminalize incest?

Many/most liberal countries have legalized homosexuality. Presumably one of the main reasons for doing so is that consensual sex between two adults ought not to be a crime, because there is no victim. ...
Allure's user avatar
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7 votes
7 answers
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Why are American liberals more prone to in-fighting than conservatives? [closed]

In America at least, there tends to be far less unity within liberal factions when compared to conservative ones. One just has to point to the last few presidential elections. 2008: There was a ...
SmartBulbInc's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
317 views

Definition of Leftist

These days, I am listening too much of the word "Leftist" in the sites like Twitter and Reddit. What is meant by the term "Leftist"? Is this a philosophically improved political ...
Rational Number's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
319 views

What effect will increased urbanization have on liberal views given that urban locations tend to be more liberal?

There is a well-documented link between liberal views and urban locations, and conservative views with rural locations, which has been proven true across many first world nations. However, many ...
dsollen's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Did classic liberals believe in inheritance taxation and in welfare?

A friend of mine was talking to me about economics and he said that he's a right-wing and believes in a system of welfare, where people must have basic conditions (health, education and security) to ...
Bernardo Benini Fantin's user avatar
27 votes
5 answers
7k views

What is this political cartoon by Bob Moran titled "Amnesty" about?

I saw that Bob Moran made this political cartoon that he posted on Twitter: When I first saw this cartoon, I assumed it was poking fun at the "False Balance" AKA "bothsidesism" ...
Nova's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
114 views

Differences in impact of neo liberalism on different social segments (urban vs. rural)

How does neo liberalism as a political project impacts lives of both urban and rural population, differently? For example, in India, urban population hardly see their elected government playing any ...
workingclass_science's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Support for surrogacy from pro-choice groups

Are pro-choice groups (i.e. those supporting legal abortion or extending the abortion rights) typically supportive of surrogate motherhood and/or prostitution? I am interested in groups and ...
FourLegsGoodTwoLegsBad's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
269 views

What agreements or disagreements exist between Conservatism and Rationalism?

Rationalism is a core tenet of liberalism, regarding reason as the primary source of knowledge and relying on reason as a justification of arguments. According to Michael Oakeshott: “The conduct of ...
DerekG's user avatar
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32 votes
9 answers
7k views

Why are democracy and liberalism correlated?

For the purposes of this question, let me (loosely) define: Democracy = situation where the government is chosen by the population (using some ‘reasonable’ voting rule) Liberal state = state which ...
afreelunch's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
277 views

Does neoliberalism aka free trade across borders with necessitate/demand austerity?

Why did the practise of Austerity in domestic economics spread with the advent of neoliberalism? Neoliberal institutions which preach reduced trade barriers also impose austerity. I understand that ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
182 views

Do "neocons" and "neoliberals" have the same foreign policy views?

I've heard that Bush can be described as a "neocon" and Clinton as a "neolib." Given that the neocons originally came from the political left neoliberals are more concerned with ...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
69 views

How do the liberal side of international relations theorists model people’s well-being?

I’m only referring to the liberal side of international relations theory, not the realist side. In their formal theories (to the extent that they write mathematically formal theories), how do they ...
J Li's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Have any capitalist libertarians asked if the free market destroys itself (due to the efficiency of organised crime)?

I am aware of, though not read in, the most influential capitalist libertarian thinkers (Hayek, Friedman, Nozick, Rand, etc). As far as I understand it, their general point is that an unrestricted ...
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1 vote
1 answer
287 views

Why do US conservative groups have a more visible political impact compared with similar liberal/progressive groups?

In the United States, there are several groups with conservative views that may be considered to have a visible influence in their field (such as the Federalist Society for law, or the National Rifle ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
174 views

How many constitutions refer to the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

I'm curious how many countries cite the document in their own constitution, as I'm aware that some do (Senegal, for example). Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Sean_Kelly's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
178 views

Is it possible to be socialist, liberal, and conservative like this candidate to president of Perú claims? [closed]

Candidate to president of Perú Hernando de Soto claims to be "socialist, liberal and conservative". I can't find a possible definition of the 3 terms for them to coexist together. To me, ...
Pablo's user avatar
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30 votes
7 answers
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Is it a fundamental tenet of liberalism to allow the expression of illiberal ideals?

In recent years, the US has seen a rise in a priori rejection or "cancelling" of illiberal ideas on the left. In essence, these ideas are being rejected from mainstream liberal society ...
DerekG's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
264 views

Does liberalism support the idea of small government or it's just an interpretation of it?

In Latin America, liberalism is associated with the idea of free market, small government and less taxes. On the other side, I continuosly see in United States democratic party politicians being ...
Pablo's user avatar
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3 votes
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106 views

Does the introduction of elections and other democratic institutions contribute to social disruptions and chaos in a country with a weak state?

I am conducting a research on a historical period in Iran in which a short period of premature democratic rule by a government with low state capabilities led to social disruptions and chaos and ...
behnamzo's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
694 views

Is California more liberal than Vermont?

I was thinking about why California is more liberal, or at least more Democratic than Vermont. Here are a bunch of reasons that are strongly correlated with liberalism in the US. Demographic reasons: ...
Michael Mormon's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
1k views

To what extent is Marxism a liberal ideology?

It's been asserted in another answer here that: Marxism is, of course, part of the spectrum of Liberal ideologies, though it is often maligned as being something 'other.' Looking at the SEP page ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Evidence of Democratic-Republican Party Realignment Circa 1950?

What evidence is there of a Democratic-Republican party realignment during the 1950's in the US? Usually, references to the Southern strategy are made, but I haven't been able to find any peer review ...
Sarah Szabo's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why have the Liberal Democrats historically been strong in northern Scotland?

After the 2015 General Election, the Scottish Lib Dems retained only Orkney and Shetland in northern Scotland. They also tend to do well in Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. Why are these areas ...
Betterthan Kwora's user avatar
30 votes
9 answers
7k views

Is there an unambiguous name for the social/political theory "liberalism" without "leftist"?

Wikipedia defnes liberalism as follows: Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views ...
Athari's user avatar
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-7 votes
2 answers
396 views

In left leaning ideologies, how does the concept of cultural appropriation mesh with the concept of universal equality? [closed]

On the one hand, left leaning ideologies tell us that everyone on this planet is supposed to be completely equal, with no distinctions between people based on race, gender, sexual orientation, country ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
770 views

What is the neutral term for far left which is mainly preoccupied with identity issues?

While browsing the website, I've seen articles which were saying which terms are NOT considered as proper to describe such school of thought: Alt-left - regardless of contentious issue to what extend ...
Shadow1024's user avatar
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20 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do Russians [especially Russian Muslims] understand Putin's disapproval of 'multiculturalism'?

The BBC has reported that, at the G20 summit, Russia's president Vladimir Putin remarked that liberalism is obsolete. Which should be no surprise to anyone. The curious part of this criticism of ...
user avatar
29 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why is gun control associated with the socially liberal Democratic party?

In America, during the past few years (when I started to actually follow politics), gun control has been something that Republican politicians are almost all very strongly against, while it is ...
Stormblessed's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
198 views

What think tanks and newspapers that are associated with Macron's En Marche and pan-European Renaissance?

What think tanks are associated with Macron's En Marche and pan-European Renaissance? What newspapers (possibly French) are read by the voters/supporters of En Marche and Renaissance?
TomR's user avatar
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69 votes
26 answers
22k views

What reasons are there for a Capitalist to oppose a 100% inheritance tax?

As I understand it, most capitalists would argue that the reason the rich deserve their wealth is that they have worked for it, and the fact that they have managed to gain such wealth shows that they ...
CoedRhyfelwr's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
94 views

How did Roger Douglas convince the labour party to carry a liberal economic reform?

Roger Douglas the Minister of Finance of New Zealand from 1984-1988 made a huge liberal economic reform in his era (reducing the size of the state) it was so famous it was called "Rogernomics", but he ...
chuni's user avatar
  • 29
3 votes
1 answer
19k views

What's the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism?

Can someone explain to me the difference between Neorealism and Neoliberalism? What do these two theories have in common and what are their differences? It would be perfect to include a real life ...
nnp's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Difference between personal property and private property in left-libertarianism

I thought this would be more relevant here than at the English SO. I was reading on Wikipedia about libertarian socialism, which brought me to the article on left-libertarianism. Beginning at the ...
Zebrafish's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
5k views

What is ethical liberalism?

I have recently seen a conference organized by an ex-PM which discussed about the creation of a new political party. One of the speakers mentioned that the party will be centered around "ethical ...
Alexei's user avatar
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65 votes
13 answers
20k views

Why are Weapon Restriction Laws considered Liberal?

Why are Weapon Restriction Laws, such as Gun Control Laws, considered liberal, while a lack of restrictions is considered conservative? In most cases, it appears that laws and policies which grant ...
Southpaw Hare's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
582 views

Did the concept of liberalism become a "misnomer"? [closed]

I am very confused. The Wikipedia entry of liberalism states that this ideology is based on the concepts of liberty and equality. Yet, these are in many senses not fully compatible. Think of a tax on ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
805 views

Why is India branded as not a very liberal country? [closed]

Despite being a democracy for 70 odd years, India scores low in many social rankings. Some examples: India is 87th of 144 in the Global Gender Gap Report, below average. India is 98th of 133 in the ...
user avatar
12 votes
15 answers
7k views

Why is the modern left defending Islam(ism)?

This might sound like a loaded question, but it isn't. We see left and right that present day leftists (progressives, liberals, etc.) are jumping in to defend Islam(ism) from legitimate critiques as ...
amphibient's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why did mostly liberal California vote for the death penalty?

On Election Day 2016 in California: A proposition to legalize cannabis won A proposition to repeal the death penalty lost The rest of the propositions were mostly liberal, and most of them won; also ...
Neith's user avatar
  • 415
6 votes
1 answer
399 views

What are John Rawls core arguments in favor of liberalism?

John Rawls is probably one of the most important recent liberal political theorists, but it seems that few people understand what his arguments in favor of liberalism were. How would you describe ...
The Pompitous of Love's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is "liberal conservatism" a coherent political position?

In Switzerland a major right-wing political party calls itself defending "liberal conservative" views. From what I know so far, "conservatives" desires to maintain old traditions, traditional family ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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-3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why do so many liberals support dictatorships?

In the 1960's (and onward) there were plenty of liberals who supported the Soviet Union, Cuba, China, and other left-wing and not so left-wing dictatorships. Why? I understand that the US isn't ...
A ten foot pole's user avatar