Questions tagged [marxism]

Questions related to the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis of communism.

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5answers
542 views

Have any countries established socialist democracy specifically based on Marxism?

As far as I know, there are no countries calling themselves Communist that have stayed real democracies, even though Marx wrote that he wanted democracy in Communist society. However, there are quite ...
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Did Karl Marx ever use any example that involved cotton and dollars to illustrate the way capital and surplus value were generated?

I live in country with a communist ideology, and Marxism-Leninism courses are mandatory in college. As much as I appreciate some basics on dialectical materialism, I can't help but disdain the way ...
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1answer
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Is Chinese Communism with market economy based on any Marxist theory?

Does any Marxist theory allow market economy the way the Chinese have it? Did any Marxist author write anything on this happening in a socialist state? Can a plan economy transform after a while, ...
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1answer
89 views

Marxism had abolished philosophy. What did Engels mean? [closed]

I read somewhere that Engels has asserted that Marxism had abolished philosophy. What did he mean?
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1answer
6k views

Did Ernesto “Che” Guevara sent homosexuals to concentration camps?

I recently read this article on Huffington Post about Ernesto Che Guevara and was wondering how much it was true? The main source I've found comes from a Frenchman named Regis Debray who met Che ...
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3answers
322 views

In Marxism are prices decided centrally?

Are prices centrally decided in Marxism? If so are they based on labour value?
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2answers
564 views

Do people self-identify as “cultural Marxist”?

The term "cultural Marxist" has been used extensively in derogatory ways towards leftist political activists, thinkers and movement. Famously, the Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivig used the ...
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4answers
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Did Marx or some other marxist say something like war benefits the rich at the expense of the poor?

I may be misremembering, but I vaguely recall that somewhere in the marxist (or communist) ideology there was a claim like war (and I mean actual war, not class war) benefits the rich (maybe even in ...
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3answers
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What did Fidel Castro mean by “A revolution is a dictatorship of the exploited against the exploiters.”?

"A revolution is a dictatorship of the exploited against the exploiters." said by Fidel Castro. Fidel Castro is a Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist ...
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4answers
2k views

Is the economics theory of Karl Marx regarding technological progress realistic to the end?

Marx claimed that the introduction of more and more advanced machinery would lead to unemployment of workers, which decreases the ability of the society to buy things, which is a vicious cycle. ...
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3answers
551 views

Did Karl Marx support taking over the means of production by using force or violence?

If the workers want to have means of production (land or factories) they can: Put money together and buy/build them, step by step. That's how the Amish or the Mennonites are building and growing ...
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Is Fascism ideologically descended from communism?

Georges Sorel was a Marxist, who later developed Sorelianism, which later became Fascism. To quote Benito Mussolini himself: I owe most to Georges Sorel. This master of syndicalism by his rough ...
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1answer
288 views

Why is a sympathizer of a party the party itself

In German Federal elections (my country) there is a radical left-wing party called MLPD (Marxists Leninists Party of Germany). They choose to not stand for election alone, they have joined a league of ...
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For what stated reasons (not opinion) is classical communism antagonistic towards the bourgeoisie more than the aristocracy?

I am not extremely familiar with the intricacies of Marxist ideology but many of these articles seem to suggest that classical Communist ideology perceives the bourgeoisie as the 'real enemy of the ...
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1answer
167 views

Difference between corporatism and craft unionism

In an essay I came across two political concepts that I'm incapable of distinguishing. What is difference between corporatism and craft unionism? I have read somewhere that the idea of corporatism ...
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0answers
277 views

What is the difference between Marxism and Leninism? [duplicate]

I am really intrigued by the idea of communism, especially Marxism and Leninism. But I am struggling to find the differences between these two communist ideologies. Both of them seem to try to ...
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1answer
2k views

Lumpenproletariat In Marxist Theory?

I am having a lot of trouble visualizing Karl Marx's socio-economic class Lumpenproletariat. Marx gives these examples: Alongside decayed roués with dubious means of subsistence and of dubious ...
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1answer
10k views

What do the terms 'Human Emancipation' and 'Political Emancipation' mean?

What do the terms 'Human Emancipation' and 'Political Emancipation' mean? And which one of these are promoted by capitalism?
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1answer
521 views

Where does the phrase “reason in revolt” originate from?

The phrase "reason in revolt" is commonly used in Marxist/Socialist literature, but I can't figure out where it came from. Who first said it or used it in writing?
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What exactly differentiates Juche ideology?

Wikipedia defines Juche as such: Juche, usually translated as "self-reliance", is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the regime as Kim Il-sung's "original, brilliant and ...
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2answers
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What did Marx and Engels mean by “Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.”?

In the communist manifesto what did Marx and Engels mean by "Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes"?
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2answers
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What social class would Marx consider himself a member of?

Marx considers various social classes in The Manifesto of the Communist Party, among them: the bourgeoisie, the proletariat, the middle class, and the 'dangerous' classes of social scum. Marx was in a ...
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What is the basic difference between Marxism, Socialism and Communism? [duplicate]

Along with the heading, it would be much appreciated if you paste useful links that go in depth of the differences. For this forums scope, I only need to hear the basic difference between these three ...
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1answer
193 views

Are there analysis of capitalist development as a dialectical process (i.e. not dialectical materialism)?

It is customary to point that one does not escape Hegel’s dialectic easily: opposition (or trying to negate) dialectic would still amount to be playing its game, since negation is a necessary step to ...
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Have any Marxists won the Nobel Prize in the last 50 years?

Have any avowed Marxists recently won the Nobel Prize, or any other significant economic recognition award?
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1answer
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Elitist and Marxist theories on the distribution of power

What are the main differences and similarities between the marxist and elitist theories on the distribution of power in Liberal democracies?
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What are the main differences between different types of Marxism?

Socialism, Communism, Marxism, Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, etc are different political idioms with some similarities in ideology. But my question is about their differences: Question: What are the ...
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3answers
350 views

Is there a practical way to implement wealth redistribution that isn't currently implemented?

A common goal of Marxist and other socialists is to redistribute wealth from the rich to the poor. Is there a practical way to accomplish this that isn't already being done? We already have an estate ...
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How would a Marxist classify an entrepreneur that starts their own company?

This would probably apply equally to all software engineers that formed their own company, whether it is Mark Zuckerburg, Noland Bushnell, or David Crane. These entrepreneurs started their companies ...
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What is the origin of “from each according to his ability” formula and why is it considered Marxist/Socialist?

Should anyone here have some sources or reputable background history to the below quotation, would you please consider making it available here? [...] from each according to his ability, to each ...
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1answer
254 views

Is democratic centralism limited to Leninism?

Wikipedia describes democratic centralism as follows: The democratic aspect of this organizational method describes the freedom of members of the political party to discuss and debate matters of ...
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Why did Marx believe that mass industrialisation was a prerequisite for the proletarian revolution?

Apparently, Marx believed that mass industrialisation was a prerequisite for the proletarian revolution. Why did he believe this?
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Do/did non-dictatorial Communist societies exist?

I've often heard the following two points of view: Communism is a failed philosophy, and it has always failed (e.g. USSR, China, Cuba etc...). Therefore it's simply wrong. Communism has never been ...
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Are there any major parties identifying themselves with Rosa Luxemburg's ideas?

It's difficult for me to understand why I'm not hearing about any Luxemburgist parties. The ideas of Rosa Luxemburg seem not to have been refuted like some other branches of communist theory have in ...