Questions tagged [measurement]

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8 votes
4 answers
3k views

How can one check whether tax money is being effectively used by the government for improving a nation?

Often people are critical of what they consider to be excessive taxation. Are there any measures to actually check if they are excessive? What are indicators to check as to whether government is ...
4 votes
1 answer
139 views

Efficiency gap threshold when there are more than two candidates

I've been working on extending Stephanopoulos-McGhee's definition of the efficiency gap using the method outlined in following Stack Exchange post. It seems that extending the definition of wasted ...
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4 votes
0 answers
86 views

How do these different methods of measuring the closeness of an election compare to each other?

Suppose we have an election held over multiple districts (e.g., a first-past-the-post legislative election, or a US-presidential style electoral college). There are several ways you could measure how ...
  • 141
3 votes
1 answer
462 views

Democracy Index rating of EU?

Would it be difficult to measure the EU by the Democracy Index, seeing as the EU has a parliament, elections, laws, a currency, a supreme court and a central bank? What challenges are there for the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
409 views

What criteria do historians use in ranking best and worst UK prime ministers?

Wikipedia has rankings of UK PMs and US Presidents that give the contenders various kinds of ordinal rankings. Are there any rigorous theoretical frameworks that might underlie current and potential ...
  • 144
5 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the Rice Index? How does it measure party unity?

I've read that a so-called Rice index is used in political science to measure party unity. There's no Wikipedia page on this notion. How exactly is it defined? (Yes, I have jstor access and I can ...
  • 118k
10 votes
2 answers
719 views

By what measures can the political power of an organization be estimated?

I asked this question earlier: Which is more dangerous to US democracy: Far-left or far-right ideologies? and after thinking about the comments received, I realized that I should start with some ...
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6 votes
2 answers
583 views

Understanding gerrymandering in the Maryland example?

I was reading an article in the NY Times explaining the math behind gerrymandering. They used the Maryland 6th District as an example, that had 26k wasted votes and all 133k republican wasted votes. ...
6 votes
3 answers
672 views

Why is the efficiency gap (to measure Gerrymandering) higher when the voter repartition is perfectly uniform?

The efficiency gap, as explained in Stephanopoulos and McGhee (2015), measures Gerrymandering using the notion of wasted votes (see a quick overview at How the Efficiency Gap Works (PDF)). This ...
4 votes
1 answer
840 views

Formula for efficiency gap calculation when there are more than two candidates

I've been having trouble finding an authoritative definition of the efficiency gap when more than 2 parties are involved. Ballotopedia points to an article by Nicholas Stephanopoulos and Eric McGhee, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
363 views

Is the Census underreported, and are there corrections?

I am aware that the census is not an exact population measurement as it is a survey. However, I have been unable to find any information about the estimate of how under reported the census is ...
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2 votes
3 answers
312 views

In two-round system, how common is that the two remaining candidates have more votes than all candidates (including both of them) on first round?

As this answer exemplifies, in the Brazilian 2014 Presidential Election, the sum of the votes of the remaining two candidates in the second round (~105.5 million) exceeds the sum of their's plus the ...
  • 556
10 votes
3 answers
9k views

Has the way Unemployment is measured changed in the last 8 years?

Unemployment has been around 5%. I have a conservative friend who keeps claiming that this is untrue, and that the current administration is changing how unemployment is surveyed or calculated for ...
3 votes
0 answers
73 views

Have countries or electorates that have switched to proportional representation experienced less factional in-fighting?

In theory I would imagine proportional representation would reduce backroom factional in-fighting by both bringing disputes into the light of day (the voting booth) and allowing major factions to be ...
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

How does DW-Nominate determine whether a specific member of Congress or vote is liberal or conservative?

The statistical methodology DW-Nominate is frequently seen as a more objective way of determining how liberal or conservative politicians are based on their voting record. Here's a few of many ...
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3 votes
1 answer
147 views

Do DWNominate scores take into account that not all votes are created equal?

Do DWNominate scores take into account that not all votes are created equal? Two issues come to mind immediately: Some votes are so uncontroversial that almost nobody votes against (naming a Post ...
  • 90.2k
7 votes
1 answer
102 views

Did they measure the response difference between ways to contact congresspeople?

Conventional wisdom says that it's better to snail-mail (send a paper letter) a congressperson, since paper mail is given "more weight" than email. I would like to know if someone actually did a ...
  • 201
0 votes
1 answer
710 views

Why the USA forces imperial system of measurement on other countries?

In recent years I noticed that the USA system of measure in inches, miles and feet got more widespread worldwide. Many standards of computer storage and periphery (monitors, printers) measure length ...
  • 9,683
3 votes
1 answer
463 views

What socio-economic measurement system may become an alternative to the economic growth percentage?

I live in Israel where the government constantly brags about a high economic growth percentage, while many claim that this datum isn't sufficient for describing the true nature of the socio-economic ...
  • 445
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

What methodologies of measuring the power of the state are researched today?

What methodologies are used today to measure the power of the state in an objective way? Most of the classifications are based on either intuition (publicist one) or take into account only one or few ...