Questions tagged [middle-east]

Questions related to politics of the Middle East and/or any of the territories within it (use the relevant tag of the Country alongside this).

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3answers
494 views

Have any Western governments officially conceded that becoming involved in the Arab Spring was a mistake?

The Arab Spring has in hindsight been a complete disaster for the region. Syria is in a massive civil war. Libya effectively split apart into several state. Egypt is experiencing constant turmoil. And ...
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4answers
379 views

Which Arab countries have explicitly stated they support Trump's peace plan for the Israel-Palestine issue?

In a BBC interview Palestinian PM Shtayyeh said that the presence of Arab countries' ambassadors when Trump announced his peace plan doesn't necessarily mean those countries endorse Trump's plan. So [...
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27 views

Iranian telecommunication minister Nov. 2018 claim of an Israel cyber-attack

On November 2018, Iranian telecommunication minister Mohammad-Javad Azari Jahromi accused Israel of a failed cyberattack on its telecommunications infrastructure using "a new generation of [the] ...
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4answers
287 views

How did Wahhabism come into power as an influential movement in Islam?

Why does it have so many followers, and how does it contrast with other versions of Islam? How has it influenced the politics of Islamic (and non-Islamic) nations?
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2answers
202 views

How are VPNs such a big industry in Iran despite internet censorship by the authoritarian government?

I have read about how VPNs are a big industry in Iran with the Iran Communication State mentioning it as a lucrative industry. However, the state is also big on internet censorship and it seems ...
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1answer
52 views

Did the Bahraini uprising of 2011 accomplish anything?

The Bahraini uprising that occurred back in 2011 was considered a failure by various people especially since this act of civil disobedience didn't lead to democracy or the abdication of King Hamad, a ...
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2answers
145 views

Does Iran have religious protections for members of the Zoroastrianism faith?

I know Iran is majority Muslim and that some of the other faiths that can be found in Iran like the Bahai Faith have been persecuted throughout its existence. I have also learned that Zoroastrianism ...
3
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2answers
268 views

How much of a threat is Al Qaeda in the 2020s?

I have been reading about al Qaeda and how support, even among extremists, for the terrorist group is waning and how they are losing recruits because they are failing to appeal to a younger generation ...
2
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1answer
107 views

What role does the ideology Khomeinism play in modern day Iran?

I know that Khomeinism is the founding ideology of the Islamic Republic of Iran based on the political ideology of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. What I want to know is how much influence does ...
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1answer
221 views

Does Soleimani official assassination create a precedent of foreign officials assassination? [closed]

Short situation description in diplomatic terms: Qassem Soleimani was in Iraq on an official visit, by invitation from Iraq's government he was an official Iranian representative US confirmed ...
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104 views

How much of a negative impact do bonyads have on Iran's economy?

Bonyads are charitable trusts that control about 20% of Iran's GDP and have been criticized for being "a major weakness of Iran's economy" and providing inadequate charity to the poor(Mackey, Sandra ...
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0answers
57 views

How does social security in Iran work and how good are the services it provides? [closed]

I read that Iran provides every citizen with social security covering unemployment, old age, disability, accidents, calamities, health and medical treatment and care services that is required by the ...
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1answer
108 views

How well has Iran's nanotechnology industry developed and how much is it used for political goals? [closed]

I read that Iran has companies in the nanotechnology industry and has developed some degree of private industry around nanotech. How well has the nanotech industry of Iran developed and how much is it ...
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0answers
27 views

Does Iran have any direct ties to the Iranian Cyber Army?

I know that the Iranian Cyber Army has pledged loyalty to the leadership of Iran, but an article from 2011 says there is no official connection between this group and Iranian officials who don't fully ...
2
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1answer
116 views

What are the cyber warfare capabilities of Iran's Revolutionary Guard?

In 2013, officials in Israeli claimed that the Revolutionary Guard of Iran was the fourth biggest cyber power when it came to cyber warfare. What are the cyber-warfare capabilities of the Islamic ...
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0answers
35 views

How much influence does Saudi Arabia have over Nigeria?

I read this article that says that Saudi Arabia has some influence over Nigeria to the point where Nigeria may be on their side in the current Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict. How much political and ...
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0answers
38 views

Has Iran taken any actions to protect its endangered wildlife?

I have read how at least 74 species of Iranian wildlife are on the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature showing that they are in serious danger. The Union also says Iran is ...
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1answer
172 views

Does Iran or Saudi Arabia have more regional influence in the Middle East?

I have read about the Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict and I would like to know who has more regional influence in the Middle East in terms of political and cultural influence, Iran or Saudi Arabia?
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1answer
2k views

Is Iran missile strike the first unanswered strike to the US after Cuban crisis?

As everyone already heard, recently Iran launched a missile strike on US military bases in Iraq. US didn't answer with anything but tweets. Is it the first time after Cuban Missile Crisis, when armed ...
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0answers
178 views

Iranian retaliation and UA plane crash: What has been the predominant reaction of the Iranians? [closed]

What do the Iranian people mostly think about the recent Ukrainian plane crash in Tehran? Do they believe in the Iranian interpretation of a technical error or do they believe the Western states ...
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6answers
14k views

Why do Muslim refugees seek asylum in Europe and not in rich countries in the Middle East?

There are several rich "Muslim" states in Middle East: Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Bahrain and so on. It seems that none of them want to receive Syrian, Iraqi, North African and other Muslim refugees. ...
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1answer
240 views

Is the US securing oil fields illegal under the International Law?

Recently, Trump claims something about controlling and securing oil fields in the north-east Syria. Is it illegal by the International Law? I don't remember UN resolution about allowing such an ...
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4answers
7k views

Why are there never-ending wars in the Middle East?

War seems to be a normal daily routine in the Middle East, the war in Iraq, Syria... Why are these countries not normal? Or is it due to external powers keeping those countries at constant wars in ...
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2answers
360 views

Are Saudi Arabia's air defences actually working? [closed]

Saudi Arabia has one of the biggest military budgets in the world. State purchased huge amount of western weapon systems, including the most advanced of them - US Patriot systems. It is even ...
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1answer
239 views

Does Saudi Arabia support Baathist resistance in Iraq?

Does Saudi Arabia support Baathist resistance in Iraq, currently led by Ad-Douri? Do they want to install a similar regime as in Egypt to counter the Qatari influence?
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1answer
337 views

Why is Oman interested in diplomatic relationship with Israel and vice versa?

Netanyahu visited Oman on the invitation of Sultan Qaboos bin Syed. Looks like Oman would be the 1st country in GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) to establish diplomatic relations with Israel. What ...
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1answer
210 views

Why are there so few democratic governments in the Middle East? [closed]

In the Middle East (let’s define it here as the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Turkey, and Iran), there are very few democracies. According to the Democracy Index from 2018, only one country in this area, ...
5
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1answer
334 views

Which countries are friends/allies in Middle East?

In the latest news about the murder of a journalist it was hinted that Turkey and Saudi Arabia are not friends. I knew Saudi Arabia and Iran are not friends either, nor are Turkey and Iran, or Iran ...
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1answer
396 views

What has been the result (so far) of the new US sanctions on Iran?

About 14 months ago, President Trump reimposed sanctions on Iran. As I remember, one of goals of the sanctions was to reduce Iran's influence in the Middle East by reducing its financial resources. ...
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4answers
827 views

How does the US justify its drone attacks? [closed]

How does the US justify ethically and legally its drone attacks in the Greater Middle East ( especially in countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan)? For instance killing their own citizens in some of ...
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5answers
1k views

Why do so few Arab countries have nuclear energy power plants?

According to Wikipedia there are no Arab countries that have a functioning nuclear energy program. (Indeed, Pakistan and Iran are the only Muslim countries to do so, and neither of these are Arab.) ...
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4answers
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Why is redrawing the artificial borders not a viable solution to conflicted states?

Multiple states in Middle East and Africa seem to be stuck in violent conflicts that seem to be reoccurring and nearly inevitable because of the unstable internal power balance of various ethnic or ...
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7answers
13k views

Why does the U.S military use mercenaries?

With a defense budget now totaling ~686-billion dollars a year – which is about the size of the next 8 largest defense budgets combined (figure) – why does the U.S military see the need to ...
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2answers
254 views

Is the PKK [still] a terrorist group?

I am wondering if the designation of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) as a terrorist group might be outdated. Are there any instances of the PKK targeting civilians during the insurgency of 2015-...
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2answers
396 views

Is Arab Nationalism relevant today?

What is the contemporary relevance of Pan-Arabism? Or is it merely a relic of the past? Do any political parties or leaders in the Arab world profess this notion or has it evaporated since the '67 ...
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3answers
962 views

Why do we call the Syrian refugees refugees?

According to the legal definition of being a refugee, a refugee is someone who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular ...
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3answers
422 views

What are the potential benefits of a successfully implemented Islamic State? [closed]

Hypothetically, what positive aspects could come out of the next 50 years of Middle Eastern-US policy if ISIS is successfully able to create and defend territory between Iraq and Syria?
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4answers
4k views

When did modern Middle-Eastern terrorism start?

Terrorism, specifically coming from the Middle East, has been an epidemic. It has spread across the globe, to the US, France, UK, Somalia, Yemen, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Germany and even to parts of ...
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3answers
1k views

Why is Iran determined by U.S. as the biggest state sponsor of terror in the world today?

This is the official stance of the Trump administration. Was it also the position of the Obama administration and Bush administration? What is this based on? I know that America considers Hezbollah ...
6
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4answers
723 views

Why would US NOT sanction Saudi Arabia over Khashoggi's possible killing?

We have a question about motivating western countries to start sanctions against Saudi Arabia. It is rather simple question - murdering and torture in embassy are hard things to explain And what is ...
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1answer
233 views

What did we learn about Trump's strategy to achieve peace in the Middle East after his May 2017 visit to Israel and Palestine? [closed]

Trump famously declared that he is the one to bring peace to the Middle East region. He recently visited Israel and Palestine, meeting with Netanjahu and Abbas. Did he mention the peace process ...
3
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1answer
383 views

Can the US Congress prevent a military action against Iran?

I'd like to know if Trump decides to carry out a military action against Iran, can it be prevented by the Congress? In other words, I want to know which steps are needed to declare war (approval by ...
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1answer
265 views

What options does the US have in response to the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi?

The explanation by the Saudi's have been ever changing. First it was a flat denial of his death, now they've acknowledged it once video evidence was presented the the Turkish media. Saudi Arabia ...
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2answers
390 views

Yemen - why isn't the West distancing itself from the blockade?

This question really isn't about the airstrikes and civilian casualties. Nor it is about the arms sales to Saudi Arabia. These are real concerns, but similar to those found in many other conflicts. ...
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1answer
184 views

Have some of Russian troops withdrawn from Syria since Putin's announcement in december 2017?

On 11 december 2017, Vladimir Putin announced that Russian army would partially withdraw from Syria. "In two years, the Russian armed forces, together with the Syrian army, have defeated the most ...
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2answers
638 views

Is the American government threatening Iran with war?

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy is an American think tank who is researching some programs all based on the middle east. This think tank has some former government officers including R....
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3answers
393 views

What has been Russia's response to the US strikes on Syria?

Russia warned of consequences for the strikes against Syria, and it seems they have made warnings prior to the strikes. Has there been a response or a mobilization of their military that might ...
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6answers
2k views

Why is nobody worried about Pakistan's nuclear program?

I'm asking about what seems to me to be a double standard in the level of concern, in the media and among world leaders, regarding the nuclear capability of two states in the Greater Middle East. The ...
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1answer
380 views

Syria: Why Is There A Civil War There? [closed]

Wikipedia characterizes the current war in Syria as a civil war: The Syrian Civil War (Arabic: الحرب الأهلية السورية‎, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do the Palestinian refugees have special status among the refugees?

The UN body dedicated to protect and help the refugees all around the world is the UNHCR - except for the Palestinian refugees who are the sole group to have their own, specially dedicated UN body: ...