Questions tagged [northern-ireland]

Questions related to government or politics of Northern Ireland, a country within the United Kingdom situated on the island of Ireland. Use with the [united-kingdom] tag as needed

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13
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3answers
2k views

When Sir Jeffrey Donaldson campaigned to leave the EU, how exactly did he think the matter of the border would be resolved?

Donaldson complains bitterly that the Unionists in Northern Ireland have been let down by the Johnson government. That may well be the case - and it undoubtedly appears that there has been double ...
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Why doesn't UK consider Ireland a foreign country for the purpose of British law?

Why doesn't UK consider Ireland a foreign country for the purpose of British law? What is the philosophy behind it? If we examine the history, it can be pointed out that more than half people in ...
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1answer
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What is the opinion of Irish nationalists on COVID-related border checks?

In Why is having border controls in Ireland so problematic for Irish nationalists? and What is the evidence that customs checks in Northern Ireland are going to result in violence? it was explained ...
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202 views

Why does the UK want to remove medicines from the scope of the Northern Ireland protocol?

I've read on the BBC that the UK is seeking to renegotiate the NI protocol with the EU (which is part of the Brexit deal). I can understand why the UK sees some of the provisions as burdensome, but I'...
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1answer
168 views

In what specific way has the the EU "turned [its] rules upside down and inside out" on medicines in Northern Ireland?

In response to UK government accusations that the EU has been inflexible on medicines under the Northern Ireland protocol (see e.g. Boris Johnson's charge on 30 cancer drugs) the EU ambassador to the ...
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1answer
374 views

What is going on with the DUP party "purge"?

A lot of this doesn't get covered in the US so it's been hard to follow. Apparently the Democratic Unionist Party of Northern Ireland is... imploding? The interventions follows the resignation of ...
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5answers
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What is the evidence that customs checks in Northern Ireland are going to result in violence?

UPDATE: I reformulated my question to stress that my focus is on the influence of customs checks, not on the violence in Northern Ireland in general. My impression is that the EU and most British ...
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2answers
305 views

Could UK SMEs set up centers in Northern Ireland to maintain full access to both the EU and the rest of the UK?

Under the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement and Future Relationship, Northern Ireland is in a very advantageous position where it has full access to the EU for goods, and can also send goods to (but not ...
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5answers
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Why are left-wing unionism or right-wing Irish nationalism unsuccessful in Northern Ireland?

In the United Kingdom general election 2017 in Northern Ireland, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and Sinn Féin won all but one Northern Irish constituencies between them. The DUP is unionist and ...
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Why can't Northern Ireland just have a stay/leave referendum?

In following the ongoing Brexit drama, I notice that the Northern Ireland border represents an important sticking point. In particular, both sides agree that there must not be a hard border. Not being ...
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Explain for kids — Why isn't Northern Ireland demanding a stay/leave referendum like Scotland?

https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/34470 is too abstruse — the history and religion conflicts are too complicated. I'm seeking answers written for a 10 y.o. Every week, I see a new article on the ...
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3answers
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Are Northern Ireland Unionists allied to England&Wales or Scotland?

Hypothetically, the United Kingdom has decided to separate, Czechoslovakia style, into England-and-Wales and Scotland. The UK ceases to exist with the two new countries as equal successor nations. In ...
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Are there any polls on the acceptance of the "Irish Sea border" in the UK?

I'm venturing a guess that a symbol that may constitute a rallying cry for hardcore Brexiteers is going to be the "Irish Sea border" which is already making its (still subdued) appearance as ...
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5answers
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Have issues surrounding the Northern Ireland border been resolved?

The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland was one of the thorny issues that plagued the initial stages of Brexit negotiations. During Prime Minister Theresa May's tenure, the ...
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2answers
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IRA's approach to Brexit

It is commonly known that nowadays IRA (Irish Republican Army) doesn't pose a big threat for British Government and ceased all hostilities after Good Friday Agreement. What is the IRA official ...
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8answers
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Can Northern Ireland's border issue be solved by repartition?

In following the ongoing Brexit drama, it seems everything is resolved except the question of the Northern Irish border, which is very difficult indeed to solve. Idea: draw a new border that splits ...
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6answers
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Why is the UK blaming the EU and what does the UK want?

I believe I know the Brexit issue pretty well. However, I haven't been closely following it since Boris became PM (but still followed it somewhat). What I don't understand is this: [...] what we can'...
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1answer
183 views

What's the problem with the Internal Market Bill's article 42?

The IMB's article 42 (pg 38) states (emphasis mine): 42 Power to disapply or modify export declarations and other exit procedures (1) A Minister of the Crown may by regulations make provision about ...
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1answer
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Brexit: In what specific ways is the UK government planning to break international law (previous agreements)?

I've read this BBC news story in full, but I'm still confused what the UK government is planning to do. It seems it concerns the Northern Ireland Protocol, but the specifics are unclear: No 10 ...
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1answer
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If Northern Ireland joins the Republic of Ireland to become a United Ireland, will the Common Travel Area be abolished? [closed]

If Northern Ireland joins the Republic of Ireland to become a United Ireland, will the Common Travel Area be abolished? CTA, in part, exists because of the fear of a hard border between UK and Ireland....
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5answers
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Could the UK "hold Ireland hostage" by leveraging the GFA to require an open NI border after a no-deal Brexit?

Consider the following sequence of events: In March, the UK fails to reach an agreement with the EU and exits with no deal. The UK leaves the British side of the Irish border open, to comply with the ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between Unionists and Loyalists in Northern Ireland?

As I understand it, both groups advocate for the United Kingdom's retention of the six Ulster counties. What I'm struggling to determine, however, is the difference between these two groups/ideologies....
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Why is a "hard border" between Ireland and Northern Ireland such a problem for EU/UK negotiations around brexit?

I have read a lot about this and the answer to my question seems to be that one is afraid that a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland will lead to a restart of "The Troubles" and violence ...
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1answer
167 views

Was the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement called "confirmatory" at the time?

In the context of a 2nd Brexit referendum discussion Peter Kyle Labour, Hove Last week, 268 Members voted for the principle of a confirmatory ballot—the largest number of votes for any alternative ...
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Why does Brexit threaten the Good Friday Agreement from 1998?

Since the British referendum to leave the EU I often hear that Brexit threatens the Good Friday Agreement. As far as I know the Good Friday Agreement pretty much ended violent conflict in Northern ...
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Is it possible for the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland to form a Government if they win a majority?

The last election in the Northern Ireland produced a vote share, for the Alliance Party, of double what they got in the last election (16.8% from 7.9%). Reality may not permit a party gaining a ...
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3answers
278 views

Are there any legislature that has a seat-switch system similar to the NI Assembly?

The Northern Ireland Assembly has a "seat-switch system" (co-option) that allows for MLAs to be replaced without holding by-elections. As the BBC explains: Co-option is the only option when ...
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1answer
187 views

If a referendum on Northern Ireland joining the Republic of Ireland is narrowly defeated, what is the trigger for another referendum?

From Wikipedia's Good Friday Agreement article: The agreement reached was that Northern Ireland was part of the United Kingdom, and would remain so until a majority of the people both of Northern ...
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How does the SDLP differ from Sinn Féin in terms of nationalism?

Both parties are described as (Irish) nationalist by Wikipedia. After losing all Westminster seats in 2017, the SDLP made a comeback this December, gaining back two seats. Speaking of seats, unlike ...
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What, if anything, are the consequences of nationalist parties winning a majority of constituencies in Northern Ireland?

At the same time that the Conservative party won a landslide majority in the UK Parliament, nationalist parties in Scotland and Northern Ireland also posted significant gains. Before the 2019 ...
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1answer
247 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
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1answer
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Does the consent process for the Revised Irish Protocol breach the Belfast Agreement?

The Belfast Agreement specifies that key decisions require cross-community support, and it specifies what this means. In the Revised Irish Protocol, staying in the protocol arrangement requires a ...
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What was Jeremy Corbyn’s involvement in the Northern Ireland peace process?

I’ve heard mixed reports as to his involvement; some reports describe him as a broker of peace whose efforts brought an early end to the Troubles, while others describe him as a terrorist sympathizer ...
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1answer
186 views

In the Revised Irish Protocol, what would the nature of the Irish Sea border be?

In the Revised Irish Protocol, a customs and regulatory border would be erected between Great Britain and Northern Ireland if Great Britain wished to diverge in tariffs and/or goods regulations from ...
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3answers
445 views

Why does the Remain Alliance not contest all Northern Ireland seats?

With its abstentionist policy, Sinn Féin cannot be counted as a remain party for the purpose of the election. Sinn Féin will effectively abstain in any voting on Brexit, while a remainer MP could vote ...
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1answer
238 views

The Belfast/Good Friday Agreement and the revised Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol

The revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland means Northern Ireland will stay in European Union Single Market regulatory alignment for goods, for a minimum of six years (four before the first ...
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1answer
193 views

In the revised Irish Protocol when would the first Northern Irish consent vote occur?

In Article 18 of the revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (an annex to the Withdrawal Agreement), the Northern Irish Assembly is given the ability to consent or deny consent for the ...
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1answer
374 views

Has Boris Johnson's government explained why its latest Brexit proposal does not include a referendum for Northern Ireland leaving the single market?

The "final offer" that Boris Johnson has made to the EU includes a provision that the single-market (for goods) arrangement for Northern Ireland needs to be explicitly approved and then extended by ...
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Why would an elected (absentionist) Sinn Féin MP resign from the House of Commons?

I came across the List of by-elections in the UK and noticed that there was a by-election in West Tyrone in 2018. Nothing unusual about that except that the seat was won by Sinn Féin in the 2017 ...
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3answers
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Why did the EU agree with a Stormont vote when the Assembly might not even meet?

The breaking news seems to be that Boris Johnson has struck a new deal with the EU. But the DUP is not on board. One interesting aspect is that Northern Ireland representatives will be able to decide ...
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6answers
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Why is the UK so keen to remove the "backstop" when their leadership seems to think that no border will be needed in Northern Ireland?

The "backstop" is a part of the Brexit agreement that EU negotiated with British Prime Minister May. It is a fallback option to be enforced only if no solution is found for the border issue between ...
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1answer
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What would the EU’s position be with respect to a United Ireland?

During the Scottish referendum of 2013, it was made clear that the United Kingdom is a member of the European Union and any part of the UK seceding from it would be treated as a 3rd country, and would ...
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Would it be plausible to solve the Irish Border issue by unifying Ireland?

The Irish border seems to be the biggest obstacle to establishing an agreement on Brexit and we've seen considerable talk about hard and soft borders. There are two potential solutions that I have NOT ...
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3answers
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What explanation do proponents of a Scotland-NI bridge give for it breaking Brexit impasse?

According to Channel 4: The DUP, the party supporting the Conservatives in Parliament, believes a bridge [between Scotland and Northern Ireland] could break the Brexit impasse by removing the need ...
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2answers
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What treaties or (written) agreements would a hard border in Ireland breach, post-Brexit?

Would the hard border that would come up in a "no deal" Brexit (between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) be violating any binding agreements that the UK has signed? (And the same goes for ...
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Would the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland be interested in reuniting?

One of the major issues which the EU and UK will face in case of a no-deal Brexit is the question of the border between the Republic of Ireland (country in the EU) and Northern Ireland (part of the UK)...
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1answer
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Brexit and backstop: would changes require unanimous approval by all EU countries? Does Ireland hold a veto?

A number of EU rules need to be agreed to unanimously: new members, treaties, taxation, IIRC. Ireland (the Republic, not NI) has repeatedly stated its concerns with the re-introduction of a hard ...
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What is the improvement of the "legally binding commitment" proposed by Boris Johnson over the existing "backstop"?

As explained in this article in The Guardian, Boris Johnson has written to the EU suggesting the backstop could be replaced by some form of commitment to prevent a hard Irish border in his ...
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Open Irish border and WTO's most favoured nation principle

In a recent question on Brexit, Kevin suggested the following solution allowing the UK to be out of the EU customs union while keeping the UK-Ireland border to a minimum: One could imagine Ireland ...
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3answers
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How is the excise border managed in Ireland?

There is a tax border between Northern Ireland and Ireland for excise. By "tax border" I mean a border across which tax is due. Although there has been a harmonisation effort within the EU for ...