Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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7 votes
2 answers
378 views

Can a member of the royal family stand in parliamentary elections?

In monarchies where the monarch has limited power, with the government being mostly democratically elected, can a member of the royal family stand in elections to become a Member of Parliament and ...
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1 answer
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How are the members of the Indian upper house elected?

How are the Indian parliament's upper house members, Raya Sabha, elected or selected? Are they elected by the direct vote of people? Or are they elected by the vote of lower house members? Or are they ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does it have to be 50-50 in Germany's Bundestag [duplicate]

In Germany's Bundestag, 299 seats are for proportional representation and the other 299 are for regional representation in a first-past-the-post system. Is it just a coincidence that the seats are ...
8 votes
2 answers
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Does anything prevent a no-confidence vote in the UK Government at this time?

The latest UK Prime Minister is currently in quite a bad spot. The universally panned mini-budget has inflicted so much chaos the BoE has had to step in, and the Chancellor has been sacked a little ...
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9 votes
5 answers
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Countries with a very plural congress/parliament

As Brazil heads toward it's runoff, one striking feature is that it's very multiparty. No party has more than 13/81 and 77/513 senate and house seats, respectively (about 15%). Are there any countries ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Is the Mini-Budget subject to a vote in parliament and if so, when?

The speed of the news cycle and market reactions make it seem that Mini-Budget is something that has already happened, but my understanding is that this should still be subject to a vote in parliament....
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11 votes
4 answers
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What political power does former prime minister Boris Johnson wield?

Ignorant American here - I apologize if this has an obvious answer. Boris Johnson is no longer prime minister, but he will retain his seat (AFAIK) in the House of Commons. Some polls indicate that he ...
5 votes
1 answer
135 views

What happened to most of Five Star Movement (M5S) deputies since the 2018 election?

If I'm not mistaken, the Five Star Movement (M5S) won 227 seats in lower house in the 2018 election. But they only have 100 now. I see that 53 deputies split to De Maio's new party/group (Together for ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Are monarchies like Kuwait authoritarian, autocratic, constitutional monarchies, or mixed political systems?

I am trying to find a clear conceptual difference in terms of how different monarchies are defined or classified. For example, let's consider three countries with monarchies: Kuwait, UAE, and Norway. ...
3 votes
1 answer
137 views

Is it possible to have cabinet collective responsibility while allowing parliament to remove individual ministers?

In my understanding, the principle of cabinet collective responsibility seems to dictate that the cabinet not only has to make joint decisions (if ministers disagree with current policy they must ...
1 vote
0 answers
171 views

Why does the UK Parliament allow its members to also be in the Irish Parliament?

The House of Commons disallows its MPs to also be members of foreign legislatures except for Commonwealth countries and, since 2000, Ireland. Why is Ireland a special case here? The House of Commons ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can the Swedish government dissolve the parliament while serving as caretaker government?

I was reading about the 2018-2019 Swedish government crisis and something caught my interest. The short story is that after the 2018 general election, the Swedish parliament took almsot 4 months to ...
4 votes
1 answer
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In parliamentary democracies, what are the pros and cons of giving the government the power to dissolve parliament?

In parliamentary democracies, there is usually a constitutional mechanism for parliament to be dissolved when it encounters deadlock. The dissolution would trigger a new election with the aim to ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Is it possible for Ukraine to hold the parliamentary election in 2023 while in a state of war?

The Ukranian parliament - Verkhovna Rada - is set to be reelected in October 2023. Assuming that the Russian invasion persists to that time, what would be the appropriate course of action? Do they ...
11 votes
2 answers
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What does "Boris Johnson has a hundred and sixty MPs on his payroll anyway who were going to vote for him because they're within the government" mean?

Moments after the vote of confidence on British Prime Minister Boris Johnson results were announced live on CNN, MP David Lammy (Labor) listed results of previous (recent) votes of confidence saying ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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Is there enough support in the UK parliament for a no confidence vote in the PM? [closed]

Now that 148 Conservative MPs have voted against the PM, adding to the 199 Labour MPs gives a majority in the Parliament (347/650, 53%). Is it possible for the opposition to launch a no confidence ...
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6 votes
3 answers
858 views

Could a Conservative leader who loses the party's confidence vote refuse to resign as Prime Minister?

At time of writing, a vote of no-confidence in Boris Johnson is due to happen on the evening of 2022-06-06 between 1800 and 2000, as more than 54 letters (15% of all Conservative MPs) have been ...
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25 votes
2 answers
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Why is the vote of no confidence on the prime minister for Conservative MPs only?

There will be a vote of no confidence in the prime minister of the UK today, but it is limited to Conservative MPs only and requires a majority of them to pass the motion. None of the media coverage I ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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How does the unusual rule for dissolving Swedish Parliament come about?

Sweden - unlike other European countries - has a Parliament that serves fixed 4-year term. The Government can order extra elections to take place in between the 4-year term, but the extra elections do ...
4 votes
1 answer
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When and where was the parliamentary nadir for the 1999-2004 NATO expansions?

While it's easy to find the US Senate voting records for these NATO expansion treaties, it's been surprising hard (for me) to find much about parliamentary ratification of those expansions in European ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Was there a formal rebuke of NATO's expansion by the Russia Duma, before 2004?

The NYT took note in 2004 that parliamentary opposition to NATO's expansion was growing in Russia While Russia has resigned itself to NATO's expansion, albeit grudgingly, the reality of NATO forces ...
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2 votes
2 answers
306 views

Why do most countries produce election results with rotations of a Left-Centre Left or Right/Centre Right party winning govt.?

In most countries this trend is followed. Even in countries like UK/Canada where 1 party is uniquely more successful instead of being even like in USA (Tories in UK, Liberals in Canada), this trend is ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What are the flaws in Pakistan's democracy that prevent its prime ministers from serving full terms?

No Pakistani prime minister has ever served a full term in government. What are the exact flaws in Pakistan's parliament that prevent their prime ministers from staying in power for an entire term?
4 votes
2 answers
361 views

Does dissolution of parliament in order to prevent a vote of no confidence against Imran Khan meet an accepted definition of an attempted self-coup?

I first heard the term "self-coup" only several minutes ago during US Representative Jamie Raskin's April 3, 2022 discussion of the House Select Committee on January 6th's work on Face the ...
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8 votes
6 answers
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How do you explain Canada's Trudeau's power-sharing agreement to a five-year-old (American)?

The "explain to a five-year-old" question is a semi-standard format where the answer demonstrates their ability to understand both the subject matter, and the perspective and limitations of ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How can parliament members in party-list systems faithfully represent their voters?

Suppose you are a newly-elected parliament member. You want to faithfully represent your voters, so you want to ask for their opinion on issues discussed in the parliament. If you are in a regional ...
17 votes
3 answers
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Are there restrictions in the UK against calling politicians liars?

In the comedic New York Times video Jonathan Pie: 'Boris Johnson Is a Liar' | NYT Opinion at about 00:45 the character (speaking to a fictional New York Times interviewer) says: Actually I can't say ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Do coalition partners in German parliament always sit next to each other?

The political parties in German parliament sit in a half circle, traditionally arranged from left wing to right conservative. It is not always clear which party is left or right of which others so the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Would capitalism function or exist if corporations were required to be democracies? [closed]

Nominations to the board Nominations would be done via multiple nominating committees that are affiliated with the nominating commission (electoral commission). The committees would be different ...
5 votes
2 answers
102 views

How are the chairpeople of the Bundestag's standing committees distributed?

Yesterday, the AfD candidate for chairperson of the interior standing committee of the German Bundestag was almost unanimously rejected with only one non-AfD member voting in favour (link in German; ...
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22 votes
2 answers
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How might Lindsay Hoyle, Speaker of the UK House of Commons "play hardball"?

In a statement to the House of Commons on the 13th December 2021, the Speaker expressed frustration at the Prime Minister's failure to appear in the chamber, following a televised statement the ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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How frequent is it for governments to win votes in the house of Commons, which would fail without the backing of the opposition?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_government_defeats_in_the_House_of_Commons_(1945%E2%80%93present) This is a list of government defeats in the house of Commons. Does a similar list exist for ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How do parliments in countries with Hemicycle shapes decide who is more left/right wing?

In governments with a hemicycle shaped parliment, left wing parties and right wing parties tend to sit on the side of the parliment that more closely matches their ideaology. However I was wandering ...
13 votes
0 answers
205 views

Has an MP ever made use of the House of Lords Precedence Act to sit in the House of Lords?

During Business Questions on December 2nd, the Lord President of the Council - Jacob Rees-Mogg - was teased by the SNP's Pete Wishart about an alleged £6 million loan from his company Saliston Ltd, as ...
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6 votes
0 answers
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How did Denmark manage to create multiple strong and enduring political parties despite having a 2% electoral threshold?

The current Folketing (Danish Parliament) has a 2% electoral threshold for its levelling seats. This means that any party that has received 2% of the national vote share can get into the Parliament. ...
5 votes
1 answer
371 views

What defence did the British MP, Owen Paterson, have?

Owen Paterson has vociferously protested his innocence of the breach of Parliamentary standards, found against him by the House of Commons Standards Committee. In his speech in the debate, Chris ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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When was the last defeat by filibuster of a government-backed bill in the UK?

Let's define defeat as the bill not passing that session. Wikipedia lists a number of successful filibusters but most (if not all in that list) appear to be on private bills or advanced by a minority ...
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21 votes
1 answer
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How does Germany regularly elect judges onto Federal Constitutional Court despite needing two-thirds majority vote?

In Germany, the judges on Federal Constitutional Court are elected by the federal parliament with two-thirds majority vote. Throughout its history, the parliament was able to elect new judges without ...
3 votes
1 answer
223 views

What happens if some folks can prove that the election is rigged in Iraq?

As the election of Iraq was held two days ago and initial results are calculated, Muqtada al-Sadr had won the election, but some parties have strongly criticized the election and called it a "...
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17 votes
3 answers
3k views

How do the Ausgleichsmandate in Germany's Bundestag election work?

I'm aware of How does the German Bundestag election system work? but it seems rather broad and none of the answers go into detail about the Ausgleichsmandate (or leveling seats as Wikipedia translates ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How was the ACT party's 2005 proposal to repeal the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand defeated?

I was able to find a proposal from 2005 of the ACT party that would have repealed the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand's waters. I'm fairly sure this proposal/repeal was defeated, but how did ...
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6 votes
1 answer
201 views

How often do opposition amendments pass?

Opposition parties often submit amendments to bills, but it seems like they usually fail since the government uses its majority to vote against them. How often do opposition amendments succeed?
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4 votes
2 answers
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Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
6 votes
1 answer
114 views

Who would investigate whether the UK PM broke the ministerial code?

My understanding is that if it is in the public knowledge that someone is suspected to be committing a crime/fraud, they will at least get investigated, and then brought to justice if enough evidence ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Can a parliament pass laws that constrain the scope of future legislation? [closed]

For example, can a parliament pass a law that says: "Any future budget bill must contain a section that explains the estimated carbon emission this spending may lead to in the next 10 years."...
2 votes
2 answers
197 views

Merging and splitting in apportionment

This question is about rules for apportionment of parliament seats among parties. Many such rules have the property, that a party may gain a seat by splitting into two parties, or two parties may gain ...
17 votes
2 answers
4k views

Has a former Prime Minister ever broken a three-line whip before?

On July 13th, 2021, MPs voted against returning the budget for international aid to 0.7% after it was cut to 0.5% in the November Spending Review. Notably, several Conservative MPs voted against the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Has the Swiss Federal Council recommended differently than the Parliament in any popular votes?

In Switzerland (at least in recent times), the Federal Council issues explanatory booklets for matters subject to popular votes (e.g. constitutional amendments and initiatives, referendums against ...
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20 votes
3 answers
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Why has no party ever won a majority in Israel?

From this answer on this question (Emphasis mine): The change in leadership, in this case, is coming about after an election. Legislative elections were held in March 2021, but no party reached the ...
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38 votes
4 answers
7k views

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

How does the Israel Constitution work in relation to the forming of a government? According to the Washington Post and the Times of Israel, Yair Lapid is supposedly creating a new government, and ...
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