Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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Anti defection law, India

Anti-defection law of India states that "A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a ...
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Difference between Motion and Resolution

Often in legislative bodies, we can find terms like "the motion is accepted" or "the resolution is accepted". Now, I know that they both mean the same thing of a house's deliberation on a particular ...
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What will happen to MLAs who were missing for the Karnataka CM HD floor test?

On the floor test day BJP garnered 105 votes of the required 103 since only 205 MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), out of the full capacity of 222 MLAs, were present on the floor. What will ...
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What happens if a UK government loses a no confidence vote just before a parliamentary recess?

It looks like we could have an unusual situation in the UK (well even relatively speaking) On 23 July, the new leader of the conservative party will be announced. Traditionally the incumbent does not ...
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Are UK MPs sometimes obliged to say 'It is a pleasure to serve under your chairmanship'?

On theyworkforyou.com (see: example 1 or example 2), one can see that many MPs are using the exact form of words to express that 'It is a pleasure to serve under your chairmanship'. Are they strongly ...
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Is there any political party in a EU country that has a leadership that virtually bypasses secret voting by asking its MPs not to vote?

Romanian opposition failed once again to overthrow the Government in 2019. This came as no surprise. However, the main party in power requested its members not to vote at all. The trick is that the ...
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What is the mid-term election in India?

I just wanted someone to explain me in a simple manner what the mid-term election in India is. What are the requirements and how is it conducted ?
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What is the rationale of holding national parliament snap elections after the EU elections results?

Short background In November 2015 the Romanian PM resigned due to street pressure related to a nightclub fire and the President managed to negotiate with the parties to sustain a technocratic ...
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What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation?

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
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To what extent do precedents in Westminster systems apply in other countries that use it?

There is currently discussion in the UK about the possibility of a future Prime Minister proroguing Parliament in order to prevent it from frustrating their vision of Brexit. A big part of the ...
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How could the PM prorogue Parliament without the Queen's consent?

In theory, only the Queen can prorogue Parliament: The Queen formally prorogues Parliament on the advice of the Privy Council. https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/occasions/prorogation/ Based ...
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What will happen if the person the Conservative party membership elects as leader cannot command a majority in the House of Commons?

It would seem to me a distinct possibility that if the Tory membership elect a pro-Brexit ERG person as party leader, that the Queen might not call him/her to the Palace. It is a fundamental axiom ...
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If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
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Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline:...
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Does the queen really have to listen to the Prime Minister when appointing a new one?

According to this answer on Theresa May's successor: The party will now elect a new leader, and May will then resign as PM, and recommend to the Queen that her successor as Conservative leader is ...
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Can Labour force a general election in the UK?

In the UK, Labour claim to want a general election, but despite the handling of Brexit, still the government coalition will not pass a no-confidence vote. Could Labour not force the issue on Brexit, ...
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What powers does an individual MP in the UK Parliament have?

If I stand as an independent in my local constituency and I am elected in a landslide what powers do I get as an MP? What could I change about the country? Assume that I don't form or join a party. ...
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What is the point of Germany's 299 “party seats” in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
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In parliamentary democracies, why does the President have a term limit, while the Prime Minister does not?

As an example, German Presidents are limited to two terms of five years and have little power in practice. However the German Chancellor is not limited by term limits despite having more power and ...
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Is there any limit on how long a parliamentary session can be in the UK?

Traditionally, as I understand it the British parliament sits on annual sessions. Each one starting with a Queen's speech. After an election winning a vote on a Queen's speech is requirement for an ...
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Is there any way for the UK Prime Minister to make a motion directly dependent on Government confidence?

The British Parliament has rejected the Brexit bill, but it has also defeated the motion of no-confidence. Is there a mechanism in place for the PM to merge these two votes so that if you don't vote ...
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Why did the US and UK choose different solutions to the problem of an undemocratic upper house?

Both the US and the UK formerly had an upper legislative house which wielded considerable power despite being elected by government officials rather than the people (the Senate) or completely ...
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Is it common for British MPs to have no connection to their electoral district?

As an example, Theresa May is serving as an MP from Maidenhead even though she had no connection whatsoever to this constituency since before her election in that constituency. On the other hand Boris ...
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Parliament proposing/passing motion whose constituency effects depend on how a member voted

Recent shenanigans in the United States and the recent cynical turn of UK politics have me wondering about the constitutional implications of a UK government attempting to pass a motion where negative ...
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Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK?

Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK? What I mean by absolute power is: presumably they can make illegal or legal whatever they want. Even going so far as to disenfranchise their own ...
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Why do UK MPs give way?

User luchonacho asks about the process of MPs giving way in the UK House of Commons. I’m curious as to why MPs give way so frequently when: Parliamentary speaking time is at a premium Interruptions ...
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Are the SNP frontbenchers in the UK Parliament? [duplicate]

As we know, there is a government frontbench with ministers that is mirrored by the respective ministers of the opposition and the shadow ministers. What about the SNP though? They clearly occupy the ...
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What happened to the proposal that Airbnb and similar businesses should report client data directly to the Norwegian Tax Administration?

I read about a proposal that Airbnb and similar businesses should report client data directly to the Norwegian Tax Administration. I find lots of news about the proposal itself, but no news about the ...
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Are British MPs missing the point, with these 'Indicative Votes'?

Today, MPs in the House of Commons are debating and will be voting on a series of 'Indicative Votes' (similar to the ones they voted on last week). Among these are debates about possible softer ...
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Running a General Election and the European Elections together

There's talk in the news about the possibility of a General Election being called. If one is called, could the General Election and European Election be run together with a single ballot paper divided ...
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What would happen if the UK parliment voted through the deal, but blocked the declaration?

Follow on from: Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration? What would happen if the UK parliament voted to pass the deal, but voted against the political declaration? What ...
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Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration?

As reported in the bbc article available here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-47742395 The UK government has split the 'deal' into the actual agreement and the non-legally binding political ...
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Is Bercow still an MP obligated to representing his district?

Is Bercow still obligated to perform his duties representing his constituency in Buckingham while he is speaker? Does he still get to vote on matters, or is someone else appointed or elected to ...
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What Brexit proposals are on the table in the indicative votes on the 27th of March 2019?

On the 27th of March, the UK parliament has taken control of its own agenda in an attempt to break the so-called Brexit deadlock. How many proposals are there and what are they?
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How many times was Standing Order 14 amended?

Standing Order 14(1) is at the center of the latest UK constitutional revolution/innovation (label depends whom you ask), which suspended for one day (today) its first (and perhaps most important) ...
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How unprecedented is for MPs to take control of the parliamentary timetable?

MPs took the unprecedented step of voting to seize control of the parliamentary timetable [...] --BBC Is this speaking hyperbolically, or is it really the case that it never happened before in the ...
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Can UK MPs vote on the same motion twice?

In this BBC News article, my attention was drawn to a footnote in a figure summarising a vote result: Source: BBC News The footnote says: Final numbers include one Conservative MP voting in both ...
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Why does John Bercow say “unlock” after reading out the results of a vote?

In video from the House of Commons, whenever John Bercow reads the results of a vote, he says “unlock” at the end. For example, from last night: The Ayes to the right, 329. The Noes to the left, ...
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Why is the Letwin Amendment so-called?

Why is the Letwin Ammendment called that? I assume something Oliver Letwin did something.
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Among all parties in Parliament, is there sufficient support for a hard border in the Irish Sea?

One of the reasons that the Brexit debate has been so fraught (or so it appears to us Yanks) is that the Tories are currently supported in Parliament by the Democratic Unionist Party. This party ...
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Were three-line whips more (or less) common before the Fixed-term Parliaments Act?

Before the Fixed-term Parliaments Act (FTPA), there was a convention that the Government effectively underwent a confidence vote on substantive issues: Confidence attached to substantive issues ...
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Could a UK political party place a Three Line Whip on all votes in Parliament?

A three line whip is an ultimatum: "Show up and vote the party line, or suffer the consequences." source What's stopping the leaders of a party from three line whipping every single vote? Is there a ...
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Brexit Amendments

Recently, in the news, there has been much talk of Brexit votes. In particular, the votes of the House of Commons on specific amendments, like amendments in which the Commons supports the PM's deal, ...
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Aren't, in practice, the executive and legislative powers oftentimes nearly unified?

As far as I'm aware, according to the theory of separation of powers, which is considered one of the foundations of democracy, prescribes the three government powers: executive, legislative, judiciary ...
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How has the division of power worked, between govt and parliament, in modern Britain?

In the last few months, the UK has seen what might be called an "activist parliament". There have been comments on TV/radio in the context of Brexit, that MPs have been setting their own agenda, not ...
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What will happen if Parliament votes “no” on each of the Brexit-related votes to be held on the 12th, 13th and 14th of March?

It is being reported that there will be a series of votes on the 12th, 13th and 14th of March: The prime minister said she will put her withdrawal agreement - including any changes she has agreed ...
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What are the consequences of MP's resigning from Government

Excuse my ignorance, but I don't get what the significance is of a few of MP's threatening the Prime Minister to quit if she doesn't do something (example: currently if she doesn't assure UK won't ...
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Has a British political party ever had more women MPs than men before The Independent Group?

"The Independent Group instantly has a majority of female MPs" Esther Webber, Other than where the group of MPs is a single person (such as Caroline Lucas), has a party ever had more women MPs ...
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Have the UK Conservatives lost the working majority and if so, what does this mean?

The Conservatives in the UK are in a confidence and supply arrangement with the DUP in order to have a working majority in Parliament. Yesterday, three Conservatives left the party to become ...
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Money bills cannot be sent back by president in India's parliamentary system

In Indian parliament, the president cannot send the money bills back for reconsideration of the houses but he can withhold them permanently (pocket veto). What is the logic behind this rule? What is ...