Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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What is the mid-term election in India?

I just wanted someone to explain me in a simple manner what the mid-term election in India is. What are the requirements and how is it conducted ?
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What other countries besides the US have mechanics that allow the minority to block legislation?

Filibustering gives disproportionate leverage to minorities in the Senate. These, in turn, lead to bills not passing or often not even getting past subcommittees. Are there any other instances of this ...
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To what extent do precedents in Westminster systems apply in other countries that use it?

There is currently discussion in the UK about the possibility of a future Prime Minister proroguing Parliament in order to prevent it from frustrating their vision of Brexit. A big part of the ...
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How could the PM prorogue Parliament without the Queen's consent?

In theory, only the Queen can prorogue Parliament: The Queen formally prorogues Parliament on the advice of the Privy Council. https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/occasions/prorogation/ Based ...
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3answers
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If Parliament were prorogued for a long period, how would the government raise funds?

It is reported tonight that Dominic Raab, in his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party, has indicated he would be prepared to prorogue Parliament. Presumably the purpose would be to ...
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1answer
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Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline:...
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3answers
175 views

Does the queen really have to listen to the Prime Minister when appointing a new one?

According to this answer on Theresa May's successor: The party will now elect a new leader, and May will then resign as PM, and recommend to the Queen that her successor as Conservative leader is ...
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2answers
226 views

Can Labour force a general election in the UK?

In the UK, Labour claim to want a general election, but despite the handling of Brexit, still the government coalition will not pass a no-confidence vote. Could Labour not force the issue on Brexit, ...
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1answer
108 views

What powers does an individual MP in the UK Parliament have?

If I stand as an independent in my local constituency and I am elected in a landslide what powers do I get as an MP? What could I change about the country? Assume that I don't form or join a party. ...
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3answers
922 views

What is the point of Germany's 299 “party seats” in the Bundestag?

This question about Bundestag elections (How does the German Bundestag election system work?) does a good job at summarising Bundestag elections. Long story short: 299 directly-elected candidate from ...
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4answers
261 views

In parliamentary democracies, why does the President have a term limit, while the Prime Minister does not?

As an example, German Presidents are limited to two terms of five years and have little power in practice. However the German Chancellor is not limited by term limits despite having more power and ...
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4answers
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Is there any limit on how long a parliamentary session can be in the UK?

Traditionally, as I understand it the British parliament sits on annual sessions. Each one starting with a Queen's speech. After an election winning a vote on a Queen's speech is requirement for an ...
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Is there any way for the UK Prime Minister to make a motion directly dependent on Government confidence?

The British Parliament has rejected the Brexit bill, but it has also defeated the motion of no-confidence. Is there a mechanism in place for the PM to merge these two votes so that if you don't vote ...
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4answers
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Why did the US and UK choose different solutions to the problem of an undemocratic upper house?

Both the US and the UK formerly had an upper legislative house which wielded considerable power despite being elected by government officials rather than the people (the Senate) or completely ...
5
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1answer
160 views

Is it common for British MPs to have no connection to their electoral district?

As an example, Theresa May is serving as an MP from Maidenhead even though she had no connection whatsoever to this constituency since before her election in that constituency. On the other hand Boris ...
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1answer
76 views

Parliament proposing/passing motion whose constituency effects depend on how a member voted

Recent shenanigans in the United States and the recent cynical turn of UK politics have me wondering about the constitutional implications of a UK government attempting to pass a motion where negative ...
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5answers
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Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK?

Does Parliament hold absolute power in the UK? What I mean by absolute power is: presumably they can make illegal or legal whatever they want. Even going so far as to disenfranchise their own ...
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2answers
342 views

Why do UK MPs give way?

User luchonacho asks about the process of MPs giving way in the UK House of Commons. I’m curious as to why MPs give way so frequently when: Parliamentary speaking time is at a premium Interruptions ...
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1answer
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Are the SNP frontbenchers in the UK Parliament? [duplicate]

As we know, there is a government frontbench with ministers that is mirrored by the respective ministers of the opposition and the shadow ministers. What about the SNP though? They clearly occupy the ...
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1answer
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What happened to the proposal that Airbnb and similar businesses should report client data directly to the Norwegian Tax Administration?

I read about a proposal that Airbnb and similar businesses should report client data directly to the Norwegian Tax Administration. I find lots of news about the proposal itself, but no news about the ...
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6answers
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Are British MPs missing the point, with these 'Indicative Votes'?

Today, MPs in the House of Commons are debating and will be voting on a series of 'Indicative Votes' (similar to the ones they voted on last week). Among these are debates about possible softer ...
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5answers
781 views

Running a General Election and the European Elections together

There's talk in the news about the possibility of a General Election being called. If one is called, could the General Election and European Election be run together with a single ballot paper divided ...
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1answer
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What would happen if the UK parliment voted through the deal, but blocked the declaration?

Follow on from: Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration? What would happen if the UK parliament voted to pass the deal, but voted against the political declaration? What ...
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Why does the UK parliament need a vote on the political declaration?

As reported in the bbc article available here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-47742395 The UK government has split the 'deal' into the actual agreement and the non-legally binding political ...
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2answers
174 views

Is Bercow still an MP obligated to representing his district?

Is Bercow still obligated to perform his duties representing his constituency in Buckingham while he is speaker? Does he still get to vote on matters, or is someone else appointed or elected to ...
9
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1answer
481 views

What Brexit proposals are on the table in the indicative votes on the 27th of March 2019?

On the 27th of March, the UK parliament has taken control of its own agenda in an attempt to break the so-called Brexit deadlock. How many proposals are there and what are they?
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1answer
634 views

How many times was Standing Order 14 amended?

Standing Order 14(1) is at the center of the latest UK constitutional revolution/innovation (label depends whom you ask), which suspended for one day (today) its first (and perhaps most important) ...
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2answers
259 views

How unprecedented is for MPs to take control of the parliamentary timetable?

MPs took the unprecedented step of voting to seize control of the parliamentary timetable [...] --BBC Is this speaking hyperbolically, or is it really the case that it never happened before in the ...
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2answers
642 views

Can UK MPs vote on the same motion twice?

In this BBC News article, my attention was drawn to a footnote in a figure summarising a vote result: Source: BBC News The footnote says: Final numbers include one Conservative MP voting in both ...
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1answer
9k views

Why does John Bercow say “unlock” after reading out the results of a vote?

In video from the House of Commons, whenever John Bercow reads the results of a vote, he says “unlock” at the end. For example, from last night: The Ayes to the right, 329. The Noes to the left, ...
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1answer
160 views

Why is the Letwin Amendment so-called?

Why is the Letwin Ammendment called that? I assume something Oliver Letwin did something.
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2answers
187 views

Among all parties in Parliament, is there sufficient support for a hard border in the Irish Sea?

One of the reasons that the Brexit debate has been so fraught (or so it appears to us Yanks) is that the Tories are currently supported in Parliament by the Democratic Unionist Party. This party ...
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1answer
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Were three-line whips more (or less) common before the Fixed-term Parliaments Act?

Before the Fixed-term Parliaments Act (FTPA), there was a convention that the Government effectively underwent a confidence vote on substantive issues: Confidence attached to substantive issues ...
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2answers
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Could a UK political party place a Three Line Whip on all votes in Parliament?

A three line whip is an ultimatum: "Show up and vote the party line, or suffer the consequences." source What's stopping the leaders of a party from three line whipping every single vote? Is there a ...
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2answers
172 views

Brexit Amendments

Recently, in the news, there has been much talk of Brexit votes. In particular, the votes of the House of Commons on specific amendments, like amendments in which the Commons supports the PM's deal, ...
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2answers
208 views

How has the division of power worked, between govt and parliament, in modern Britain?

In the last few months, the UK has seen what might be called an "activist parliament". There have been comments on TV/radio in the context of Brexit, that MPs have been setting their own agenda, not ...
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1answer
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What will happen if Parliament votes “no” on each of the Brexit-related votes to be held on the 12th, 13th and 14th of March?

It is being reported that there will be a series of votes on the 12th, 13th and 14th of March: The prime minister said she will put her withdrawal agreement - including any changes she has agreed ...
2
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1answer
210 views

What are the consequences of MP's resigning from Government

Excuse my ignorance, but I don't get what the significance is of a few of MP's threatening the Prime Minister to quit if she doesn't do something (example: currently if she doesn't assure UK won't ...
2
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1answer
253 views

Has a British political party ever had more women MPs than men before The Independent Group?

"The Independent Group instantly has a majority of female MPs" Esther Webber, Other than where the group of MPs is a single person (such as Caroline Lucas), has a party ever had more women MPs ...
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Have the UK Conservatives lost the working majority and if so, what does this mean?

The Conservatives in the UK are in a confidence and supply arrangement with the DUP in order to have a working majority in Parliament. Yesterday, three Conservatives left the party to become ...
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Post 1999 will anyone be entitled to sit in the House of Lords by heredity alone?

Post 1999 will anyone new be entitled to sit in the House of Lords by heredity alone?
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1answer
304 views

Why do some German MPs hold cards up whenever there is a vote in the Bundestag?

You can see here for example https://youtu.be/mKn4Pi3qXjU?t=3594 that members of the Bundestag holding cards up during a vote on a bill. Is this a special kind of voting? How does it work?
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1answer
357 views

How nobility status affect modern Britain's social and power structures?

Unlike most other European countries, Britain had no noble-destroying revolutions in history, so its noble class appears to be present. But Is there some limits based on noble/not noble in modern ...
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2answers
243 views

How does a minority motion in the House of Commons take priority over Government business?

It is being reported in the press today that "rebels" opposed to Brexit "have drawn up an amendment that would allow a motion backed by a minority of 300 MPs to take precedence over government ...
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1answer
146 views

How many people actually visit MPs surgeries?

In the United Kingdom, a political surgery is a series of one-to-one meetings that a member of parliament may have with his or her constituents. A typical constituency has in the order of 75k ...
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6answers
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How did Theresa May remain PM after her Brexit deal was rejected?

As far as I understand, Theresa May was elected to the leader of the Conservatives (and consequently Prime Minister of the UK) to make a Brexit deal (source): She [May] said there was a "big job" ...
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1answer
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Have own MPs ever voted against the government in a no confidence vote?

After May's defeat on her Brexit deal, Labour tabled a motion of no confidence. The government can lose the vote if either DUP and/or ERG/Brexiteers (these being from the Conservative Party) vote ...
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1answer
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Has there ever been a larger UK Parliamentary defeat than on Brexit tonight?

I have just watched, live, Theresa May lose the vote on her deal by an unprecedented margin, 432-202. Every UK news source is quoting that this is the largest ever defeat "in the democratic age", or "...
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3answers
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Does the Brexit deal being voted down imply that Brexit is not going to happen?

Just looking at the TV and I am seeing that the British Parliament rejected the Brexit deal (cannot find an online source yet for this, although multiple sources show this vote result as very ...
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1answer
669 views

What rule has John Bercow allegedly broken and in what way shall he have done that?

Today, John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons in the UK allowed an amendment by MP Dominic Grieve to a business motion. This decision has been discussed as being very controversial where "a ...