Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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6
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1answer
215 views

Are Members of Scottish and Welsh Parliaments called “Honourable”?

Members of Parliament in the House of Commons are referred to as "Honourable" or "Right Honourable". I understand why some members are Honourable and others Right Honourable. Does ...
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Writings advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
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Are all EP plenary vote results publically accessible? Where?

Recently I struggled to find the EP vote results in case of this regulation. Although it's marked as adopted on the EUR-LEX website, none of the related votes I could find on VoteWatch ended up ...
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1answer
80 views

How does Estonia calculate the date of their parliamentary election?

The Estonian Constitution has a narrowly defined date for its parliamentary election. Constitution of Estonia: Regular elections to the Riigikogu shall be held on the first Sunday in March of the ...
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4answers
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In parliamentary republics, why can't the parliamentary election and the presidential election happen on the same day?

You would think that it is more efficient for both the parliamentary election and presidential election to happen at the same time so voters don't become fatigued with politics. I'm curious if there ...
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3answers
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What does it mean when a Constitution says the “Government” or the “Cabinet” has the power to dissolve the Parliament?

In some countries (e.g. Sweden), the power to dissolve the Parliament is explicitly vested in the Government (or "Cabinet" in other countries). In reality, how does a Cabinet actually order ...
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What is the ethnic composition of the two houses of the Dutch parliament?

The Dutch Parliament has two houses, the "first" (higher) and "second" (lower). How many of the members of each house are ethnically Dutch (for whatever reasonable definition of ...
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1answer
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What are the possible steps for No. 10 to remove Julian Lewis from the position of chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee?

MP Grayling was defeated in the Prime Minister's attempt to make him the chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee today. I've seen speculation (unsourced) that the Prime Minister and Number 10 ...
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Has AKP ever failed to pass any bill after losing majority in Turkish Parliament?

In the 2018 Turkish parliamentary election, Justice and Development Party (AKP) won 295 seats out of 600 and lost majority in the Turkish Parliament. On the other hand, the People's Alliance they ...
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773 views

Why are there currently only 25 Lords Spiritual?

According to the Parliament.UK website, 26 bishops are granted places in the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Lords includes 26 Church of England Archbishops and Bishops who sit on an ...
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What is the current status of Canadian parliament? [closed]

I'm Canadian, but not a huge follower of Canadian politics. I have been reading articles discussing opposition parties' responses and continuing reactions to moves that PM Trudeau is making with ...
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149 views

Must parliamentary democracies hold a vote of confidence when choosing its Prime Minister?

While many parliamentarian systems require the parliament to hold a vote to confirm its Prime Minister (e.g. Germany, Ireland, Finland), that is not always the case. Here are some examples: Denmark: ...
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How long has it taken each Prime Minister to appear in front of the Commons Liaison Committee?

On May 27th, Boris Johnson appeared before the Commons Liaison Committee, a Select Committee made up of the chairs of the other Select Committees. The UK parliament website describes the committee's ...
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Do MPs participating in the House of Commons virtually benefit from Parliamentary Privilege?

Parliamentary privilege refers to the lack of restrictions on what MPs and Lords can say in their respective Houses in Parliament; it grants them immunity from prosecution relating to statements made ...
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Does the Queen have the power to dissolve the UK parliament?

Half a year ago the prime minister asked the queen to suspend parliament and she approved. UK government queen suspend parliament Another new said Supreme Court said suspending parliament was ...
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814 views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
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1answer
140 views

What is the modern role of the Serjeant at Arms?

The parliament.uk website describes the Serjeant at Arms as the official responsible for keeping order within the Commons part of the parliamentary estate. The page describes various ceremonial ...
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1answer
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Why are staggered elections only used for upper parliamentary chambers?

In the Wikipedia list of legislative bodies which use staggered elections only upper chambers of national parliaments can be found. Why? Is there a reason why staggering the elections for the lower ...
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Why do most countries have so many members of parliament?

The US House of Representatives consists of 435 members; the UK parliament has 650 members; the Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad has 300 members, etc. Why so many people? Anyone who's, e.g., tried to ...
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First non-elected person in line of succession for British Government or Parliament?

The US government has a defined order of succession should a catastrophic event take out many senior officials, but the British parliamentary system does not seem to have one. If the current Prime ...
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1answer
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In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

So I was watching PMQs today and realised that almost everyone, certainly the party leaders, refers to notes during their time to talk. Is the PM given a list of questions beforehand? However during ...
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374 views

If Parliament doesn't approve the use of most prerogative powers, where's the accountability?

Anne Dennett. Public Law Directions (1 ed 2019). p 269. 12.2.3 Royal prerogative The royal prerogative ‘encompasses the residue of powers which remain vested in the Crown, and they ...
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1answer
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Is Samoa truly an elective monarchy?

I have read about how Samoa was created as an elective monarchy when it became independent in 1962. However, from what I read, some question whether Samoa counts as a parliamentary republic (as the ...
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Is it unprecedented for a party to nominate someone from an opposing party to the House of Lords?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has nominated former Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was previously a Conservative, to the House of Lords for the dissolution honours list. Prime Minister ...
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UK Parliament Act Usage (Lords v Commons)

Is there a limit to the number of times that a bill can be bounced between the Commons and the Lords before the Commons are allowed to use the Parliament Act?
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How are levelling seats allocated in Scandinavian elections?

In Scandinavian countries such as Denmark and Sweden, their parliaments tend to be comprised of district seats (allocated based on vote count within the district) and levelling seats (allocated based ...
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What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the “Russian Government Resigning”?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
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Are there any legislature that has a seat-switch system similar to the NI Assembly?

The Northern Ireland Assembly has a "seat-switch system" (co-option) that allows for MLAs to be replaced without holding by-elections. As the BBC explains: Co-option is the only option when ...
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What are Australian parliament's rules on the use of props?

NPR's recent news item and podcast Australians Debate What To Do About Climate Change contains the following from NPR's Jason Beaubien reporting from Sydney. Question: What are Australian parliament's ...
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Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party

The sole Green Party MP in the House of Commons is Caroline Lucas, who has continuously represented the seat of Brighton Pavilion since 2010, prior to which it was held by Labour. East Sussex, like ...
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Speakers and Constituency Concerns [duplicate]

The current Speaker's seat in the UK House of Commons is Chorley. As the Speaker does not take part in debate at all, how can he hope to resolve any concerns regarding his constituents?
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Role of Speakers and Deputy Speakers in voting

In the UK House of Commons, the Speaker can only vote to break ties. The Deputy Speakers do not take part in partisan politics either, and can only raise constituency concerns. Now, suppose the ...
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Does the Tenth schedule of the Indian Constitution mean that MPs are not allowed a free vote?

According to Schedule X of the Indian Constitution Members of Parliament can be disqualified under the following condition: (b) if he votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any ...
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How does taking the Chiltern Hundreds to resign work?

Recently I posted the question Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament? and got a reference to: So if the Conservatives win a majority but Johnson loses his ...
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What systems help to keep MPs independent from their party (leader)? [duplicate]

How can a parliamentary democracy prevent parties from becoming too de facto powerful at the expense of the de jure independent MPs making up parliament? In parliamentary systems, the government ...
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1answer
144 views

Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
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1answer
94 views

If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
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For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
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841 views

Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
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1answer
394 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...
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453 views

Why does the number of votes not correspond to the number of elected MPs?

I understand the first past the post system in that the candidate with the most votes in a constituency is elected as the MP for their particular party, but what I don't understand why the SNP can get ...
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Are letters from MPs to other MPs on the internet?

I read a letter from the Prime Minister to another MP on some website, and I want to read the MPs letter in response (if there was one). Is there a database of letters that MPs send to each other? I'm ...
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What are Henry VIII powers?

As far as I understand it so far, Henry VIII powers in some way allow government ministers to overrule previously enacted laws with a reduced level of scrutiny. They have come into the public eye ...
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1answer
340 views

Why do we need the Rajya Sabha?

I was reading about how the Indian parliament works, and after reading some articles, a question arose in my mind: why do we need the Rajya Sabha? We have the Lok Sabha, whose members are directly ...
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Why are “formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation” unknown?

I don't grok the boldening. Why Unknown? Because no parliamentarian ever tried to impose "formal requirements as to subsequent amendment or repeal of legislation"? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and ...
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What does it mean to protect parliamentary papers if published ‘bonâ fide and without malice’? [duplicate]

In other words how can you publish Parlimentary Papers WITHOUT bona fide and WITH malice? Why not protect in this case?       Two other aspects of parliamentary privilege should be ...
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“But not legislation enacted by the UK Parliament”?

What does footnote 119 mean? 5.10 Some conclusions on the rule of law We end this discussion of the rule of law with the point with which it began— that the meaning of the concept cannot be ...
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What is a constituency in the Georgian political system?

I want to try alternative voting systems and wanted to take Georgia as my mock example as their political elections data is very granular as one can see here. Georgian has a unicameral parliament, ...
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What happens if they run out of space on the Government benches in the House of Commons?

As far as I’m aware, the House of Commons chamber is symmetrical, which begs the question - what happens if the Government wins, say, a majority of 220; as one of the most recent (and optimistic) ...
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1answer
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What executive powers does the Prime Minister have?

In a presidential republic like, say, America, there are executive powers afforded to the President; for example the power to veto legislation. In the United Kingdom, as I understand it, the powers of ...

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