Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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3
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2answers
370 views

Do coalition partners in German parliament always sit next to each other?

The political parties in German parliament sit in a half circle, traditionally arranged from left wing to right conservative. It is not always clear which party is left or right of which others so the ...
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0answers
139 views

Would capitalism function or exist if corporations were required to be democracies? [closed]

Nominations to the board Nominations would be done via multiple nominating committees that are affiliated with the nominating commission (electoral commission). The committees would be different ...
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2answers
85 views

How are the chairpeople of the Bundestag's standing committees distributed?

Yesterday, the AfD candidate for chairperson of the interior standing committee of the German Bundestag was almost unanimously rejected with only one non-AfD member voting in favour (link in German; ...
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2answers
3k views

How might Lindsay Hoyle, Speaker of the UK House of Commons "play hardball"?

In a statement to the House of Commons on the 13th December 2021, the Speaker expressed frustration at the Prime Minister's failure to appear in the chamber, following a televised statement the ...
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0answers
79 views

How frequent is it for governments to win votes in the house of Commons, which would fail without the backing of the opposition?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_government_defeats_in_the_House_of_Commons_(1945%E2%80%93present) This is a list of government defeats in the house of Commons. Does a similar list exist for ...
3
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1answer
194 views

How do parliments in countries with Hemicycle shapes decide who is more left/right wing?

In governments with a hemicycle shaped parliment, left wing parties and right wing parties tend to sit on the side of the parliment that more closely matches their ideaology. However I was wandering ...
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154 views

Has an MP ever made use of the House of Lords Precedence Act to sit in the House of Lords?

During Business Questions on December 2nd, the Lord President of the Council - Jacob Rees-Mogg - was teased by the SNP's Pete Wishart about an alleged £6 million loan from his company Saliston Ltd, as ...
4
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0answers
111 views

How did Denmark manage to create multiple strong and enduring political parties despite having a 2% electoral threshold?

The current Folketing (Danish Parliament) has a 2% electoral threshold for its levelling seats. This means that any party that has received 2% of the national vote share can get into the Parliament. ...
5
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1answer
360 views

What defence did the British MP, Owen Paterson, have?

Owen Paterson has vociferously protested his innocence of the breach of Parliamentary standards, found against him by the House of Commons Standards Committee. In his speech in the debate, Chris ...
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0answers
91 views

When was the last defeat by filibuster of a government-backed bill in the UK?

Let's define defeat as the bill not passing that session. Wikipedia lists a number of successful filibusters but most (if not all in that list) appear to be on private bills or advanced by a minority ...
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1answer
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How does Germany regularly elect judges onto Federal Constitutional Court despite needing two-thirds majority vote?

In Germany, the judges on Federal Constitutional Court are elected by the federal parliament with two-thirds majority vote. Throughout its history, the parliament was able to elect new judges without ...
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1answer
220 views

What happens if some folks can prove that the election is rigged in Iraq?

As the election of Iraq was held two days ago and initial results are calculated, Muqtada al-Sadr had won the election, but some parties have strongly criticized the election and called it a "...
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3answers
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How do the Ausgleichsmandate in Germany's Bundestag election work?

I'm aware of How does the German Bundestag election system work? but it seems rather broad and none of the answers go into detail about the Ausgleichsmandate (or leveling seats as Wikipedia translates ...
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1answer
97 views

How was the ACT party's 2005 proposal to repeal the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand defeated?

I was able to find a proposal from 2005 of the ACT party that would have repealed the nuclear propulsion ban in New Zealand's waters. I'm fairly sure this proposal/repeal was defeated, but how did ...
5
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1answer
184 views

How often do opposition amendments pass?

Opposition parties often submit amendments to bills, but it seems like they usually fail since the government uses its majority to vote against them. How often do opposition amendments succeed?
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2answers
150 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
4
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1answer
106 views

Who would investigate whether the UK PM broke the ministerial code?

My understanding is that if it is in the public knowledge that someone is suspected to be committing a crime/fraud, they will at least get investigated, and then brought to justice if enough evidence ...
3
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1answer
198 views

Can a parliament pass laws that constrain the scope of future legislation? [closed]

For example, can a parliament pass a law that says: "Any future budget bill must contain a section that explains the estimated carbon emission this spending may lead to in the next 10 years."...
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2answers
190 views

Merging and splitting in apportionment

This question is about rules for apportionment of parliament seats among parties. Many such rules have the property, that a party may gain a seat by splitting into two parties, or two parties may gain ...
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2answers
3k views

Has a former Prime Minister ever broken a three-line whip before?

On July 13th, 2021, MPs voted against returning the budget for international aid to 0.7% after it was cut to 0.5% in the November Spending Review. Notably, several Conservative MPs voted against the ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Has the Swiss Federal Council recommended differently than the Parliament in any popular votes?

In Switzerland (at least in recent times), the Federal Council issues explanatory booklets for matters subject to popular votes (e.g. constitutional amendments and initiatives, referendums against ...
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3answers
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Why has no party ever won a majority in Israel?

From this answer on this question (Emphasis mine): The change in leadership, in this case, is coming about after an election. Legislative elections were held in March 2021, but no party reached the ...
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4answers
7k views

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

How does the Israel Constitution work in relation to the forming of a government? According to the Washington Post and the Times of Israel, Yair Lapid is supposedly creating a new government, and ...
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0answers
105 views

Examples of unchallenged repetition in a Commons filibuster

In a BBC article explaining the Private Members' Bill ballot, the "art of filibustering" is described. It differs from a filibuster in the US Senate in that participants must actually talk ...
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2answers
908 views

What happens in the event of a tie in the Welsh Senedd?

The results of the recent UK elections have confirmed the continuation of a Labour government in the Senedd, winning 30 out of 60 seats. This is one seat short of a majority, so what happens in the ...
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2answers
118 views

Must Scottish voters cast both constituency and regional votes for their vote to be valid?

Scottish voters are heading to the polls on the 6th of May to elect 129 MSPs to a new term in the Scottish parliament at Holyrood. Each voter gets to cast two votes. Their first vote is a local ...
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2answers
4k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
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3answers
884 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
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1answer
230 views

Is it legal to talk about former Chief Justice of India (CJI) in the Parliament of India?

On 8 February 2021, Mahua Moitra said the following in her speech in Lok Sabha during the discussion on motion of thanks on the President's address: The sacred cow that was the judiciary is no longer ...
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3answers
469 views

What are the arguments for having a democratically-elected, ceremonial President?

Some countries, particularly those governed by the parliamentary system, tend to have a ceremonial head of state. In constitutional monarchies, those tend to be Kings or Queens. But in parliamentary ...
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2answers
2k views

House of Commons clarification on clapping

From my current understanding, MP's are not allowed to clap in the House of Commons. Instead, they say (or shout) "hear" to express themselves. However, after having watched this video, I've ...
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1answer
394 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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2answers
276 views

Do the Italians usually choose external PMs?

Italian PM Giuseppe Conte resigned on Jan. 26 (but is still in office until a successor is chosen). I was surprised to see on his Wikipedia page (emphasis mine): Following the 2018 general election, ...
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1answer
114 views

Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)?

Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)? Recently The Union Budget of India for 2021–2022 was presented by the Finance Minister, ...
7
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1answer
195 views

What exactly does the collocation "pull the vote" mean?

Does it mean to give up and not organize the voting? Is there an opposite such as push (for) the vote? (I am an English learner/translator.) This is a context: "A ring-round of Cabinet on Friday ...
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5answers
2k views

Why do non-federations need bicameral parliaments?

Federations often have a bicameral parliament: one house speaks for the nation itself, whereas the other one speaks for the subjects within the federation (it could be summoned by the means of the ...
0
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1answer
193 views

Is there a country with a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election?

An idea of a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election seems quite interesting to me. On one hand, in a proportional system, we vote for a party, knowing which ideas it would go forward ...
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6answers
2k views

Is regular Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) something unique to the Westminister system?

I've noticed that Prime Ministers in Westminister systems (i.e. United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) are expected to answer questions in Parliament on a regular basis. This ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is the current Presiding Officer in Scottish Parliament a member of Labour Party, and not the Scottish National Party?

As of 2016, the Presiding Officer (i.e. Speaker) in the Scottish Parliament is Ken Macintosh. The curious thing is that Macintosh is a former member of the Labour Party (Presiding Officers are ...
3
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2answers
436 views

In parliamentary systems, why are Speakers of Parliament often granted special independence, despite no such protection is required in Constitution?

In parliamentary systems, the Speaker (once elected by the Parliament) usually cannot be removed by a decision of Parliament, which grants them special independence to act impartially. However, most ...
6
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1answer
183 views

How much time does it take for Australia to count votes in general elections?

For those who don't know, Australia uses ranked-choice voting for both the lower house (House of Representatives) and upper house (Senate) elections. I can't help but wonder the logistics of the vote ...
22
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4answers
3k views

In parliamentary democracy, how do Ministers compensate for their potential lack of relevant experience to run their own ministry?

Due to the fact that most parliamentary systems prefer having Members of Parliament as Ministers, how do Ministers make up for their lack of relevant experience when running a ministry? For example, a ...
7
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1answer
321 views

Are Members of Scottish and Welsh Parliaments called "Honourable"?

Members of Parliament in the House of Commons are referred to as "Honourable" or "Right Honourable". I understand why some members are Honourable and others Right Honourable. Does ...
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2answers
323 views

Writings or public statements advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Are all EP plenary vote results publically accessible? Where?

Recently I struggled to find the EP vote results in case of this regulation. Although it's marked as adopted on the EUR-LEX website, none of the related votes I could find on VoteWatch ended up ...
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1answer
115 views

How does Estonia calculate the date of their parliamentary election?

The Estonian Constitution has a narrowly defined date for its parliamentary election. Constitution of Estonia: Regular elections to the Riigikogu shall be held on the first Sunday in March of the ...
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4answers
2k views

In parliamentary republics, why can't the parliamentary election and the presidential election happen on the same day?

You would think that it is more efficient for both the parliamentary election and presidential election to happen at the same time so voters don't become fatigued with politics. I'm curious if there ...
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3answers
158 views

What does it mean when a Constitution says the "Government" or the "Cabinet" has the power to dissolve the Parliament?

In some countries (e.g. Sweden), the power to dissolve the Parliament is explicitly vested in the Government (or "Cabinet" in other countries). In reality, how does a Cabinet actually order ...
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2answers
163 views

What is the ethnic composition of the two houses of the Dutch parliament?

The Dutch Parliament has two houses, the "first" (higher) and "second" (lower). How many of the members of each house are ethnically Dutch (for whatever reasonable definition of ...
6
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1answer
207 views

What are the possible steps for No. 10 to remove Julian Lewis from the position of chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee?

MP Grayling was defeated in the Prime Minister's attempt to make him the chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee today. I've seen speculation (unsourced) that the Prime Minister and Number 10 ...

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