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Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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2
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1answer
140 views

What would happen if the Liberals and Conservatives won an equal number of seats in the Canadian Parliamentary elections?

In the answers to my question about CBC's poll tracker (In CBC's poll tracker, why do the probabilities of winning not add up to 100%?), it was mentioned that there could be a possibility of a tie ...
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4answers
3k views

What power does the UK parliament hold over a Prime Minister whom they refuse to remove from power?

I've seen several questions deal with the issues surrounding this issue, but none have tried to tackle this head on. Boris Johnson had a defection within his party over a key Brexit vote. He then ...
31
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7answers
11k views

What does the British parliament hope to achieve by requesting a third Brexit extension?

It appears that the UK will indeed ask for another extension in the Brexit process, as mandated by the Benn act. But what is the purpose of asking for another extension? Does Parliament expect the EU ...
6
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1answer
105 views

How does the Privy Council produce advice?

The Meeting of Parliament Act 1797 and the Prorogation Act 1867 both grant the monarch powers "by and with the advice of the Privy Council". What is the process by which the Privy Council decides what ...
6
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1answer
202 views

Can the Speaker of the House of Commons return to politics once their tenure as Speaker is over (UK)

My understanding is that once a Speaker retires he is barred for life from returning to partisan politics, as per the following quote from the parliament website "Speakers must be politically ...
6
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1answer
117 views

What is determined as “advice of Ministers of the Crown”?

Erskine May states the following: The Crown is hereditary, subject, however, to special limitations by Parliament; and the King or Queen has always enjoyed, by prescription, custom and law, the ...
9
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1answer
506 views

Parliament Cannot Bind Future Parliaments

The recent act passed in by the UK Parliament EU Withdrawal No.2 Act, that forces the Prime Minister to seek an extension if no deal is agreed or parliament does not agree to no deal, is said by the ...
0
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1answer
90 views

What did Emanuel Shinwell mean by “his country”?

On 30th of October 1956, during the Suez Canal crisis, 17 Jewish MPs voted to censure the government on a resolution which did not explicitly mention Israel1. Former Jewish Minister of Defence, ...
10
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2answers
626 views

Minimum number of MPs

In recent years there has been a period of recess in the UK parliament to allow for party conferences. This year however parliament was prorogued and while this action was ultimately overturned it did ...
7
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1answer
201 views

Is it ever possible to suspend the PM from the House of Commons?

From this Wikipedia page, it states that Members of Parliament (MPs) can be suspended from sitting in the House of Commons by the Speaker for "disorderly conduct". The Speaker can order that an MP ...
8
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2answers
348 views

Did the supreme court overrule the monarch?

We heard that the Supreme Court not only decided that the Prime Minister's advice to the Queen was unlawful, but that the prorogation was therefore void: it didn't happen, Parliament was not prorogued....
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0answers
64 views

Could the Queen refuse to proroge parliament if it would be unlawful? [duplicate]

This question is closely related to Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament? but based on the new situation given the Supreme Court ruling. Suppose the Prime Minister asked the Queen to ...
5
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1answer
172 views

Is the PM obligated to answer questions from the House of Commons?

I watched the PM at the dispatch box from start to finish yesterday. He did not answer one question from any opposition MP. Is he, or any other MP (Gove's performance came a close 2nd), required to ...
27
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5answers
7k views

Could the Queen overturn the UK Supreme Court ruling regarding prorogation of Parliament? [duplicate]

A couple of days ago, the UK Supreme Court ruled that Boris Johnson's advice to the Queen, which led to the prorogation of Parliament for 5 weeks ahead of the October 31st Brexit date, was unlawful. ...
7
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1answer
109 views

Seating in Parliament after withdrawal of Government party whip

At least two of the former members of the Conservative party (Ken Clarke and Dominic Grieve), who had the whip withdrawn following votes against the Government in early September 2019 and who are now ...
8
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1answer
302 views

Is there any reason why the Speaker could not be appointed as “caretaker” Prime Minister?

There is a clear majority in the House of Commons in favour of extending Article 50. However were the House to impose a vote of no confidence in the present Prime Minister there is no agreement ...
20
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3answers
3k views

What happens if nobody can form a government in Israel?

It looks like nobody won a plurality in the latest round Benny Gantz's Kahol Lavan is ahead of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud Party, according to official election results released on ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Can the UK parliament legislate on prorogation? [duplicate]

As I understand it, prorogation is a power which can be exercised only by the monarch who must act on whatever advice they receive from the prime minister. With this in mind, is prorogation ...
3
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0answers
132 views

How can we apply the Bundestag election model to European elections? (model building)

I have looked into electoral systems and am trying to build a model of what the 2019 EU election would have looked like if it had used the Bundestag election system. Disclaimer: I am fully aware ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Can the government extend the current prorogation?

The Guardian today reported the following on prorogation: Robert Buckland, the justice secretary, refused on Tuesday to rule out a second prorogation as part of No 10’s tactics to achieve a no-deal ...
16
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4answers
5k views

What jurisdiction do Scottish courts have over the Westminster parliament?

What jurisdiction do the Scottish courts have to declare the suspension of the Westminster parliament is illegal? Since the Scots and English legal systems are different, and nobody has suspended the ...
5
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2answers
311 views

What happens if the UK government refuses to function or carry out its duties?

The timeline of Brexit in recent weeks has involved an attempt to call an early general election by the government, which failed to meet the required two thirds majority of the entire house as set out ...
7
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1answer
580 views

Can Boris Johnson prorogue parliament again, after it reconvenes?

Assuming Parliament won't grant on Monday the early general elections that Johnson wants, could he send the Parliament on a much longer vacation using prorogation again? E.g. could he prorogue ...
5
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1answer
213 views

When Conservative MPs lose the whip, do they retain the right to vote in leadership elections?

Were 48 letters put into the 1922 Committee calling for a vote of no-confidence in Boris Johnson as PM, would those members who have lost the whip be allowed to vote?
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2answers
807 views

If Boris Johnson announces his resignation on 19 October 2019 what happens?

From this BBC article Could a no-deal Brexit still happen on 31 October? Could the government scrap the law? The bill states that it is the prime minister himself who would have to request an ...
6
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1answer
274 views

Could a British PM name the Opposition leader the next PM when they resign

One of the more outlandish theories that has been doing the rounds in the British political rumour mill is: Mr Johnson could resign and tell the Queen to send for Labour’s leader to replace him. (...
4
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4answers
178 views

Could a simple-majority bill for a general election, passing through both houses be amended by the SNP to provide for a further Scottish referendum?

Could the conundrum which faces the Government be overcome with support for a bill from the SNP? It is well known that under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act, a motion for a general election requires ...
8
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1answer
336 views

Do the House of Lords debates get as rowdy as the House of Commons debates?

Some of the Brexit-related debates yesterday were quite wild in the House of Commons. It seems like the Speaker of the House is rather necessary to keep the debate from derailing into a shouting match....
2
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2answers
366 views

Can the PM block a bill by advising the Queen not to give royal assent? [duplicate]

It appears to be unequivocal (them's the rules) if controversial (a lot of people don't like it) that for a bill that's passed both houses to pass into law it then needs Royal Assent from the Queen &...
3
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2answers
179 views

Can parliament stop the PM setting a GE date after 31 October?

A bill that's passed both houses then needs Royal Assent from the Queen to pass into law & by constitutional convention the Queen always follows advice of ministers (the PM) on these matters. ...
3
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3answers
563 views

Is Queen's Consent going to be a problem for the new Brexit delay bill?

Queen's Consent isn't the same thing as Royal Assent. The new Brexit delay bill, aka the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 6) Bill, has passed its 1st reading in the commons, but it's been suggested ...
18
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5answers
8k views

Why are UK MPs allowed to abstain (but it counts as a no)?

When reading the results of the recent call for a general election the numbers were 298 for, 56 against. The motion failed to pass due to not reaching the 2/3 majority. It took a little digging to ...
3
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1answer
93 views

What are the differences independent and party-affiliated MPs and candidates?

What rights/privilege, duties and handicaps do UK MPs and parliamentary election candidates who are affiliated with parties (Conservative, Labor, Liberal-Democrat etc.) have, which independent MPs and ...
6
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0answers
144 views

Has it happened before for a law or amendment to pass (by accident) in the UK Parliament because there were no tellers?

If the breaking news is correct, MPs started voting on Stephen Kinnock’s amendment 6. But then, a few minutes into voting, Lindsay Hoyle, announced that the division had been called off because ...
32
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6answers
13k views

Why did Boris Johnson call for new elections?

I find myself confused by the events of the day. The BBC reports them as thus Tory rebels and opposition MPs have defeated the government in the first stage of their attempt to pass a law designed ...
7
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1answer
96 views

Is there any timeframe restriction for scheduling an early election under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act?

The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 provides for two ways that an early general election can be held before the end of the five-year fixed term: A simple majority vote for a motion of no confidence (...
4
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3answers
234 views

Could the UK Parliament change the rules on prorogation by voting in a new law?

Boris Johnson controversially scheduled a prorogation of 34 days recently, which means that the UK Parliament won't be able to pass new laws at a critical time when the UK is about to leave the ...
9
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2answers
344 views

How soon does the PM have to present a passed bill for royal assent?

How long can the UK government delay presenting an otherwise passed bill to the Queen for royal assent (could they perhaps delay it indefinitely to prevent it becoming law?). Parliamentary pages I've ...
6
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3answers
533 views

Can proroguing Parliament have any practical effect on Brexit?

Boris Johnson's advice to the Queen to prorogue Parliament has certainly generated opposition, but I am curious whether that action will have any practical implications. If Parliament hasn't come to a ...
20
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5answers
6k views

If the UK government doesn't ask for article 50 extension, can parliament do it instead?

The Guardian reported under the headline "Brexit: Gove refuses to rule out ignoring any law passed to stop no deal": Michael Gove has repeatedly refused to rule out the possibility that the ...
7
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1answer
202 views

Is it necessary to hold a Queen’s Speech, and prorogue parliament, to propose new bills?

Recently the prime minister of the UK, Boris Johnson, ordered the Parliament to be prorogued. This prorogation was justified by the PM as necessary to introduce new legislation. From this article: [...
0
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1answer
79 views

Why not just put FPTP in one house and PR in the other? [closed]

Is it possible to get benefits of the two approaches (majoritarian and proportional) in a parliamentary system by making the lower house get elected by First-Past-The-Post and the upper one by party-...
18
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1answer
452 views

Is there a precedent indicating what happens when a UK Prime Minister advises a monarch not to give Royal Assent to legislation passed by Parliament?

A report from Buzzfeed claims that Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government is: Exploring what the consequences would be if Johnson advised the Queen not to give royal assent to any legislation ...
7
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2answers
594 views

Within what limits can the prime minister ask the queen to prorogue parliament?

In the UK, the Prime Minister can advise the Queen to prorogue Parliament at any time. Is there any limit on how long this prorogation may last?
16
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1answer
969 views

Can the Queen refuse to suspend the Parliament?

According to BBC in Government asks Queen to suspend Parliament: The government has asked the Queen to suspend Parliament just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks ...
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4answers
4k views

Could the UK amend the European Withdrawal Act and revoke the Article 50 invocation?

Much of the current posture of the UK Government is based on the default action enshrined in the European Withdrawal act, that at the end of the Article 50 period the UK leaves the European Union with ...
1
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1answer
134 views

Anti defection law, India

Anti-defection law of India states that "A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a ...
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2answers
117 views

Difference between Motion and Resolution

Often in legislative bodies, we can find terms like "the motion is accepted" or "the resolution is accepted". Now, I know that they both mean the same thing of a house's deliberation on a particular ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What will happen to MLAs who were missing for the Karnataka CM HD floor test?

On the floor test day BJP garnered 105 votes of the required 103 since only 205 MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), out of the full capacity of 222 MLAs, were present on the floor. What will ...
6
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1answer
306 views

What happens if a UK government loses a no confidence vote just before a parliamentary recess?

It looks like we could have an unusual situation in the UK (well even relatively speaking) On 23 July, the new leader of the conservative party will be announced. Traditionally the incumbent does not ...