Questions tagged [parliament]

Questions related to that of a legislative, elected body of Government known as Parliament. Use this with a country tag if asking about a specific country's Parliament

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6
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1answer
309 views

What does defeat on the Address mean?

What's the "Address"? Queen’s Speech | The Institute for Government It is rare for the government to be defeated on the address in the Commons – as governments usually have a majority in ...
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1answer
236 views

Do the Italians usually choose external PMs?

Italian PM Giuseppe Conte resigned on Jan. 26 (but is still in office until a successor is chosen). I was surprised to see on his Wikipedia page (emphasis mine): Following the 2018 general election, ...
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Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)?

Why was the Union Budget presented in the Lok Sabha (lower house) instead of the Rajya Sabha (upper house)? Recently The Union Budget of India for 2021–2022 was presented by the Finance Minister, ...
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1answer
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What exactly does the collocation “pull the vote” mean?

Does it mean to give up and not organize the voting? Is there an opposite such as push (for) the vote? (I am an English learner/translator.) This is a context: "A ring-round of Cabinet on Friday ...
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5answers
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Why do non-federations need bicameral parliaments?

Federations often have a bicameral parliament: one house speaks for the nation itself, whereas the other one speaks for the subjects within the federation (it could be summoned by the means of the ...
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1answer
121 views

Is there a country with a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election?

An idea of a bipartisan Parliament formed in a proportional election seems quite interesting to me. On one hand, in a proportional system, we vote for a party, knowing which ideas it would go forward ...
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6answers
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Is regular Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) something unique to the Westminister system?

I've noticed that Prime Ministers in Westminister systems (i.e. United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) are expected to answer questions in Parliament on a regular basis. This ...
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1answer
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Why is the current Presiding Officer in Scottish Parliament a member of Labour Party, and not the Scottish National Party?

As of 2016, the Presiding Officer (i.e. Speaker) in the Scottish Parliament is Ken Macintosh. The curious thing is that Macintosh is a former member of the Labour Party (Presiding Officers are ...
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In parliamentary systems, why are Speakers of Parliament often granted special independence, despite no such protection is required in Constitution?

In parliamentary systems, the Speaker (once elected by the Parliament) usually cannot be removed by a decision of Parliament, which grants them special independence to act impartially. However, most ...
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1answer
113 views

How much time does it take for Australia to count votes in general elections?

For those who don't know, Australia uses ranked-choice voting for both the lower house (House of Representatives) and upper house (Senate) elections. I can't help but wonder the logistics of the vote ...
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In parliamentary democracy, how do Ministers compensate for their potential lack of relevant experience to run their own ministry?

Due to the fact that most parliamentary systems prefer having Members of Parliament as Ministers, how do Ministers make up for their lack of relevant experience when running a ministry? For example, a ...
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Are Members of Scottish and Welsh Parliaments called “Honourable”?

Members of Parliament in the House of Commons are referred to as "Honourable" or "Right Honourable". I understand why some members are Honourable and others Right Honourable. Does ...
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Writings advising elected politicians on how to make hard choices

While not always seen in this light, members of congressional or parliamentary bodies are regularly faced with moral choices when deciding how to vote in situations where the answers to questions like ...
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Are all EP plenary vote results publically accessible? Where?

Recently I struggled to find the EP vote results in case of this regulation. Although it's marked as adopted on the EUR-LEX website, none of the related votes I could find on VoteWatch ended up ...
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1answer
90 views

How does Estonia calculate the date of their parliamentary election?

The Estonian Constitution has a narrowly defined date for its parliamentary election. Constitution of Estonia: Regular elections to the Riigikogu shall be held on the first Sunday in March of the ...
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In parliamentary republics, why can't the parliamentary election and the presidential election happen on the same day?

You would think that it is more efficient for both the parliamentary election and presidential election to happen at the same time so voters don't become fatigued with politics. I'm curious if there ...
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3answers
106 views

What does it mean when a Constitution says the “Government” or the “Cabinet” has the power to dissolve the Parliament?

In some countries (e.g. Sweden), the power to dissolve the Parliament is explicitly vested in the Government (or "Cabinet" in other countries). In reality, how does a Cabinet actually order ...
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What is the ethnic composition of the two houses of the Dutch parliament?

The Dutch Parliament has two houses, the "first" (higher) and "second" (lower). How many of the members of each house are ethnically Dutch (for whatever reasonable definition of ...
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1answer
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What are the possible steps for No. 10 to remove Julian Lewis from the position of chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee?

MP Grayling was defeated in the Prime Minister's attempt to make him the chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee today. I've seen speculation (unsourced) that the Prime Minister and Number 10 ...
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1answer
135 views

Has AKP ever failed to pass any bill after losing majority in Turkish Parliament?

In the 2018 Turkish parliamentary election, Justice and Development Party (AKP) won 295 seats out of 600 and lost majority in the Turkish Parliament. On the other hand, the People's Alliance they ...
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1answer
788 views

Why are there currently only 25 Lords Spiritual?

According to the Parliament.UK website, 26 bishops are granted places in the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Lords includes 26 Church of England Archbishops and Bishops who sit on an ...
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What is the current status of Canadian parliament? [closed]

I'm Canadian, but not a huge follower of Canadian politics. I have been reading articles discussing opposition parties' responses and continuing reactions to moves that PM Trudeau is making with ...
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2answers
155 views

Must parliamentary democracies hold a vote of confidence when choosing its Prime Minister?

While many parliamentarian systems require the parliament to hold a vote to confirm its Prime Minister (e.g. Germany, Ireland, Finland), that is not always the case. Here are some examples: Denmark: ...
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How long has it taken each Prime Minister to appear in front of the Commons Liaison Committee?

On May 27th, Boris Johnson appeared before the Commons Liaison Committee, a Select Committee made up of the chairs of the other Select Committees. The UK parliament website describes the committee's ...
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Do MPs participating in the House of Commons virtually benefit from Parliamentary Privilege?

Parliamentary privilege refers to the lack of restrictions on what MPs and Lords can say in their respective Houses in Parliament; it grants them immunity from prosecution relating to statements made ...
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Does the Queen have the power to dissolve the UK parliament?

Half a year ago the prime minister asked the queen to suspend parliament and she approved. UK government queen suspend parliament Another new said Supreme Court said suspending parliament was ...
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995 views

Why is the British Chancellor allowed to drink alcohol in the House of Commons chamber?

On the parliament.uk site's information about the annual budget, it describes the tradition of "Despatch box drinks", where the Chancellor is afforded the privilege to drink alcohol at the despatch ...
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1answer
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What is the modern role of the Serjeant at Arms?

The parliament.uk website describes the Serjeant at Arms as the official responsible for keeping order within the Commons part of the parliamentary estate. The page describes various ceremonial ...
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1answer
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Why are staggered elections only used for upper parliamentary chambers?

In the Wikipedia list of legislative bodies which use staggered elections only upper chambers of national parliaments can be found. Why? Is there a reason why staggering the elections for the lower ...
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Why do most countries have so many members of parliament?

The US House of Representatives consists of 435 members; the UK parliament has 650 members; the Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad has 300 members, etc. Why so many people? Anyone who's, e.g., tried to ...
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3answers
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First non-elected person in line of succession for British Government or Parliament?

The US government has a defined order of succession should a catastrophic event take out many senior officials, but the British parliamentary system does not seem to have one. If the current Prime ...
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1answer
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In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

So I was watching PMQs today and realised that almost everyone, certainly the party leaders, refers to notes during their time to talk. Is the PM given a list of questions beforehand? However during ...
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If Parliament doesn't approve the use of most prerogative powers, where's the accountability?

Anne Dennett. Public Law Directions (1 ed 2019). p 269. 12.2.3 Royal prerogative The royal prerogative ‘encompasses the residue of powers which remain vested in the Crown, and they ...
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Is Samoa truly an elective monarchy?

I have read about how Samoa was created as an elective monarchy when it became independent in 1962. However, from what I read, some question whether Samoa counts as a parliamentary republic (as the ...
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1answer
263 views

Is it unprecedented for a party to nominate someone from an opposing party to the House of Lords?

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has nominated former Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, who was previously a Conservative, to the House of Lords for the dissolution honours list. Prime Minister ...
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1answer
161 views

UK Parliament Act Usage (Lords v Commons)

Is there a limit to the number of times that a bill can be bounced between the Commons and the Lords before the Commons are allowed to use the Parliament Act?
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How are levelling seats allocated in Scandinavian elections?

In Scandinavian countries such as Denmark and Sweden, their parliaments tend to be comprised of district seats (allocated based on vote count within the district) and levelling seats (allocated based ...
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2answers
227 views

What is the purpose of initiating the recent changes in the Russian Federation resulting in the “Russian Government Resigning”?

Recently (mid January 2020), there has been much press about the government of the Russian Federation "resigning". From what I understand, these changes were initiated by current Russian Federation ...
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3answers
268 views

Are there any legislature that has a seat-switch system similar to the NI Assembly?

The Northern Ireland Assembly has a "seat-switch system" (co-option) that allows for MLAs to be replaced without holding by-elections. As the BBC explains: Co-option is the only option when ...
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1answer
376 views

What are Australian parliament's rules on the use of props?

NPR's recent news item and podcast Australians Debate What To Do About Climate Change contains the following from NPR's Jason Beaubien reporting from Sydney. Question: What are Australian parliament's ...
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1answer
199 views

Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party

The sole Green Party MP in the House of Commons is Caroline Lucas, who has continuously represented the seat of Brighton Pavilion since 2010, prior to which it was held by Labour. East Sussex, like ...
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1answer
100 views

Role of Speakers and Deputy Speakers in voting

In the UK House of Commons, the Speaker can only vote to break ties. The Deputy Speakers do not take part in partisan politics either, and can only raise constituency concerns. Now, suppose the ...
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1answer
106 views

Does the Tenth schedule of the Indian Constitution mean that MPs are not allowed a free vote?

According to Schedule X of the Indian Constitution Members of Parliament can be disqualified under the following condition: (b) if he votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any ...
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429 views

How does taking the Chiltern Hundreds to resign work?

Recently I posted the question Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament? and got a reference to: So if the Conservatives win a majority but Johnson loses his ...
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3answers
121 views

What systems help to keep MPs independent from their party (leader)? [duplicate]

How can a parliamentary democracy prevent parties from becoming too de facto powerful at the expense of the de jure independent MPs making up parliament? In parliamentary systems, the government ...
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1answer
150 views

Do Lords in the Cabinet have to answer questions in the House of Commons?

Nicky Morgan has been retained as Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. However, she is no longer an MP, but has been given a peerage instead. As Cabinet members ordinarily answer ...
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1answer
95 views

If this UK parliament runs its full term, will the next general election be in December? [duplicate]

If this parliament runs its full term, does the fixed term parliament act mean that the next general election will be in December?
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For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (not counting other possible non-regular elections)?

For how long will the UK government / parliament elected on December 12, 2019 remain (serve?), if we're not counting any possible new non-regular elections? Put in another way: When will the next ...
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1answer
847 views

Ballot anonymity at UK polling stations

When voting at the parliamentary election polling station I noticed the following practice mentioned in the Electoral Commission's Polling station handbook: UK Parliamentary election (PDF) Stage ...
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1answer
406 views

Can a Prime Minister be appointed if they do not have a seat in the Parliament?

On December 12, 2019, UK will hold a general election. As stated in Wikipedia's 2019 United Kingdom general election: The election is to be contested under the same boundaries for 650 ...

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